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M STATE GOVERNMENT 



m OUTLINE OF ITS ADMINlSTRftTlVE 
ORGANIZATION FROM 1S50 TO 1936 

BY ELSEY HURT 

BUKEAU OF fUBLlO ADiMlN15TBA1l'::4 
UNIVERSITY Q» C.UJFOKNIA 



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Distributed By 
>ERVISOR OF DOCUMENTS 
Capitol, Sacramento, California 

Price $1,50 Postpaid 




CALIFORNIA 
STATE LIBRARY 



GOVERNMENT 
PUBLICATIONS 



CALIFORNIA 

STATE LIBRARY 



Accession No. ... i-OfrW.O..if.i. 

Call No. _ 



E0D7 Db53b7L b 

California State Library 



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Bureau of Public Administration of the University oF California 

In Cooperation With the 

California State Department of Finance 



California State Government 

An Outline of Its Administrative 
Orsanization From 1850 to 1936 

By ELSEY HURT 

Bureau of Public Adininislration 
University o( California 




35681 



Distributed by 

SUPERVISOR OF DOCUMENTS 

214 State Capitol, Sacrdmento, California 

Price $1.50 Postpaid 



162371 



FOREWORD 



Those who have studied, however briefly, the administrative organi- 
zation of the California state government have found their task ren- 
dered more difficult by the lack of any single source book for historical 
information in this field. Miss Elsey Hurt, a librarian in the Bureau 
of Public Administration of the University of California, has attempted 
to meet this difficulty by outlining in condensed form the development 
of our present state agencies. The work is intended to supplement and 
amplify the Index-Chart, ' ' California , State Government under the 
Constitution and Laws, January, 1935," issued by the Bureau in 1935. 

An expression of recognition and appreciation is due the State 
Department of Finance for the publication of "California State 
Government : An Outline of Its Administrative Organization from 1850 
to 1936." The Bureau of Public Administration of the University of 
California presents this concise reference work with the hope that it 
will serve a useful purpose. 

SAMUEL C. MAY 
Director, Bureau of Public Administration 
University of California 
Berkeley, California 
July 1, 1936 



(iii) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 
FOREWORD iii 

INTRODUCTION 1 

AGRICULTURE 
State Board of Agricui.tube 5 

Department of Agriculture 7 

Historical: before 1919 9 

Board of Slate ViticuHnrtil Commissioners — S/a/e Hoard of Horti- 
culture — State Commission of Horticulture — State Dairy liureau — 
State Veterinarian — Board of Citrus Fruit Shipments — State Board 
oi Horticultural Examiners — Stallion Regislralion Board — Department 
of Weights and Measures — State Market Commission — Cattle Pro- 
tection Hoard 

Present organization: after 1919 15 

Administration 15 

Accounts and Dishursemcnts — Library and Publications — Federal- 
State Cooperative Crop Reporting Service — Qualification of 
County Agricultural Commissioners. Deputies and Inspectors — 
Exhibits and Illustrations — Agricultural Information and Radio 
Broadcast Supervision 

Division of Animal Industry 17 

Dairy Service — Livestock Identification Service — Livestock Sani- 
tary Service — Meat Inspection — Bovine Tuberculosis Control — ■ 
Stallion Registration Service 

Division of Cliemisti-j' 1<) 

Division of Land Settlement 20 

Division of Market Enforcement , 20 

Division of Markets 20 

State Fish Exchange — Market Information Service — Bureau of 
Market Enforcement 

Division of Plant Industry 21 

Entomological Service — Bureau of Field Crops — Bureau of Fruit 
and Vegetable Standardization- — Market 'Xetcs Service — Bureau of 
Nursery Service — Bureau of Plant Pathology — Bureau of Plant 
Quarantine — Rodent. Plague and ^Yeed Control Service — Bureau 
of Shipping Point Inspection 

Division of Weights and Measures ' 27 

Gasoline. Distillate and Oil Inspection Service — Mattress and 
Upholstered Furniture Inspection Service 

EDUCATION 

State Board of Education 31 

Department of Education 34 

Historical: before 1921 38 

Superintendent of Public Instruction — State Board of Education — 
State Library — State Board of Examination — California School for 
the Deaf and the Blind — Stale Normal Schools — California Polytech- 
nic School — California Historical Survey Commission — Commission of 
Credentials — California State Nautical School 

(iv) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

Page 
Present organization: after 1921 49 

California Nautical School 49 

Division of Adult and Continuation Education 49 

Bureau of Avocafional Activities — Bureau of Child Study and 
Parent Education — Bureau of Immigrant Education 

Division of Elementary Education and Rural Schools 50 

Bureaic of Agricultural Education — Bureau of Attendance and 
Migratory Schools 

Division of Health and Physical Education 51 

Bureau of Physical Education for Girls 

Division of Libraries 51 

Books for the Blind Section — California Section — Catalog Sec- 
tion — Extension Department — Government Documents Section — - 
Law and Legislative Reference Section — Library Organising — 
Order Section — Periodicals Section — Prints Section — Reference 
Section — Shipping, Printing and Photostating Section — Sutro 
Branch 

Division of Research and Statistics 56 

Division of Schoolhouse Planning 57 

Division of Secondary Education 57 

Division of Special Education 57 

Bureau of Correction of Speech Defects — Bureau of Education for 
the Blind — Bureau of Education for the Deaf — Bureau of Edu- 
cation of Crippled Children — Bureau of Mental ITygiene and 
Bureati of Attendance and Migratory Education 

Division of Teacher Training and Certification 60 

Commission of Credentials 60 

Division of Textbooks and Publications 60 

Bureau of High School Textbook Listing — Bureau of State Printed 
Textbooks 

State Curriculum Commission 61 

Commission for "Vocational Education 61 

Bureau of Agricultural Education — Bureau of Business Education — 
Bureau of Home-making Education — Bureau of Trade and Indus- 
trial Education — Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation 

State Colleges 65 

Special Schools 65 

California School for the Blind — California School for the Deaf — 
California Polytechnic School 

FINANCE 

State Boabd of Conteoi 69 

Department of Finance 72 

Historical: before 1921 75 

Surveyor General — State Land Office — State Land Settlement Board — 
State Printer — Superintendent of State Printing — State Agricultural 
Society — State Board of Agriculture — District Agricultural Associa- 
tions — Board of Capitol Commissioners — Superintendent of Capitol 
Buildings and Grounds — State Capital Planning Commission — Board 
of Sutter's Fort Trustees — Department of Public Accounting — State 
Purchasing Department 

(V) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

Page 
Present organization: after 1921 81 

Division of Budgets and Accounts 81 

Bureau of Children's Aid 81 

Division of Exhibits 81 

Division of Libraries 81 

Division of Motor Vehicles 82 

Division of Personnel and Organization 82 

Division of Reclamation Finance 82 

Division of Service and Supply 82 

Bureau of Purchases — lUireau of Printing — Supervisor of Docu- 
ments — Bureau of Commerce — Bureau of Buildings and Grounds 

Division of State Lands 85 

Division of State Planning 86 

INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 
Department of Industrial Rei.ations 80 

Historical: before 1927 91 

Bureau of Lnhor Statistics— Industrial Accident Commission — Indus- 
trial Welfare Commission — Commission of Immigration and Housing — 
Department of Labor and Industrial Relations 

Present organization: after 1927 07 

Accounting Department 97 

Division of Fire Safety 97 

Division of Immigration and Housing 98 

Division of Industrial Accidents and Safety 99 

Division of Industrial AVelfare 99 

Division of Labor Statistics and Law Enforcement 90 

Division of State Employment Agencies 100 

INSTITUTIONS 

Department of Institutions 103 

Historical: before 1921 105 

State Commission in Lunacy — General Superintendent of State Hos- 
pitals — State Dental Surgeon 

Present organization: after 1921 lOfi 

Hospitals for the Insane , lOfi 

Agneus State Hospital — Camarillo State Hospital — Meml-rino 
State Hospital — \apa State Hospital — "Norwalk State Hospital — 
Patton State Hospital — Stockton State Hospital 

Homes for the Feeble-Mindcd 100 

Pacific Colony — State Narcotic Hospital — Sonoma State Home — 
California Industrial Farm for Women 

Correctional Schools 11 1 

Preston School of Industry — Ventura School for Girls — Whittier 
State School — State Reform School— California State Trades and 
Training School 

Care of the Blind H"* 

Industrial Home for the Adult Blind — Industrial Work Shop for 
the Blind 

California Bureau of Juvenile Research 114 

( vi) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

INVESTMENT 

Page 

Department of Investment 119 

Division of Banking 120 

Division of Building and Loan Supervision 121 

Division of Corporations 122 

Division of Insurance 123 

Division of Real Estate 124 

Real Estate Board 124 

MILITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 

Dep.\btment of Military and Veterans' Affairs 129 

Division of Athletics 131 

Division of Military Affairs 131 

Division of Veterans' Homes 132 

Veterans' Home of California — Woman's Relief Corps Home of Cali- 
fornia 

Division of Veterans' Welfare 134 

Veterans' Welfare Finance Committee 134 

MOTOR VEHICLES 

Department op Motor Vehicles 139 

Historical: before 1931 140 

Secretary of State. Motor Vehicle Department — Department of Engi- 
neering. Motor Vehicle Division — ]\fotor Vehicle Department of Cali- 
fornia — Department of Finance. Division of Motor Vehicles — Depart- 
ment of Public Works. Division of Motor Vehicles — California High- 
jca/y Patrol 

Present organization: after 1931 142 

Administration 142 

Division of Accounting 142 

Division of Drivers' Licenses 143 

Bureau of Drivers' Licenses — Bureau of Adjustments 

Division of Enforcement I 144 

Bureau of Auto Thefts and Investigations — Bureau of Communica- 
tions, Correspondence and Records — Bureau of Field Officers' Activi- 
ties and Equipment — Bureau of Safety Education and Statistics — 
Bureau of Vehicle Lights, Brakes and Commercial Vehicles 

Division of Registration 145 

Legal Division 146 

NATURAL RESOURCES 

Department of Natural Resources 149 

Historical: before 1927 150 

State Burial frrounds — Fish and Game Commission — State Mining 
Bureau — Board of Rcvieu^ Correction and Equalisation — Boards of 
District Oil and Ckis Commissioners — State Board of Forestry — 
Guardian of Marshall's Monument — California Redivood Park Commis- 
sion — Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees — Board of Colton 
Hall Trustees — Monterey Theater — Junipero Serra Landing Place at 
Monterey — Fort Ross — Mission San Francisco de Solano — Board of 
Pio Pico Mansion Trustees — Tahoe Camping Grounds — San Pasqual 
Battlefield Commission — Mount Diablo Park Commission — Donner 
Monument — State Fish Exchange 

(vii) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

Page 
Present organization: after 1927 ItJO 

Departmental Administration 100 

Division of Fish and Game 160 

Bureau of Commercial Fisheries — Fish Exchanqe Unit — State 
Fisheries Lahoratory — Bureau of Fish Conservation — liureau of 
Fish Rescue and Reclamntion — Bureau of River and Harbor Pol- 
lution — Bureau of Game Conservation — Bureau of Hydraulics — - 
Legal Bureau — Bureau of Licenses — Bureau of Patrol — -Bureau of 
Publicity — Bureau of Research and Engineeriivg 

Division of Forestry 167 

Division of Mines 107 

Division of Oil and Gas 167 

Division of Parks 16s 

Stale Park System 

State Park Finance Board 169 

PENOLOGY 
Depaktment of Pexology 173 

Division of Criminal Identification and Investigation 175 

Correspondence and Auditing Section- — Fingerprint Section— Hand- 
writing Section — Tnrestigntion Section — Laboratory and Research Sec- 
tion — Lost, Stolen and Pairned Property Section — Modus Operandi 
Section — Statistical Section — Subversive Activities Section — Teletype 
System 

Division of Criminology 177 

Division of Narcotic Enforcement 178 

Division of Pardons and Commutations 179 

Division of Prison Terms and Paroles 17!) 

Division of Prisons and Paroles 180 

Detective License Department — Parole Department — Southern Cali- 
fornia Prison — State Prison at Folsom — State Prison at San Quentin 

Division of Women's Institutions ISS 

PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 
Department of Professional and Vocational Standards 187 

Division I , 189 

Board of Dental F.raminers of California — Board of Medical Exam- 
iners — State Board of Pharmacy 

Division II 191 

State Board of Barber Examiners — State Board of Cosmetology — 
State Board of Funeral Directors and Embalm^rs — -State Board of 
Optometry- — Board of Examiners in Veterinary Medicine 

Division III 192 

State Board of Accountancy — California State Board of Architectural 
Examiners — Contractors' State License Board — Board of Registration 
for Civil Engineers 

Division IV 195 

Bureau of Furniture and Bedding Inspection — Structural Pest Con- 
trol Board — Yacht and Ship Brokers' Commission 

( viii ) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

Page 
PUBLIC HEALTH 

State Board of Public Health 199 

Department of Pxjblic Health 201 

Division of Administration 202 

Crippled Children — Social Hygiene 

Division of Communicable Diseases 203 

Bureau of Epidemiology — Bureau of Tuberculosis 

Division of Dental Hygiene 20.1 

Division of Laboratories 20.1 

Bacteriological Division — Chemical Division — Water and Sewage 
Division 

Division of Public Health Education 207 

Bureau of Child Tlygioie — Bureau of Public Health Nursing — Bureau 
of Registration of Nurses 

Division of Sanitation 208 

Bureau of Cannery Inspections — Bureau of Food and Drug Inspec- 
tions — Bureau of Sanitary Engineering — Malaria Control — Bureau of 
Sanitary Inspections 

Division of Vital Statistics 211 

PUBLIC WORKS 

Department of Public Works 215 

Historical: before 1921 217 

Board of Harbor Commissioners of the Port, of Eureka — Board of 
State Harbor Commissioners for the Bay of San Diego — Board of Har- 
bor Commissioticrs for the Port of San Jose — Slate Water Com- 
mission — Carey Act Commission — State Land Settlement Board — 
Department of Engineering (before 1907: State Engineer — Commis- 
sioner of Public Works — Auditing Board to the Commissioner of 
Public Works — Debris Commissioner — Bureau of Highways — Depart- 
ment of Highways — Lake Tahoe Wagon Road Commissioner; after 
1907: Bureau of Architecture — Bureau lof Highivays — Bureau of 
Economics — Motor Vehicle Division) 

Present organization: after 1921 224 

Division of Architecture 224 

Architectural Section — Clerical Section — Construction Section — ■ 
Contracts, Specifications and Estimating Section — Engineering 
Section — Estimating Section — Structural Engineering Section 

Division of Contracts and Rights of Way 225 

Division of Highways 225 

Accounting Department — Bridge Department — City and Coopera- 
tive Projects Department — Construction Department — Mainte- 
nance Department — Materials and Research Department — - 
Equipment Department — Legal Department — Department of 
Prison Road Camps — Purchasing Department — Department of 
Surveys and Plans 

Division of Land Settlement 229 

Division of Motor Vehicles 229 

Division of Ports 229 

Division of Water Resources 230 

San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Division 230 

(ix) 



TABLE OF CONTENTS— Continued 

SOCIAL WELFARE 

Page 

Department of Social Welfare 233 

Historical: before 1927 234 

State Board of Charities and Corrections — State Department of Pub- 
lic Welfare — Bureau of Children's Aid 

Present organization: after 1927 236 

Division of Accounts 236 

Division of Adoptions 236 

Division for the Blind 236 

Division of Boarding Homes and Institutions for Children and Aged-- 237 

Division of Children's Aid 238 

Division of County Aid to the Indigent Sick 238 

Division of County Ilolatious 238 

Division of Hospital SuiMTvision 239 

Division of Old Age Security 239 

Division of Permits 240 

Division of Probation 240 

Division of Statistics 240 

INDEX 241 



LIST OF CHARTS 

Page 

Department of Agriculture 6 

Department of Education 33 

Department of Finance 71 

Deiiartment of Industrial Relations 88 

Department of Institutions 102 

Department of Investment 118 

Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs l 128 

Department of Motor Vehicles 138 

Department of Natural Resources 148 

Department of Penology 1~- 

Department of Professional and Vocational Standards 18G 

Department of Public Health 200 

Department of Public Works 214 

Department of Social Welfare 232 



(X ) 



INTRODUCTION 



The California state government has been in existence for 
eighty-five years. During that time its administrative branches have 
undergone a bevrildering number of variations, expansions, reorganiza- 
tions. At no time has the form of organization become so crystallized 
that it has been possible to point to it and say, "We have finished 
building our machinery of government; we have now a mechanism so 
smooth-running, so finely balanced, so efficient, so economical in opera- 
tion that no further chan<ie in design is necessary." It is .safe to 
assume that changes will always be necessary. We probably never 
shall have any extended period of time without some alteration in our 
public agencies. 

Since the organization of government is being modified constantly, 
any study of its structure at a given time is outdated even before such 
study can appear in print. Nevertheless, an attempt has been made 
here to show the formation of certain agencies of the California state 
government as of March 1, 1936 ; and to investigate the history of 
their development. In this way the complex and intricate background 
at least of our present administrative authority will be brought to view. 

This research has been limited in three ways. In the first place, 
only those divisions of the state government known as departments 
have been studied. All other independent agencies, boards, commis- 
sions, and offices have been left for some future investigation. In 
the second place, only the administrative machinery has been treated; 
the functions of a department have received no mention, except inci- 
dentally in certain cases. As a matter of fact, function is suggested 
by the mere title of a subdivision in all but rare instances. In the 
third place, the study is in outline form. Anything extraneous to the 
avowed purpose of tracing the development of each agency and its 
subdivisions has been omitted. This means that no conclusions are 
drawn, and that discussion is everywhere limited as much as possible. 

The arrangement of the material for most of the departments has 
been determined by the fact that it may be used from two points of 
view: interest in contemporary problems and research in historical 
background. A chart showing the organization of the department is 
supplemented by a list of the divisions and all their subdivisions. 
These are followed by a brief description of the department as a whole, 
reviewing its history, the law creating it, the original divisions, and 

(1) 



2 INTRODUCTION 

any unusual facts of significance in its development which need 
emphasis or which can not be discussed in the outline itself. "Sec- 
tion I — Historical" iiichulos a description of all those agrencies existing 
before the creation of the depar^^ment, whose powers and duties were 
finally transferred to it. "Section II— Present Organization" shows 
all changes in divisions and subdivisions that have occurred since the 
date of creation of the department. Students who desire information 
concerning present structure only will find their material segregated 
from the mass of heterogeneous items relating to the early history of 
the body. 

The sources from which this information was obtained include 
the California statutes, the annual or biennial reports and special 
publications of the agencies concerned, the departmental monthly 
reports to the Governor's Council, the pamphlet issued by the Super- 
visor of Documents in 1934 entitled "Agencies of the California State 
Government and What Thej^ Do," interviews with state officials, and 
letters from the directors of the departments. No bibliography, other 
than this general list, has been compiled. Direct quotations are accom- 
panied, of course, by references to the sources from which they come. 
All quotations which are not followed by references are taken from 
the statutes. If the agency or subdivision was established by legisla- 
tive act, the complete statutory citation appears in a footnote at the 
end of the paragraph. It should be observed that the functioning of 
the majority of the departments at the present time is regulated by 
legal codes, in particular the Political Code; but in this study only 
the original act which created a given agency has been cited. Even 
if the governing power was not established by statute, the specific dates 
of origin, of change of title, or of transfer, have been given if it was 
possible to determine them. In order to insure accuracy of statement, 
each chapter has been submitted to the department concerned, to be 
checked by some official designated by the director. 

This outline is designed to contribute to various types of interest 
and research. It is hoped that certain librarians, legislators, teachers 
of political science, lawyers, and students of government will find 
it of value. 



AGRICULTURE 



STATE BOARD OF AGRICULTURE 



The State Board of Agriculture is a body, independent of the 
Department of Agriculture, which was set up in its present form in 
1929. Its history goes back, however, to 1854. In that year the State 
Agricultural Society was established. In 1863 a Board of Agriculture 
was created to manage the affairs of the society. The State Agricul- 
tural Society was declared to be a state institution in 1880, and the 
same act provided for a State Board of Agriculture of twelve members 
to be appointed by the Governor, which would have exclusive manage- 
ment of the society, and which would arrange for an annual fair at 
Sacramento. This organization continued, with only minor changes, 
until 1929. 

A law passed in 1929 (ch. 853, p. 1883 ; approved June 19, 1929, 
in effect Aug. 14, 1929) transferred to the Department of Finance all 
the powers and duties of the State Board of Agriculture and of the 
State Agricultural Society. A Board of Directors of the State Agri- 
cultural Society was established in place of the State Board of Agri- 
culture to administer the activities of the society. 

The act also expressly continued in force the State Board of Agri- 
culture, but gave it new duties and made it essentially a new body. 
It now consists of nine members, of which eight are appointed by the 
Governor and the ninth is the president of the Board of Directors of 
the State Agricultural Society. The duties of the board are to "inquire 
into the needs of the agricultural industry of this State and the func- 
tions of the department [of agriculture] in relation thereto, and to 
confer and advise with the Governor and the director." It has thus 
become a body which acts in an advisory capacity to the Department 
of Agriculture. 

For a fuller discussion of the historical background of this agency, 
described only briefly above, and for complete statutory references, see 
AGRICULTURE in Section I— Historical of the Department of 
Finance (p. 77). 



(5) 



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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

As Organized May 1, 1936 

ADMINISTRATION 

DIVISION OP ANIMAL INDUSTRY 

1. Dairy Service 

2. Livestock Identification Service 

3. Livestock Sanitary Service 

a. Meat Inspection 

b. Bovine Tuberculosis Control 

DIVISION OF CHEMISTRY 

DIVISION OP MARKET ENFORCEMENT 

DIVISION OF MARKETS 

DIVISION OP PLANT INDUSTRY 

1. Entomological Service 

2. Bureau of Field Crops 

a. Grain Inspection Service 

b. Hay Inspection Service 

c. Warehouse Inspection Service 

d. Seed Inspection Service 

e. Commercial Feed Stuffs 

3. Bureau of Fruit and Vegetable Standardization 

4. Market News Service 

5. Bureau of Nursery Service 

6. Bureau of Plant Pathology 

7. Bureau of Plant Quarantine 

8. Rodent, Plague and Weed Control Service 

9. Bureau of Shipping Point Inspection 

DIVISION OF WEIGHTS AND MEASURES 
Gasoline, Distillate and Oil Inspection Service 



2—36681 ( 7 ) 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 



The Department of Agriculture was the outgrowth of a hetero- 
geneous collection of boards, bureaus, and commissions, the earliest of 
which was established in 1880. The department was created in 1919 
(ch. 325, p. 542; approved May 16, 1919, in effect July 22, 1919). The 
position of Director of Agriculture was created at the same time ; this 
officer being appointed by and holding office at the pleasure of the 
Governor. As specified in the law, he succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Commissioner of Horticulture, the State Board of 
Horticultural Examiners, the State Dairy Bureau, the State Veteri- 
narian, the Stallion Registration Board, the State Board of Viticultural 
Commissioners, the Board of Citrus Fruit Shipments, and the Cattle 
Protection Board. 

At the time the department was set up, a Division of Plant 
Industrj^ and a Division of Animal Industry were specified as sub- 
divisions. Statutes 1921 (ch. 606, p. 1036) added the Division of 
Agricultural Chemistry, the Division of Markets, and the Division of 
Weights and Measures. At the present time the major divisions are 
the same as those given above, except for the designation Division of 
Chemistry instead of Agricultural Chemistry, with the addition of the 
Division of Market Enforcement. Wherever possible the law which 
created these divisions and their subdivisions, or which necessitated 
tlieir establishment, has been given in the discussion. For the current 
legal i)rovisions under which they operate now, however, the latest 
Agricultural Code should be consulted. 

Besides these divisions, there are included under the general 
designation Admini.stration the six subdivisions: Accounts and Dis- 
bursements; Library and Publications; Federal-State Crop Reporting 
Service ; Qualification of County Agricultural Commissioners, Deputies, 
and Inspectors ; Exhibits and Illustrations ; and Agricultural Informa- 
tion and Radio Broadcast Supervision. 

For the relationship between the department and the Board of 
Agriculture, see State Board of Agriculture (p. 5). 



(8) 



DEPARTMENT OP AGRICULTURE 



Historical: before 1919 

Board of State Viticultural Commissioners 

1880 A Board of State Viticultural Commissioners, consisting of nine 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, 
was created in 1880. Two of the commissioners were to be 
appointed from the state at large, and one from each of the 
seven viticultural districts established by the law. 

Stats. 1880, ch. 62, p. 52. Approved and in effect Apr. 15, 1880. 

1895 The acts relating to the Board of State Viticiiltural Commis- 
sioners were repealed in 1895. Its property was transferred to 
the Board of Regents of the University of California. The 
activities of the board were to be continued by the University. 

Stats. 1895. ch. 189, p. 235. Approved Mar. 27, 1895; in effect 
Dec. 31, 1895. 

1913 In 1913 the Legislature created a new State Board of Viticul- 
tural Commissioners to promote the progress of tlie viticultural 
industries of the state, through the collection and dissemination 
of information, lectures, reports, etc. 

Rtuts. 1913, ch. 196, p. 31,0. Approved May 28, 1913; in effect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Board of Viticultural Commissioners when 
it was created in 1919. For later history see Bureau of Plant 
Quarantine and Pest Control under Division of Plant Industry 
— Bureau of Plant Quarantine (p. 26). 

State Board of Horticulture 

1881 Section 8 of an act passed in 1881 provided for the appointment 
by the Board of State Viticultural Commissioners of an officer 
who should do for horticulture what the board did for viticul- 
ture. Pursuant to this, there was organized an advisory State 
Board of Horticultural Commissioners, within the then Board 
of State Viticultural Commissioners. Another law passed this 
same year (ch. 75, p. 86) gave authority to create County Boards 
of Horticultural Commissioners, such county boards to report 
annually to the Board of State Viticultural Commissioners. 

Stats. 1881, ch. 51, p. 51. Approved and in effect Mar. .}, 1881. 



10 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

1883 A State Board of Horticulture, whose duty it was to promote the 
horticultural interests of the state, was created in 1883. The 
board was to consist of nine members appointed by the Governor 
for a term of four years. Two of the members were to be 
appointed from the state at large, and one from each of the 
seven horticultural districts established by the act. 

Stats. 1883, ch. 63, p. 289. Approved and in effect Mar. IS, ISSS. 

1903 The acts establishing and amending the powers and duties of the 
State Board of Horticulture were repealed in 1903. The office 
of State Commissioner of Horticulture was created to succeed to 
the powers and duties of the board. See entry below. 

State Commission of Horticulture 

1903 An act to create a State Commission of Horticulture, passed in 
1903, created the office of State Commissioner of Horticulture 
as successor to the State Board of Horticulture, which was 
abolished. All the latter 's books, records, and property were to 
be turned over to the new oflScer. The commissioner was to be 
appointed by the Governor, to hold office for a term of four 
years or at the Governor's pleasure. Continuing the subdivisions 
established by the board, the commission developed quite a 
departmental organization. According to the Political Code 
sections as they were amended in 1911 (ch. 600, p. 1127) three 
divisions were specified. A fourth was added in 1918. These 
divisions are discussed briefly below. 

Stats. 1903, ch. 379, p. 52^. Approved and in effect Mar. 26, 1903. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Commissioner of Horticulture when it was 
created in 1919. 

1. EXECUTIVE OFFICE. 

1911 This office was one of the subdivisions specified in the act of 
1911. It probably existed, however, from the time the com- 
mission was established in 1903. 

2. QUARANTINE DIVISION. 

The inception of this division can be traced back to April 6, 
1881, when the Board of State Viticultural Commissioners 
appointed a Chief Executive Horticultural Officer. The work was 
continued by an Inspector of Fruit Pests, appointed in 1883 when 
the State Board of Horticulture was established. The development 
of the subdivision under both the board and the commission is 
presented here. For the later history of quarantine activities 



DEPARTMENT OP AGRICULTURE 11 

under the Department of Agriculture, see Division of Plant 
Industry — Bureau of Plant Qtinrantine (p. 25). 

State Board of Horticulture. Inspector of Fruit Pests. 

1883 The law which created the State Board of Horticulture 

provided for the appointment by the board of an 

Inspector of Fruit Pests, whose duties included the 

quarantining of infected or infested areas. This led to 

the creation of Quarantine Guardians and a Quarantine 

Officer. 

Stats. 1883, ch. 63, p. 280. Approved and in effect Mar. 
IS, 1883. 

State Board of Horticulture. Publishing and Quarantine Bureau. 

1889 Provision was made in 1889 for the appointment of a 
Clerk of the Publishing and Quarantine Bureau in 
place of the Inspector of Fruit Pests, and also for the 
appointment of Quarantine Guardians. The first 
specific quarantine law was passed in 1899 (ch. 76, 
p. 91). 

Stats. 1889, ch. 86, p. 89. Approved and in effect Mar. 
7, 1889. 

Quarantine Division 

1903 A Quarantine Department was established in the State 
Commission of Horticulture at the time of its creation, 
as a continuation of the work previously cari'ied on 
under the State Board of Horticulture. The act of 
1911, however, was the first law to name specifically a 
Quarantine Division in the commission. 

3. INSECTARY DIVISION. 

1907 As early as 1881 (ch. 75, p. 86) provision was made for the 
appointment of County Boards of Horticultural Commis- 
sioners to inspect infected areas, and to provide for the 
extermination of injurious insects. The appointment in 
1883 of an Inspector of Fruit Pests (discussed above) con- 
tinued the work. 

Insectary work for the propagation and study of bene- 
ficial insects was started under the State Board of Horticul- 
ture and was continued by the State Commission of Horti- 
culture. The insectary was destroyed by the San Francisco 
earthquake, however. In 1908 a new insectary was built as 
the result of an appropriation made in 1907, and the 
Insectary Division seems to have become a separate depart- 
ment in the commission. In 1899 and 1905 appropriations 



12 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

were made for importing or searching for beneficial insects, 
but tlie act of 1907 was specifically for "searching for, secur- 
ing, introducing, propagating and distributing beneficial 
insects, and for the purpose of constructing suitable struc- 
tures and acquiring necessary appliances to carry on such 
work." The act of 1911 named among the three divisions 
an Insectary and Pathological Division. For the later 
development of this work, see Division of Plant IndAistry — 
Entomological Service (p. 21). 

Stats. 1907, ch. S32, p. 612. Approved Mar. 19, 1907. 

4. RODENT CONTROL DIVISION. 

1918 The creation of this division in 1918 was authorized by 
Emergency Resolution No. 23 of the State Board of Control. 
For later activities under the Department of Agriculture, 
see Division of Plant Industry — Rodent, Plague and Weed 
Control Service (p. 26). 

1919 The control and destruction of predatory animals was 

assigned to the State Commission of Horticulture in 1919. 

The work was placed in this division. 

Stats. 1919. ch. 133, p. 178. Approved May 2, 1919; m effect 
July 22, 1919. 

State Dairy Bureau 

1895 In 1895 provision was made for the appointment by the Governor 
of three persons to constitute a State Dairy Bureau. Tliey were 
to serve until July 1, 1897. On that date "the State Dairy 
Bureau shaU cease to exist, and all provisions in this Act relat- 
ing to said State Dairy Bureau shall be null and void . . ." 
Stats. 1895, ch. 38, p. 1/1. Approved and in effect Mar. 9, 1895. 

1897 A permanent State Dairy Bureau, "which shall succeed the 
one now in existence in every respect," was established in 1897. 
The three members were to be appointed by the Governor for 
a term of four years. 

Stats. 1897, ch. 75, p. 65. Approved and in effect Mar. 4, 1897. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Dairy Bureau when it was created in 1919. 
See Division of Animal Industry — Dairy Service (p. 17). 

State Veterinarian 

1899 The position of State Veterinarian was created in 1899. This 
officer was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure 
of the Governor. His term was set at four years in 1909 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 13 

(ch. 286, p. 431). His duty was the protection of the health 
of all domestic animals of the state from contagious and infec- 
tious diseases. 

Stats. 1899, ch. 96, p. 129. Became a law Mar. 18, 1899. 

1911 The duties of the State Veterinarian were expanded by laws 
passed in 1911 and 1917, which made him a member of the 
Stallion Registration Board and the Cattle Protection Board, 
and required that he carry out the provisions of the act pro- 
viding for meat inspection. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Veterinarian in 1919. For later history, 
see Division of Animal Industry — Livestock Sanitary Service 

(p. 18). 

Board of Citrus Fruit Shipments 

1901 The appointment by the Governor of an Inspector of Citrus 

Fruit Shipments was provided for by a law passed in 1901. 

This was amended in 1903 to provide for the appointment of 

several inspectors. 

Stats. 1901, ch. 22/,, p. 663. Approved atid in effect Mar. 23, 1901. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Board of Citrus Fruit Shipments in 1919. The 
act of 1901 was specifically repealed in 1931. 

State Board of Horticultural Examiners 

1909 A State Board of Horticultural Examiners was created in 1909 
to give examinations in the counties to candidates for the posi- 
tion of County Horticultural Commissioner (now County Agri- 
cultural Commissioner). The board consisted of three members 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1909, ch. 118, p. 185. Approved and in effect Mar. 6, 1909. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Board o^' Horticultural Examiners in 1919. 
These activities are now included in the general administration 
of the department. Examinations are given to county agricul- 
tural commissioners, deputy county agricultural commissioners, 
and county agricultural inspectors. 

Stallion Registration Board 

1911 A Stallion Registration Board, consisting of the president and 
the secretary of the California State Board of Agriculture and 



14 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

the State Veterinarian, was created in 1911. Its purpose was 
to encourage the horse-breeding interests of the state. For its 
later development, see Division of Animal Industry — Stallion 
Registration Service (p. 19). 

stats. 1911, ch. 677, p. 1300. Approved May 1, 1911; in effect 
Aug. 1, 1911. 

Department of Weights and Measures 

1913 In early laws and in the Political Code of 1872 the Secretary 
of State was made ex officio State Sealer of Weights and Meas- 
ures. The Political Code section was not specifically repealed 
until 1921. A standard of weights "and measures was estab- 
lished in 1911 (ch. 211, p. 383). Reference to the authority of 
the state to provide therefor is found in the constitution (Art. 
XI, sec. 14, adopted Oct. 10, 1911). An active Department of 
Weights and Measures was not set up until 1913, however. In 
that year the oflflce of State Superintendent of Weights and 
Measures was created. This officer was to be appointed by the 
Governor for a term of four years, subject always to removal at 
the pleasure of the Governor. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 597, p. 1086. Approved June 16, 1913: in effect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

1921 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Superintendent of Weights and Measures in 
1921. See Division of Weights and Measures (p. 27). 

State Market Coimnission 

state Commission Market 

1915 In 1915 the State Commission Market and the office of the 
State Commission Market Director were created. Their 
duties were to receive from the producers and to sell on 
commission the agricultural, fishery, dairy, and farm prod- 
ucts of the state. The director was to be appointed by the 
Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 713, p. 1390. Approved June 10, 1915; in 
effect Aug. 9, 1915. 

State Market Commission 

1917 The act of 1915 was repealed in 1917. A State Market 
Commission to promote, assist and encourage the organiza- 
tion and operation of cooperative marketing associations 
was created in place of the State Commission Market. The 
commission consisted of a director, to be appointed by the 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 15 

Governor for a term of four years, and a secretary, to be 

appointed by the director. A State Fish Exchange was 

created as a department of the commission in this same 

year. For a fuller discussion of this subdivision, see State 

Fish Exchange in Section I — Historical of the Department 

of Natural Resources (p. 159). 

Stats. 1917, ch. 802, p. 1669. Approved June 1, 1917; in 
effect July SI, 1917. 

1921 The Department of Agi-iculture succeeded to the duties and 
powers of the State Market Commission in 1921. See Divi- 
sion of Markets (p. 20). 

Cattle Protection Board 

1917 A Cattle Protection Board of three members was created in 
1917. Two members were to be appointed by and to hold 
office at the pleasure of the Governor; the third was to be the 
State Veterinarian. They were to exercise general supervision 
over and to protect from theft the cattle of the state. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 678, p. 1237. Approved May 28, 1917; in effect 
July 27, 1917. 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Cattle Protection Board when it was created in 
1919. See Division of Animal Industry — Livestock Identifica- 
tion Service (p. 17). 



n 

Present organization: after 1919 

Administration 

Since the establishment of the Department of Agriculture in 1919, 
an administrative and secretarial staff has been maintained to perform 
a variety of specialized functions. This office correlates all depart- 
mental activities. It meets needs involving special personnel problems 
and establishing policies with the federal government, state agencies, 
county boards of supervisors, county agricultural commissioners, and 
other agricultural organizations and agencies. It also develops the 
program and arranges for the Farmers and Fruit Growers Convention 
each year. There are six: branches of Administration. 



16 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

1. ACCOUNTS AND DISBURSEMENTS. 

1919 As the fiscal agency for the department, this section handles 
all matters pertaining to collections and disbursements, trust 
funds, budgets, pay rolls, personnel records, purchasing, and 
printing orders. The subdivision was established in 1919. 

2. LIBRARY AND PUBLICATIONS. 

1919 When the Department of Agriculture was established in 
1919, the libraries of all the agencies to whose powers and 
duties it succeeded were amalgamated into a single subdi- 
vision of Administration. To this section was also assigned 
the duty of editing departmental publications, including 
the Monthly Bulletin of the Department of Agriculture. 
This periodical was a continuation of the I\Ionthly Bulletin 
of the State Commissioner of Horticulture. In 1935 it 
was made a quarterly publication, and the name was 
changed to Bulletin. One number of the Bulletin incorpo- 
rates the annual report of the department, and another the 
proceedings of the Farmers and Fruit Growers Convention. 

3. FEDERAL-STATE COOPERATIVE CROP REPORTING SERVICE. 

1920 The Federal-State Cooperative Crop Reporting Service is 
conducted jointly by tiie U. S. Department of Agriculture 
and the California Department of Agriculture. Each 
agency contributes al)out 50 per cent of the cost. Tlie 
ser\ace provides an estimate of what the probable produc- 
tion of agricultural crops will be, and a record of the actual 
production and farm value. 

4. OIALIFirATION OF COUNTY AGRICULTURAL COMMISSIONERS. 
DEPUTIES, AND INSPECTORS. 

1919 Qualifying examinations for county horticultural commis- 
sioners, previously conducted by the State Board of Horti- 
cultural Examiners created in 1909, became a regular 
function of the director's office in 1919. Originally to 
qualify county horticultural commissioners, this examination 
procedure has been expanded to (pialify candidates for agri- 
cultural commissioner, deputy commissioner, and inspector 
for each county in which a county civil service board has 
not been set up by charter. 

5. EXHIBITS AND ILLUSTRATIONS. 

1!)19 This subdivision supervises the installation of exhibits whicli 
illustrate the activities of the department at the State Fair, 
various county fairs, and industry expositions. Charts, 
maps, and i^hotographic work are included. 



DEPARTMENT OP AGRICULTURE 17 

6. AGRICULTURAL INFORMATION AND RADIO BROADCAST SU- 
PERVISION. 

1929 Under the supervision of the administrative office, this 
subdivision prepares for releases to journals and publica- 
tions, and for radio broadcasting (after 1927), timely and 
historical agricultural information. Prior to 1929 this 
work was part of the activities of the Library and Publica- 
tions section. 

Division of Animal Industry 

This division was created with the organization of the department 
in 1919. Its activities relate to dairying, livestock identification, live- 
stock disease control, meat inspection, and tuberculosis control. 

1. DAIRY SERVICE. 
Dairy Service 

1919 The activities of the early State Dairy Bureau were con- 
tinued as the Dairy Service of the Division of Animal 
Industry when the Department of Agriculture was created 
in 1919. For the first year it was called Dairy In.spec- 
tion Service. For the history of the earlier agency, see 
Rfate Dairy Bureau in Section I — Historical (p. 12). 

Bureau of Dairy Control 

1924 In the latter part of 1924 the Dairy Service of the Division 
of Animal Industry became a separate branch of the 
department. The name was changed to Bureau of Dairy 
Control. 

1931 Reorganization of the department in 1931 once more 
placed the Bureau of Dairy Control in the Division of 
Animal Industry. 

Dairy Service 

1933 In 1933 the designation Bureau of Dairy Control was 
eliminated. * ' The dairy activities were given the classifi- 
cation of a service, with a supervisor in charge." (Cali- 
fornia. Department of Agriculture. Monthly Bulletin, 
V. 22, Dec. 1933, p. 424.) 

2. LIVESTOCK IDENTIFICATION SERVICE. 
Cattle Protection Service 

1919 In 1919 the Department of Agriculture succeeded to the 
powers and duties of the Cattle Protection Board. A 
Cattle Protection Service was organized in the Division 



18 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

of Animal Industry. For earlier history, see Cattle Pro- 
tection Bnnrd in Section I — Historical (p. 15). 

Livestock Identification Service 

1936 The name was changed from Cattle Protection Service to 
Livestock Identification Service on May 1, 1936, 

3. LIVESTOCK SANITARY SERVICE. 
Livestock Disease Control Service 

1919 The major part of the annual report of the Division of 
Animal Industry is usually devoted to the subject of 
disease control. The service has been called Animal 
Disease Eradication Service, Infectious Disease Control, 
Disease Control, and, after 1931, Livestock Disease Con- 
trol Service. In 1933 tul)ereulosis eradication, meat 
inspection, and poultry disease work were included in 
the function of Livestock Disease Control. Early activi- 
ties in this field were carried on by the State Veterinarian, 
to wliose i)owers and duties the D('])artnient of Afxriculture 
succeeded in 1919. See State Veterinarian in Section I — 
Historical (p. 12). 

Livestock Sanitary Service 

1934 The official name of Livestock Sanitary Service was 
adopted in 1934. 

a. Meat Inspection. 

Meat Inspection Service 

1919 The Department of Agriculture succeeded in 1919 
to the powers and duties of the State Veterinarian. 
One of those duties, added in 1917 (eh. 224, p. 423), 
was that of meat inspection. This became one of 
the services of the Division of Animal Indu.stry. 

Livestock Disease Control Service 

1933 Meat inspection activities had the status of a service 
until 1933, when they were placed in the Livestock 
Disease Control Service. 

h. Bovine TiiJjerculosis Control. 
Bureau of Tuberculosis Control 

1931 The Department of Agriculture was charged in 1919 
with carrying out the provisions of the Pure Milk 
Law of 1915 (ch. 742, p. 1478). Additional activi- 
ties were necessitated by statutes of later years 



DEPARTMENT OP AGRICULTURE 19 

relating to bovine tuberculosis. These activities were 
carried on by the Division of Animal Industry. In 
1931 the Director of the Department of Agriculture 
created the Bureau of Tuberculosis Control in the 
Division of Animal Industry to administer them. 

Livestock Disease Control Service 

1933 The designation Bureau of Tuberculosis Control 
was eliminated, and the work was included in Live- 
stock Disease Control Service, after 1933. 

4. STALLION REGISTRATION SERVICE. 

1919 The duties that had been assigned to the Stallion Regis- 
tration Board were carried on by the Division of Animal 
Industry in the Stallion Registration Service after the 
Department of Agriculture was created in 1919. For the 
creation of the early board, see Stallion Registration Board 
in Section I — Historical (p. 13). 

1931 In 1931 the law of 1911 under which the service operated 
was repealed. 

Stats. 1931, ch. 81,8, p. 1743. Approved June 12, 1931; in 
effect Aug. 14, 1931. 

Division of Chemistry 

This division was organized July 1, 1920. Although it was not 
the outgrowth of a particular agencj^, as were many of the other divi- 
sions and subdivisions of the department, its activities had a definite 
developmental history. The earlier laws are discussed briefly below. 

1903 A law was passed in 1903 to regulate the sale of commer- 
cial fertilizers or materials used for manurial purposes. An 
appropriation was made for the equipment of a laboratory 
by the Agricultural Experiment Station of the University 
of California to be used in the prosecution of the work. 

Stats. 1903, ch. 225, p 259. Approved Mar. 20, 1903; in 
effect July 1, 1903. 

1911 An act relating to insecticides and fungicides, similar to 

the fertilizer law, was passed in 1911. Examinations of 

specimens were to be made by the Agricultural Experiment 

Station of the University of California. An earlier acl 

(Stats. 1901, ch. 53, p. 69) to prevent fraud in the sale of 

paris green used as an insecticide was repealed. 

Stats. 1911, ch. 653, p. 1248. Approved May 1, 1911; in effect 
July 1, 1911. 



20 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

1920 The Department of Agriculture was charged with admin- 
istering and enforcing the fertilizer and insecticide acts 
when it was created in 1919. The Division of Chemistry 
was organized in 1920 to administer these laws and to do 
the necessary laboratorj' work for the Dairy Ser\dce. Its 
activities have been expanded by such additional acts as 
the "California economic poison act of 1921," the "Cali- 
fornia agricultural minerals act of 1923," and the act relat- 
ing to spray residue on fruits and vegetables, passed in 1927. 
The.se acts are incorporated in the Agricultural Code. 

Division of Land Settlement 

This division was created by statute in 1927. It remained in the 
Department of Agriculture for only four years, however, all its activi- 
ties being transferred to the Department of Finance in 1931. For 
complete historj-, see State Land Settlement Board in Section I^ — ^Ilis- 
lorieal of the Department of Finance (p. 75). 

Division of Market Enforcement 

Division of Markets. Bureau of Market Enforcement. 

1927 The enforcement activities of the Division of Markets 
resulted from the passage of the Produce Dealers Act 
(Stats. 1927, ch. 860, p. 1812) and the Deciduous Fruit 
Dealers Act (Stats. 1929, ch. 344, p. 665). 

1931 By 1931 the administration of these activities had grown 
into the Division of Enforcement of the Division of Mar- 
kets. At the end of that year the Bureau of Market 
Enforcement was organized. 

Division of Market Enforcement 

1932 In the latter part of 1932 the Bureau' of Market Enforce- 
ment became a separate division of the Department of 
Agriculture, known as the Division of Market Enforcement. 
Commission merchants, produce dealers, brokers, and agents 
are licensed. In 1935 processors were added as licensees, 
under a separate chapter of the Agricultural Code. 

Division of Markets 

The powers and duties of the State Market Director and the 
State Market Commission were transferred to the Department of 
Agriculture by the law which created that department, as it was 
amended in 1921. The Division of Markets was created in the depart- 
ment at that time. On Oct. 1, 1923, the chief of the Division of Mar- 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 21 

kets resigned, and the office was not again filled until June, 1926. 
Between those dates, as a consequence, most of the activities of the 
division lapsed. 

1. STATE FISH EXCHANGE. 

1917 As early as 1917 the State Fish Exchange was created as 
a department of the State Market Commission. It was con- 
tinued as a subdivision of the Division of Markets when 
the Department of Agriculture succeeded to the powers 
and duties of the earlier agency in 1921. In 1933, however, 
the State Fish Exchange Act was repealed, and the funds 
were transferred to the Department of Natural Resources. 
For complete history, see State Fish Exchange in Section 
I — Historical of the Department of Natural Resources 
(p. 159). 

2. MAUKET INFORMATION SERVICE. 

1921 A bureau for market reporting was established in the Divi- 
sion of Markets in 1921. In 1934 it was transferred to the 
Division of Plant Industry. For the history of its many 
changes, see Division of Plant Industry — Market News 
Service (p. 24). 

.3. BUREAU OF MARKET ENFORCEMENT. 

1931 Enforcement activities of the Division of Markets started 
in 1927. By the end of 1931 a Bureau of Market Enforce- 
ment had been organized. This became a separate division 
in 1932. See Division of Market Enforcement (p. 20). 

Division of Plant Industry 

This division was created with the organization of the department 
in 1919, as an administrative unit of which the director acts as chief. 
At present it embodies nine services. 

Historically, the agencies which led to the creation of the Divi- 
sion of Plant Industry were the Board of State Viticultural Commis- 
sioners, State Board of Horticulture, State Commission of Horticul- 
ture, State Board of Horticultural Examiners, and Board of Citrus 
Fruit Shipments. A full discussion of each of these bodies may be 
found in Section I — Historical. 

1. ENTOMOLOGICAL SERVICE. 
Plant Pest Control Service 

1919 When the Department of Agriculture succeeded to the 
powers and duties of the State Commission of Horticul- 
ture, the Plant Pest Control Service of the Division of 



22 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

Plant Industry was organized to carry on the activities 
previously administered by the Inseetary Division. 

Bureau of Pest Control 

1921 By 1921 this service was called the Bureau of Pest Con- 
trol. 

Bureau of Plant Quarantine and Pest Control 

1923 The Bureau of Pest Control and the Bureau of Plant 
Quarantine were consolidated in 1923. The activities of 
the unit thus established were decentralized in 1931 into 
six separate functions of which five now maintain an indi- 
vidual identity, namely: Bureau of Plant Quarantine, 
Entomological Service, Bureau of Plant Pathology, 
Bureau of Nursery Service, and Rodent, Plague and Weed 
Control Service. 

Division of Entonnology and Pest Control 

1931 Wlu'u the Department of Agriculture was reorganized in 
1931, this work was placed in a separate division desig- 
nated Division of Entomology and Pest Control. 

Entomological Service 

1933 In 1933 this division became the Entomological Service 
of the Division of Plant Industry. 

•_'. I'.l UEAU OF FIELD CROPS. 
Bureau of Standardization 

1921 The first activities relating to the regulation of agricul- 
tural seed were carried on by the Seed Inspection Depart- 
ment of tlie Inseetary Division of the St^e Commission 
of Horticulture. This was created in 1912, but its exist- 
ence was apparently of very short duration. In 1921 
the "California warehouse act" (ch. 693, p. 1178), the 
"California grain standardization act" (ch. 718, p. 1231), 
and an act for the prevention of the adulteration or mis- 
labeling of agricultural seed (ch. 712, p. 1221), were 
passed. The activities resulting from the passage of these 
laws were carried on by the Bureau of Standardization. 

Bureau of Grain, Seed and Warehouse Standardization 
1923 When the Bureau of Standardization was reorganized in 
1923, these activities were placed in a new Bureau of 
Grain, Seed and Warehouse Standardization in the Divi- 
sion of Plant Industry. 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 23 

Bureau of Field Crops 

1926 In 1926 the name of the bureau was changed to Bureau 
of Field Crops. The bureau is organized into five 
services : 

a. Grain Inspection Service 

b. Hay Inspection Service 

c. Warehouse Inspection Service 

d. Seed Inspection Service 

e. Commercial Feed Stuffs 

1935 In 1935 the administration and enforcement of 
Commercial Feeding Stuffs standards were added 
to the duties of the Bureau of Field Crops. This 
work was transferred to the Department of Agri- 
culture from the Department of Public Health to 
which it had been assigned in 1919 (ch. 327, 
p. 551). 

Stats. 1935, ch. 301, p. 1025. Approved June 11, 
1935; in effect Sept. 15, 1935. 

3. BUREAU OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLE STANDARDIZATION. 
Office of Standardization 

1919 The Office of Standardization in the Division of Plant 
Industry was organized to enforce the various standardi- 
zation laws which had been passed in 1915 and after. 
These included the Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Standardi- 
zation Act, the California Certified Seed Potatoes Act, 
and the Standard Apple Act. 

Bureau of Standardization 

1921 The name of the Office of Standardization was changed 
to Bureau of Standardization in 1921. 

Bureau of Fruit and Vegetable Standardization 

1923 The activities of the Bureau of Standardization had 
expanded to such a degree by 1923 that it was found 
necessary to divide it. One of the two new bodies thus 
formed was the Bureau of Fruit and Vegetable Standard- 
ization in the Division of Plant Industry. For the other 
subdivision established at this time, see Division of Plant 
Industry — Bureau of Field Crops (p. 22). 

Additional standardization laws passed in later years 
included the Canned Fruit Standards Act of 1925 and 
the Ripe Olive Standardization Act of 1931 (the enforce- 
ment of both of which was transferred to the Depart- 

3—35681 



24 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 

ment of Public Health in 1933), the Egg Standardiza- 
tion Act (transferred from the Department of Public 
Health in 1935), and the Honej' Standardization Act 
of 1935. 

4. MARKET NEWS SERVICE. 

Division of Markets. Market Reporting Bureau. 

1921 A jMarket Reporting Bureau was organized for dissemi- 
nating daily relial)le information on market conditions 
in San Francisco. In the latter part of 1921 or in 1922, 
arrangements were made with the U. S. Department of 
Agriculture to cooperate in certain branches of the mar- 
ket reporting. 

Division of Markets. Market News Service. 

1923 By 1923 the bureau was called IMarket News Service. 
During succeeding years the activities of the Market 
News Service widened to include stock and crop reports 
of all kinds. 

Division of Markets. Market Information Service. 

1927 Since 1927 this service, regarded as a complete unit, has 
been called Federal-State Marketing Service and, later, 
Federal-State Market News Service. The California 
office, however, has been known as Market Information 
Service. 

Market News Service 

193-i The Market Information Service of the Division of Mar- 
kets was transferred to the Division of Plant Industry 
early in 1934. Tlie name was changed to Market News 
Service. To collect information, Market News Service 
utilizes mail, leased wire, and short wave; aiid these 
same means, plus radio broadcast, are used for market 
news dissemination. 

5. BUREAU OF NURSERY SERVICE. 

Bureau of Pest Control. Nursery Service Department. 

1922 Nurseiy inspection had early been carried on by the 
County Horticultural Commissioners, and by the Insec- 
tary Division of the State Commission of Horticulture, 
but no distinct office was created for this work until 1922, 
when the Nursery Service Department of the Bureau 
of Pest Control of the Division of Plant Industry was 
organized. In 1923 it became the Nursery Sers'ice of 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 25 

the Bureau of Plant Quarantine and Pest Control. The 

registration of nurserymen with the State Commissioner 

of Horticulture had been required by the amendment of 

section 2319i of the Political Code in 1917. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 509, p. 638. Approved May 17, 1017; in 
effect July 27, 1917. 

Bureau of Nursery Service 

1931 In November, 1931, the Bureau of Nursery Service was 
organized. Apparently it was in the Division of Ento- 
mology and Pest Control until 1933. It is now in -the 
Division of Plant Industry. 

6. BUREAU OF PLANT PATHOLOGY. 

Bureau of Pest Control. Office of Plant Pathology. 

1921 A plant pathologist was added to the staff of the Bureau 
of Pest Control in 1921, and on Dec. 1, 1921, the Office 
of Plant Pathology was opened. The first work of this 
kind had been started in 1912, when a plant pathologist 
was appointed in the State Commission of Horticulture, 
but when the Department of Agriculture was organized 
in 1919 no provision was made for such a position. For 
later changes in the organization of the Bureau of Pest 
Control, see Entomological Service (p. 21). 

Bureau of Plant Pathology 

1931 Wlien the Department of Agriculture was reorganized in 
1931, a Bureau of Plant Pathology in the Division of 
Entomology and Pest Control was established. The 
bureau was placed in the Division of Plant Industry in 
1933. 

7. BUREAU OF PLANT QUARANTINE. 
Plant Quarantine Service 

1919 When the Department of Agriculture was created and 
succeeded to the powers and duties of the State Com- 
mission of Horticulture, the Plant Quarantine Service 
of the Division of Plant Industry was organized to carry 
on the activities previously assigned to the Quarantine 
Division of the commission. 

Bureau of Plant Quarantine 

1921 "With the reorganization of the Department of Agri- 
culture July 1, 1921, the Plant Quarantine Service was 
made the Bureau of Plant Quarantine, equal in rank with 



26 DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTT'RE 

the divisions provided for in the law governing con- 
solidation ..." (California. Department of Agricul- 
ture. Monthly Bulletin, v. 10, Nov.-Dec. 1921, p. 614.) 

Bureau of Plant Quarantine and Pest Control 

1923 The Bureau of Plant Quarantine and the Bureau of Pest 
Control were combined in 1923. The quarantine work 
was carried on by the Plant Quarantine Service of the 
bureau. The work that had been carried on by the Viti- 
culture Service of the Division of Plant Industry was 
also placed in the Bureau of Plant Quarantine and Pest 
Control. In 1927 the viticulturist for the department 
resigned, and lii.s activities were distributed in the bureau. 

Division of Quarantine Administration 

1931 Reorganization of the department in July, 1931, placed 
quarantine work in a separate division of the Depart- 
ment of Agriculture. 

Bureau of Plant Quarantine 

1933 The Division of Quarantine Administration became again 
the Bureau of Plant Quarantine in the Division of Plant 
Industry in 1933. 

8. RODENT, PLAGUE AND WEED COXTKOL SERVICE. 

1919 The activities undertaken by the Rodent Control Division 
of the State Commission of Horticulture were carried on by 
the Plant Pest Control Sen-ice of the Division of Plant 
Industry after 1919. For the development of this service 
into the Bureau of Pest Control and later the Bureau of 
Plant Quarantine and Pest Control, see Entomological 
Service (p. 21). 

1931 When the Department of Agriculture was reorganized in 
1931, the Office of Rodent Control in the Division of Ento- 
mology and Pest Control was created. It included preda- 
tory animal control. At the same time the Bureau of Weeds 
and Weed Control was organized in the Division of Plant 
Industry. 

1933 These functions were again combined in the Rodent, Plague 
and Weed Control Service of the Division of Plant Industry 
in 1933. 



DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE 27 

9. BUREAU OF SHIPPING POINT INSPECTION. 

1921 A Shipping Point Inspection Service was created in the 
Bureau of Standardization in 1921. "This work was ini- 
tiated in July, 1920, as a result of a memorandum of 
agreement with the Bureau of Markets of the U. S. Depart- 
ment of Agriculture ..." (California. Department of 
Agriculture. Monthly bulletin, v. 10, Nov. -Dec. 1921, 
p. 605.) 

1923 When the Bureau of Standardization was divided into two 
bodies, this service was continued by the Bureau of Fruit 
and Vegetable Standardization. 

1929 A separate Bureau of Shipping Point Inspection was estab- 
lished in the Division of Plant Industry in 1929. 

Division of Weights and Measures 

Some sections of the Political Code relating to the Department of 
Agricidture were amended in 1921. The department succeeded to the 
powers and duties of the State Superintendent of Weights and 
Measures, and a new Division of Weights and Measures was created 
in it. For early history, see Department of Weights and Measures in 
Section I — Historical (p. 14). 

The activities of the division are determined by the enforcement 
of laws relating to weights and measures, net containers, public weigh- 
raasters, bread, and hay baling, and gasoline and oil inspection. The 
work of covinty sealers of weights and measures is supervised. 

1. GASOLINE, DISTILLATE AND OIL INSPECTION SERVICE. 

This service developed as a result of the enforcement activi- 
ties required by the gasoline laws. These laws (Stats. 1929, ch. 
697, p. 1207; and Stats. 1931, ch. 609, p. 1313) regulated the 
delivery and sale of gasoline, distillate, and oil, and provided for 
the inspection of their quality and proper labeling. 

2. MATTRESS AND UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE INSPECTION 
SERVICE. 

After the Upholstered Furniture Act was passed in 1927, the 
enforcement of this act and of the earlier Mattress Regulation 
Law required the organization of a separate subdivision in the 
Division of Weights and Measures. It was called for a time the 
Bedding Enforcement Division; and, later, the Mattress and 
Upholstered Furniture Inspection Service. In 1935, however, a 
new agency was created to carry on this work. See Department 
of Professional and Vocational Standards — Bureau of Furniture 
and Bedding Inspection (p. 195). 



EDUCATION 



STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 



The first State Board of Education was created in 1852. The 
membership has changed, the powers and duties assigned to it have 
varied, but the board has remained in continuous existence in one form 
or another, from that date until the present time. 

In 1913 an important reorganization of the board, and of the 
department under its supervision, occui-red. At this time the offices 
of the three commissioners of elementary, secondary, and vocational 
education were created. The organization thus established developed 
naturally into the administrative body which exists today as the 
Department of Education. The department was created in 1921, and 
it succeeded to the powers and duties of the State Board of Educa- 
tion. The board, nevertheless, was continued in force with all the 
powers and functions previou.sly conferred upon it. It became the 
governing body of the department. 

In 1927 another and complete reorganization took place. An act 
passed in that year (ch. 453, p. 774) changed the membership of the 
board from seven to ten persons, 1o be appointed by the Governor 
with the advice and consent of two-thirds of the Senate, for a term of 
four years; and modified its powers and duties. According to a rialing 
of the Attorney General, this law created an entirely new board. As 
a result the Department of Education also was changed, for the new 
State Board of Education, immediately appointed by the Governor, 
met on Aug. 1, 1927, and established entirely different administrative 
machinery to carry on state activities in the field of education. 

According to the present plan, the State Board of Education is 
the governing and policy-determining body of the Department of 
Education. "The chief duties of the board are to grant and revoke 
credentials of teachers, to adopt textbooks, to administer the teachers' 
retirement salary fund, to regulate teachers colleges, to cooperate with 
the Federal Board for Vocational Education, and to make rules and 
regulations governing the schools of the State." (California. Super- 
visor of Dociiments. Agencies of California state government and 
what they do. May 15, 1934, p. 17.) For the State Board of Education 
as the State Board of Vocational Education, see State Board of Edu- 
cation—Commissioner of Industrial and Vocational Education in Sec- 
tion I — Historical (p. 40) ; as the State Board of Vocational Rehabili- 
tation, see Commission for Vocational Education — Bureau of Voca- 

(31) 



32 STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION 

iional Rehahilitation (p. 64) ; aud as the Public School Teachers' 
Retirement Salary Fund Board, see State Board of Education, 1913, 
in Section I — Historical (p. 39). 

The State Board of Education is also the Board of Trustees of 
the California State Historical Association. An act passed in 1927 
(ch. 753, p. 1444; approved May 25, 1927, in effect July 29, 1927) 
established the California State Historical Association for the purpose 
of promoting interest in and disseminating knowledge of the history 
of California. The control and responsibility for the conduct of the 
affairs of this organization were vested in the State Board of Educa- 
tion as Trustees of the California State Historical Association. The 
board also was empowered to administer all property and records for- 
merly held by the California Historical Survey Commission. For the 
history of this body, see California Tlistorical Survey Commission in 
Section I — Historical (p. 48). 

Since the history of the development of the State Board of Edu- 
cation is also the background for the Department of Education, the 
statutory references and detailed description of its evolution before 
1921 are given in Section 1 — Historical of the department. 



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DEPART.MENT OF EDUCATION 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

CALIFORNIA NAUTICAL SCHOOL 

DIVISION OF ADULT AND CONTINUATION EDUCATION 

1. Bureau of Child Study and Parent Education 

2. Bureau of Immigrant Education 

DIVISION OF ELEMENTARY EDUCATION AND RURAL 
SCHOOLS 

DIVISION OF HEALTH AND PHYSICAL EDUCATION 
Bureau of Physical Education for Girls 

DIVISION OF LIBRARIES 

1. Books for the Blind Section 

2. California Section 

3. Catalog Section 

4. Government Documents Section 

5. Law and Legislative Reference Section 

6. Order Section 

7. Prints Section 

8. Reference Section 

9. Shipping, Printing and Photostating Section 
10. Sutro Branch 

DIVISION OF RESEARCH AND STATISTICS 

DIVISION OF SCHOOLHOUSE PLANNING 

DIVISION OF SECONDARY EDUCATION 

DIVISION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION 

1. Bureau of Correction of Speech Defects 

2. Bureau of Education for the Blind 

3. Bureau of Education for the Deaf 

4. Bureau of Mental Hygiene and Bureau of Attendance and Migra- 
tory Education 

DIVISION OF TEACHER TRAINING AND CERTIFICATION 

(34) 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 35 

DIVISION OF TEXTBOOKS AND PUBLICATIONS 
Bureau of State Printed Textbooks 

COMMISSION FOR VOCATIONAL EDUCATION 

1. Bureau of Agricultural Education 

2. Bureau of Business Education 

3. Bureau of Home-making Education 

4. Bureau of Trade and Industrial Education 

5. Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation 

STATE COLLEGES 

1. Chico State College 

2. Fresno State College 

3. Humboldt State College 

4. San Diego State College 

5. San Francisco State College 

6. San Jose State College 

7. Santa Barbara State College 

SPECIAL SCHOOLS 

1. California School for the Blind 

2. California School for the Deaf 

3. California Polytechnic School 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



Supervision of educational activities lias always been recognized 
by the state as one of its major duties. The makers of the first con- 
stitution, in 1849, expressed this recognition by providing for the 
election of a Superintendent of Public Instruction. Shortly after 
that, in 1851, the first School Law was pa.ssed by the Legislature, and in 
1852 the first Board of Education was created. 

The functions assigned to the superintendent and to the board, 
and the powers conferred upon them, have changed from time to time, 
but the form of organization embodied in these ofiSces still exists. 
Under their control an administrative structure developed which really 
attained the status of a department. Early references to a Depart- 
ment of Public Instruction or to an Education Department may be 
found. This development was marked after 1913. Tlie creation of a 
Department of Education in 1921, by the Legi-slature, did very little 
to change the internal arrangement of this structure, and it was not 
until 1927, when a complete reorganization took place, that the present 
set-up in the department came into l)eing. 

The Department of Education was created in 1921 (ch. 605, p. 
1033 ; approved May 31, 1921, in effect July 30, 1921). The law stated 
that it should be conducted under the control of an executive officer 
to be known as the Director of Education, and that the Superintendent 
of Public Instruction should be ex officio director. The department 
succeeded to the powers and duties of the State Board of Education, 
but this body was, nevertheless, continued in force with the powers 
and duties previously conferred upon it. The department also suc- 
ceeded to the powers and duties of the Boards of Trastees of the 
State Normal Schools or Teachers Colleges, the California Polytechnic 
School, and the California School for the Deaf and the Blind. 

The law specified that there should be two divisions in the depart- 
ment: a Division of Textbooks, Certification and Trust Funds, to be 
in charge of the State Board of Education, and a Division of Normal 
and Special Schools. To the latter division were transferred the func- 
tions previously performed by the boards of trustees of the various 
schools referred to above. It was to be in charge of the Director of Edu- 
cation for purposes of administration, but the appointment of faculty by 
him was subject to the approval of the State Board of Education, and 
the latter body was given certain powers relating to the enactment 
of rules and regulations and the revocation of diplomas. The specifi- 

(30) 



DEPARTMENT OP EDUCATION 37 

cation of these two divisions served rather to define the activities 
and powers of the Superintendent of Public Instruction and the State 
Board of Education than to abrogate the existing departmental organi- 
zation under their control. For further discussion of the State Board 
of Education, see that entry in Section I — Historical, and see State 
Board of Education (p. 31). 

The Department of Education was completely reorganized in 
1927. The Political Code sections relating to the department were 
amended (ch. 453, p. 774; approved May 12, 1927, in effect July 29, 
1927). Important administrative changes included the omission, and 
consequent abolition, of the offices of the three commissioners of ele- 
mentary, secondary, and industrial and vocational education ; and the 
creation of a new State Board of Education. The new board met 
on Aug. 1, 1927, and set up ten divisions : the Divisions of Adult Edu- 
cation, City Secondary Schools, Health and Physical Education, Libra- 
ries, Research and Statistics, Rural Education, Schoolhouse Planning, 
Special Education, Teacher Training and Certification, and Textbooks 
and Publications. A Commission for Vocational Education was added 
in 1931. Of these the Division of Libraries and the Division of School- 
house Planning were created by law, the others by board action alone. 
The titles of the divisions have been modified from time to time, but 
the present designations are essentially similar to those assigned in 
1927. 

Related to the Department of Education in function, membership, 
or interests are the Commission of Credentials, the State Curriculum 
Commission, and the State Council of Educational Planning and 
Coordination. The first of these is discussed under the Division of 
Teacher Training and Certification, and the second under the Division 
of Textbooks and Publications. The State Council of Educational 
Planning and Coordination was created in 1933 (cli. 812, p. 2152; 
approved June 10, 1933, in effect Aug. 21, 1933). The Superintendent 
of Public Instruction and the President of the University of California 
constitute ex officio two of the nine meml)ers. The other seven are 
appointed for a term of one year jointly by the State Board of Educa- 
tion and the Board of Regents of the University of California. It is 
specified that five of the members must be persons who are not engaged 
in work concerned with formal education. 

A partial description of the organization before 1921 of the state 
department concerned with educational activities may be found under 
State Board of Education in Section I — Historical (p. 38). Refer- 
ences have been made to the statutes of different years for the laws 
concerned with the departmental organization, but for the current 
legal provisions under which the department operates the latest School 
Code should be consulted. 



38 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 



Historical: before 1921 

Superintendent of Public Instruction 

1849 The eoiistitutioii of 1849 required the Lefrislatiire to provide for 

the election by the people of a Superintendent of Public 

Instruction. 

Const. 18fi9, article IX, sec. 1. (Became sec. 2 in 1879.) 

1851 A law passed in 1851 provided for the election of the Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, and described his powers and 
duties. There have been subsequent revisions of the School Law 
too numerous to be listed here, but the position of- Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction has always remained one of major 
importance. Very shortly after the position was created, the 
Superintendent's department came to be referred to as the 
Department of Public Instruction, and it was even mentioned in 
later acts by that title. The designation Department of Edu- 
cation was adopted in 1921. 

stats. 1851, ch. 126, p. ^91. Passed May 1, 1851. 

State Board of Education 

1852 A State Board of Education, composed of the Governor, the 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, and the Surveyor Gen- 
eral, was created in 1852. The Superintendent of Public 
Instruction was to be the secretary of the board, and, by virtue 
of the other powers and duties assigned to him, was really its 
executive officer. This law repealed the act of 1851 establishing 
a system of common schools, and it was in turn repealed by the 
act of 1855 (ch. 185, p. 229) which, however, stipulated again 
that there should be a State Board of Education of the same 
personnel. 

Stats. 1852, rh. 53. p. 117. Approved May 3, 1852. 

1866 The State Board of Education was enlarged and its membership 
changed in 1866. The new board consisted of the Governor, 
the Superintendent of Public Instruction, the Principal of the 
State Normal School, the Superintendents of Common Schools 
of San Francisco, Sacramento, Santa Clara, and San Joaquin 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 39 

Counties, and two professional teachers nominated by the Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction and elected by the board. 

Stats. 1S65-1866, ch. 3/f2, p. 383. Approved and in effect Mar. 2/,, 
1866. 

1870 In 1870 there were added to the board set up by the act of 1866 

the Superintendents of Common Schools of Alameda and Sonoma 

Counties. 

Stats. 1869-1870, ch. 556, p. 824. Approved and in eiect Apr. J,, 
1870. 

1872 When the Political Code was compiled in 1872 (sec. 1517), the 
only change that was made in the membership of the board 
was the omission of the two professional teachers. 

1880 In 1880 the membership of the State Board of Education was 
reduced to the Governor, the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, and the Principal of the State Normal School. 

Code amendments 1880, p. 28 (Ban. ed. p. 131). Approved and in 
effect Apr. 7, 1880. 

]884 By the amendment to the constitution added in 1884 the State 
Board of Education consisted of the Governor, the Superin- 
tendent of Public Instruction, and the Principals of the State 
Normal Schools. 

Const. 1879, article IX, sec. 7, amended Nov. //, 188^. 

1894 By the constitutional amendment of 1894 there were added to 
the board set up in 1884 "the president of the University of 
California, and the professor of pedagogy therein." 

Const. 1879, article IX, sec. 7, amended Nov. 6, 189ff. 

1912 As the constitution was amended in 1912, it provided simply 
that the Legislature should provide for the appointment or 
election of a State Board of Education. 

Const. 1879, article IX, sec. 7, amended Nov. 5, 1912. 

1913 A State Board of Education of seven members appointed by 
the Governor for a term of four years was created in 1913. 
The Superintendent of Public Instruction was made the secre- 
tary of the board and its executive officer. The law also 
provided for the appointment by the board of a Commissioner 
of Elementary Schools, a Commissioner of Secondary Schools, 
and a Commissioner of Industrial and Vocational Education. 
The creation of these positions at once laid the foundation for 
an important and diversified department. 

In this same year an act was passed (Stats. 1913, ch. 694, 
p. 1423; approved June 16, 1913, in effect Aug. 10, 1913) 

4—35681 



40 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

which pro\'ided for the payment of retirement salaries to public 
school teachers of California, creating funds for that purpose. 
The State Board of Education was constituted the Public School 
Teachers' Retirement Salary Fund Board. This act superseded 
the voluntary teachers' retirement system, established in 1895 
(ch. 166, p. 170), which was administered bj' county officials. 

Sfals. 1913, ch. S2S, p. GoO. Approved June G, 191S; in effect Aug. 
10, 191S. 

1921 The act which created the Department of Education continued 
in force the State Board of Education. For a discussion of the 
present status of the board, .see ^tate Board of Education (p. 31) . 

1. COMMISSIONER OF ELEMENTARY SCHOOLS. 

1913 The School Law of 1913. which created the State Board of 
Education, provided for the appointment of a Commissioner 
of Elementary Schools. Supervision of elementarj' work 
has now been placed in a Division of Elementary Education 
and Rural Schools. 

2. COMMISSIONER OF INDUSTRIAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCA- 
TION. 

1913 This commissioner's office also was created by the law of 
1913. Its importance rapidly increased, and the admin- 
istrative structure grew in proportion. It was often 
designated the State Department of Vocational Education. 

]917 A law passed in 1917 accepted the provisions of the federal 
"Smith-Hughes Act," making the State Board of Educa- 
tion a Board for Vocational Education. The result was 
a great expansion of the functions of the Commissioner of 
Industrial and Vocational Education. At tliis time were 
established the various subdivisions which developed into 
the bureaus now combined to form the Commission for 
Vocational Education. 

Stuts. 1917. ch. 720, p. 1.JS7. Approved May SI, 1917; in effect 
July SO, 1917. 

a. Supervisor of Agricultural Instruction. 

1917 Plans drawn up by the Commissioner of Industrial 
and Vocational Education to meet the provisions of the 
"Smith-Hughes Act" called for the appointment by 
the State Board of Education of a Supervisor of Agri- 
cultural Instruction. The first supervisor took office 
on Nov. 1, 1917. For later history, see Commission 
for Vocational Education — Bureau of Agricultural 
Education (p. 62). 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 41 

b. Supervisor of Teacher Training in Home Economics. 
1918 Certain provisions of the ' ' Smith-Hughes Act, ' ' accepted 

by California in 1917, led to the appointment on Mar. 1, 
1918, of a Supervisor of Teacher Training in Home 
Economics. For later history, see Commission for 
Vocational Education — Bureau of Home-making Edu- 
cation (p. 63). 

c. Supervisor of Trade and Industrial Instruction. 

1918 In December, 1917, war vocational activities were 
started under the supervision of the Commissioner of 
Industrial and Vocational Education. On Mar. 18, 1918, 
a Director of Vocational War Work was appointed in 
his department. When the need for specific war voca- 
tional training was over, the title of the officer was 
changed to Supervisor of Trade and Industrial Instruc- 
tion. His work continued under the provisions of the 
"Smith-Hughes Act." For later history, see Commis- 
sion for Vocational Education — Bureau of Trade and 
Industrial Education (p. 63). 

d. Supervisor of Vocational Rehahilitation. 

1921 This officer was added to the staff of the Commissioner 
of Industrial and Vocational Education in 1921. For 
further particulars, see Commission for Vocational 
Education — Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation (p. 
64). 

3. COMMISSIONER OF SECONDARY SCHOOLS. 

1913 The act of 1913 which created a new State Board of 
Education provided for the appointment of a Commissioner 
of Secondary Schools. His office was sometimes referred 
to as the Department of Secondary Education. For later 
history, see Division of Secondary Education (p. 57). 

4. SUPERVISOR OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION. 

1917 Provision was made in 1917 for the organization and super- 
vision of courses in physical education in California .schools. 
The act created the position of Supervisor of Physical 
Education. This officer was to be appointed by the State 
Board of Education. Although it was not so specified in 
the law, the administrative organization of his office was 
designated, until 1927, the State Department of Physical 



42 DEPARTMENT OF EDTTrATION 

Education. For later history, see Division of Health and 

Physical Education (p. 51). 

Stats. 1917, ch. 668, p. 1176. Approved May Z6, 1917; in effect 
July 27, 1917. 

State Library 

State Library 

1850 In 1850 a law was passed which provided that "all books 
now belonging to or which may hereal'ter come into posses- 
sion of this State, by purchase or otherwise, shall be kept in 
the office of the Secretary of State, and shall compose the 
State library." The JSeeretary of State was made ex ofiBcio 
Librarian. No provision was made for the acquisition of 
books by purchase. 

Stats. 18.50. ch. 69, p. 172. Passed Apr. 9, 18.',0. 

1852 A library fund for making purchases was established in 
1852. A board of directors for tlie. lil)rary was created, 
consisting of the Governor, Treasurer, Controller, Presi- 
dent of tlie Senate, and Speaker of the Assembly. 

Slats. 1862, ch. .3, p. J,.',. Approved May 1, 1852. 

1861 The State Library was placed under the control of a board 
of trustees of five members, thus separating it from the 
office of the Secretary of State, in 1861. The first board 
was to be composed of the Governor and the Chief Justice 
of the Supreme Court (ex officio) and J. R. McConnell, 
J. W. Winans, and S. Heydenfeldt. The latter three were 
to hold office for four years, and their successors were to 
be elected by the Legislature. The board of trustees was 
given tlie power to appoint a librarian. The Political Code 
of 1872 specified that the board should consist of five 
members, elected by the Legislature and holding office for 
four years. This was changed in 1899 (ch. 31, p. 30). 
Appointment thereafter was to be by the Governor. The 
term of office and the number of trustees remained the same. 

stats. 1861, ch. 57, p. .'i5. Approved and in effect Mar. 8, 1861. 
Department of Finance. Division of Libraries. 

1921 The powers and duties of the Board of Trustees of the State 
Library, and of the State Librarian, were transferred to the 
Department of Finance when that department was created 
in 1921. A Division of Libraries was created in the depart- 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 43 

ment. The chief of the division was to be known as the 
State Librarian. 

Stats. 1921, cli. 603, p. 1027. Approved May 31, 1921; in e§ect 
July 30, 1921. 

1927 The sections of the Political Code relating to the Division 

of Libraries in the Department of Finance were repealed 

in 1927. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 251, p. },!i9. Approved Apr. 25, 1927 j in effect 
July 29. 1927. 

Department of Education. Division of Libraries. 

1927 A Division of Libraries was created in the Department of 

Education in 1927. All duties and powers that had been 

administered by the Division of Libraries of the Department 

of Finance were transferred to the new division. Again, 

the chief of the division was to be called the State Librarian. 

For the present organization of the State Library, see 

Division of Libraries (p. 51). 

Stats. 1927, ch. 579, p. 968. Approved May 17, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

State Board of Examination 

1860 The finiended Scliool Law of 1860 provided for a State Board of 
Examination, composed of the Superintendent of Public In.struc- 
tion and not less than three county superintendents of public 
schools selected by him. They were to give examinations and 
grant certificates to teachers. 

The membership of the board was changed by the statutes 
of 1863 to foi;r superintendents or teachers, and by the statutes 
of 1865-1866 to four teachers. 

Stats. I860, ch. 329, p. 321. Approved and in effect Apr. 28, 1860. 

1880 All Political Code sections, established in 1872, relating to the 
State Board of Examination were repealed in 1880. Responsi- 
bility for examinations and the issuance of certificates rested 
thereafter with the County Boards of Examinations and the State 
Board of Education. For a later special body concerned with 
credentials, see Commission of Credentials in Section I — His- 
torical (p. 48). 

Code amendments 1880, p. /f7 (Ban. ed. p. 152). Approved and in 
effect Apr. 7. 1880. 

California School for the Deaf and the Blind 

1860 A law passed in 1860 appointed a board of trustees of five 
members to erect and manage an institution for the education 
and care of the indigent deaf and blind. The school was called 



44 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

the California Institution for the Education and Care of the 
Indigent Deaf, Dumb and Blind. The designation varied fre- 
quently in succeeding years. In the statutes of 1863 and later, 
references were often made to the Board of Trustees of the 
Deaf, Dumb, and Blind Asylum. This, to accept the name 
given in the Political Code of 1872 and after, was the official 
title until 1905. The designation employed by the board of 
directors in tlieir biciinifil reports after 1866, however, was 
Institution for the Education of the Deaf and Dumb, and the 
Blind. 

Stats. 1860, ch. 2J,6, p. 211. Approved Apr. IS, 1860. 

1861 A supplementary act was passed in 1861 (ch. 101, p. 81). This 
act recognized the existence of a board of managers as well as 
a board of trnsteos in the administration of tlie school. This 
board participated in the government of the institution from its 
beginning until 1866. 

1866 Certain individuals were appointed a Board of Directors for 
the Institution for the Education and Care of the Deaf, Dumb 
and the Blind, in place of the board of managers and the board 
of trustees, by a law passed in 1866. Their term of office was 
four years ; their successors were to be elected by the Legislature. 
The Political Code of 1872 specified that there should be five 
directors, to be appointed by the Governor for a term of four 
years. 

Another act of this year (Stats. 1865-1866, ch. 432, p. 540) 
appointed a Board of Commissioners of the Deaf, Dumb and 
Hliiid Iiistitutf to locate, purdiase land for, and erect buildings 
for a new institution. This commis.sion was continued in 
existence by subsequent acts until the end of 1869. 

S1n1.t. lR6!i-1866, ch. /,.>,fl, p. .57.9. .Approved and in effect Mar. 31, 
1866. 

1905 It was specified by law in 1905 that the name of the institution, 
previouslj^ known as the Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum, should 
thereafter be designated the California Institution for the Deaf 
and the Blind. 

fitatfi. 190.'), ch. SS2, p. .'i88. Apitnncl Mar. 20, 190.:. 

1913 The name of the school was changed to "California School for 

the Deaf and the Blind" in 1913. 

fitats. 19 IS, ch. 15S, p. 235. Approved May 20, 1913; in effect Aug. 
10, 1913. 

1921 The act which created the Department of Education abolished 
the Board of Directors of the California School for the Deaf 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 45 

and the Blind, tr;m.si;'erriii<x their powers and duties to the new 
department. When the California School for the Blind was 
created a little later in the same year (ch. 899, p. 1696 ; approved 
June 2, 1921, in effect Aug. 1, 1921), it also was placed under 
the jurisdiction of the Department of Education. The State 
Board of Control wa.s directed to divide the property occupied 
by the California School for the Deaf and the Blind into two 
parts, so that one part might be used for the site of the new 
institution. By an amendment to the Political Code in 1923 
(ch. 70, p. 135), the names of the two schools were specified as 
the California School for the Deaf, and the California School 
for the Blind. For their present administration, see Special 
Schools (p. 65). 

State Normal Schools 

The first State Normal School was established in 1862. A branch 
was established in 1881 at Los Angeles. In 1887 a general law was 
passed (ch. 121, p. 136; approved Mar. 15, 1887, in effect July 1, 1887) 
which provided that the normal schools at San Jose and Los Angeles 
and any normal schools established after Jan. 1, 1887, should be known 
as State Normal Schools, and sliould each have a board of trustees, 
consisting of the Governor, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
and five members appointed by the Governor for a term of five years. 
The term was changed in 1897 to four years. 

By the addition of section 1492 to the Political Code in 1887 the 
boards of trustees of the normal schools were required to hold a joint 
meeting once a year. In 1897 a definite Joint Board of Normal School 
Trustees was created. The membership of this board was changed from 
time to time. In 1915 section 1492 was repealed, and an arrangement 
was made for meetings of the State Board of Education and repre- 
sentatives of the State Normal Schools. 

In 1921 (ch. 471, p. 715; approved May 27, 1921, in effect July 
29, 1921) the names of the schools were changed from State Normal 
Schools to State Teachers Colleges. In this same year the law which 
created the Department of Ediication abolished the boards of trus- 
tees of the schools, transferring th'eir powers and duties to the new 
department. The names were changed again in 1935 (ch. 261, p. 948; 
approved June 4, 1935, in effect Sept. 15, 1935) to State Colleges. The 
Superintendent of Public Instruction is now in administrative charge 
of the" State Colleges. See State Colleges (p. 65). 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT SAN JOSE 

1862 A Board of Trustees for the Normal School of the State of 
California, consisting of the State Board of Education and 



46 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

the Superintendents of Common Schools in the cities of San 

Francisco, Sacramento, and Marysville, was created in 1862. 

The board was given power to establish and maintain at 

San Francisco, or at svtch place as the Legislature might 

thereafter direct, a Normal School. 

Stats. 1S62, ch. 347, p. 472. Approved and in effect May 2, 
1862. 

1870 In 1870 the California State Normal School was removed 
from San Francisco and established in San Jose. The Gov- 
ernor, Superintendent of Public Instruction, and Principal 
of the State Normal School were appointed a board of 
trustees to select the site for the new school. Tlie act also 
created a Board of Normal School Trustees, consisting of 
the Governor, the Superintendent of Public Instruction, 
and five others appointed by the Governor for a term of ten 
years. After other schools were established, this one was 
referred to as the State Normal School at San Jose. In 
1921 it became the State Teachers College of San Jose. The 
name was changed in 1935 to San Jose State College. 

Stats. 1869-1870, ch. 529, p. 787. Approved and in effect Apr. 
4, 1870. 

LOS ANGELES STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

1881 In 1881 the Branch State Normal School of California was 

established in the county of Los Angeles, with the same 

board of trustees as the State Normal School at San Jose. 

Stats. 1881, ch. 77, p. 8.9. Approved and in effect Mar. H, 
1881. 

1919 The existence of the Los Angeles State Normal School was 
terminated in 1919. The properties were transferred to the 
Regents of the University of California. 

Slats. 1919, ch. 1,12, p. 820. Approved May 23, 1919; in effect 
July 23, 1919. 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL AT CHICO 

1887 A Northern Branch State Normal School of California was 
established in 1887. The selection of the site and the man- 
agement of the school were to be in the hands of the Board 
of Trustees of the State Normal School. By the terms of 
the general law of 1887, to which reference is made above. 
this school was given a l)oard of trustees of its own. In 
later statutes it is designated the State Normal School at 
Chico. In 1921 the name was changed to State Teachers 
College of Chico, and in 193.'i to Chico State College. 

Stats. 1887, ch. 53, p. 60. Approved and in effect Mar. 9, 1887. 



DEPARTMENT OP EDUCATION 47 

STATE NORMAL SCHOOL OF SAN DIEGO 

1897 The State Normal School of San Diego was established in 
San Diego County in 1897. The name was changed in 1921 
to State Teachers College of San Diego. In 1935 the desig- 
nation San Diego State College was given. 

Stats. 1897, ch. 105, p. llfi. Approved and in effect Mar. IS, 
1897. 

SAN FRANCISCO STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

1899 The San Francisco State Normal School was established in 
1899. The name was changed in 1921 to State Teachers 
College of San Francisco, and in 1935 to San Francisco 
State College. 

stats. 1899, ch. I'fl, p. 177. Approved and in effect Mar. 22, 
1899. 

SANTA BARBARA STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

1909 In 1909 the Santa Barbara State Normal School of Manual 

Arts and Home Economics was established. 

Stats. 1909, ch. 1)71, p. 795. Approved and in effect Mar. 27, 
1909. 

1919 The name of the school was changed to the Santa Barbara 
State Normal School in 1919. It was again changed in 1921 
to State Teachers College of Santa Barbara. It was finallj' 
established as Santa Barbara State College in 1935. 

Stats. 1919, ch. 55-',, p. 1208. Approved May 25, 1919; in effect 
July 25. 1919. 

FRESNO STATE NORMAL SCHOOL 

1911 The Fresno State Normal School was established in 1911. 
The name was changed in 1921 to State Teachers College 
of Fresno, and in 1935 to Fresno State College. 

Stats. 1911, ch. Ill 3, p. 8.38. Approved and in effect Apr. 10, 
1911. 

HUMBOLDT STATE NORxMAL SCHOOL 

1913 A law passed in 1913 established the Humboldt State 
Normal School. In 1921 the name was changed to Hum- 
boldt State Teachers College. It was changed again in 
1935 to Humboldt St-ate College. The college is located at 
Areata. 

Stats. 1913. ch. 608, p. 1133. Approved June 16, 1913; in 
effect Aug. 10, 1913. 

California Polytechnic School 

1901 The California Polytechnic School was established in San Luis 
Obispo County by an act passed by the Legislature in 1901. A 



48 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

board of trustees to administer the institution was created by 

the law. The board was to be composed of the Governor, the 

Superintendent of Public Instruction, and five persons appointed 

by the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1901, ch. 101, p. lis. Approved Mar. 8, 1901; in effect Jan. I. 
1902. 

1921 The law which created the Department of Education abolished 
the Board of Trustees of the California Polytechnic School, 
transferring their powers and duties to the new department. 

California Historical Survey Commission 

lUlu Tlie California Historical Survey Commission, composed of three 
members to be appointed by the Governor for a term of two 
years, was created in 1915. One member was to be nominated 
by the Board of Regents of the University of California, and 
one by the Board of Grand Officers of the Order of Native Sons 
of the Golden "West. 

Sftats. 191.5, ch. 763, p. 1328. Approved June 12, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 11, 1915. 

1921 An act of 1921 abolished the California Historical Survey Com- 
mission afler June 30, 1923. transferring its powers and duties 
thereafter to the Board of Regents of the University of Cali- 
fornia. In 1927 the property and records were turned over to 
the California State Historical Association. See State Board of 
Education (p. 32). 

Stats. 1921, ch. 39S, p. 58S. Approved May 2!,, 1921; in effect July 
29, 1921. 

Commission of Credentials 

1917 The State Board of Education was authorized in 1917 to create 
a Commission of Credentials, consisting of the Commissioners 
of Elementary Schools, Secondary Schools, and Industrial and 
Vocational Education. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 5J,0, p. 609. Approved May IS, 1917; in effect 
July 27, 1917. 

1927 The membership of the commission was changed in 1927 when 
the Political Code was amended. See Commission of Creden- 
tials under Division of Teacher Training and Certification 
(p. 60). 

California State Nautical School 

1917 A law establishing the California State Nautical School at the 
port of San Francisco was passed in 1917. A Nautical School 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 49 

Board, consisting of the Governor, the president of the State 
Board of Education, and the president of the State Board of 
Harbor Commissioners, was created. The school was to be sup- 
ported by appropriations by the Legislature, and by money 
received from the United States government in compliance with 
the act of Congress concerning the establishment of marine 
schools, passed in 1911. An appropriation was made at this 
time, but the scliool was not organized, so that practically the 
whole sum reverted to the general fiind in 1925. No further 
steps were taken until 1929. For later history, see California 
Nautical School (p. 49). 



n 

Present organization: after 1921 

California Nautical School 

1929 A law passed in 1929 established the California Nautical School 
at the port of San Francisco, and provided for its maintenance. 
The act created within the Department of Education a Board 
of Governors of the California Nautical School of five members. 
The Superintendent of Public Instruction was made the execu- 
tive member of the board. The other four members were to be 
appointed by the Governor for a term ( f four years. An act 
to establish a similar school had been i)assed in 1917, biit no 
definite action had resulted from it. I'^or the statutory refer- 
ence, see California State Nautical School in Section I — His- 
torical (p. 48). 

Stats. 1929, ch. 661, p. 1108. Approved June 3. 1929; in effect 
Aug. 11,, 1929. 

Division of Adult and Continuation Education 

This division was created in August, 1927. It was preceded by 
a similar division, designated Department of Adult Education, which 
existed from 1920 to 1927. 

Department of Adult Education 

1920 In January, 1920, an Assistant Superintendent of Public 
Instruction in Charge of Americanization was appointed 
in the office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 
Through an understanding effected between the Commis- 
sion of Immigration and Housing and the Superintendent 



50 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

of Public Instruction, the Commission provided the services 
of its Director of Immigrant Education in the work of 
supervising the instruction of immigrants in the educational 
institutions of the state. Moreover, a law passed in 1919 
(Stats. 1919, ch. 506, p. 1047) required certain high school 
districts to provide evening-school opportunities for per- 
sons under 21 who could not speak, read, or write English. 
This was enlarged in 1921 (ch. 488, p. 742) by an act 
which ■ required the establishment of classes for persons 
wishing to be naturalized; and in 1923 (ch. 268, p. 577), 
when the establishment of classes for adults over 21 years 
of age with a deficient knowledge of English was required. 
The division which carried on the activities relating 
to continuation school work was first called the Division of 
Immigrant Education, and then the Department of Adult 
Education. 

Division of Adult Education 

1927 The Division of Adult Education was created when the 
Department of Education was reorganized in 1927. 

Division of Adult and Continuation Education 

1931 In June, 1931, the name of the division was changed to 
Division of Adult and Contimiation Education. 

1. BUREAU OF AVOCATIONAL ACTIVITIES. 

1927 For a very short time in the 1926-1928 biennium a 

Bui'eau of Avocational Activities existed, but it soon 

ceased to function. 

•2. BUREAU OF CHILD STUDY AND PARENT EDUCATION. 

1927 This bureau was organized on Aug. 1, 1927. The 
activities carried on by the bureau had been started a 
year earlier in July, 1926, by the Department of Adult 
Education. 

3. BUREAU OF IMMIGRANT EDUCATION. 

1927 With the rcoi-gauization of the department in August, 
1927, the work of the Division of Adult Education was 
broken up into bureaus. One of these was the Bureau 
of Immigrant Education. 

Division of Elementary Education and Rural Schools 

This division was ci-c.itcd wlion tlic Department of Education was 
reorganized in August, 1927. It was first called the Division of Rural 



DEPARTMENT OF EDTTC'ATION 51 

Education. Beforo 1927 olemeiitai y education was administered by 
the Commi.'sioiicr of Elementary Selionls. See State Board of Edu- 
c/ition — Commissioner of Klcnicntdyn Schools in Section I — Histori- 
e;il (p. 40). 

Division of Rural Education 

1927 The Division of Rural Education was created Aug. 1, 1927. 

Division of Elementary Education and Rural Schools 

1931 The name was changed in June, 1931, to Division of Ele- 
niiMitary Education and Rural Schools. A reorganization 
of the division took place at the same time, and the two 
bureaus functioning in it were transferred to other divi- 
sions. 

1. RUREATI OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION. 

This l)iu-eau was established in the Division of Rural Edu- 
cation in 19127. In 1931 it was transferred to the Commission 
for Vocational Education. For a complete history, therefore, 
see Commission for Vocational Education — Bureau of Agricul- 
tural Education (p. 62). 

2. BUKEAM OF ATTENDANCE AND MIGRATORY SCHOOLS. 

The Bureau of Attendance and Migratory Schools was 
created in 1927. In 1931 its functions were combined with 
those of the Bureau of Mental Hygiene. For a complete his- 
tory, tlurefore, see Division of Special Education — Bureau of 
Mental Hygiene (p. 59). 

Division of Health and Physical Education 

This division was created on Aug. 1, 1927. It superseded the 
State Department of Physical Education, which dated back to 1917. 
For the early history, see State Board of Education — Supervisor of 
Physical Education in Section I — Historical (p. 41). 

BUREAU OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION FOR GIRLS. 

1927 This bureau was created when tlie Division of Health and 
Physical Education was organized in August, 1927. 

Division of Libraries 

The Division of Libraries was created in the Department of Edu- 
cation by law in 1927 (ch. 579, p. 968). From 1921 to 1927 it was a 
part of tlie Department of Finance. Before 1921 it was a separate 
agency, governed by a boai'd of trustees. For its complete history, 
see State Library in Section I — Historical (p. 42). 



52 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

Certain operations of the State Library concerned with the routine 
business of purchasing, accessioning, cataloging, etc., books and peri- 
odicals, wei'e for a long time grouped together in budgets and reports, 
and designated General Department. This was not an administrative 
unit, and the functions included in it were recognized as separate and 
distinct. These operations are now covered by such sections as the 
Order Section and the Catalog Section. It is impossible to say on 
exactly what dates these emerged as departments of the library, but 
references to some of them may be found as early as 1906, in the first 
"News Notes of California Libraries." The available infoi-mation 
concerning these and the other subdivisions is given below. Tlie word 
"section" was adopted in place of "department" in 1931. 

Functionally related to the State Library, but in no waj' a part 
of its organization, is the Board of Library Examiners. This body 
was created in 1911 (ch. 68, p. 80) to pass upon the qualifications of 
persons desiring to become county librarians. It consists of the State 
Librarian and the librarians of the San Francisco and Los Angeles 
public libraries. 

1. BOOKS FOR THE BLIND SECTION. 

Extension Department. Books for the Blind Division. 

1905 The Extension Department was established in 1903; the 
Books for the Blind Division in June, 1905. 

Books for the Blind Department 

1911 On October 7, 1911, the Extension Department was 
abolished, and the books for the Blind Division was made 
a separate department. 

Books for the Blind Section 

1931 In 1931 the name was changed to Books for the Blind 
Section. 

2. CALIFORNIA SECTION. 
Newspaper Department 

1898 During the biennium 1898-1900, California newspapers 
were collected in one room, and the work of indexing 
them was begun. California books and pamphlets were 
collected and placed in the reference room. 

California Department 

1902 In the biennium 1902-1904 all the works in the library 
relating to California were placed in the Newspaper Room 
so far as space permitted. The California Historical 
Department was the designation given to the new depart- 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 53 

ment. In 1908 the word "historical" was dropped from 
the name. 

California Section 

19:51 In 1931 the name was changed to California Section. 

.!. CATALOG SECTION. 

1904 An early cataloj? of the library was printed in 1889 and 
a supplement in 1898. A card catalog of the accessions to 
the library was kept after 1898, but it was not until October, 
1904, that a new dictionary catalog, using Library of Con- 
gress and A. L. A. cards whenever possible, was started. 
The Catalog Department, as a unit of the library admin- 
istration, had its inception at this time. In 1931 the word 
"section" was substituted for "department" in its title. 
The staff of the library was reduced in 1933, and the Peri- 
odicals Section was tlien i)lacf'd in charge of the Senior 
Catalog Librarian. 

4. EXTENSION DEPARTMENT. 

1903 • In 1903 a Department of Traveling Libraries was organ- 
ized. In the next bienniiim tlie name was changed to 
Extension Department, and four divisions were created in 
it. It continued in existence until 1911, when it was 
abolished, its divisions being absorbed by other depart- 
ments. 

a. Books for the Blind Division. 

See Boohs for the Blind Section (p. 52). 

b. Traveling Libraries Division. 

1903 The Department of Traveling Libraries was established 
in December, 1903. In the next biennium it became a 
division in the Extension Department. 

1911 In 1911 the traveling libraries were stored for a while, 
none going out after June. In October of that year 
the Extension Department was abolished. It was 
decided that future loans of books should be made 
through the Keferenee Department. 

c. Public Libraries Division. 

See Library Organizing (p. 55). 

d. Study Club Division. 

1904 This division was started in the 1904^1906 biennium. 



54 DEPARTMENT OP EDUCATION 

It was not able to function in the next biennium, and 
after that all such work was transferred to the Refer- 
ence Department. 

5. GOVERNMENT DOCUMENTS SECTION. 

1909 A Documents Department was organized in April, 1909. 
At the end of 1911 the Legislative and Municipal Reference 
Department was combined with it. This work was removed 
in the 1916-1918 biennium when the Legislative Reference 
Department again became a separate unit. In 1931 the 
name was changed from Documents Department to Gov- 
ernment Documents Section. 

G. LAW AND LEGISLATIVE REFERENCE SECTION. 

1919 This section had two lines of development : the Law Depart- 
ment, and the Legislative Reference Department. On 
January 1, 1919, these two departments were merged to 
form the Law and Legislative Reference Department. The 
name was changed to Law and Legislative Reference Sec- 
tion in 1931. 

Law Department 

1861 The library collection was very early divided into a Law 
Department and a Miscellaneous Department. The Law 
Department probably was established in 1861 or 1862. 

1919 On January 1, 1919, the Law Department and the Legis- 
lative Reference Department were merged to form the 
Law and Legislative Reference Department. 

Legislative Reference Department 
Sociological Department 

1904 This department was established in December, 1904. 
It included a Legislative Reference Bureau. 

Legislative and Municipal Reference Department 

1910 On June 1, 1910, the name of the Sociological Depart- 
ment was changed to Legislative and Municipal Refer- 
ence Department. At the end of 1911 the head of this 
department resigned. It was then combined with the 
Documents Department. 

Legislative Reference Department 

1916 During the 1916-1918 biennium the Legislative Refer- 
ence Department again became a separate unit. On 
January 1, 1919, it was merged with the Law Depart- 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 55 

ment under the name Law and Legislative Reference 
Department. 

7. LIBRARY ORGANIZING. 

Extension Department. Public Libraries Division. 

1905 This division was established in November, 1905, when 
two library organizers were placed in the field to encour- 
age the establishment of libraries, and to visit and advise 
public libraries. 

Library Organizing 

1911 On October 7, 1911, the Extension Department and its 
divisions, with the exception of the Books for the Blind 
Division, were abolished. As the law providing for the 
establishment of county library systems, passed in 1909 
(ch. 479, p. 811), specified that such systems should be 
under the supervision of the State Librarian, who should 
visit them personally or by one of his assistants, a County 
Library Organizer remained on the staff. A School 
Library Organizer also was added in 1911-1912. The 
County Library Law of 1909 was repealed in 1911, but 
the new law (eh. 68, p. 80) carried the same provisions 
regarding supervision by the State Librarian. As there 
is now only one person on the staff who is listed as 
organizer, this position is considered to be one of the 
administrative offices, rather than a section. 

8. ORDER SECTION. 

This section is one of those to which no beginning date 
can be assigned. The name was changed in 1931 from Order 
Department to Order Section. 

9. PERIODICALS SECTION. 

The date of origin of this section is not known. The name 
was changed in 1931 from Periodicals Department to Periodicals 
Section. In 1933, because of a reduction in staff, it was abolished 
as a separate section, and the work was placed in charge of the 
Senior Catalog Librarian. 

10. PRINTS SECTION. 

1928 The Prints Department was opened on August 15, 1928. 
The name was changed to Prints Section in 1931. 



5—35681 



56 DEPARTMENT OP EDUCATION 

11. REFERENCE SECTION. 

Reference and Loan Department 

1906 This department was organized early in 1906. Tlic 
removal of the library from the Capitol shortly after 
work was begun, however, resulted in the suspension of 
the activities of this department. 

Reference Department 

1908 On November 4, 1908, the Reference Department was 
reopened. The words "and loan" were omitted from its 
designation. 

Reference Section 

1931 In 1931 the name was changed to Reference Section. 

12. SIIII'I'INO, I'RINTING AND PHOTOSTATING SECTION. 

The date of origin of this section is not known. For a long time 
a Shipping Clerk and Cameragraph Operator was listed on tlif 
library staff. By 1919 his title was given as Head of the Shipping. 
Repairs, etc. Department. The name was changed in the 1928- 
1930 biennium to Siiipping, Printing and Photostating Depart- 
ment ; and in 1931 tli(^ word ".section" was substituted for "depart- 
ment. ' ' 

13. SUTRO BRANCH. 

1915 The action of the Trustees of the State Library in accepting 
as a gift the library known as the "Sntro Lil)rary," and in 
establishing it as a branch of the State Library, was vali- 
dated by the Legislature in 1915. The gift had been 
accepted by the tru.stees in 1913. 

Siats. 1915, ch. J,92, p. S22. Approved Mai/ 2',, 101 .1; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

1917 The Sutro Branch was opened to the public on Jan. 2, 
1917. 

Division of Research and Statistics 

Tliis division was created on Aug. 1, 1927. Although there had 
been for many years a statistician in the office of the Superintendent 
of Public Instruction, the importance and dignity of the position wer(> 
not given recognition until the biennium 1920-1922, when Superin- 
tendent "Wood made the statistician an assistant superintendent, and 
enlarged the field of his activities to include research in all school 
matters. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 57 

Division of Schoolhouse Planning 

This division was created by law in 1927. 

Stats. 1927, ch. Ji06, p. 667. Approved May 10, 1027; in effect July 29, 
1927. 

Division of Secondary Education 

This division, under a slightly different name, was created in 
1927, when the department was reorganized. It was essentially an 
amalgamation of some of the functions previously assigned to the Com- 
missioner of Industrial and Vocational Education and the Commis- 
sioner of Secondary Schools. For early history, therefore, see State 
Board of Education— Commissioner of Industrial and Vocational Edu- 
cation (p. 40) and Commissioner of Secondary Schools (p. 41) in 
Section I — Historical. 

Division of City Secondary Schools 

1927 The Division of City Secondary Schools was created on 
Aug. 1, 1927. The former Commissioner of Industrial and 
Vocational Education was made chief; and the various 
activities that previously had been carried on by his depart- 
ment, with the exception of agricultural instruction, were 
assigned to several bureaus that were created in the new 
division. These subdivisions were the Bureau of Trade 
and Industrial Education, the Bureau of Civilian Voca- 
tional Education, and the Bureau of Home-making Edu- 
cation. They were to function jointly in the division and 
in the Commission for Federal and State Aided Classes. 
In the next year the Bureau of Business Education was 
added to the list. 

Division of Secondary Education 

1931 In June, 1931, the name of the division was changed to 
Division of Secondary Education. At that time, also, the 
Bureau of Agricultural Education was transferred from 
the Division of Rural Education to this division. In Octo- 
ber of the same year, all the bureaus were transferred from 
this division to the newly created Commission for Voca- 
tional Education. For their complete history, therefore, 
see the name of each bureau under Commission for Voca- 
tional Education (p. 61). 

Division of Special Education 

The Division of Special Education was created in August, 1927. 
It began to function in September, 1927. 



58 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

1. BUREAU OF CORRECTION OF SPEECH DEFECTS. 

Department of Speech Correction 

1925 The DepartiiiPiit of Speech Correction was established in 
the office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction in 
September, 1925. This was merely a temporary arrange- 
ment, for the funds for the department were not con- 
tributed by the state, l)ut by the California Speech 
Foundation and a private individual. 

Bureau of Correction of Speech Defects 

1927 A law passed in 1927 made it a duty of the Superintend- 
ent of Public Instruction to promote and superintend 
instruction in the California schools for children with 
defective speech. 

On Aug. 1, 1927, the Bureau of Correction of Speech 
Disorders was created in the Division of Special Educa- 
tion. The word "defects" was substituted for "dis- 
orders" before the next biennium. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 696, p. 1202. Approved May 21, 1927; in 
effect July 29, 1927. 

2. BUREAU OF EDUCATION FOR THE BLIND. 

1927 This bureau was established in 1927, when the Division of 
Special Education was organized. The principal of the 
California School for the Blind is the chief of the bureau, 
although for the administration of the school itself he 
reports directlj' to the Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion. 

3. BUREAU OF EDUCATION FOR THE DEAF. 

1927 This bureau was established in 1927, when the Division of 
Special Education was created. The principal of the 
California School for the Deaf is chief. The administra- 
tion of the .school itself does not come under the jurisdic- 
tion of this bureau, however, but under that of the Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction. 

4. BUREAU OF EDUCATION OF CRIPPLED CHILDREN. 

1927 Provision was made in 1927 for the education of physically 
handicapped children. The direction of the program was 
made a duty of the Superintendent of Public Instruction. 
As a result, the Bureau of Education of Crippled Children 
was established in the Division of Special Education. The 
bureau ceased to function a year or two after its creation. 
Its work was not officially transferred as an administrative 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 59 

unit to any other subdivision, but the Bureau of Vocational 

Rehabilitation later carried on certain activities relating 

to physically handicapped children. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 585, p. 1000. Approved May 17, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

5. BUREAU OF MENTAL HYGIENE AND BUREAU OF ATTENDANCE 
AND MIGRATORY EDUCATION. 

1928 A Bureau of Mental Hygiene was established in 1928, as 
one of the greatest interests of Dr. Miihl, then chief of the 
Division of Special Education, was in this field. About 
two years later it ceased functioning when Dr. Miihl, and 
later her assistant, Miss Ryan, resigned. The present 
Bureau of Mental Hygiene was established in July, 1931. 
At that time "the Chief of the Bureau of Attendance 
and Migratory Schools was made Chief of the Bureau of 
Mental Hygiene and the functions of the two bureaus were 
combined." (California. Department of Education. Bien- 
nial report, 1930-1932, pt. 1, p. 110.) The history of the 
Bureau of Attendance and Migratory Schools is given 
below. 

Bureau of Attendance and Migratory Schools 
State Supervisor of Attendance 

1919 The first State School Attendance Agent was appointed 
by the Superintendent of Public Instruction in October, 
1919. A compulsory attendance law had been passed 
in 1874 ; it was repealed and a new law passed in 1903 ; 
but it was not until the law was amended and 
strengthened in 1919 that a state officer was appointed 
to work with the problem. The title of the officer was 
very soon changed to State Supervisor of Attendance. 

1921 Functions relating to schools for the children of migra- 
tory workers were added to the duties of the Attendance 
Supervisor in 1921 as a result of the law passed at 
that time (ch. 691, p. 1176). 

Division of Rural Education 

1927 On Nov. 1, 1927, the Bureau of Attendance and Migra- 
tory Schools was established in the Division of Rural 
Education. 

Division of Special Education 

1931 In July, 1931, the Bureau of Attendance and Migra- 
tory Schools was transferred to the Division of Special 



60 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION' 

Education and was combined with the Bureau of 
Mental Hygiene. The name was slightly changed. 

Division of Teacher Training and Certification 

This division was established on Aug. 1, 1927. Certain important 
activities assigned to it had previously been administered by the Com- 
mission of Credentials, created in 1917. For the present relationship 
of the division to the latter body, see Commission of Credentials, below. 

Commission of Credentials 

This commission was establislied by tlie statutes of 1917. 
(See Commission of Credentials in Section I — Historical (p. 48).) 
The statutes of 1927 amended the sections of the Political Code 
relating to the Department of Education, and made the meml)er 
ship consist of the Superintendent of Public Instruction and four 
persons appointed by him. At the present time, "the commission 
works in close connection with the Division of Teacher Training 
and Certification, acting as an advisory board." ("California. 
Department of Education. Biennial report, 1930-1932, pt. 1, 
p. 120.) 

Sltat.i. 1!)27, ch. .',r>3, p. 77^. Approved May 12. 1927; in effect July 29, 
1927. 

Division of Textbooks and Publications 

This division was created on Aug. 1, 1927, at the time of general 
reorganization of the department. It .superseded a Textbook Depart- 
ment in the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction, wliich 
Isad been organized soon after the passage, in 1917, of two laws relating 
1o textbooks. 

The Divi.sion of Textbooks and Publications functioned until 1931 
without a chief, all the work being divided between two bureaus which 
were created in it in 1927. In May, 1931, a chief was appointed. The 
division immediately was reorganized and one bureau was abolished. 

1. BUREAU OF HIGH SCHOOL TEXTBOOK LISTING. 

1917 A law passed in 1917 provided for the selection of text- 
books for use in high schools from a list compiled by the 
State Board of Education, furnishing tliem free to pupils 
after 1920. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 550, p. 729. Approved May 18, 1917; in effect 
July 27, 1917. 

1927 The Bureau of High School Textbook Listing was created 
in the Division of Textbooks and Publications in August, 
1927. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 61 

1931 In May, 1931, the division was reorganized, and this bureau 
was abolished, its work being assigned as one of the functions 
of the division. 

2. BUREAU OF STATE PRINTED TEXTBOOKS. 

1917 The duty of taking orders for textbooks and keeping records 

of sales, turning in the money collected to the credit of the 

"school textbook fund," was assigned to tlie Superintendent 

of Public Instruction in 1917. 

Stats, ion, ch. 5JiO, p. 609. Approved May JS, 1917; in effect 
July 27, 1917. 

1927 When the Division of Textbooks ;ind Publications was 
created in August, 1927, the Bureau of State Printed Text- 
books was created in it. 

State Curriculum Commission 

1927 A State Curriculum Commission, consisting of the Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction and ten addititmal mem- 
bers appointed by him witji tlio ap))roval of the State Board 
of Education, was ci-eated in 1927. This commission func- 
tions through the Division of Textbooks and Publications. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 208, p. 376. Approved April 20, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

Commission for Vocational Education 

In October, 1931, the State Board of Education reorganized the 
administration of vocational education activities. A Commission for 
Vocational Education was created. It had been preceded by the Com- 
mission for Federal and State Aided Classes which functioned jointly 
with the Division of City Secondary Schools. Before 1927 this work 
was administered by the Commissioner of Industrial and Vocational 
Education. For the early history, therefore, see State Board of Edu- 
cation — Commissioner of Industrial and Vocational Education in Sec- 
tion T — Historical (p. 40). 

The Commission for Vocational Education is not an administra- 
tive division of the Department of Education. It is simply a policy- 
making body. The chiefs of the bureaus report directly to the Super- 
intendent of Public Instruction. 

Commission for Federal and State Aided Classes 

1927 When the Department of Education was reorganized in 
1927, the State Board of Education created a Commission 
for Federal and State Aided Classes. The chief of the Divi- 
sion of City Secondary Schools was made the executive offi- 



62 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

cer of the commission. Certain of the bureaus in the latter 
division, such as the Bureau of Home-making Education, 
functioned also under the direction of this commission. 

Commission for Vocational Education 

1931 In October, 1931, a Commission for Vocational Education 
was created in place of the Commission for Federal and 
State Aided Classes. The commission consisted of the 
Superintendent of Public Instruction, an assistant execu- 
tive oflBcer to be appointed by the Superintendent, and the 
chiefs of the Bureaus of Agricultural Education, Business 
Education, Home-Making Education, Trade and Industrial 
Education, and Vocational Kehabilitation. These bureaus 
were, accordingly, transferred from the Division of Secon- 
dary Education to the new commission, with the exception 
of the Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation. This bureau 
was placed in the Division of Special Education, with the 
provision that, in federal-aided relationships, it should 
function through the Commission for Vocational Educa- 
tion. In 1932, however, it was transferred completely to 
the commission. 

1. BUREAU OF AGRICULTURAL EDUCATION. 
Division of Rural Education 

1927 The Bureau of Agricultural Education was created in 
the Division of Rural Education in 1927, when the 
department was reorganized. Agricultural educa- 
tion activities had previously been administered by 
the Supervisor of Agricultural Instruction, under the 
supervision of tlie Commissioner of Industrial and 
Vocational Education. This position was created as 
a result of the acceptance by the state of the provi- 
sions of the "Smith-Hughes Act" in 1917. For a 
more complete history, see State Board of Education 
— Commissioner of Industrial and Vocational Educa- 
tion in Section I — Historical (p. 40.). 

Commission for Vocational Education 

1931 In October, 1931, the State Board of Education cre- 
ated the Commission for Vocational Education, and 
placed under it the Bureau of Agricultural Educa- 
tion. Between July and October, 1931, it was under 
the Division of Secondary Education. 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 63 

2. BUREAU OF BUSINESS EDUCATION. 
Division of City Secondary Schools 

1928 On July 12, 1928, the State Board of Education 
created the Bureau of Business Education in the 
Division of City Secondary Schools. 

Commission for Vocational Education 

1931 When the Commission for Vocational Education was 
created in October, 1931, the Bureau of Business 
Education was transferred to it. 

3. BUREAU OF HOME-MAKING EDUCATION. 
Division of City Secondary Schools 

1927 When the Department of Education was reorganized 
in 1927, a Bureau of Home-making Education was 
created in the Division of City Secondary Schools. 
Certain of the bureau 's activities were also under the 
direction of the Commission for Federal and State 
Aided Classes. 

Ilome-raaking education had previou.sly been 
administered by a Supervisor of Teacher Training in 
Home Economics, under tlie snix'rvisioii of the Com- 
missioner of Industrial and Vocational Education. 
This position had been created as a result of the 
acceptance by the state of the provisions of the 
"Smith-Hughes Act" in 1917. For the complete his- 
tory, see State Board of Education — Commissioner 
of Industrial and Vocational Education in Section I 
—Historical (p. 40"). 

Commission for Vocational Education 

1931 When the Commission for Vocational Education was 
created in October, 1931, the Bureau of Home- 
making Education was transferred to it. 

4. BUREAU OF TRADE AND INDUSTRIAL EDUCATION. 
Division of City Secondary Schools 

1927 A Bureau of Trade and Industrial Education was 
created in the Division of City Secondary Schools in 
August, 1927. Certain of its activities were under 
the direction of the Commission for Federal and 
State Aided Classes. 

This work had previously been administered by 
the Supervisor of Trade and Industrial Instruction, 



64 DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION 

under the supervision of the Commissioner of Indus- 
trial and Vocational Education. This position had 
been created to carry out the provisions of the 
"Smith-Hughes Act," accepted by the state in 1917. 
For the history, see State Board of Education — 
Commixxioner of Industrial and Vocational Educa- 
tion in Section I — Historical (p. 40). 

Commission for Vocational Education 

19.S1 In October, 19;U, the bureau was transferred to the 
Commission for Vocational Education. 

5. BUREAU OF VOCATIONAL REHABILITATION. 
Supervisor of Vocational Rehabilitation 

1921 The provisions of the Federal Vocational Rehabilita- 
tion Act were accepted by the Legislature in 1921. 
This added new functions to the office of the Com- 
missioner of Industrial and Vocational Education. 
A Supervisor of Vocational Rehabilitation was imme- 
diately appointed by the State Board of Education. 
The latter body was designated as the board to coop- 
erate with the Federal Board for Vocational Edu- 
cation in administering the vocational rehabilitation 
work. 

Sfatx. 1921, ch. "738, p. 1308. Approved Juno 3, 1921; 
in rffrri Aufj. .?, 1921. 

Division of City Secondary Schools 

1927 When the Department of Education was reorganized 
in 1927, a Bureau of Civilian Vocational Rehabilita- 
tion was established in the Division of City Second- 
ary Schools. Certain activities were also under the 
direction of the Commission for Federal and State 
Aided Cla.s.ses. 

Division of Special Education 

1931 In June, 19.31. the Bureau of Civilian Vocational 
Rehabilitation was transferred to the Division of 
Special Education. When the Commission for Voca- 
tional Education was created in October, 1931, the 
chief of the Bureau of Civilian Vocational Rehabili- 
tation was specified as one of the members of the 
commission. It was provided that in federal-aided 
relationships tlie bureau should function through the 



DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION' 65 

commission. At this time, also, the name was 
changed to Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation. 

Commission for Vocational Education 

1932 In October, 1932, the Bureau of Vocational Rehabili- 
tation was removed from the Division of Special 
Education, being transferred altogether to the Com- 
mission for Vocational Education. 

State Colleges 

"The state maintains seven state teachers colleges [now called 
State Colleges] which are in charge of the State Director of Educa- 
tion for purposes of administration. The State Director of Education, 
subject to the approval of, and audit by, the Department of Finance, 
controls and expends all money appropriated for the support of the 
state teachers colleges. The State Board of Education, acting through 
the Director of Education, its executive officer, in accordance with law, 
prescribes the rules and regulations for the government of the col- 
leges." (California. Department of Education. The State Depart- 
ment of Education ; its organization and functions, May 4, 1935, p. 13.) 

The detailed activities involved in the administration of the state 
colleges are delegated to the Teachers College Adviser. He serves 
under the Director of Education, to whom he is responsible. The 
position of Teachers College Adviser Avas created in 1932. 

The state colleges are located at Chico, Fresno, Humboldt 
(Areata), San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose, and Santa Barbara. 
For their early history, see State Normal Schools in Section I — -His- 
torical (p. 45). 

Special Schools 

CALIFORNIA SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND and CALIFORNIA SCHOOL 
FOR THE DEAF 

These schools were established in their present form in 1921. 
As in the case of the state teachers colleges, they are, for purposes 
of administration, in charge of the State Director of Education. 
Their principals report directly to him. For their early history, 
and statutory references, see California School for the Deaf and 
the Blind in Section I — Ilistoi-ical (p. 43). 

CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC SCHOOL 

The president of the California Polytechnic School reports to 
the Director of Education, to whom he is directly responsible. 
The school was established in 1901. For the statute creating it, 
see California Polytechnic School in Section I — Historical (p. 47). 



FINANCE 



STATE BOARD OF CONTROL 



In the early history of the State Board of Control and of its 
predecessor, the State Board of Examiners, may be found the roots 
of the present Department of Finance. The first State- Board of 
Examiners, consisting of the Governor, the Secretary of State, and 
the Attorney General, was created in 1856 (Stats. 1856, ch. 85, p. 100; 
approved Apr. 16, 1856). This board was to examine the books of 
the Controller and Treasurer, and the money in the treasury. Two 
years later the act of 1856 was repealed by a law which created a 
new Board of Examiners of the same membership (Stats. 1858, ch. 
257, p. 212; approved Apr. 21, 1858). The duties of the new board 
included passing upon any claims against the state for which an 
appropriation had been made, counting the money in the state treasury, 
and examining the books of the Controller and Treasurer. 

The State Board of Examiners continued to function until 1911, 
when it was abolished by the law which created the State Board of 
Control (Stats. 1911, ch. 349, p. 590; approved Apr. 3, 1911). This 
body was to consist of three members appointed by and holding office 
at the pleasure of the Governor. "By the terms of the act creating 
the State Board of Control, the business affairs of all the state depart- 
ments, hospitals, prisons, reformatories, boards, commissions and 
bureaus were made subject to its supervision." (California. State 
Board of Control. Biennial report, 1, 1910-1912, p. 3.) The activi- 
ties of the new agency were thus greatly increased over those of the 
early board. The Legislature which created the State Board of Con- 
trol also created in connection with it, luider its supervision, a Depart- 
ment of Public Accounting. See Department of Public Accounting 
in Section I — Historical (p. 80). Two years later, in 1913, the Legis- 
lature empowered the board to appoint three Children's Agents, 
which permitted the development of the Children's Department of the 
State Board of Control. For the complete history of this subdivi- 
sion, see Bureau of Children's Aid in Section I^ — Historical of the 
Department of Social Welfare (p. 235). 

The duties of the State Board of Control were expanded to an 
even greater degree in 1921. The act which created the Department 
of Finance in that year stated : ' ' The state board of control shall 

(69) 



70 STATE BOARD OF CONTROL 

constitute the governing body, or head, of the department of finance 
. . . One member sliall be chief of the division of chiims and dis- 
bursements, one shall be chief of the division of budgets and accounts, 
and one shall be chief of the division of purchases and custody . . ." 
The State Board of Control retained this executive relationship 
to the Department of Finance until 1927. The department was reor- 
ganized at that time, and the law abolished the board as its governing 
body. A new board, consisting of the Director of Finance, the chief 
of the Division of Service and Supply, and the State Controller, was, 
however, created. The law was amended in 1935 (ch. 86, p. 436), and 
the membership was changed to the Director of Finance, the State 
Controller, both ex oflScio, and a third member, who might be a state 
officer and in that case would serve ex officio, who was to be appointed 
by and serve at the pleasure of the Governor. The two duties of the 
present State Board of Control are to adopt general rules and regula- 
tions "governing the presentation and audit of claims against the 
state for which an appropriation has been made or for which a state 
fund is available, ' ' and to act as a court of claims for the consideration 
of claims in equity against the state. 



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DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 
As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OP BUDGETS AND ACCOUNTS 

DIVISION OF EXHIBITS 

DIVISION OF RECLAMATION FINANCE 

DIVISION OF SERVICE AND SUPPLY 

1. Bureau of Purchases 

2. Bureau of Printing 

3. Bureau of Buildings and Grounds 

DIVISION OF STATE LANDS 

DIVISION OF STATE PLANNING (STATE PLANNING BOARD) 



(72) 



DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 



The Department of Finance was created in 1921 (ch. 603, p. 
1027; approved May 31, 1921, in effect July 30, 1921). Although it 
was a fusion of a somewhat diversified group of bodies, which had 
previously existed as separate units, the line of evolution of its major 
functions can be traced back to the State Board of Examiners, cre- 
ated first in 1856. This board preceded the State Board of Control, 
created in 1911, and the latter board became the governing body of 
the new Department of Finance upon its creation in 1921. When 
the Department of Finance was reorganized in 1927 (ch. 251, p. 449; 
approved Apr. 25, 1927, in effect July 29, 1927), the State Board of 
Control was abolished as the governing body and the Director of 
Finance was created as the executive officer. The latter was to be 
appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. For 
further particulars concerning the State Board of Control and its 
relation to the department, and also for its historical background, see 
State Board of Control (p. 69). 

The other bodies whose powers and duties were transferred to 
this department included the Department of Public Accounting, the 
Children's Agents, the State Purchasing Department, the Superin- 
tendent of Capitol Buildings and Grounds, the Board of Trustees of 
the State Burial Grounds, the Board of Colton Hall Trustees, the 
Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees, the Board of Pio Pico 
Mansion Trustees, the Board of Sutter's Fort Trustees, the Capital 
Planning Commission, the Superintendent of State Printing, the Motor 
Vehicle Department of California, the Board of Trustees of the State 
Library, and the State Librarian. The department was also invested 
with the duty of enforcing the act relating to the Tahoe Camping 
Grounds. "When the department was reorganized in 1927, the same 
list of boards and departments was named, with the omission of the 
Children's Agents and the Board of Trustees of the State Library 
and the State Librarian, and with the addition of the Guardian of 
Marshall's Monument and the San Pasqual Battlefield Commission. 
Custody of the Donner State Monument was also placed in the depart- 
ment in this year. These last three historical sites remained under the 
control of the Department of Finance less than a month, however, 
for an act approved May 25, 1927, by defining the scope of the state 
park system had the effect of placing them in the Department of 

(73) 



74 DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 

Natural Resources. The act stated: "All parks, public camp grounds, 
monument sites, and landmark sites, and sites of historical interest, out- 
side the limits of incorporated cities, heretofore or hereafter created or 
acquired by tlie state or which are under its control sliall constitute 
the state park system. ' ' For a complete history of these bodies, there- 
fore, see Parks and Ilistonc Monuments in Section I — Hi.storical of 
the Depariment of Natural Resources (p. 154). 

The act of 1921 specified six divisions in the department: the Divi- 
sion of Claims and Disbursements, the Division of Budgets and 
Accounts, the Division of Purchases and Custody, the Division of 
Printing, the Division of Motor Vehicles, and the Division of Libraries. 
In 1927 the number designated was limited to three : the Division of 
Budgets and Accounts, the Division of Service and Supply, and the 
Division of Motor Vehicles. There were subsequently created by stat- 
ute the Division of Personnel and Orfj:anization (abolished in 1934), 
the Division of State Lands, and the Division of Exhibits. The Divi- 
sion of Motor Vehicles was abolished in 1929. As the law was amended 
in 1935, only the Division of Budgets and Accounts was specified. 
There are at the present time, however, five divisions. 

Certain of the functions assumed by the Department of Finance 
in 1921 were not assigned to any one of the various divisions, but 
were handled by the administrative offices. These included the man- 
agement of Colton Hall, the Monterey Custom House, Pio Pico Man- 
sion, and the Tahoe Camping Grounds. The latter was transferred 
to the Department of Natural Resources in 1927 by the act, quoted 
above, defining the state park sj'stem. The other three were also trans- 
ferred to the Department of Natural Resoiirces by the same act as it 
was amended in 1931. The amended act omitted the words "outside 
the limits of incorporated cities," thereby placing under the jurisdic- 
tion of the Division of Parks all sites of historical interest, etc., except 
Sutter's Fort Property, the State Fair Grounds, and Balboa Park, 
which were specifically exempted. For their earlier history see each 
name separately under Parks and Tlistoric Monuments in Section I — 
Historical of the Department of Natural Resources (p. 154). 



DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 75 



Historical: before 1921 

LAND 

Surveyor General 

1849 The office of Surveyor General was created by the 
constitution of 1849 (article V, sec. 18). This officer was 
to be elected every two years by the people of the state. 
This provision was elians'od to four years by the consti- 
tution of 1879, which also provided that the Legislature 
might abolish the office of Surveyor General at its discre- 
tion. 

The powers and duties of the Surveyor General were 
prescribed in "An act concerning the Office of Surveyor 
General," passed in 1850. 

Siatn. 1850. ch. 101 P- 256. Passed Apr. 17, 1850. 

1929 The Surveyor General 's office was abolished, and his powers 
and duties were transferred to the Department of Finance 
in 1929. See Division of State Lands (p. 85). 

State Land Office 

1858 The State Land Office for the State of California, and the 
position of Register of the State Land Office, were created 
in 1858. The Surveyor General was to be the ex officio 
Register. He was to keep records, descriptions, and maps 
of all classes of lands to which the state was entitled. The 
major activities of the office related to state school lands. 

Stais. 1858. ch. 176, p. 127. Approved Apr. 10, 1858. 

1929 The powers and duties of the State Land Office and of the 
Register of the State Land Office were transferred to the 
Department of Finance in 1929. See Division of State 
Lands (p. 85). 

State Land Settlement Board 

This board was created in 1917. Its life as an independent 
agency was brief. Its subsequent history was marked bj' tem- 
porary sojourns in one department after another, until all of its 
activities were finally transferred to the Department of Finance 
in 1929. This varied history is discussed more fully below, 



76 DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 

State Land Settlement Board 

1917 A State Land Settlement Board, consisting of five 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of four 
years, was created in 1917. The board was to acquire 
land, and to improve, subdivide, and sell it to settlers. 

Slats. 7.9/7, ch. T.JJ. p. 1566. Approved June 1, 1917; in 
effect July SI, 1917. 

Department of Public Works. Division of Land Settlement. 

1921 The law which created the Department of Public Works 

in 1921 transferred to it the powers and duties of the 

State Land Settlement Board. It provided, however, 

"that said land settlement board is hereby continued as 

an advisory board to the department in matters relating 

to land settlement." A Division of Land Settlement was 

created in the department. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 607, p. 1039. Approved May 31, 1921; in 
effect July SO, 1921. 

State Land Settlement Board 

1923 The land settlement activities assigned to the Department 
of Public Works in 1921 were returned to the State Land 
Settlement Board in 1923. 

Stats. 1923, ch. 1,11, p. 930. Approved June 18, 192S. 
Department of Agriculture. Division of Land Settlement. 

1927 In 1927 all the powers and duties of the State Land 
Settlement Board were transferred to the Department of 
Agriculture, and the Division of Land Settlement wa^ 
created. The board was continued in existence to per- 
form such functions as it had exercised as a body corpo- 
rate, but the membership was changed. It was to consist 
henceforth of three members : the Director of Agriculture, 
the State Engineer, and the Director of Finance, all 
acting ex officio. 

stats. 1927, ch. 558, p. 9^2. Approved May 16, 1927; in 
effect July 2.9, 1927. 

1931 The State Land Settlement Board was abolished in 1931. 
The powers and duties of the Department of Agriculture 
relating to land settlement were transferred to the 
Department of Finance. See Division of State Lands 
(p. 85). 



DEPARTMENT OP FINANCE 77 

PRINTING 

State Printer 

1850 The State Printer's office was created in 1850. He was 
to be elected biennially by the Legislature. 

stats. 1850, ch. 2, p. J,5. Passed Jan. 8, 1850. 

1852 The office of State Printer was abolished in 1852, by a law 
which provided that henceforth the printing should be con- 
tracted for with the lowest bidder by the Governor and 
Controller of State. 

Stats. 1852, ch. 50, p. 113. Approved Apr. 29, 1852. 

1854 The law of 1852 was repealed in 1854, and the position of 
State Printer was reestablished. This officer was to be 
elected every two years by popular vote. The office was 
finally abolished in 1872. (See entry below.) 

Stats. 1851,, ch. 85, p. 1J,2 (Kerr ed.); ch. 2d, p. 33 (Redding 
ed.). Passed and in effect May 1, 1851/. 

Superintendent of State Printing 

1872 The office of State Printer was abolished in 1872 by a law 

which established a State Printing Office and the position 

of Superintendent of State Printing. This officer was to 

be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the 

Governor. The Political Code and Code Amendments 

reenacted these provisions in essentially similar form. 

Stats. 1871-1872, ch. 1,00, p. 551 Approi-ed Mar. 26, 1872; 
in affect first Monday in July, 1875. 

1921 The Department of Finance succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Superintendent of State Printing in 1921. 
For later history, see Division of Service and Supply — 
Bureau of Printing (p. 83). 

AGRICULTURE 

State Agricultural Society 

1854 A law passed in 1854 stated: "There is hereby established 

and incorporated a society to be known and designated by 

the name and style of the California state agricultural 

society . . . " The society was given power to purchase 

land to establish an experimental farm for the meeting of 

the society and for the exhibition of cattle and other stock, 

and "agricultural, mechanical and domestic manufactures 

and productions . . ." 

Stats. 185//, ch. 100, p. 163 (Kerr ed.); ch. 51, p. 56 (Redding 
ed.). Passed May 13, 1854. 



78 DEPARTMENT OP FINANCE 

1863 In 1863 the Legislature created a Board of Agriculture to 
manage the affairs of the society. The board was to con- 
sist of a president and nine directors. As the term of 
office of the directors was set at three years, the president 
and three of the directors were to be elected each year at 
a State Agricultural Convention held in January. The 
convention was to consist of the members of the State 
Agricultural Society, and four delegates from each county 
and district agricultural society. For later history see 
Division of Exhibits (p. 81). 

Stats. 1S6S, ch. J,9, p. J,9. Approved and in effect Mar. 12, 
1863. 

State Board of Agriculture 

1880 A law passed iti 1880 dccliirotl the State Agricultural 

Society to be a state institution. The act provided for a 

State Board of Agriculture of twelve members, to be 

appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, which 

would have exclusive management of the .societj' and would 

arrange for an annual fair at Sacramento. See Division 

of Exhibits (p. 81). 

Stats. 1880, eh. 60, p. ^9. Approved and in effect Apr 15, 
1880. 

District Agricultural Associations 

1880 In tlie same j'car in which the State Agricultural Society 
became a state institution, the Legislature created 11 agri- 
cultural districts in California, and provided for the organi- 
zation of agricultural associations. Each association that 
was formed was to be regarded as a state institution, and 
was to be governed bj- a District Board of Agriculture of 
eight members, appointed by the Governor for a term of 
four years. This law was subsequently amended many 
times, changing and increasing the number of districts. 
In 1935 (ch. 321, p. 1081) there were 49 such districts. 

Stats. 1880, ch. 50, p. 49. Approved and in effect Apr. 15, 
1880. 

1929 In 1929 the powers and duties of the State Board of 
Agriculture, the State Agricultural Society, and the Dis- 
trict Agricultural Associations were transferred to the 
Department of Finance. See Division of Exhibits (p. 81). 

STATE CAPITOL 

Board of Capitol Commissioners 

1856 In 1856 an act wa.s passed which provided "That the Sec- 



DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 79 

retary of State, being ex officio the Superintendent of Pub- 
lic Buildings, Gilbert Griswold, of the City of Sacramento, 
and the Controller of State, be and they are hereby 
appointed Commissioners, whose duty it shall be to con- 
tract for and superintend the Avork necessary to erect a 
State Capitol upon the public square in the City of Sacra- 
mento ..." No term of office was set for the board 
of commissioners, but the Capitol was to be completed Jan. 
1, 1858. 

8tats. 1856, ch. 95, p. 110. Approved Apr. 18, 1856. 

I860 Another act to provide for the construction of the State 
Capitol was passed in 1860. The board of commissioners 
provided for in this act consisted of the Governor, Secre- 
tary of State, Treasurer of State, A. C. Monson, and Alfred 
Reddington. An amendment in 1870 (Stats. 1869-1870, 
ch. 338, p. 447) omitted the last two names from the list of 
members. 

Stats. 1860, ch. 161, p. 128. Approved and in effect Mar. 29, 
1860. 

Superintendent of Capitol Buildings and Grounds 

1911 The position of Superintendent of Capitol Buildings and 
Grounds was created in 1911. This officer was to be 
appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Gov- 
ernor. He was to have charge of the improvement and 
maintenance of the Capitol grounds and custody of the 
Capitol buildings. 

Stats. 1911, ch. S^O, p. 571. Approved and in effect Apr. 1, 
1911. 

1921 The Department of Finance succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Superintendent of Capitol Buildings and 
Grounds when it was created in 1921. For later history see 
Division of Service and Supply — Bureau of Buildings and 
Grounds (p. 85). 

State Capital Planning Commission 

1915 A State Capital Planning Commission, composed of the Gov- 
ernor and State Librarian, ex officio members, and three 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of six years, 
was created in 1915. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 757, p. 151Jf. Approved June 12, 1915; in 
effect Aug. 11, 1915. 

1921 The Department of Finance succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Capital Planning Commission when it 



80 DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 

was created in 1921. See Division of Service and Supply — 
Bureau of Buildings and Grounds (p. 85). 

Board of Sutter 's Fort Trustees 

1891 Provision was made in 1891 for the appointment by the Gover- 
nor of a Board of Sutter's Fort Trustees of five members serving 
for a term of four years. The trustees were to accept from the 
Native Sons of the Golden West the Sutter's Port property, and 
were to provide for its preservation, protection, and improve- 
ment. 

Stats. 1891, ch. 39, p. 25. Approved and in effect Mar. 7, 1891. 

1921 The Department of Finance succeeded to the powers and duties 
of the Board of Sutter's Fort Trustees when it was created in 
1921. See Division of Service and Supply — Bureau of Buildings 
and Grounds (p. 85). 

Department of Public Accounting 

1911 The law which created the State Board of Control established in 
connection with it, and under its supervision, a Department of 
Public Accounting. 

Stats. 1911, ch 349, p. 590. Approved Apr. 3, 1911. 

1921 When the Department of Finance was created in 1921, it suc- 
ceeded to the poMers and duties of the Department of Public 
Accounting. See Division of Budgets and Accounts (p. 81). 

State Purchasing Department 

1915 A State Purchasing Department was created in 1915. The 

department was to be in charge of a State Purchasing Agent, 

who was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of 

the Governor. This officer was given the authority to make 

purchases of materials and supplies for every state department, 

commission, board, institution, and official, with the exception of 

the University of California. 

Sfafs. 1915, ch. 351, p. 508. Approved May IS, 1915; in effect Aug. 
8, 1915. 

1921 The powers and duties of the State Purchasing Department 
were transferred to the Department of Finance when it was 
created in 1921. See Division of Service and Supply — Bureau 
of Purchases (p. 83). 



DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 81 



II 

Present organization: after 1921 

Division of Budgets and Accounts 

This division was created witli the organization of the department 
in 1921, and it was continued in existence by tlie act which reorgan- 
ized the department in 1927. To it were assigned the activities previ- 
ously carried on by the Department of Public Accounting. For the 
history of this agency, see Department of Public Accounting in Sec- 
tion I — Historical (p. 80). 

Bureau of Children's Aid 

This bureau was established with the organization of the depart- 
ment in 1921. It was the direct outgrowth of the Children's Depart- 
ment of the State Board of Control. The activities of the bureau were 
transferred to the Department of Social Welfare upon the creation 
of that department in 1927. For a full description of the earlier and 
later development of the bureau see Bureau of Children's Aid in Sec- 
tion I — Historical of the Department of Social Welfare (p. 235). 

Division of Exhibits 

The Division of Exhibits was created in 1929 when all the powers 
and duties of the State Board of Agriculture, the State Agricultural 
Society, and the District Agricultural Associations were transferred 
to the Department of Finance. At the present time the department 
does not take an active part in the administration of the activities of 
these agencies, however. The laws, rules, and regulations relating to 
them were continued in force. A Board of Directors of the State 
Agricultural Society was created in place of the State Board of Agri- 
culture. For the later development of this body see State Board of 
Agriculture (p. 5). The various District Boards of Agriculture were 
retained as advisory bodies to assist in planning and promoting annual 
fairs. For the early history of these various agencies, see AGRICUL- 
TURE in Section I— Historical (p. 77). 

Stats. 1929, ch. 853, p. 1883. Approved June 19, 1929; in effect Aug. 1/,, 
1929. 

Division of Libraries 

This division was created in 1921, but with the reorganization of 
1927 it was removed from the Department of Finance and placed in 



82 DEPARTMENT OP FINANCE 

the Department of Education. For early history, see State Library 
in Section I — Historical of the Department of Education (p. 42). 
For present organization see Bepariment of Education — Division of 
Libraries (p. 51 ). 

Division of Motor Vehicles 

This division was created witli the organization of the depart- 
ment in 1921. It was ajjain specified as one of the divisions in 1927, 
but in 1929 it was transferred to the Department of Public "Works. 
Since then it has been made a separate department. For the complete 
history and present organization, see DepaHment of Motor Vehicles 
(p. 140). 

Division of Personnel and Organization 

This division was created by statute in 1929 to take over the cleri- 
cal and organization survey work of the State Civil Service Commis- 
sion. In 1934, however, Initiative measure no. 7, adding article XXIV 
to the con.stitution (passed Nov. 6, 1934) created the State Personnel 
Board to administer the state civil service system. The amendment 
provided that the powers and duties vested in any state oflScer or 
agency under any law relating to the state civil service should be 
transferred to the new board, thereby abolishing the Division of Per- 
sonnel and Organization. 

Division of Reclamation Finance 

This division was created in 1929 in order to give the Reclamation 
Board some representation on the Governor's Council. The Reclama- 
tion Board Act was amended in that year as follows: "The director 
of finance shall be executive officer of the reclamation board for the 
purpo.se of reporting to the governor's council upon matters relating 
to reclamation projects and problems." The Division of Reclamation 
Finance was thereupon organized in the department, the chief engineer 
and general manager of the board being ex officio chief. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 336, p. 658. Approved May IS, 1929; in effect Aug. I't, 
1929. 

Division of Service and Supply 

This division was created in 1927. In it were placed several 
activities that had been carried on by major divisions in the depart- 
ment as it was originally organized. 

"The property auditor is also attached to this division, as is 
also the management of the Napa State Farm. " (California. Depart- 
ment of Finance. Report of the Director of Finance . . . 1927-1930, 
p. 21.) The cii"cumstances which resulted in the purchase of this farm 



DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 83 

date back to 1911, when a law (eh. 570, p. 1088) was passed establish- 
ing the California State Reformatory and providing for the purchase 
of land on which to erect it. In 1917 (eh. 165, p. 250), the State 
Board of Control was authorized "to take charge of, manage and 
farm for the use and benefit of the state and its institutions ' ' the tract 
of land that had been purchased for the reformatory. The use of 
this land for keeping prisoners was prohibited by this law. In 1921 
(ch. 615, p. 1051), the act of 1911 was repealed, and the land acquired 
under its provisions was placed under the jurisdiction of the Depart- 
jiient of Finance. 

1. BUREAU OF PURCHASES. 

Division of Purchases and Custody 

1921 The law creating the Department of Finance specified 
among the six divisions a Division of Purchases and Cus- 
tody. This division took over the activities previously 
carried on by the State Purchasing Department. For the 
history of this agency, see State Purchasing Department 
in Section I — Historical (p. 80). 

In 1926 highway purchasing was added to the other 
duties of the division. This jDoint is discussed more fully 
below. 

California Highway Commission. Purchasing Department. 

1909 The act which provided for tlie first issue of highway 
bonds (Stats. 1909, ch. 383, p. 647) gave to the Depart- 
ment of Engineering full power to purchase all supplies, 
materials, etc., for the construction and maintenance of 
the state highway. In 1916 the State Purchasing Depart- 
ment took over all the other purchasing of the Depart- . 
ment of Engineering, l)ut highway purchasing remained 
in the hands of the California Highway Commission until 
December, 1926, when it was merged with the purchas- 
ing for the otlier state agencies. Between 1921 and 
1923 the Commission's Purchasing Department also did 
all the purchasing for the Department of Public Works. 

Bureau of Purchases 

1927 When the department was reorganized in 1927, this work 
was placed in a Bureau of Purchases in the Division of 
Service and Supply. 

2. BUREAU OF PRINTING. 

Division of Printing 

1921 The law creating the Department of Finance specified 



84 DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 

that there should be in it a Division of Printing, in which 
were placed the activities previously carried on by the 
Superintendent of State Printing. For the history of • 
this office, and for that of the earlier office of State 
Printer, see PRINTING in Section I— Historical (p. 77). 

Bureau of Printing 

1927 When the department was reorganized in 1927, the 
Division of Printing became tlie Bureau of Printing in 
the Division of Service and Supply. 

« 

Supervisor of Documents 

Bureau of Publications and Documents 

1931 A Bureau of Publications gnd Documents was 
created in the Department of Finance in 1931. 
This bureau was placed in the Division of Servic- 
and Supply. 

Utats. 1931, ch. ■it2, p. 931. Approved May 26, 1931; 

in effect Aug. 1-',, 1931. 

Supervisor of Documents 

1933 The Bureau of Publications and Documents was 
abolished in 1933. The State Printer succeeded to 
its powers and duties. These functions were there- 
fore placed in charge of a Supervisor of Docuraent.s 
within the Bureau of Printing. 

Stats. 1933, ch. 92, p. 536. Becatne a law Apr. IS, 
1933; in effect Aug. 21, 19S3. 

3. BUREAU OF COMMRRCE. 

1929 A Bureau of Commerce was created in the Department of 
Finance in 1929. The bureau was placed in the Division 
of Service and Supply. 

Stats. lili'.K ill. X.'il, p. ISt^S. .\pi>roie,l .Imir UK 1929; in 
effect A up. 1 ',. 1929. 

1933 The Bureau of Commerce was not abolished by statute 
until 1935, but the Legislature of 1933 made no appro- 
priation for its .support, and it was unable, therefore, to 
function after that date. Its organization, as it existed in 
January, 1933, was as follows: 

a. Domestic Trade Division 

b. International Trade Division 

c. Division of Displays 

d. Division of Information 

1935 In 1935 the Political Code sections relating to the Bureau 



DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 85 

of Commerce were repealed, and the records, books, etc., 
of the bureau transferred to the Department of Finance. 

Stats. J!)35, ch. 66, p. Ji02. Approved Apr. J8, 19.35; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1935. 

4. BUREAU OF BUILDINGS AND GROUNDS. 

In this bureau are combined various functions. For early 
history see STATE CAPITOL (p. 78) and Board of Sutter's 
Fort Trustees (p. 80) in Section I — Historical. The management 
of the State Burial Grounds was also assigned to this bureau, but 
in 1933 it was transferred to the Division of Parks of the Depart- 
ment of Natural Resources. For complete history, see State Burial 
Grounds in Section I — Historical of tlie Department of Natural 
Resources (p. 150). 

Division of Purchases and Custody 

1921 The act creating the Department of P'inance specified 
that there should be a Division of Purchases and Custody. 
Besides succeeding to tlic state purchasing activities, it 
took over the custody of certain Sacramento properties. 

Bureau of Buildings and Grounds 

1927 When the department was reorganized in 1927, the care 
of the capitol buildings and grounds, Sutter's Fort, and 
the State Bui-ial Grounds, were placed in a Bureau of 
Buildings and Grounds in the Division of Service and 
Supply. 

Division of Sta,te Lands 

This division was created in 1929. Additional functions were 
added to it in 1931. The first step toAvard its development was taken 
in 1849, the office of Surveyor General being created by the constitution 
of that year. For the history of this and related agencies, see LAND 
in Section I — Historical (p. 75). 

1929 The powers and duties of the Surveyor General, Register of 
the State Land Office, and the State Land Office were trans- 
ferred to the Department of Finance in 1929. These offices 
were abolished. A Division of State Lands was created in 
the department to administer these duties, the chief of the 
division being ex officio Register of State Lands. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 516, p. 890. Approved May 27, 1929; in effect 
Aug. li, 1929. 

1931 All the powers and duties of the Department of Agriculture 
relating to land settlement were transferred to the Depart- 



86 DEPARTMENT OF FINANCE 

ment of Finance in 1931. The State Land Settlement Board 
and all positions under the Division of Land Settlement were 
abolished. All assets acquired by the terms of this act were 
to be placed under the administration of the Division of 
State Lands of the Department of Finance. 

Stats. 19SI, ch. l.JS, p. 21.>,. Approved Apr. 15, 1931; in effect 
Aug. 1.',, 1931. 

Division of State Planning (State Planning Board) 

] 9^^'^ A State Planning Board was created as a division of the Depart- 
ment of Finance in 1935. The board was to consist of the 
Director of Finance, Director of Public Works, and Director of 
Natural Resources, all ex officio, and of five citizens appointed 
by the Governor for a term of three years. 

.^tatg. 193'), ch. SSI. p. 1133. Approved June /}, 1935; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1935. 



INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 



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DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT 
DIVISION OF FIRE SAFETY 

DIVISION OF IMMIGRATION AND HOUSING 

1. Complaint Department 

2. Housing Department 

3. Labor Camp Department 

DIVISION OF INDUSTRIAL ACCIDENTS AND SAFETY 

1. Compensation Department 

2. Legal Department 

3. Medical Department 

4. Permanent Disability Rating Department 

5. Safety Department 

6. State Compensation Insurance Fund 

7. Statistical Department 

DIVISION OF INDUSTRIAL WELFARE 

DIVISION OP LABOR STATISTICS AND LAW ENFORCE- 
MENT 

DIVISION OF STATE EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES 



(89) 



DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 



An attempt was made in 1921 to coordinate the work of several 
state agencies dealing with labor problems. The Department of Labor 
and Industrial Relations, consisting of the Industrial Accident Com- 
mission, Industrial Welfare Commission, Commission of Immigration 
and Housing, and Bureau of Labor Statistics, was created. The idea 
behind this move was simply to provide opportunity for cooperation to 
prevent duplication of activities, rather than to make one unit of these 
four bodies. As a result, the new department was not a real depart- 
ment at all, and each commission continued to function as an inde- 
pendent agency. In 1927 an elaboration of the original plan was put 
into effect, and a real Department of Industrial Relations was estab- 
lished (Stats. 1927, ch. 440, p. 733; approved May 12, 1927, in effect 
July 29, 1927). 

This department succeeded to all the powers and duties of the 
agencies listed above, and to those of the Department of Labor and 
Industrial Relations. The Commission of Immigration and Housing, 
the Industrial Welfare Commission, and the Bureau and the Commis- 
sioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics were abolished ; the Industrial 
Accident Commission was continued in existence. The laws under 
which these agencies operated, however, and the rules and regulations 
established by them, Avere continued in force. New Commissions of 
Immigration and Housing and of Industrial Welfare were created as 
policy-making bodies. 

The work of the department was divided into at least five divisions : 
Division of Industrial Accidents and Safety ; Division of Housing and 
Sanitation, later changed to Division of Immigration and Housing; 
Division of State Employment Agencies; Division of Labor Statistics 
and Law Enforcement; and Division of Industrial Welfare. In 1929 
a Division of Industrial Fire Safety, shortened in 1931 to Division of 
Fire Safety, was added to these. 

The position of Director of Industrial Relations was also created 
by the law of 1927. The chairman of the Industrial Accident Com- 
mission was to be ex officio director. 



(90) 



DEPARTMENT OP INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 91 



Historical: before 1927 

Bureau of Labor Statistics 

1883 "An act to establish and support a Bureau of Labor Statistics" 
provided for the appointment by the Governor of a Commis- 
sioner of a Bureau of Labor Statistics. His duties related to 
the collection of statistics for labor in agriculture, industry, 
mining, and other fields. He was to serve for a term of four 
years. Prom time to time there were added to these duties 
the enforcement of laws relating to factory inspection, protec- 
tion of the physical welfare of women, employment agencies 
regulation, and child labor, and the gathering of social statistics. 

Stats. J8S:!, ch. 21, p. 27. Approved and in effect Mar. S, 188S. 

1915 In 1915 the Commissioner of the Bureau of Labor Statistics 
was given "authority and power to enforce any and all labor 
laws of the State of California, the enforcement of which is 
not specifically vested in any other officer, board or commis- 
sion ..." (ch. 484, p. 814). 

1927 The Department of Industrial Relations succeeded to the powers 
and duties of the Bureau of Labor Statistics in 1927. See 
Division of Labor Sfafi.sfics and Law Euforcement (p. 99'^ 

STATE FREE EMPLOYMENT BUREAUS 

1915 Free employment offices were started voluntarily by Com- 
missioner Fitzgerald on July 15, 1895. This Free Employ- 
ment Department endured only until June, 1897. Two 
decades later, in 1915, the Commissioner of the Bureau of 
Labor Statistics was authorized to establish free employ- 
ment bureaus in the cities of San Francisco, Los Angeles, 
Oakland, and Sacramento, and in other cities thereafter 
whenever he considered it necessary. The first offices were 
opened on February 1, 1916. For later history, see Division 
of State Employment Agencies (p. 100). 

Stats. 1915, ch. 302, p. J,86. Approved May 11, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

Industrial Accident Commission 

Industrial Accident Board 

1911 The Roseberry Liability and Compensation Act created the 



92 DEPARTMENT OP INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 

Industrial Accident Board, consisting of three members 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. All 
controversies concerning compensation under the act were 
to be submitted to this board, which was empowered to 
hold hearings and to make awards. 

Stats. 1911, ch. 399, p. 796. Approved Apr. 8, 1911; in effect 
Sept. 1, 1911. 

Industrial Accident Commission 

1913 The "Workmen's compensation, insurance and safety act," 
passed in 1913, created the Industrial Accident Commission, 
consisting of three commissioners appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four years. Another act of the same 
year (ch. 561, p. 950) abolished the Industrial Accident 
Board, and transferred its powers and duties to the new 
commission. The work of the commission grew by leaps 
and bounds during the next few years, requiring the devel- 
opment of a high degree of administrative organization. 
The various subdivisions are discussed below. 

Stats. 1913, ch. no, p. 279. Approved May 26, 1913; in effect 
Jan. 1, 191i. 

1927 The act which created the Department of Industrial Rela- 
tions transferred to it all the powers and duties of the 
Industrial Accident Commission. See Division of Industrial 
Accidents and Safety (p. 99). 

1. ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT. 

1923 Although statements of expenditures, giving the finan- 
cial condition of the commission, appeared in all the 
earlier reports, the designation Accounting Department 
was not employed until the 1923-1924 report of the 
Industrial Accident Commission. When the Depart- 
ment of Industrial Relations was established in 1927, 
an Accounting Department was set up to carry on this 
work for all the divisions. There was no further need, 
therefore, for a separate Accounting Department under 
the Industrial Accident Commission. 

2. COMPENSATION DEPARTMENT. 

1914 In order to care for cases after a formal application 
for adjudication of claims was filed, the Compensation 
Department was created by the commission about July 
of 1914. 



DEPARTMENT OP INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 93 

3. LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

1914 An attorney was appointed when the commission was 
organized on Jan. 1, 1914. By 1919 the term Legal 
Department was officially used. 

4. MEDICAL DEPARTMENT. 

1914 This department was organized at the time the Work- 
men's Compensation, Insurance and Safety Act went 
into effect. 

5. PERMANENT DISABILITY RATING DEPARTMENT. 

1913 In July, 1913, a Permanent Disability Rating Depart- 
ment was established by the Industrial Accident Com- 
mission. 

6. REHABILITATION DEPARTMENT. 

1919 This department was built up, more or less gradually, 

during 1919. In that year a law was passed which 

established an "industrial rehabilitation fund," and 

provided that the Industrial Accident Commission 

might draw upon it for the promotion of vocational 

reeducation and rehabilitation of persons disabled in 

industry in this state. 

Stats. 1919, ch. 1S3, p. 273. Approved May 2, 1919; in 
effect July 22, 1919. 

1921 The work of the department practically ceased April 6, 
1921, pending the decision of the Supreme Court upon 
the constitutionality of the act of 1919. In September, 
1921, all cases under training were transferred to the 
Rehabilitation Division of the State Board of Educa- 
tion for completion. On January 27, 1922, the 
Supreme Court held that section 5 was unconstitu- 
tional in so far as it attempted to confer jurisdiction 
upon the commission. The Industrial Accident Com- 
mission cooperated thereafter with the State Board of 
Education in calling to the attention of the latter cases 
needing vocational rehabilitation. Its own Department 
of Rehabilitation was eliminated. 

1933 In 1933 the act of 1919 was repealed. 

Stats. 1933, ch. //3, p. 333. Approved Apr. 1, 1933; in 
effect Aug. 21, 1933. 

7. SAFETY DEPARTMENT. 

1914 This department was organized in January, 1914. At 
the same time inspection and safety work in mines, in 



94 DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 

cooperation with the United States government, was 
started. In the organization of the commission this was 
regarded as a subdivision of the Safety Department, 
with the designation Alining Division. On May 1, 1919, 
cooperation with the U. S. Bureau of Mines was dis- 
continued, because of lack of funds on the part of the 
latter agency. The work, however, was continued by 
the state. 

1919 In 1919 tlie Safety Department was organized in detail 
with the following subdivisions: 

a. Electrical Division 

b. Boiler Division 

c. Elevator Division 

d. Shipbuilding Division (later changed to Lumber 

and Shipbuilding Division) 

e. Construction Division 

f. Mining Division 

g. Mechanical Division 
h. Safety IMuseum 

In 1923 consolidation was necessary, and these divi- 
sions became merely nominal units. 

8. DEPARTMENT OF SELF-INSURANCE. 

1917 The "Workmen's Compensation Act, as it was amended 
in 1917 (ch. 586, sec. 29 (a), p. 857), required every 
employer of labor to secure the payment of compensa- 
tion either by insuring in an authorized insurance car- 
rier, or by securing from the Industrial Accident Com- 
mission a certificate of consent to self-insure. This 
required the development of the Department of Self- 
Insurance. 

1923 The 1922-1923 annual report of the Industrial Acci- 
dent Commission is the last one in which the Depart- 
ment of Self-Insurance is listed. Apparently after 
1923 this no longer existed as a separate unit in the 
organization of the commission. 

0. STATE COMPENSATION INSURANCE FUND. 

1914 The Workmen's Compensation, Insurance and Safety 

Act established a State Compensation Insurance Fund. 

The fund began business on January 1, 1914. 



DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 95 

10. STATISTICAL DEPARTMENT. 

1912 A Statistical Department was organized under the 
Industrial Accident Board at its inception. 

Industrial Welfare Commission 

1913 The Industrial "Welfare Commission was created in 1913. The 
law specified that at least one of the five members should be a 
woman. The commissioners were to be appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four years. They were to study the problems 
• connected witli the employment of women and minors in this 
state, and to set a minimum wage, maximum hours, and standard 
conditions of labor for these workers. 

Stats. 1913, eh. 32/i, p. 6S2. Approved: May 26, 1913; in effect Aug. 
10, 1913. 

1927 The act which created the Department of Industrial Relations 
in 1927 transferred to it the powers and duties of the Industrial 
Welfare Commission. See Division of Industrial Welfare 
(p. 99). 

Commission of Immigration and Housing 

1913 The Commi.ssion of Immigration and Housing of California was 

created in 1913. The commission was to consist of five members 

appointed by the Governor and holding office at his pleasure. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 318, p. 60S. Approved June 12, 1913; in effect Aug. 
10, 1913. 

1927 The act which created the Department of Industrial Relations 
in 1927 transferred to it the powers and duties of the Com- 
mission of Immigration and Housing. See Division of Immigra- 
tion and Housing (p. 98). 

1. CAMP DEPARTMENT. 

1914 The Camp Department, nlso called Camp Sanitation Depart- 
ment, was organized in 1914, soon after the Commission of 
Immigration and Housing began to function. 

2. COMPLAINT DEPARTMENT. 

1914 A Bureau of Complaints was organized when the Commis- 
sion of Immigration and Housing began really to function 
in 1914. The designation Complaint Department was later 
employed interchangeably with Bureau of Complaints, and, 
after 1921, seems to have become the official title of this 
unit. 



96 DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL REIiATIONS 

3. HOUSING DEPARTMENT. 

1914 The Housing Department also was organized in 1914. 

4. DEPxiRTMEXT OF IMMIGRANT EDUCATION. 

1915 This department, designated bureau at first, was organized 
a little later than the other subdivisions of the commission, 
probably early in 1915. 

1923 In 1923 or 1924 this department was discontinued, as the 
work liad been taken over by the De])artment of Education. 
A Division of Immigrant Education had been organized in 
that department in 1920. 

Department of Labor and Industrial Relations 

1921 The Department of Labor and Industrial Relations, consisting 
of the Industrial Accident Commission, the Commission of Immi- 
gration and Housing, the Industrial "Welfare Commission, and 
the Bureau of Labor Statistics, was created in 1921. 

The law provided for four divisions in the department : the 
Division of "Workmen's Compensation Insurance and Safety, to 
be administered by the Industrial Accident Commission, and 
succeeding to the commission's powers and duties; the Division 
of Immigration and Housing, to be administered by the Com- 
mission of Immigration and Housing, and invested with the 
commission's powers and duties; the Division of Industrial "Wel- 
fare, to be administered by the Industrial Welfare Commission, 
and invested with the commission's powei-s and duties; the Divi- 
sion of Labor, to be administered by the Commissioner of Labor 
Statistics, and invested with the powers and duties of the Com- 
missioner of Labor Statistics and the Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

"The said department of labor and industrial relations 
shall make and promulgate rules and regulations that will elim- 
inate overlapping and duplication of the activities of the several 
divisions and may provide for the transfer of functions and 
activities from one division to another in the interest of the bet- 
terment of the service of such division or divisions." 

The Department of Labor and Indu.strial Relations was a 
department in name only. No provision was made for a central 
executive head to control the administration of the various sub- 
divisions, and these subdivisions were in no way subordinate 
to the department. The Industrial Accident Commission, Com- 
mission of Immigration and Housing, Industrial "Welfare Com- 
mission, and Bureau of Labor Statistics remained entirely 
autonomous units, having separate budgets and making separate 



DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 97 

reports. They met as a department, as the quotation from the 

law given above indicates, only to coordinate their activities 

and to prevent duplication of effort. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 60/,, p. 1031. Approved Mwy SI, 1921; in effect 
July 30, 1921. 

1927 The Department of Industrial Relations succeeded to the powers 
and duties of the Department of Labor and Industrial Relations 
in 1927. 



n 

Present organization: after 1927 

Accounting Department 

An Accounting Department was set up in the Department of 
Industrial Relations in 1927, when the new department was organized. 
Such work had previously been carried on by each agency individually. 
In the Industrial Accident Commission, for example, a separate 
Accounting Department had existed for several years. 

Division of Fire Safety 

This division was created by statute in 1929. It is administered 
by the State Fire Marshal, who remains an independent officer. The 
law limited the jurisdiction of the division to the supervision of 
clothes-cleaning and spotting and sponging establishments, but other 
fire prevention and safety activities have been undertaken by author- 
ity of the broader powers of the chief of the division as State Fire 
Marshal. 

state Fire Marshal 

1923 The office of State Fire Marshal was created in 1923. This 
officer was to be appointed by and to hold his position at 
the pleasure of the Governor. His duties were to safeguard 
life and property from fire, and to see that all laws and 
ordinances relating to fires and fire protection were enforced. 
These duties were expanded by the Dry Cleaning Law of 
1927 (ch. 880, p. 1924). 

Stats. 1923, ch. JS8, p. 429. Approved May 23, 1923. 
Division of Industrial Fire Safety 

1929 The Dry Cleaning I^aw was amended in 1929, and its 
enforcement was assigned to a new division in the Depart- 



98 DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTKIAIj RELATIONS 

ment of Industrial Relations. "There is hereby created in 
the department of industrial relations, a division of indus- 
trial fire safety. The state fire marshal shall be chief of 
the division of industrial fire safety, and all powers and 
duties Riven by this act to the department of industrial 
relations shall be administered by the state fire marshal 
throujrh said division of industrial fire safety." 

Staf.1. 1939, ch. 155, p. 2SS. Approved Apr. 23, 1929; in effect 
Aug. li, 1929. 

Division of Fire Safety 

1931 The name of the Division of Industrial Fire Safety was 
changed in 1931 to Division of Fire Safety. 

Stats. 1931. ch. ^2J,, p. 960. Approved May 28, 1931; in effect 
Aug. H, 1931. 

Division of Immigration and Housing 

This division, under a slif!:htly different name, was provided for 
in the act which created the Department of Industrial Relations in 
1927. 

Division of Housing and Sanitation 

1927 The Division of Housing and Sanitation was created by the 
law of 1927 to continue the activities previously carried 
on by tlie Commission of Immigration and Housing. The 
latter body was abolished, but a new commission was estab- 
lished to act as a policy-making body for the guidance of 
the division. 

Division of Immigration and Housing 

1931 The name of this section was changed from Division of 

Housing and Sanitation to Division of Immigration and 

Housing in 1931. 

Stats. 1931, ch. 597, p. 1289. Approved June i, 1931; in effect 
Aug. 14, 19S1. 

The scheme of organization of this division is simply a 
continuation of that of the old Commission of Immigration 
and Housing. For the history of its development, there- 
fore, see Commission of Immigration and Housing in Sec- 
tion I — Historical (p. 95). There are now three subdivi- 
sions in the division, as follows : 

1. Complaint Department 

2. Housing Department 

3. Labor Camp Department 



DEPARTMENT OP INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 99 

Division of Industrial Accidents and Safety 

When the Department of Industrial Relations was created in 
1927, one of its sections specified in the law was the Division of Indus- 
trial Accidents and Safety. This division continued the work pre- 
viously performed by tlie Industrial Accident Commission ; and, in 
fact, that body was retained with executive powers to administer the 
division. The activities of the conmiission had been assigned to various 
subdepartments, and this organization was not affected by the changes 
of 1927. For the beginning dates of these departments, therefore, see 
lyidustrial Accident Commission in Section I — Historical (p. 91). 
The division is at present oi-ganized into seven subdivisions as follows: 

1. Compensation Department 

2. Legal Department 

3. Medical Department 

4. Permanent Disability Rating Department 

5. Safety Department 

6. State Compensation Insurance Fund 

7. Statistical Departmeilt 

Division of Industrial Welfare 

The law which created the Department of Industrial Relations in 
1927 specified that there should be in it a Division of Industrial "Wel- 
fare. This section continued the work previously carried on by the 
Industrial Welfare Commission. The latter agency was abolished, 
but a new Industrial Welfare Commission was established by the law, 
with duties and responsibilities pertaining to the fixing of minimum 
wages and maximum liours of work and standard conditions of labor 
for women and minors. These duties were to be administered through 
the division. For the early history, see Industrial Welfare Commis- 
sion in Section I — Historical (p. 95). 

Division of Labor Statistics and Law Enforcement 

The law which created the Department of Industrial Relations 
provided for a Division of Labor Siatisties and Law Enforcement to 
continue the activities previously carried on by the Bureau of Labor 
Statistics. The latter agency was abolished. One of its functions, the 
supervision of the operation of state free employment bureaus, was at 
the same time assigned to a new Division of State Employment 
Agencies. For the earlier history of both of these divisions, see Bureau 
of Labor Statistics in Section I — Historical (p. 91). 



100 DEPARTMENT OF INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS 

Division of State Employment Agencies 

This division was created by the law which established the Depart- 
ment of Industrial Relations in 1927. The state free employment 
bureaus had previously functioned under the jurisdiction of the Bureau 
of Labor Statistics. For their early history, therefore, see that 
agency in Section I — Historical (p. 91). 

1935 The State of California accepted the provisions of the federal 
act entitled "An act to provide for the establishment of a 
national employment system and for cooperation with the 
States in the promotion of such system, and for other pur- 
poses," in 1935. The Division of State Employment Agen- 
cies of the Department of Industrial Relations was the agency 
designated to cooperate with the United States Employment 
Service in carrying out the terms of the act. It was provided 
that the division might be called "California Employment 
Service." 

Stats. 1935, ch. 258, p. 9^5. Approved June 1, 19S5; in effect 
Sept. 15, 19S5. 

1935 A little later in the same j'ear the Legislature created an 
Unemployment Reserves Commission and a Department of 
Employment to administer the Unemplo3Tnent Insurance Act. 
It was provided that "On July 1, 1936, the Di\nsion of State 
Employment Agencies of the Department of Industrial Rela- 
tions shall become and remain the Division of State Employ- 
ment Agencies in the Department of Employment." 

Stats. 19S5, eh. 8.52, p. 1226. Approved June 25, 1935; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1935. 



INSTITUTIONS 





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DEPARTMENT OF INSTITUTIONS 
As Organized March 1, 1936 

HOSPITALS FOR THE INSANE 

Agnews State Hospital 
Camarillo State Hospital 
Mendocino State Hospital 
Napa State Hospital 
Norwalk State Hospital 
Patton State Hospital 
Stockton State Hospital 

HOMES FOR THE FEEBLE-MINDED 
Pacific Colony — State Narcotic Hospital 
Sonoma State Home 

CORRECTIONAL SCHOOLS 

Preston School of Industry 
Ventura School for Girls 
Whittier State School 

CARE OF THE BLIND 
Industrial Home for the Adult Blind 
Industrial Work Shop for the Blind 

RESEARCH BUREAU 

California Bureau of Juvenile Research 



8—35681 ( 103 ) 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTITUTIONS 



The Department of Institutions and the otfice of Director of Insti- 
tutions wei-e created in 1921 (Stats. 1921, th. 610, p. 1047; approved 
May 31, 1921, in effect July 30, 1921). A centralization of authority, 
finances, and management of the various institutions of the state con- 
cerned with the care of tlic insane, tlie feeble-minded, the delinquent, 
and the adult blind was effected by this act. Each institution had 
existed previously as more or less an autonomou.s unit, although a uni- 
form system of government for the state hospitals for the insane, under 
the control of the State Commission in Lunacy, had been provided as 
early as 1897. 

By the terms of the act the department succeeded to and was 
invested with all the duties, powers, jurisdiction, etc., of the Board of 
Directors of the Industrial Home for the Adult Blind ; the Boards of 
Managers of the Stockton State Hospital, the Napa State Hospital, the 
Agnews State Hospital, the Mendocino State Hospital, the Southern 
California State Hospital, the Norwalk State Hospital, and the Sonoma 
State Home; the Boards of Trustees of the Pacific Colony and the 
Industrial Farm for Women ; the General Superintendent of State 
Hospitals; the State Commission in Lunacy; the Boards of Trustees of 
the Whittier State School, the Preston School of Industry, and the 
California School for Girls; and the State Dental Surgeon. 

The offices of General Superintendent of State Hospitals, State 
Commission in Lunacy, and State Dental Surgeon were abolished ; but 
the boards of directors, managers, and trustees' of the various institu- 
tions were continued in force and constituted advisory boards to the 
Department of Institutions, with powers of visitation and advice only. 

In 1-936 there are sixteen institutions functioning under the juris- 
diction of the Department of Institutions. These include, in addition 
to tho.se listed above, the Camarillo State Ho.spital and the Industrial 
"Work Shop for the Blind, both created in 1929; and the California 
Bureau of Juvenile Research, made an independent unit in 1931. 

The Department of Institutions differs from most of the other 
branches of the state government in that it is not organized into divi- 
sions and bureaus. Its subdivisions consist simply of the individual 
institutions whicii comprise it. The identity, character, and internal 
organization of these institutions were unimpaired by the creation of 
the department in 1921. This being so, tlie complete history of each 

(104) 



DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 105 

agency is given below under the name of that agency in the section on 
present organization. The only material that has been segregated into 
a historical section before 1921 relates to general administration ; in 
short, to the State Commission in Lunacy, and to the State Dental 
Surgeon. 



Historical: before 1921 

State Commission in Lunacy and General Superintendent of State 
Hospitals 

1897 The State Commission in Lunacy was created in 1897. Many 
years earlier a Commissioner in Lunacy had functioned for a 
brief period, but his appointment had been authorized for a 
A-ery special purpose. The statutes of 1869-1870 (ch. 93, p. 90; 
approved and in effect Feb. 19, 1870) provided for the appoint- 
ment of a commissioner who should visit the principal insane 
asylums of the United States, Great Britain, Ireland, France, 
and Germany, and report on the history and management of 
these institutions, with statistical data. The commissioner was 
to hold office until the first Monday in December, 1872. 

The State Commission in Lunacy was composed of five com- 
missioners. Four of these were ex officio members and included 
the three members of the State Board of Examiners, and the 
secretary of the State Board of Health. The fifth member was 
the General Superintendent of the State Hospitals of California, 
which position was created by this act. The superintendent was 
to be appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, and 
he had to possess certain qualifications. 

The act of 1897 was called the Insanity Law. The State Com- 
mission in Lunacy was charged with the execution of all laws 
relating to the care, custody, and treatment of the insane. It 
was to examine the state hospitals for the insane, and to make 
recommendations concerning these institutions to the Legisla- 
ture. In 1903 (ch. 364, p. 485) the Insanity Law Avas made sec- 
tion 2136-2199 of the Political Code. The act of 1897 was 
repealed in 1921 (ch. 636, p. 1071). The State Commission in 
Lunacy and the office of General Superintendent of State Hos- 
pitals had, moreover, already been abolished by the law of 1921 
which created the Department of Institutions. 

Stats. 1897, ch. 227, p. Sll. Approved and in effect Mar. 31, 1897. 



106 DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 

State Dental Surgeon 

1909 The office of State Dental Surgeon, under the supervision of the 
State Commission in Lunacy, was created in 1909. This officer 
was to perform the dental services for the inmates of the various 
state hospitals. The office was abolished by the law whicli 
created the Department of Institutions in 1921. 

stats. 1909, ch. 62/,, p. 9I,T. Approved Apr. 16, 1909; in effect 
July 1, 1909. 



II 

Present organization: after 1921 

HOSPITALS FOR THE INSANE 

There are at present seven state hospitals for the insane in Cali- 
fornia. The first one was establislied in 1851, the last one in 1929. In 
the beginning, the government of each institution was described in the 
act creating it, but in 1897 a uniform system of government for the 
state liospitals was established by tlie In-sanity Law (ch. 227, p. 311). 
This law provided that each hospital should be under the control of a 
board of managers of five members appointed by the Governor for a 
term of four years. The State Commission in Lunacy was created to 
see that all laws relating to the care, custody, and treatment of the 
insane were properly executed, and to examine and make recommenda- 
tions concerning those institutions to the Legislature. 

The state hospitals were placed under the control of the Depart- 
ment of Institutions when it was created in 1921. The boards of man- 
agers were continued in existence, but with powers of visitation and 
advice only. 

Agnews State Hospital 

1885 The Legislature provided for tlie establishment of the Cali- 
fornia Hospital for the Chronic Insane in 1885. The Gov- 
ernor was authorized to appoint three commissioners to 
select a site for the hospital. He was to appoint later a 
board of trustees of five members serving for a term of 
four years. 

Btats. 1885, ch. 33, p. 35. Approved and in effect Mar. 9, 1885. 

1889 In 1889 the name of the institution was changed to State 
Insane Asylum at Agnews. The Insanity Law of 1897 



DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 107 

established its name as the Agnews State Hospital near the 

city of San Jose. 

Stats. 1889, ch. Ill, p. 130. Approved and in effect Mar. 11, 
1889. 

Camarillo State Hospital 

1929 A law passed in 1929 provided for the establishment in 
southern California of a state hospital for the insane. A 
commission, consisting of the Director of Institutions, Direc- 
tor of Public "Works, Director of Finance, and two other 
persons appointed by the Governor, was to select and pur- 
chase a site for the hospital. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 683, p. 1115. Approved June k, 1929; in effect 
Aug. U, 1929. 

1933 State hospitals in California, listed in the statutes of 1933, 
included the Camarillo State Hospital near the city of 
Camarillo, Ventura County. This was the institution pro- 
vided for by the 1929 law. 

Stats. 1933, ch. 152, p. 1960. Approved June 5, 1933; in effect 
Aug. 21, 1933. 

Mendocino State Hospital 

1889 The Mendocino State Asylum for the Insane was estab- 
lished in 1889. The Governor was authorized to appoint a 
board of directors of five members, serving for a term of 
four years, to select the site and to manage the institution. 

Stats. 1889, ch. 23, p. 25. Approved and in effect Feb. 20, 1889. 

1893 The name of the hospital was changed to "Mendocino 
Asylum" four years later. The Insanity Law of 1897 gave 
it the designation Mendocino State Hospital near the city 
of Ukiah. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 6ft, p. 15. Approved Mar. 3, 1893. 

Napa State Hospital 

1872 The establishment of the second asylum for the insane was 
provided for in 1872. The Governor was authorized to 
appoint three commissioners to select a site for the institu- 
tion. It was to be managed by a board of directors 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. The 
new institution was named the Napa State Asylum for tlie 
Insane. . 

Stats. 1811-1812, ch. '153, p. 613. Approved and in effect Mar, 
21, 1812. 



108 DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 

1876 A board of trustees of five members appointed by the 
Governor for a term of four years took the place of the 
board of directors. Tiie name of tlie institution was changed 
by the Insanity Law of ]897 to Xapa State Hospital near 
the city of Napa. 

Stats. 1873-1876, ch. 1.35, p. 133. Approved and in effect 
Mar. 6, 1876. 

Norwalk State Hospital 

1913 In 1918 a law was passed providinji: for the establishment 
of a hospital for the care of the insane in southern Cali- 
fornia. The selection and i)urchase of the site was assigned 
to a commission composed of the CTOvcnior, Lieutenant- 
Governor, State Engineer, the General Superintendent of 
the State Hospitals, and a member of the Psychopathic 
A.ssociation of California, to be appointed by the Governor. 

Stats. 1913, ch. Ji'>5, p. 88.^. Approved June 7, 1913; in efffect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

1915 Section 2145 of the Political Code was amended, adding 

to the list of state hospitals Xorwalk State Hospital near 

Norwalk, Los Angeles County. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 60, p. 6^. Approved Apr. 13, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

Patton State Hospital 

1889 The Southern California State Hospital for the Insane was 

established in 1889. The Governor was authorized to 

appoint five commissioners to select a site; and, after the 

purchase of the land, he was empowered to appoint a board 

of trustees of five members, serving for a term of four 

years, to construct and manage the institution. 

Stats. 1889, ch. 109, p. 120. Approved and in effect Mar. 11, 
1889. 

1891 The name of the institution was changed in 1891 to "The 
Southern California State Asylum for the Insane and Ine- I 
briates." The name was established in 1897 by the Insan- 
ity Law as the Southern California State Hospital near the 
city of San Bernardino. 

Stats. 1891, ch. 256, p. f/St. Approved and in effect Mar. 31, 
1891. 

1927 Section 2145 of the Political Code was amended in 1927; 

the name of the Southern California State Hospital was 

changed to Patton State Hospital. 

Stats. 1927, ch. Ii03, p. 656. Approved May 10, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTITUTIONS 109 

Stockton State Hospital 

1851 The Stockton State Hospital was established by law in 1851. 
It was administered by a board of trustees of six members 
chosen by tlie Legislature. 

Stats. 18.51, ch. 12!), p. 50G. Passed Apr. 30, 1831. 

1852 The Trustees of the Stockton State Hospital were empow- 
ered to erect a building for the accommodation of the insane 
of the state, in 1852. 

Siais. 1852, ch. 67, p. ISO. Approved May S, 18.52. 

1853 The Insane Asylum of California was established in 1853. 
The Trustees of the Stockton State Hospital and the Insane 
Hospital were directed to turn over to the Trustees of the 
Insane Asylum of California all property under their care. 
The latter board was to be composed of five members to be 
chosen by tlie Legislature. 

Stnts. 18.53, eh. 1',!). p. 203. Approved .May It, 1853. 

1863 An act of 1863 aj)pointed six individuals a Board of Direc- 
tors of the Insane Asylum of California. Their successors 
were to be elected by the Legislature ; the term was to be 
four years; and the members were to be citizens of the city 
of Stockton. This was amended in 1866 (Stats. 1865- 
1866, ch. 411, p. 513), providing for seven members, con- 
sisting of four citizens of Stockton and one citizen from 
each of the congressional districts of California. 

Stats. 1863, eh. 313, p. 1,58. Approved and in effeet Apr. 25, 
1863. 

1870 A Board of Directors of the Insane Asylum of the State of 
California was created in 1870. The board consisted of five 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of four 
years. The name of the institution was changed by the 
Insanity Law of 1897 to the Stockton State Ilo.spital at the 
city of Stockton. 

8tat.<,. 1869-1870, ch. .571. p. 868. Approved Apr. .',. 1870; in 
eiffect thirty days after approval. 

HOMES FOR THE FEEBLE-MINDED 

There are two state homes for the feeble-minded in California: 
Sonoma State Home, established in 1885, and Pacific Colony, estab- 
lished in 1917. Although it can not I)e considered in the same classifi- 
cation as these two institutions, the State Narcotic Hospital is grouped 
with them, as its administration was combined, for purposes of economy, 
with that of the Pacific Colony in 1933. A fourth institution, the 
California Industrial Farm for Women, is d-escribed under Sonoma 



110 DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 

State Home. This institution no longer exists; it functioned, in fact, 
for onlj^ a little over a year. In 1931 the property was transferred by 
law to the use of the Sonoma State Home. 

Pacific Colony 

1917 An in.stitution for the care, confinement, and instruction of 

feeble-minded and epileptic persons, and the study of mental 

deficiency and related problems, to be known as the Pacific 

Colony, wa.s establislied in 1917. A board of trustees of 

three members appointed by the Governor for a term of 

four years was to select and purchase the site, erect the 

buildings, and manage the institution. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 776, p. 1623. Approved June 1, 1917; in effect 
July 31, 1917. 

State Narcotic Hospital 

1927 In 1927 the Director of Institutions was authorized to 
establish a State Narcotic Hospital for the care, treat- 
ment, and rehabilitation of persons addicted to the 
use of narcotic drugs. This institution was located on 
state property, known as the Pacific Lodge property, 
at Spadra. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 89, p. 1J,9. Approved Apr. 9, 1927 ; in 
effect July 29, 1927. 

1933 The government and administration of the State Nar- 
cotic Hospital and Pacific Colony were consolidated, 
from and after July 1, 1933. The designation Pacific'' 
Colony remained the official title of the institution. 

Stats. 1933, ch. 173, p. 619. Approved Apr. 25, 1933; 
in effect immediately. 

Sonoma State Home 

1885 The "California Home for the Care and Training of Feeble- 
minded Children" was created in 1885. The act provided 
for a board of trustees of five members appointed by the 
Governor for a term of four years, to manage the institu- 
tion. These trustees were empowered to receive, on behalf 
of the state, from the California Association for the Care 
and Training of Feeble-minded Children the pupils then 
in their charge. This law was rewritten in 1887, but the 
new law contained the administrative provisions given above. 

Stats. 1885, ch. 156, p. 198. Approved and in effect Mar. IH. 
1885. 



DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 111 

1903 When the Insanity Law was made a part of the Political 
Code in 1903, there was added to the list of state hospitals 
named in section 2145 the California Home for the Care 
and Training of Feeble-minded Children at Eldridge, 
Sonoma County. 

1915 The name of the institution was changed to Sonoma State 

Home in 1915. 

Stats. 1915. ch. GO, p. 0',. Approved Apr. 13, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

California Industrial Farm for Women 

1919 The establishment of an institution for the confinement, 
care, and reformation of delinquent women, to be 
known as the California Industrial Farm for Women, 
was provided for in 1919. Tlie institution was to be 
built and managed by a board of trustees of five mem- 
bers to be appointed by the Governor for a term of 
five years. Three of the trustees were to be women. 
The institution was formally opened in January, 1922, 
and it was abandoned on June 30, 1923. The law 
creating it, however, was not repealed. 

Stats. 1919, ch. 165, p. 21,6. Approved May 3, 1919; in 
effect in part July 22, 1919. 

1931 All property purchased for the California Industrial 
Farm was transferred to the use and jurisdiction of 
the Sonoma State Home in 1931. The latter institu- 
tion had already been occupying the property for 
several years. 

stats. 1931, ch. 148, p. 209. Approved Apr. 13, 1931; in 
effect Aug. 14, 1931. 

CORRECTIONAL SCHOOLS 

Three institutions are at present included in this classification : 
Preston School of Industry, Ventura School for Girls, and Whittier 
State School. In addition, there are described in this section the State 
Reform School, an early venture which lasted less than a decade, and 
the California State Trades and Training School. The latter insti- 
tution had an even shorter life than the State Reform School ; the 
law creating it was passed in 1909 and repealed in 1913. Although, as 
a state school, it is included in this group, it should not be regarded 
as a correctional institution, as it was established for the education of 
orphans and abandoned children. 



11- DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 

Preston School of Industry 

1889 An educational institution for boys found guilty of crim- 
inal offenses, to be designated as the Preston School of 
Industry, was established near lone in 1889. The super- 
vision and government of the school (which was to be run 
on military lines) was vested in the State Board of Prison 
Directors. 

Stats. 1889, ch. lO:}, p. 100. Approved and in effect Mar. 11, 
1889. 

1893 The government of the school was removed from the control 
of the State Board of Prison Directors, and vested in a 
board of trustees of three members to be appointed by 
the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 22, p. 39. Approved Feb. 27, 1893; in effect 
July 1, 1893. 

Ventura School for Girls 

1889 The law which established the Whittier State School pro- 
vided that both boys and girls should be admitted to the 
school. A Girls' Department was, tlierefore, immediately 
organized. 

1913 The California School for Girls to supersede the Girls' 
Department of the Whittier State School was established 
by law in 1913. The government and management of the 
.school was vested in a board of trustees of five members 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. This 
board assumed control of the Girls' Department on Jan. 
13, 1914, and moved into the new school in Ventura in 
June, 1916. 

stats. 1913, ch. ',01. p. S.jy. Approved June /'/, 1913; in effect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

192.") The name was changed in 192.') from California School 
for Girls to Ventura School for Girls. 

stats. 1925, ch. 327, p. 5Ji8. Approved May 22, 1925. 

Whittier State School 

1889 A law of 1889 provided for the establishment in Los 

Angeles County of an institution to be known as the 

"Reform School for .luvenile Offendei's." A board of three 

trustees, appointed by the (fovernor for a term of four 

years, was created. The institution was to care for both 

boys and girls. The (rirls' Department was removed from 

the school in 1913 (see Venfitra School for Girls, above). 

Stats. 1889, ch. 108, p. 111. Approved and in effect .Mar. 11, 
1889: 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTITUTIONS 113 

1893 The location of the school was specified as Whittier, and 

the name Avas chang-ed to Whittier State School, in 1893. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 222, p. 328. Approved and in effect Mar. 23, 
1803. 

State Reform School 

1859 The Governor was authorized to appoint a hoard of com- 
missioners of three members to select and obtain a site for 
a State Reform School, and to prepare a system of gov- 
ernment for the school. 

Stats. 1850, ch. 230, p. 23.5. Approved Apr. Ui, 1850. 

1860 A law was passed in 1860 providing for the erection of a 
building for the school at Marysville, and for the regula- 
tion of the institution. Three trustees, serving for a term 
of two years, were to be elected by the Legislature to carry 
out the terms of the act. 

Stats. 1860, ch. 234, P- ^00. Approved Apr. 18, 1860. 

1868 The act creating a State Reform School was repealed in 
1868. Provision was made for the removal of the boys to 
the United States Apprentice Ship at San Francisco or at 
Mare Island, or to the Industrial School of San Francisco. 
The latter institution was created by a state law (Stats. 
1858, ch. 209, p. 166; approved Apr. 15, 1858), and received 
certain appropriations from state funds ; but it was actually 
a city and county undertaking. It was supported by the 
city and county, and, after 1872, was managed by the 
Board of Supervisors. The law of 1871-1872 (ch. 390, p. 
544) also specified that other counties might commit per- 
sons to the Industrial School upon payment of a certain 
sum monthly for their support. 

Stats. 1867-1868, ch. 515, p. 683. Approved and in, effect 
Mar. 30, 1868. 

1872 The State Reform School property was deeded to the city 

of Marysville in 1872. 

Stats. 1871-1872. ch. 56.',. p. 825. Approved and in effect 
Apr. 1, 1872. 

California State Trades and Training School 

1909 A law establishing the California State Trades and Training 
School for the education of orphans, abandoned children 
and children committed by the court, was passed in 1909. 
The school was to be managed by a board of trustees, con- 
sisting of four persons appointed by the Governor for a 



114 DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 

term of four years and the secretary of the State Board 
of Examiners. 

Statg. 1909, ch. 572, p. 887. Approved Apr. II,, 1909. 

1913 The act of 1909 was repealed in 1913. 

Stafs. 1913, ch. 55G, p. 91,7. Approved Jun^ 1',. 1913; in efffec.t 
Aug. 10. 1913. 

CARE OF THE BLIND 

Institutions for the blind, under the control of this department, 
comprise the Industrial Home for the Adult "Blind and the Industrial 
Work Shop for the Blind. The California School for the Blind is an 
educational institution, and is under the jurisdiction of the Depart- 
ment of Education. 

Industrial Home for the Adult Blind 

1885 The Industrial Home of Mechanical Trades for the Adult 
Blind of the State of California Avas established in 1885. 
The Board of Directors of the Deaf, Dumb and Blind 
Asylum were to act as the Board of Directors of the home. 

Statg. 188.5, ch. 19, p. 18. Approved and in effect .Mar. 5, 1885. 

1887 The act relating to the blind industrial home was rewritten 
in 1887. The name was given in the new act as the Indus- 
trial Home of the Adult Blind. The Board of Directors 
for tlio Home for Adult Blind was to consist of five citizens 
appointed by the Governor. 

Stats. 1887, ch. I48, p. 160. Approved and in effect Mar. 17, 

1887. 

Industrial Work Shop for the Blind 

1929 Tlie Department of Institutions was authorized to establish 
and manage salesrooms and industrial work shops for the 
instruction of the blind and other pliysically handicapped 
persons, to enable them to contribute to their own support. 
The first shop was established in Los Angeles, the first 
blind worker being admitted on Jan. 14, 1930. 

Statg. 1929. ch. 67, J, p. IS'tO. Approved June IS, 1929: in 
effect Aug. 1',, 1929. 

California Bureau of Juvenile Research 

The California Bureau of Juvenile Research differs from the other 
agencies under the juri.sdiction of the Department of Institutions in 
that it is not concerned witli custody or eare, but witii research and 
education. Its program includes such activities as the administration 



DEPARTMENT OF INSTITUTIONS 115 

of child guidance clinics, clinical service to state institutions, develop- 
ment of educational councils, and research in the problems of juvenile 
delinquency. The bureau was originally a department of the Whittier 
State School. 

1915 As a result of a psychological survey of the boys in Whittier 
State School made in 1914, a Department of Research was 
organized in the institution the following year. In addition, 
the Legislature passed a law authorizing the board of trustees 
to establish a department for the care, training, confinement, 
discipline, and instruction of defective persons, and for the 
study of mental defectiveness. The first director of the 
Research Department was appointed in October, 1915. 

Stats. l!)ir>, ch. 72!), p. l/iS9. Approved June II, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 10, 1915. 

1917 The department was given statutory recognition, and its 
field of activities was widened by permitting other state 
institutions to take advantage of its facilities for psycho- 
logical analysis in 1917. The board of trustees was author- 
ized to maintain "a department for the clinical diagnosis of 
the inmates of the school, and of such other state institutions 
as may, from time to time, request assistance from said 
department . . ." 

Stats. 1917, ch. 223, p. ^22. Approved May 11, 1917; in effect 
July 27, 1917. 

1921 The name of the department for clinical diagnosis was estab- 
lished by law as the California Bureau of Juvenile Research 
in 1921. "The said bureau may affiliate with, or enter into 
such relations with, any university, normal school, state 
department, institution, corporation or individual and on 
such terms as may be approved by the director and the 
trustees of said bureau." 

stats. 1921, oh. 5kS, p. 872. Approved May 31, 1921; in effect 
July SO, 1921. 

1923 "In 1923 the California Bureau of Juvenile Research was 
abolished by the lack of legislative appropriation. Since then, 
the only remnant of this organization was the Department of 
Research at the Whittier State School . . . Upon the 
recommendation of Director Jensen and Superintendent 
Scudder the appropriation bill in the 1929 legislature restored 
the California Bureau of Juvenile Research as a state-wide 
organization." (California. Department of Institutions. Bien- 
nial report, 5, 3928-1930, p. 158.) 



116 DEPARTMENT OP INSTITUTIONS 

1931 By order of the Governor, the California Bureau of Juvenile 
Research was changed, on May 11, 1931, from a department 
of tlie Wliittier State School to a separate organization in the 
Department of Institutions. 



INVESTMENT 



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DEPARTMENT OF INVESTMENT 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OF BANKING 

DIVISION OF BUILDING AND LOAN SUPERVISION 

DIVISION OF CORPORATIONS 

DIVISION OF INSURANCE 

DIVISION OF REAL ESTATE 



9—35681 ( 119 ) 



DEPARTMENT OF INVESTMENT 



In order that certain related agencies of the state might be 
represented on the Governor's Council, a Department of Investment 
was created in 1929 (Stats. 1929, ch. 277, p. 581; approved May 14, 
1929, in effect A\\<x. 14. 1929). To make the form of orjranization 
correspond with that of the other state departments, the word 
"division" was substituted for "department" or "bureau" in the 
titles of these bodies, but it was provided "that the powers heretofore 
or hereafter vested by law in said governmental agencies shall con- 
tinue to be so vested, and shall not be transferred or consolidated in 
the department of investment." This department, therefore, does not 
follow the u-sual pattern of a .single unified body with administrative 
subdivisions, but is rather a federation of five independent departments. 

The divisions specified in the law included the Division of Banking, 
Division of Corporations, Division of Insurance, Division of Real 
Estate, and Division of Building and Loan Supervision. The Superin- 
tendent of Banks, Commissioner of Corporations, Insurance Com- 
missioner, State Real Estate Commissioner, and Building and Loan 
Commissioner, were constituted a Board of Investment, with each one 
serving as chairman in regular rotation. While he was serving as 
chairman, the officer was to be knoAvn as Director of Investment. 

As each division remained an autonomous unit, with no change 
of organization resulting from the creation of the Department of 
Investment, the material has not l)eeii divided into a liistorical 
section before 1929, and a present organization section after that date. 
Under the name of each agency may be found its complete history 
from the beginning to the present time. 

Division of Banking 

"While commercial hanking enterprises were granted charters under 
the general corporation law of California as early as 1857 and savings 
banks were authorized under the provisions of an act passed in 1862. 
the regulation of banks by a duly aixthorized and constituted regulatory 
body was not undertaken until 1878 when a Board of Bank Commis- 
sioners was created. In 1909 the Board of Bank Commissioners was 
succeeded by the State Banking Department, chief officer of which is 
the Superintendent of Banks. 



(120) 



DEPARTMENT OF INVESTMENT 121 

Board of Bank Commissioners 

1878 A Board of Bank Commissioners, consisting of three per- 
sons appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, 
was created in 1878. Their duties included licensing, 
receiving reports from, and examining the banks of Cali- 
fornia. 

Stats. 1877-1878, ch. 1,81, p. 71,0. Approved Mar. 30, 1878; 
in eifect May 15, 1878. 

1903 This act was repealed in 1903 (ch. 65, p. 73). "An act 
creating a board of bank commissioners, and prescribing 
their duties and powers," passed later in the same year, 
however, provided for four commissioners who should be 
the legal successors to the bank commissioners of the act of 
1878. The new commissioners were to be appointed by the 
Governor with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a 
term of four years. 

Stats. 1903, ch. 266, p. 365. Approved and in eifect Mar 21, 
1903. 

State Banking Department 

1909 The State Banking Department and the office of Superin- 
tendent of Banks were created in 1909 by Article V of the 
"Bank Act." The superintendent was to be appointed by 
the Governor for a term of four years. This was changed 
in 1911 (ch. 11, p. 7) to an indefinite period— "at the 
pleasure of the Governor." 

Stats. 1909, ch. 76, p. 87. Approved Mar. 1, 1909; in eifect 
July 1, 1909. 

Division of Banking 

1929 The State Banking Department became Division of Banking 
when the Department of Investment was established in 
1929. 

Division of Building and Loan Supervision 

The examination and supervision of building and loan associations 
were originally vested in tlie bank commissioners. The first associa- 
tion was established in California in 1865 under the provisions of the 
Land and Building Corporation Act. They were first brought under 
state regulation in 1891 and placed under the jurisdiction of the Board 
of Bank Commissioners. In 1893, however, these responsibilities were 
removed from the jurisdiction of tlie bank commissioners and assigned 
to two special Commissioners of Building and Loan Associations. This 
was the inception of the present Division of Building and Loan Super- 
vision. 



122 DEPARTMENT OF INVESTMENT 

Board of Commissioners of Building and Loan Associations 

1893 A Board of Commissioners of Building and Loan Associa- 
tions, consisting of two commissioners appointed by the 
Governor for a term of four years, was created in 1893. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 188, p. 229. Approved and in effect Mar. 23. 
1893. 

Bureau of Building and Loan Supervision 

1905 The act of 1893 was repealed, and a new law passed, in 
1905. This law provided for the establishment of a Bureau 
of Building and Loan Supervision. The administration of 
the bureau was vested in two "Building and Loan Commis- 
sioners," who were to be appointed by the Governor for a 
term of four years. 

Stats. 1905, ch. 50i, p. 659. Approved and in effect Mar. 21, 
1905. 

1911 The act of 1905 was in turn repealed in 1911 by the "Build- 
ing and loan commission act." A Bureau of Building and 
Loan Supervision was again created, but its administration 
was this time vested in one officer, to be known as the Build- 
ing and Loan Commissioner, rather than in the two com- 
missioners specified in the earlier law. He was to be 
appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Gov- 
ernor. He was to be the successor in interest of, and to 
succeed to all the rights, powers, and privileges possessed 
by the earlier commis-sioners. 

Stats. 1911, ch. 354, P- GOT. Approved and in eiffect Apr. 5, 
1911. 

Division of Building and Loan Supervision 

1929 When the Department of Investment was created in 1929. 
the Bureau of Building and Loan Supervision became the 
Division of Building and Loan Supervision. In 1931 the 
act of 1911 was repealed by a new Building and Loan- 
Association Act (ch. 269, p. 483) which, however, continued 
in force the office of Building and Loan Commissioner as it 
was established by the earlier law. 

Division of Corporations 

An agency for "blue sky" regulation was established in 1913. The 
duties of the State Corporation Department were expanded during 
succeeding years, so that it now administers not only the Corporate 
Securities Act, but also the Personal Property Brokers' Act, the Indus- 
trial Loan Companies Act, the Credit Union Act, the Bucket Shop Act, 
the Community Land Chest Act, and the Limited Dividends Housing 



DEPARTMENT OP INVESTMENT 123 

Act. The work of the department is divided in general into regulatory 
and complaints units. 

State Corporation Department 

1913 A State Corporation Department was created in 1913. The 

chief officer of the department was to be the Commissioner 

of Corporations. He was to be appointed by and to hold 

office at the plea.sure of the Governor. 

Stats. 1913, c/i. 353, p. 715. Approved May 28, 1913; in effect 
Nov. 1, 1913. 

Division of Corporations 

1929 When the Department of Investment was established in 
1929, the name of the State Corporation Department was 
changed to Division of Corporations. 

Division of Insurance 

This was one of the earliest departments set up for investment 
regulation ; the office of Insurance Commissioner was established in the 
second decade after the California state government was organized. In 
the beginning, contrary to present practices, the insurance companies 
themselves had a voice in the selection of the commissioner. The orig- 
inal laws creating the department or affecting its administration are 
given here, but for current legal provisions regulating the insurance 
business the latest Insurance Code should be consulted. 

Insurance Department 

1868 The office of Insurance Commissioner was created in 1868. 
Certain powers and duties relating to insurance companies 
had previously been conferred upon the Controller of State, 
and these were transferred to the new commissioner. This 
officer was to be selected annually, subject to the approval 
of the Governor, by the chief managing officers of all insur- 
ance companies incoi-porated under the laws of California, 
meeting in convention. If the Governor did not approve 
their nomination, he could appoint some other person to the 
position. 

Stats. 1867-1868, ch. 300, p. 336. Approved and in effect 
Mar. 26, 1868. 

1872 When the Political Code was compiled in 1872, one section 
provided that certain executive officers, including the Insur- 
ance Commissioner, should be appointed by the Governor 
with the consent of the Senate. The term of office was 
specified as four years in 1915 (ch. 46, p. 52). 
Pol. Code 1872, sec. 368. 



124 DEPARTMENT OP INVESTMENT 

Division of Insurance 

1929 When the Department of Investment was established in 
1929, the name of the department was changed to Division 
of Insurance. 

Division of Real Estate 

This division lias been in existence a relatively short period of 
time, having been established in 1917. A Real Estate Board was also 
created in 1935. A description of this body follows the history of the 
Division of Real Estate. 

state Real Estate Commissioner's Department 

1917 The State Real Estate Commissioner's Department was 
created in 1917. The commissioner, who was the chief offi- 
cer, was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure 
of the Governor. This law was held unconstitutional by the 
courts, and was repealed in 1919. 

Stafs. 1917, ch. 758, p. 1379. Approved June 1, 1917; in effect 
July SI, 1917. 

State Real Estate Department 

1919 In 1919 a law was passed which repealed the act of 1917. 

A State Real Estate Department was provided for in the 

new act. As in the former case, the department was to be 

administered by the Real Estate Commissioner, who was to 

be appointed by and to liold office at the pleasure of the 

Governor. The term of office was changed to four years in 

1935 (ch. 44, p. 366). 

Stats. 1919, ch. 605, p. 1252. Approved May 27, 1919; in effect 
July 27, 1919. 

Division of Real Estate 

1929 The name of the department was changed to Division of 
Real Estate in 1929 when the Department of Investment 
was created. 

Real Estate Board 

1935 In 1935 a Real Estate Board was created, consisting of the 
Real Estate Commissioner and six other members. All 
members of the board were to be appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for staggered terras of four years each. The Real 
Estate Board was to act in an advisory capacity, and the 
Department was to be administered, as heretofore, by the 
Real Estate Commissioner. According to the act the Real 
Estate Board is authorized "to inquire into the needs of 



DEPARTMENT OF INVESTMENT 125 

the real estate licensees of California, the functions of the 
Real Estate Division and the matter of the business policy 
thereof, to confer and advise with the Governor and other 
State officers as to how sucli division may best serve the 
State and tlie licensees of the division, and to make recom- 
mendations and suggestions of policy to the Real Estate 
Commissioner as said board shall deem beneficial and proper 
for the welfare and ))r()!4ress of the licensees and of tlie 
public and of the real estate business in California." 

Stats. 1935, ch. /,//, p. SGG. Approved Apr. 11, 1935; in ejfcvt 
Sept. 15, 1935. 



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MILITARY AND VETERANS' 
AFFAIRS 



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DEPAETMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS' 

AFFAIRS 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OF ATHLETICS 
DIVISION OP MILITARY AFFAIRS 

DIVISION OP VETERANS' HOMES 

1. Veterans' Home of California 

2. Woman's Relief Corps Home of California 

DIVISION OF VETERANS' WELFARE 

1. Division of Farm and Home Purchases 

2. Veterans' Dependents' Educational Act Division 



(129) 



DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS' 

AFFAIRS 



The Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs was created in 
1929 (Siats. 1929, eh. 264, p. 568; approved May 13, 1929, in effect 
August 14, 1929). Like the Department of Penology and certain others 
of the state government, the divisions remained independent agencies, so 
tJiat the establishment of a unified, functioning department was more 
apparent than real. The purpose of its creation was the correlation of 
activities of the various bodies included in it, and the provision of 
representation on the Governor's Council for them. The division chiefs 
were to meet once a month to consider problems of duplication of activi- 
ties or conflicts in jurisdiction, and the department was to make rules 
and regulations that would tend to eliminate duplication or overlapping 
of work. 

The autonom}' of each unit was clearly specified. "Nothing in 
this act is intended nor shall be construed as infringing upon or inter- 
fering with the powers, duties, responsibilities or jurisdiction of the 
veterans' welfare board, the adjutant general, the boards of directors of 
the Veterans' Home of California, the board of directors of the 
Woman's Relief Corps Home of California, or the state athletic com- 
mi.ssion of California, as defined by other provisions of law." 

The law provided for four divisions : Division of Military Affairs, 
including the National Guard and Naval Militia, to be administered by 
the Adjutant General; Division of Veterans' Welfare, to be adminis- 
tered by the Veterans' Welfare Board ; Division of Veterans' Homes, to 
be administered by the Boards of Directors of the Veterans' Home of 
California and the Woman 's Relief Corps Home of California ; Division 
of Athletics, to be administered by the State Athletic Commission. The 
position of Director of Military and Veterans' Affairs was also created. 
The director was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure 
of the Governor. He was to be selected from the division chiefs. 

As each agency retained its own identity, and neither function nor 
structure was changed by the creation of the department, the material 
has not been divided into a historical section before 1929, and a present 
organization section after that date. The whole history of each division 
has been given under the name of that division in the following pages. 
For current legal provisions affecting the operations of the department 
or the administration of military activities, the latest Military and 
Veterans Code should be consulted. 

(130) 



DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 131 

Division of Athletics 

state Athletic Commission 

1924 An initiative measure, providing for the creation of the 
State Athletic Commission of California, was adopted by the 
people at the general election held on Nov. 4, 1924. The 
duties of the commission were to regulate boxing and wres- 
tling, issue licenses, and collect license fees and a tax on 
gross receipts from exhibitions. The membership consisted 
of three persons appointed by the Governor for a term of 
four years. Provision was also made for a secretary, who 
was to be appointed by the commission for a term of four 
years. 

Stats. 1925, p. Ixxxia. 

Division of Athletics 

1929 The law which created the Department of Military and 
Veterans' Affairs in 1929 provided for a Division of Ath- 
letics, to be administered by the State Athletic Commission. 

Division of Military Affairs 

The Division of Military Affairs comprises the National Guard and 
tlie Naval Militia, and is under the supervision of the Adjutant General. 

Adjutant General's Office 

1850 The first act concerning the organization of the militia of 
California provided for the office of Adjutant General. He 
was to be elected by the Legislature for a term of four 
years. The act was amended frequently in subsequent years, 
but the provisions regarding this officer were not materially 
changed until 1861. 

Stats. 1850, ch. 76, p. 190. Passed Apr. 10, 1850. 

1861 An act of 1861 provided that the Governor, as Commander- 
in-chief, should appoint the Adjutant General, with the 
advice and consent of the Senate. The term of office was to 
be the same as that of the Secretary of State. An act of the 
next year specified the term to be two years. When the 
Political Code was adopted in 1872, it was provided (sec. 
1917) that the Adjutant General should be appointed by 
and hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. The 
Adjutant General has the rank of Brigadier General. 
Stats. 1861, ch. SSI, p. 321. Approved May 9, 1861. 

1866 The term "National Guard" was first applied to the state 
militia in 1866. An act of that year stated : "The organized 



132 DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 

uniformed troops of the State shall be designated and known 
as the National Guard of the State of California." 

Stats. 1865-1866, ch. 5J,1, p. 722. Approved and in effect Apr. 
2, 1866. 

Division of Military Affairs 

1929 When the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs was 
created in 1929, the law provided for a Division of Military 
Affairs, to be administered by the Adjutant General. 

Division of Veterans' Homes 

This division comprises two institutions, the Veterans' Home of 
California and the Woman's Relief Corps Home of California. Both 
homes have been in existence for some fifty years. The law of 1921' 
which created the division statqd that the Commandant of the Veterans ' 
Home of California should be the chief of the division. An amended 
act a little later in the same year (Stats. 1929, ch. 660, p. 1105) 
provided, however, that the chief should be appointed by and hold office 
at the pleasure of the Board of Directors of the Veterans' Home of 
California. 

VETERANS' HOME OF CALIFORNIA 

1881 The Veterans' Home Association was incorporated Apr. 13, 

1881, and reorganized Mar. 7, 1882. In that same year 

(1882) land was purchased near Yountville, Napa County. 

A building was erected during the next year. The home 

was opened on Apr. 1, 1884. 

1883 A law passed in 1883 provided for the appropriation of 
$150 per annum, subject to certain conditions, for each 
veteran residing in the Veterans' Home, to be paid toward 
the management of the institution. This provision has been 
modified many times since 1883. The liome is now sup- 
ported by appropriations and funds of the state and federal 
governments. 

Stats. 18S3, vh. SI, p. o3. Approved Mar. 7, 1883. 

1889 In 1889 the Legislature declared the home, heretofore under 

the management of the Veterans' Home Association of 

California, to be a state home. The board of directors of 

the association were constituted a State Board of Directors 

of the Veterans' Home of California. The property 

remained vested in the association. 

Stats. 1889, ch. 268, p. U8. Approved and in effect Mar. 19, 
1889. 



DEPARTMENT OP MILITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 133 

1897 The State of California accepted from the Veterans' Home 
Association in 1897 the property and buildings of the Vet- 
erans' Home, and provided for the maintenance and gov- 
ernment of the institution. It was to be managed by a 
board of eleven directors appointed by the Governor for a 
term of four years. This board vras to be knovpn as the 
Board of Directors of the Veterans' Home of California. 

i<tats. 1897, ch. 101, p. 106. Approved Mar. 11, 1891; in effect 
July 1, 1807. 

1905 111 1905 the number of board members was changed from 
eleven to seven. The term of office remained the same. 
»S7afs. 190S, ch. 373, p. .',71. Approved Mar. 20, 1905. 

1929 When the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs 
was created in 1929 this institution was placed in a Division 
of Veterans' Homes. 

WOMAN'S RELIEF CORPS HOME OF CALIFORNIA 

1889 In 1886 the Department of California and Nevada Woman's 
Relief Corps started a fund for a home for army nurses 
and soldiers' wives and widows. During the next year 
land was donated at Evergreen, near San Jose. The 
Woman's Relief Corps Home was incorporated on May 11, 
1887. A board of nine directors was elected. The home 
was dedicated and received its first inmate on Dec. 28, 1889. 

1897 In 1897 a sum of money was appropriated by the Legis- 
lature to assist in tbe support of ex-army nurses and the 
widows, wives, mothers, and dependent destitute maiden 
daughters or sisters of Union veterans of the Civil War 
residing in the home at Evergreen. The home was to be 
managed by the Board of Directors of the Woman's Relief 
Corps Home Association of California. The board con- 
sisted of eleven members appointed by the Governor for a 
term of two years. 

Stat.i. 1897, ch. 27,^, p. l,-',7. Approved and in effect Apr. 1, 
1897. 

1919 In 1919 the Legislature provided for a Board of Directors 
of the Woman's Relief Corps Home of California of seven 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of two years. 

Stats. 1919, ch. 51,3, p. 1190. Approved May 25, 1919; in effect 
July 25, 1919. 

1921 The home at Evergreen was destroyed by fire on Oct. 10, 
1920. The following year the Legislature appropriated a 



134 DEPARTMENT OF MILITARY AND VETERANS* AFFAIRS 

sum of money toward the purchase of a new site for the 
institution. The Woman's Relief Corps Home is now 
situated on 18 acres of land in Santa Clara County, the post 
oflSce address being Santa Clara. 

Stats. 1921, ch. JfOl, p. S89. Approved May 2J,, 1921; in effect 
July 29, 1921. 

1929 When the Department of Military and Veterans' Affairs 
was created in 1929 the Woman's Relief Corps Home was 
placed in tlie Division of Veterans' Homes. 

Division of Veterans' Welfare 

Tlie Veterans' Welfare Board was created in 1921, to assist return- 
ing World War veterans to acquire homes and farms. Of separate 
identity, but functioning closely with this agency, is the Veterans" 
Welfare Finance Committee. A description of this body follows that 
of the Division of Veterans' Welfare. 

Veterans' Welfare Board 

1921 The California Veterans' Welfare Act of 1921 established 
a Veterans' Welfare Board of five members appointed by 
the Governor for a term of four years. It was specified 
that four of the members were to be veterans. This board 
was to administer the Veterans' Farm and Home Purchase 
Act, the California Veterans' Educational Institute Act, 
and the Veterans' Land Settlement Act, all passed in the 
.same year. The duties were expanded by the Veterans' 
Dependents' Educational Act, passed in 1931. 

stats. 1921 eh. 580, p. 969. Approved May 30, 1921; in effect 
July 29, 1921. 

Division of Veterans' Welfare 

1929 The law which created the Department of Military and 
Veterans' Affairs in 1929 provided for a Division of Vet- 
erans' Welfare, to be administered by the Veterans' Wel- 
fare Board. The variety of activities assigned to the board 
required the organization of district offices (two in the 
beginning, now five in number), and the following divisions 
in the main office : 

1. Division of Farm and Home Purchases. 

2. Veterans' Dependents' Educational Act Division. 

Veterans' Welfare Finance Committee 

1921 The Veterans' Welfare Bond Act of 1921 created a Vet- 
erans' Welfare Finance Committee compo.sed of the Gov- 



DEPARTMENT OF MIIjITARY AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS 135 

ernor, State Controller, State Treasurer, chairman of the 
State Board of Control, and chairman of the Veterans' 
Welfare Board. Upon request of the Veterans' Welfare 
Board this committee was to decide whether or not a bond 
issue was necessary or desirable to carry on the work with 
the veterans described above; and, if it did authorize such 
an issue, it was to determine the number, dates of maturity, 
rate of interest, etc., of the bonds. This act was submitted 
to the people for ratification at the next general election, 
and it was approved by them on Nov. 7, 1922. The Vet- 
erans' Welfare Bond Acts of 1925 (ch. 430, p. 934), 1929 
(ch. 659, p. 1098), and 1933 (ch. 686, p. 1758) provided for 
additional bond i.ssues and similar committees to administer 
them. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 578, p. 959. Approved May 30, 1921; in effect 
July 29, 1921. 



10—36681 



MOTOR VEHICLES 



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DEPARTMENT OP MOTOR VEPIICLES 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

ADMINISTRATION 

1. Office of the Director of Motor Veliicles 

2. Bureau of Personnel 

3. Bureau of Statistics 

DIVISION OP ACCOUNTING 

DIVISION OF DRIVERS' LICENSES 

DIVISION OF ENFORCEMENT (CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY 
PATROL) 

DIVISION OF REGISTRATION 



(139) 



DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

The Department, of Motor Vehicles has had a fairly simple 
development. It was not an amalgamation of several diverse bodies, 
as in the case, for example, of tlie Department of Finance. It was, 
rather, the outcome of an evolutionarj' growth from the time when 
motor vehicle regulation was placed in the office of the Secretary of 
State in 1905, through the delegation of this function to one depart- 
ment after another, to the creation of a separate department in 1031 
(ch. 478, p. 1040; approved May 28, 1931, in effect Aug. 14, 1931). 
Tlie law also created the position of Director of Motor Vehicles. This 
officer was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the 
Governor. 

The law creating the department specified that there should be at 
least two divisions: the Division of Kegistration and the Division of 
Enforcement, the latter to be known as the California Highway Patrol. 
In December, 1931, the director of the department presented a plan of 
organization to the Governor, which was approved. It added to tlie 
divisions already specified a Division of Accounting and a Legal Divi- 
sion. In August, 1933, the latter division was abolished, and a new 
Division of Drivers' Licenses and Adjustments was created. At pres- 
ent there are, in addition to the administration office, four divisions. 

Complete references to the original laws creating the department 
and affecting administration have been included in the discussion. For 
current legal provisions under which the department operates, however, 
the latest Vehicle Code should be consulted. 



I 

Historical: before 1931 

Secretary of State. Motor Vehicle Department. 
1905 The regulation of the operation of motor vehicles on public 
highways was provided for in 1905. Every motor vehicle was 
to be registered by tlic owner with the Secretary of State. 
Stats. 1905, ch. 612, p. 816. Approved and in effect Mar. 22, 1905. 
( 140) 



DEPARTMENT OP MOTOR VEHICLES 141 

1907 In 1907 a new section was added to the act of 1905: "For the 
purpose of carrying out the purposes of this act . . . the 
secretary of state may appoint a chief clerk and cashier of the 
motor vehicle department, in the office of the secretary of state, 
and one other clerk." 

Stals. 1007, ch. oOO. p. 9V,. Approved and in eifect Mar. 23, 1907. 

Department of Engpineering. Motor Vehicle Division. 

1913 The act of 1905 was repealed in 1913. The new law made it a 
duty of the Department of Enjjineering to issue registration 
blanks for all automobiles and motorcycles and their owners, 
operators, and chauffeurs, which were to be filed with the 
State Treasurer; and to issue licenses. The Motor Vehicle 
Division was thereupon organized in the department. It func- 
tioned until 1915, when the Motor Vehicle Department of 
California was created. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 326, p. 639. Approved May 31, 1913; in effect Dec. 
31, 1913. 

Motor Vehicle Department of California 

1915 The "Vehicle Act" created the Motor Vehicle Department of 

California and repealed previous acts relating to this subject. 

The department was to be in charge of a superintendent who 

was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the 

Governor. In 1921 enforcement of the Vehicle Act became a 

duty of the Department of Finance. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 188, p. 397. Approved May 10, 1915; in effect 90 
days after the adjournment of the Legislature for some sections, on, 
Dec. 31, 1915, for others. 

Department of Finance. Division of Motor Vehicles. 

1921 The law which created the Department of Finance in 1921 

transferred to the new department the powers and duties of the 

Motor Vehicle Department of California, and created a Division 

of Motor Vehicles. When the department was reorganized in 

1927, the Division of Motor Vehicles was specifically continued 

as one of its divisions, but in 1929 it became, instead, a part of 

the Department of Public Works. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 603, p. 1027. Approved May 31, 1921; in effect July 
30, 1921. 

Department of Public Works. Division of Motor Vehicles. 

1929 In 1929 the powers and duties of the Division of Motor Vehicles 
of the Department of Finance were transferred to the Depart- 
ment of Public Works, in which a new Division of Motor Vehicles 



142 DEPARTMENT OP MOTOR VEHICLES 

was created. Two years later this division was removed from 
the Department of Public Works, and an independent depart- 
ment was once more created. 

stats. 1929, ch. 318, p. 64O. Approved May 18, 1929; in effect Aug. 
14, 1929. 

California Highway Patrol 

1917 An amendment to the Vehicle Act in 1917 provided that the 
Superintendent of the Motor Vehicle Department should appoint 
field deputies or inspectors who should have, in enforcing^ the 
provisions of the act, the powers vested by law in peace officers. 
Later amendments to the act named these employees traffic 
officers and inspectors. 

stats. 1917, ch. 218, p. 382. Approved May 10, 1917. 

1929 The "California Highway Patrol" was created in the Division of 
Motor Vehicles in 1929. It included the traffic officers and the 
inspectors, captains, etc., superior to them in the division. 
This later became the Division of Enforcement of the Depart- 
ment of Motor Vehicles. 

Stats. 1929, ch. SOS, p. 617. Approved May 18, 1929; in effect Aug. 
IJ,, 1929. 



II 

Present organization: after 1931 

Administration 

The general term Administration includes the Office of the Direc 
tor of Motor Vehicles and two bureau subdivisions. 

1. BUREAU OF PERSONNEL. 

1935 The Bureau of Personnel was established on Oct. 9, 1935. 

2. BUREAU OF STATISTICS. 

1936 This bureau was established on February 4, 1936. 

Division of Accounting 

This division was organized in 1931 when the department was 
created. It was a continuation, with some minor changes, of tlie sub- 
division which had performed the same functions in the Division of 
Motor Vehicles of the Department of Public Works. 



DEPARTMENT OP MOTOR VEHICLES 143 

Division of Drivers' Licenses 

Division of Drivers' Licenses and Adjustments 

1933 This division was created in August, 1933. In it were com- 
bined certain of the functions that had previously been 
carried on by the Legal Division, and by the Bureau of 
Drivers' Licenses of the Division of Registration. For the 
earlier history of one of these bodies, see Legal Division (p. 
146). Two bureaus were organized in the division. They 
are discussed below. 

1. BUREAU OF DRIVERS' LICENSES. 

Division of Registration. Bureau of Drivers' Licenses. 

1932 In the organization which took effect on January 1, 
1932, this bureau was transferred from the California 
Highway Patrol to the Division of Registration. It 
had been originally a part of the latter division, but 
for a time had been included in the Division of 
Enforcement (i.e., the California Highway Patrol). 

Bureau of Drivers' Licenses 

1933 In August, 1933, the Bureau of Drivers' Licenses was 
transferred from the Division of Registration to the 
newly created Division of Drivers' Licenses and 
Adjustments. 

1936 The Bureau of Drivers' Licenses was abolished as a 
separate subdivision on March 24, 1936. Its work 
was consolidated with that of the division in general. 

2. BUREAU OF ADJUSTMENTS. 

1933 This bureau was created when the Division of Drivers' 
Licenses and Adjustments was organized in August, 
1933. 

1936 The Bureau of Adjustments was abolished in 1936. Its 
work was handled thereafter by the Administrative 
Advisor to the Director. 

Division of Drivers' Licenses 

1936 On March 24, 1936, the name of the division was changed 
from Division of Drivers' Licenses and Adjustments to 
Division of Drivers' Licenses. The bureau subdivisions were 
abolished. 



144 DEPARTMENT OP MOTOR VEHICLES 

Division of Enforcement 

This division was created with the organization of the Department 
of Motor Veliicles in lf)31. The law stated that it was to be known as 
llie California Highway Patrol, and this designation is ordinarily used 
in referring to it. This was a carry-over from the Division of Motor 
Vehicles of the Department of Public Works, as the California Highway 
Patrol was created by statute in 1929. For the early history leading 
up to the establishment of the Division of Enfoi'cement, see California 
Ilighicay Patrol in Section I — Historical (p. 142). 

The organization of the Division of Enforcement consisted, in 1935 
(;f five bureau subdivisions. On October 14, 1935, the Director of Motor 
^'(•hicles abolished the.se bureaus. Two weeks later, however, on 
October 28, 1935, alphabetical designations were issued as titles of these 
functional subdivisions, as follows : 

Bureau A — Supervises Auto Thefts and Investigations 
Bureau B — Supervises Brakes and Commercial Vehicles 
Bureau C — Supervises Communications 
Bureau D — Supervises Lights and Signal Devices 

(Note. — Buroans B nnd T> funr'tinn as ciiio bnroaii.) 
Bureau E — Supervises Equipment and S'ield Officers' Activities 
Bureau F — Supervises Traffic Officers' Training 

The history of the development of the bureaus is given below. 

1. BUREAU OF AUTO THEFTS AND INVESTIGATIONS. 

1932 This bureau was .set up as a part of the plan of organization 
which went into effect January 1, 1932. Bureau A is the 
designation now employed. 

2. BUREAU OF COMMUNICATIONS, CORRESPONDENCE AND 
RECORDS. 

Bureau of Communications 

1!).'!1 This bureau was organized in 1931. 
Bureau of Communications and Correspondence 

1932 In the Spring of 1932 the name was changed to Bureau 
of Communications and Correspondence. 

Bureau of Communications, Correspondence and Records 

193."^ In August, 1933, supervision of the Personnel Clerk 
and the clerks assigned to her was taken over by the 
bureau, and the name was changed to Bureau of Com- 
munications, Correspondence and Records. Communi- 
cations are now assigned to Bureau C. Personnel 
activities are handled by the Bureau of Personnel 
under Administration. 



DEPARTMENT OP MOTOR VEHICLES 145 

3. BUREAU OF FIELD OFFICERS' ACTIVITIES AND EQUIPMENT." 
1931 This bureau was organized at the end of 1931, probably 

in November or December of that year. It was first called 
the Bureau of Field Activities and Equipment. It is now 
designated Bureau E. 

4. BUREAU OF SAFETY EDUCATION AND STATISTICS. 

1931 This bureau was organized with the creation of the depart- 
ment in 1931. It grew out of the Bureau of Research, Statis- 
tics and Traffic Safety of the Division of Motor Vehicles 
in the Department of Public Works. Traffic officers' train- 
ing is now handled by Bureau P. Statistical activities are 
carried on by the Bureau of Statistics under Administra- 
tion. 

5. BUREAU OF VEHICLE LIGHTS, BRAKES AND COMMERCIAL 
VEHICLES. 

Bureau of Brakes and Commercial Vehicles 

1931 This bureau was organized with the creation of the 
department in 1931. 

1934 In September, 1934, this bureau was combined with 
the Bureau of Vehicle Lights and Signal Devices. 

Bureau of Vehicle Lights and Signal Devices 

1931 A Bureau of Vehicle Lights was also organized shortly 
after the creation of the department. 

1932 In the Spring of 1932 the designation of the bureau 
was changed to Bureau of Vehicle Lights and Signals. 
By November of that year it was called Bureau of 
Vehicle Lights and Signal Devices. 

1934 In September, 1934, this bureau was combined with 
the Bureavi of Brakes and Commercial Vehicles. 

Bureau of Vehicle Lights, Brakes and Commercial Vehicles 

1934 In September, 1934, the Bureau of Brakes and Commer- 
cial Vehicles and the Bureau of Vehicle Lights and 
Signal Devices were amalgamated to form the Bureau 
of Vehicle Lights, Brakes and Commercial Vehicles. 
Brakes and commercial vehicles are now supervised 
by Bureau B; lights and signal devices by Bureau D. 
The two function as one bureau. 

Division of Registration 

This division was one of those specified in the law creating the 
Department of Motor Vehicles, and it has, therefore, been in existence 



146 DEPARTMENT OF MOTOR VEHICLES 

since 1931. There are twenty bureaus in the division, which are indi- 
cated by number rather than name. The numbers are not in sequence. 

Legal Division 

This division was included in the plan of organization effective 
Jan. 1, 1932. In 1933 the Legislature transferred the legal work of tlic 
Department of Motor Vehicles to the Attorney General (ch. 213, p. 
710). A great many routine activities of legal nature remained in th(> 
department, however, and these were combined with the issuance, 
suspension, revocation, and cancellation of drivers' licenses to form 
the Division of Drivers' Licenses and Adjustments. The new divi- 
sion was created in August, 1933. For its organization, see Division 
of Drivers' Licenses and Adjustments (p. 143). 



NATURAL RESOURCES 



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DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

DEPARTMENTAL ADMINISTRATION 

DIVISION OF FISH AND GAME 

1. Bureau of Commercial Fisheries 

State Fisheries Laboratory 

2. Bureau of Fish Conservation 

3. Bureau of Game Conservation 

4. Bureau of Hydraulics 

5. Bureau of Licenses 

6. Bureau of Patrol 

DIVISION OF FORESTRY 
DIVISION OF MINES 
DIVISION OF OIL AND GAS 
DIVISION OF PARKS 



(149) 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 



The Department of Natural Resources was created in 1927 (ch. 
128, p. 237; approved April 13, 1927, in effect July 29, 1927). It 
was a simple combination of the various agencies that had administered 
the state's interests in the fields of mining, forestry, and fish and 
game conservation. The office of Director of Natural llesources was 
also created by the act. This officer was to be appointed by and to 
hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. 

By the terms of the act the department succeeded to the powers 
and duties of the State Mining Bureau, State Mineralogist, Depart- 
ment of Petroleum and Gas, State Oil and Gas Supervisor, State 
Forester, State Board of Forestry, California Redwood Park Com- 
mission, San Pasqual Battlefield Commission, Mount Diablo Park Com- 
mission, and State Fish and Game Commission and Commissioners. 

Four divisions were specified by law : the Division of Mines and 
Mining, of which the chief was to be known as the State Mineralogist; 
the Division of P'orestry, with the State Forester as chief; the Division 
of Parks; and the Division of Fish and Game. In 1929 the name of 
the first division was changed to Division of Mines; and in the same 
year the Division of Oil and Gas was created by the Director of 
Natural Resources. 

The act of 1927 also created a State Board of Forestry to deter- 
mine general policies for the guidance of the Division of Forestry, a 
State Park Commission to formulate general policies for the adminis- 
tration of the state park system, and a Fish and Game Commission 
which should administer the Division of Fish and Game. In 1929 a 
State Mining Board to determine general policies for the guidance of 
the Division of Mines was created. 



I 

Historical: before 1927 

state Burial Grounds j 

Board of Trustees of the State Burial Grounds 

1860 In 1860 the Legislature appointed Messrs. Conness, Ellis. 

and McDonald a board of commissioners with authority to ,, 

(150) ' 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 151 

purchase a tract of land to be known as the ' ' State Burying 
Grounds. ' ' 

Stats. 1860, ch. 332, p. 328. Approved and in effect Apr. 28, 
1860. 

1866 The Legislature appointed three other individuals as a 
board of trustees to take care of the State Burying Grounds 
in 1863 (ch. 144, p. 176). In 1866 a Board of Trustees of 
the State Burial Grounds was created. The board was to 
consist of five members, of which the Lieutenant-Governor 
should, ex officio, be one. The other members were to be 
elected by the Legislature, and were to serve for a term of 
four years. The Political Code of 1872 (sec. 368) specified 
that these officers should be appointed by the Governor for 
a term of two years. The term was changed to four years 
in 1915. 

Stats. 1865-1866, ch. 557, p. 1/80. Approved and in effect 
Apr. 2, 1866. 

Department of Finance. Division of Service and Supply. Bureau of 
Buildings and Grounds. 

1921 The powers and duties of the Board of Trustees of the State 

Burial Grounds were transferred to the Department of 

Finance by the act which created that department in 1921. 

From 1921 until 1927 the Division of Purchases and Custody 

managed this property. In 1927, when the department was 

reorganized, it was assigned to a Bureau of Buildings and 

Grounds in the Division of Service and Supply. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 603, p. 1027. Approved May 31, 1921; in effect 
July 30, 1921. 

1933 All duties and powers of the Department of Finance relat- 
ing to the State Burial Grounds were transferred to the 
Division of Parks in the Department of Natural Resources 
in 1933. 

Stats. 1933. ch. 996, p. 2558. Approved June 16, 1933; in effect 
Aug. 21, 1933. 

Fish and Game Commission 

1870 An act passed in 1870 created a Board of Fish Commissioners. 
This body has had a continuous existence since 1870 to the pres- 
ent time. Only slight modifications, rather than changes, in its 
organization resulted from its incorporation within the Depart- 
ment of Natural Resources. It is a more natural procedure, 
therefore, to consider its history as a whole, instead of breaking 
it into a part before 1927, and a part after that date. The com- 

11—35681 



152 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

plete discussion may be found under Division of Fish and Game 
(p. 160). 

State Mining Bureau 

1880 A Mining Bureau was established in 1880. The office of State 
Mineralogist was created at the same time. This officer was to be 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. He was 
to collect specimens of geological and mineralogical substances, . 
and to carry on certain informational activities relating to min- 
ing and geology. 

Stats. 1880, ch. 105, p. 115. .Approved and in effect Apr. 16, 1880. 

1885 In 1885 the Legislature created a Board of Trustees of the State 
Mining Bureau to direct and control the property, money, and 
financial affairs of the bureau. The board was to consist of five I 
members appointed by the Governor. 

Stats. 1885, ch. 166, p. 211. Approved and in effect Mar. 21, 1885. 

1893 The laws of 1880 and 1885 were repealed, and the Mining Bureau 
Act rewritten and expanded in 1893. By the terms of the new 
act there were established a State Mining Bureau and a Board 
of Trustees of the State Mining Bureau, consisting of five mem- i 
bers appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. This 
board was to supervise and approve the activities of the bureau 
and of the State Mineralogist. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 173, p. 203. Approved and in effect Mar. 23, 1893. 

1913 The act relating to the State Mining Bureau was again rewritten 

in 1913. The office of State Mineralogist and the State Mining 

Bureau were reestablished, but the Board of Trustees was 

abolished. The State Mineralogist was to be appointed by and 

to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 679, p. 1327. Approved June 16, 1913: in. effect Aug. 
10, 1913. 

1927 The Department of Natural Eesources succeeded to the powers 
and duties of the State Mining Bureau and the State Mineralogist 
in 1927. Their functions have been assigned to the Division of 
Mines. 

DEPARTMENT OF PETROLEUM AND GAS 

1915 A department in the State Mining Bureau to be known as 
the Department of Petroleum and Gas was created in 1915. 
The State Mineralogist was to appoint a supervisor with 
the title : State Oil and Gas Supervisor. The act was passed 
". . . for the protection of the natural resources of 



DEPARTMENT OP NATURAL RESOURCES 153 

petroleum and gas from waste and destruction through 
improper operations in production . . ." 

Sfats. Wl',, ch. 778, p. l/,0/i. Approved June 10, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 9, 1915. 

1927 The Department of Natural Resources succeeded to the 
powers and duties of the Department of Petroleum and Gas 
and the State Oil and Gas Supervisor when it was created 
in 1927. See Division of Oil and Oas (p. 167). 

Board of Review, Correction and Equalization 

Section 35 of the act of 1915 wliich created the Depart- 
ment of Petroleum and Gas provided that the State Mineral- 
ogist, the chairman of the State Board of Control, and the 
chairman of the State Board of Equalization should consti- 
tute a Board of Review, Correction and Equalization, with 
the powers and duties of a County Board of Equalization 
under the provisions of section 3672 of the Political Code. 
The act of 1927 which created the Department of Natural 
Resources continued in force this board of review with all its 
powers and duties, providing, however, that it should consist 
of the Director of Natural Resources, Director of Finance, 
and chairman of the State Board of Equalization. 

This board is an independent agency, and it .should not be 
regarded as a subdivision of the Department of Petroleum and 
Gas or of the later Division of Oil and Gas. Its placement 
here, however, is explained by its evident relationship to both 
those bodies. 

Boards of District Oil and Gas Commissioners 

Section 10 of the act of 1915 which created the Depart- 
ment of Petroleum and Gas provided for local Arbitration 
Boards to settle questions that had been subjects of orders by 
the Oil and Gas Supervisor This was thoroughly revised and 
expanded in 1919 (ch. 536, p. 1165). This act divided the 
state into five districts, and provided for the election by the 
assessed companies of District Oil and Gas Commissioners. 
These boards were continued in force by the act of 1927 which 
created the Department of Natural Resources. 

As in the case of the Board of Review, Correction and 
Equalization, the Boards of District Oil and Gas Commission- 
ers are not in any way included in the organization of the 
Department of Petroleum and Gas or of the Division of Oil 
and Gas. Their placement here is justified only by the mutual 
interest of these bodies in the petroleum industry. 



154 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

State Boaxd of Forestry 

1885 A State Board of Forestry, consisting of three persons appointed 
by the Governor for a term of four years, was established in 1885. 
Stats. 1S85, ch. 11, p. 10. Approved Mar. S, 1885. 

1893 A law passed in 1893 repealed the act of 1885, and directed that 
the property of the board should be turned over to the Agricul- 
tural Department of the University of California. An appro- 
priation was made for the maintenance of the experimental 
stations of the State Board of Forestry by the University's Agri- 
cultural Department. 

Stai.1. 1893, ch. 187, /.. 22.9. Approved Mar. 23, 1893; in effect .July 
1, 1893. 

1905 In 1905 the Legislature created a new State Board of Forestry, 
consisting of the Governor, Secretary of State, Attorney General, 
and State Forester, to supervise all matters of state forest polie>' 
and management. It also created the position of State Forester 
He was to be the executive officer of the board, and was to be 
appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor 
Stats. 1905, ch. 26/,, p. 235. Approved Mar. 18, 1905. 

1919 An act passed in 1919 changed the membership of the board to 
five persons: the State Forester and four others, with specified 
qualifications, appointed bj^ the Governor. 

Stats. 1919, ch. 5U, P- 1191. Approved May 25, 1919; in effect July 
25, 1919. 

1927 The Department of Natural Resources succeeded to the powers 
and duties of the State Board of Forestry when it was created 
in 1927. The forestry functions were assigned to the Division of 
Forestry; those relating to state parks were placed in the Divi- 
sion of Parks. 

PARKS AND HISTORIC MONUMENTS 
Guardian of Marshall's Monument 

1891 The position of Guardian of Marshall's Monument was 
created in 1891. The monument had been erected as the 
result of an appropriation made by the state in 1887. 

Stats. 1891, ch. 219, p. 424. Approved and in efcct Mar. 31, 
1891. 

1927 The powers and duties of this office were transferred to the 
Department of Finance by the act which reorganized that 
department in 1927. They were assigned, a month later, to 
the Department of Natural Resources by the act which 
defined the state park system. See Division of Parks (p. 
168). 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 155 

California Redwood Park Commission 

1901 In 1901 the Legislature provided for the creation and man- 
agement of the California Redwood Park. The Governor 
and four commissioners appointed by him were to constitute 
the California Redwood Park Commission, whose duty it 
was to select and purchase the land, and to manage the park. 

Stats. 1901, ch. 162, p. 517. Approved and in effect Mar. 16, 
1901. 

1905 The act of 1905 (ch. 264, p. 235) which created for the 
second time the State Board of Forestry, placed under its 
jurisdiction the California Redwood Park and the Mt. Hamil- 
ton tract. The board succeeded to all powers and duties, in 
regard to parks or forest stations, which had been assigned 
previously to special persons or commissions. The Califor- 
nia Redwood Park Commission was thus abolished. 

1911 A California Redwood Park Commission, composed of the 
Governor and four commissioners appointed by him to serve 
for a term of four years, was created in 1911. 

Stats. 1911, ch. 12, p. 8. Approved and in effect Feb. 6, 1911. 

1927 The Department of Natural Resources succeeded to the 
powers and duties of the California Redwood Park Commis- 
sion. See Division of Parks (p. 168). 

Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees 

1901 A Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees of five mem- 
bers, to be appointed by the Governor for a term of four 
years, was created in 1901. The Trustees were authorized to 
accept from the Native Sons of the Golden "West "the pos- 
session and control and the lease from the United States of 
America, of the site and grounds, known as the Monterey 
custom house," and they were to provide for its preserva- 
tion, protection and improvement. 

Stats. 1901, ch. 161, p. 516. Approved Mar. 16, 1901; in effect 
Jan. 1, 1902. 

1921 The Department of Finance succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees in 
1921. These were carried on by the general administration 
of the department. 

1931 The act which defined the scope of the state park system, as 
amended in 1931, transferred the care of the Monterey 
Custom House, the Monterey Theater, and the Junipero 
Serra Landing Place from the Department of Finance to 



156 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

the Division of Parks of the Department of Natural 
Resources. See Division of Parks (p. 168). 

Board of Colton Hall Trustees 

1903 An act of 1903 provided for the appointment by the Gov 

ernor of a Board of Colton Hall Trustees who should i)rn. 

vide for the preservation, protection, and improvement of 

the Colton Hall property in IMonterey. The board was to 

consist of three trustees, serving for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1903, ch. SI/,, p. .',35. Approved and in effect Mar. 25, 
190S. 

1921 By the terms of the act which created it in 1921, the 
Department of Finance succeeded to the powers and dutic- 
of the Board of Colton Hall Trustees. These activities wen 
placed under the general administration of the department. 

1931 The act which defined the scope of the state park system, 
as amended in 1931, transferred the care of Colton Hall 
from the Department of Finance to the Division of Parks 
in the Department of Natural Resources. See Division of 

Parks (p. 168). 

Monterey Theater and Junipero Serra Landing Place at Monterey 
1905 The Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees was author- 
ized to accept for the state the possession and title to the 
landing place at Monterey of Junipero Serra, and to the 
old theater property at Monterey, in 1905. The board was 
to provide for the preservation, maintenance, protection, 
and improvement of these properties. As explained in the 
discussion of the Board of Monterey Custom House Trustees 
(p. 155), they are now under the jurisdiction of the Depart- 
ment of Natural Resources. See Division of Parks (p. 168). 

Fort Ross and Mission San Francisco de Solano 

1905 The Board of Sutter's Fort Trustees was authorized ti) 
accept for the state the possession and title to the old 
mission at Sonoma, and Fort Ross, in 1905. The board was 
to provide for the preservation, maintenance, protection. 
and improvement of these properties. 

Stats. 1905, ch. 22, p. 17. Approved and in effect Feb. 21, 1905. 

1921 The act which created the Department of Finance in 1921 
transferred to it the powers and duties of the Board of 
Sutter's Fort Trustees. 



I 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 157 

1931 The definition of the state park system by the act of 1931 
placed the supervision of the Fort Ross and the Mission 
San Francisco de Solano properties in the Department of 
Natural Resources. See Division of Parks (p. 168). 

Board of Pic Pico Mansion Trustees 

1915 The Board of Pio Pifo Mansion Trustees, consisting of three 
members appointed l)y the Governor for a terra of four 
years, was created in 1915. The board was authorized to 
accept from the city of Whitticr the Pio Pico Mansion prop- 
erty, which was to be used as a museum. 

Stats. 1915, eh. 599, p. 1056. Approved June 1, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

1921 The act which created the Department of Finance in 1921 
transferred to it the powers and duties of the Board of 
Pio Pico Mansion Trustees. They were assigned to its 
administrative offices. 

1931 The act which defined the scope of the state park system, 
as it was amended in 1931, transferred the care of the Pio 
Pico Mansion from tlie Department of Finance to the 
Department of Natural Resources. See Division of Parks 
(p. 168). 

Tahoe Camping Grounds 

1919 The State Board of Fish and Game Commissioners was 
authorized in 1919 to prepare a free camping ground on a 
certain property in Placer County. This was generally 
known as the Tahoe Camping Grounds. 

Stain. 1910. ch. 317, p. 522. Approved May 13, 1919; in effect 
July 22, 1919. 

1921 The law which created the Department of Finance invested 
it with the responsibility of enforcing the act relating to 
the Tahoe Camping Grounds. 

1927 Control of this property was placed in the Department of 
Natural Resources by the act of 1927 which defined the 
scope of the state park system. See Division of Parks 
(p. 168). 

San Pasqual Battlefield Commission 

1919 In 1919 the state accepted the gift of the tract of land in 
San Diego County wliich was a part of the scene of the 



158 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

actions fought at San Pasqual between the Americans and 
the Mexicans in 1846. 

Stats. 1919, ch. 272, p. 'lU- Approved May 11, 1919; in effect 
July 22, 1919. 

1921 A commission, to be appointed by the Governor, was created 
in 1921 to have charge of the money appropriated for the 
erection of a monument upon the San Pasqual Battlefield. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 678, p. 1153. Approved June 3, 1921 ; in effect 
July 1, 1921. 

1927 In this year the management of the San Pasqual Battlefield 
property was placed in quick succession in the hands ol 
two different departments of the state government. Stats. 
1927, ch. 128, p. 237 (approved Apr. 13, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927) added section 373h to the Political Code, 
transferring the control of the property to the Department 
of Natural Resources. Stats. 1927, ch. 251, p. 449 
(approved Apr. 25, 1927; in effect July 29, 1927) added 
section 684 to the Political Code, transferring the property 
to the Department of Finance. Althousjh both sections of 
the code continued in existence until 1931, when section 684 
was repealed, the administration of the San Pasqual Battle- 
field site was actually placed in the Department of Natural 
Resources. This was by virtue of still another act, passed 
a month later, which defined the scope of the state park 
system. For further explanation, see Division of Parks 
(p. 168). 

Mount Diablo Park Commission 

1921 The Mount Diablo Park Commission was created in 1921 to 
manage and control the Mount Diablo Park. The commis- 
sion was to consist of five persons appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 750, p. 1293. Approved June S. 1921; in effect 
Aug. 2, 1921. 

1927 The Department of Natural Resources succeeded to the 
powers and duties of the ]\Iount Diablo Park Commission in 
1927. The property is now under the jurisdiction of the 
Division of Parks. 

Donner Monument 

1927 An act of 1927 provided for the acquisition by the state of 
the Donner Monument, and placed it in the custody and 
under the supervision of the Department of Finance. Later 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 159 

in the same month, however, the act which defined the scope 
of the state park system transferred the care of this monu- 
ment to the Department of Natural Resources. See Divi- 
sion of Parks (p. 168). 

Stats. 1927, ch. 328, p. 530. Ap. roved May 5, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

State Fish Exchange 

1917 The State Fish Exchange was created as a department of the 

State Market Commission in 1917. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 803, p. 1673. Approved June 1, 1917; in effect 
July 31, 1917. 

1921 Upon the transfer of the powers and duties of the State Market 
Commission to the Department of Agriculture, the State Fish 
Exchange became a subdivision of the Division of Markets. 
Although the Division of Markets discontinued administrative 
operations between October, 1923, and June, 1926, certain 
activities of the State Fish Exchange were maintained uninter- 
ruptedly. 

1927 The State Fish Exchange Act was entirely rewritten in 1927. 

By the new wording the State Fish Exchange was created as a 

division of the Department of Agriculture. In actual practice 

it remained a subdivision of the Division of Markets. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 791, p. 15/,0. Approved May 26, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

1933 Stats. 1933, ch. 73 (Division VI, p. 509), the .section of the 
Fish and Game Code on Repeals, repealed the State Fish 
Exchange Act. Sections 1120 to 1140 of the code, however, 
expressly continued in existence the exchange as a part of the 
Department of Agriculture. Later in the same year another 
act (Stats. 1933, ch. 825, p. 2184) repealed these* sections of the 
code ; authorized the Department of Agriculture to take charge 
of all books, records, and equipment of the exchange ; and trans- 
ferred all moneys that had accrued as a result of its activities to 
the Division of Fish and Game of the Department of Natural 
Resources. These funds were used to finance the activities of 
the Fish Exchange Unit of the Bureau of Commercial Fisheries 
in the Division of Fish and Game. Tiie Fish Exchange Unit 
passed out of existence on June 30, 1935. 



160 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

IT 
Present organization: after 1927 

Departmental Administration 

When tlie Department of Natural Resources was created in 1027, 
a section called Departmental Administration was organized. In it 
function the Director, Secretary, and Deputy Director of the depart- 
ment, and the central accounting oftiee. The latter office covers all the 
accoimting for all the divisions of the department. 

Division of Fish and Game 

The Division of Fish and Game was specified in the act which 
created the Depai-tment of Natural Resources. It is administered by 
the Fish and Game Commission, a body which has been in continuous 
existence since 1870. The commission consists of three members, 
appointed by and holding office at the pleasure of the Governor. As 
no es.sential changes in the oi'ganization of the commission resulted 
from its incorporation within the Department of Natural Resources in 
1927, it is considered more valuable to view its development as a whole 
than to break it up artificially into a section before 1927, and a section 
after that date. The complete history of the agency is given here, 
therefore, rather than in Section I — Historical. Although statutory 
references are included in the discussion wherever pos.sible, for the enr- 
rent legal provisions under which the division operates the latest Fisli 
and Game Code should be consulted. 

State Board of Fish Commissioners 

1870 A law passed in 1870 created a Board of Fish Commis- 
sioners, authorizing the Governor to appoint three persons, 
styled Fish Commissioners, who should establish "fish 
breederies," in order to restore and preserve the fish in the 
waters of California. The commissioners were to serve 
for a term of four years. In the reports of the board 
from 1870 to 1886 the title that is used is Commissioners of 
Fisheries; after that date it is State Board of Fish Com- 
missioners. 

Stats. 1869-1870, ch. J,5T, p. 663. Approved and in effect Apr. 
2, 1870. 

Fish and Game Commission 

1909 The name of the board was changed from Fish Commission, 
or Board of Fish Commissioners, etc., to Fish and Game 



DEPARTMENT OP NATURAL RESOURCES 161 

Commission, Board of Fish and Game Commissioners, etc., 
in 1909. It was after this time that the fairly complex 
organization that exists today was built up, as one func- 
tion after another was assigned to separate subdivisions. 
On Jan. 18, 1926, a complete reorganization of the com- 
mission was begun. It was determined to set up three 
major departments (Fish Culture, Commercial Fisheries, 
and Patrol), and seven lesser bureaus (Finance and 
Accounts, Education and Kesearch, Publicity, Pollution, 
Screens and Ladders, Game Farm, Statistics and Game 
Problems). The program did not work out exactly as 
contemplated, but the organization followed those lines 
very closely. A second general reorganization took place 
at a meeting of the commission on July 6, 1935. The func- 
tions of certain subdivisions were amalgamated, and the 
names of others were changed in order to describe their 
activities more clearly. 

When the commission became a part of the Depart- 
ment of Natural Resources in 1927, the subdivisions desig- 
nated departments were changed to bureaus. The com- 
plete history of each bureau is given under its entry below. 

Stats, won, ch. 238, p. 366. Approved Mar. IT,, 1909. 
Division of Fish and Game 

1927 The Department of Natural Resources was created and 
succeeded to the powers and duties of the Fish and Game 
Commission in 1927. A Division of Fish and Game was 
created within the department, but a Fish and Game Com- 
mission was also created to administer the division. At 
present there are six bureaus in the division. 

1. BUREAU OF COMMERCIAL FISHERIES. 
Department of Commercial Fisheries 

1915 This department was established early in 1915. 

Bureau of Commercial Fisheries 

1927 The name of the subdivision was changed from 
department to bureau when the Department of 
Natural Resources was formed. 

a. FisJi Exchange Unit 

1933 The State Fish Exchange was abolished by legis- 
lative action in 1933. The funds collected by it 
were transferred to the Division of Fish and Game 
to be used in promoting the consumption of fresh 



162 DEPARTMENT OK NATURAL RESOURCES 

market fish. On Aug. 21, 1933, the former super- 
visor of the State Fish Exchange and his office 
assistant were added to the staff of tlie Bureau of 
Commercial Fisheries. The work was thereafter 
handled as a Fish Exchange Unit of the bureau, 
until it was finally terminated on June 30, 1935. 
For statutory references and earlier history, see 
State Fish Exchange in Section 1 — Historical (p. 
159). 

b. State Fisheries Laboratory 

1921 Fisheries investigation, scientific fish study, and 
statistical work had interested the Fish and Game 
Commission for some years when a law defining 
that interest more specifically was passed in 1919. 
This led to the construction of a building to house 
the State Fisheries Laboratory. The building 
was completed near the end of 1921. The labora- 
tory is under the administration of the Bureau of 
Commercial Fisheries. At the present time the 
research activities of the division are centered 
here. This work was transferred from the Bureau 
of Research and Engineering in 1936. 

2. BUREAU OF FISH CONSERVATION. 
Department of Fish Culture 

1911 The first hatchery was built at Clear Lake in 1873. 
The following year the State Hatching-house was 
erected on the University of California campus at 
Berkeley. TJiese were impermanent, but since then 
many hatcheries have been established in various 
parts of the state. In 1936 they number 28. In 
November, 1911, the position of Superintendent of 
Hatcheries was created to administer the Depart- 
ment of Fish Culture, which also was created at 
that time. The complete name of the division at 
the time of its organization was Department of 
Fish Culture and Distribution. 

Bureau of Fish Culture 

1927 When the Division of Fish and Game was formed, 
the name of the Department of Fish Culture was 
changed to Bureau of Fish Culture. 



I 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 163 

Bureau of Fish Conservation 

1935 When the commission was reorganized on July 6, 
1935, the name of the Bureau of Pish Culture was 
changed to Bureau of Fish Conservation. From time 
to time certain activities were removed from this 
agency and assigned to separate bureaus. Sooner or 
later, however, these new bureaus were abolished and 
the functions returned to the Bureau of Fi.sh Con- 
servation. The history of these temporary sub- 
divisions is discussed below. 

a. Bureau of Fish Rescue and Reclamation 
1928 This bureau was created Aug. 1, 1928. 

1934 On July 1, 1934, the activities of the bureau were 
transferred back to the Bureau of Fish Culture. 

b. Bureau of River and Harbor Pollution 

1926 Beginning July 1, 1916, water pollution preven- 
tion was organized as a subdivision of the Depart- 
ment of Fish Culture. Later, pollution problems 
in tidewaters were handled by the Department of 
Commercial Fisheries. The Bureau of River and 
Harbor Pollution, generally known as the Bureau 
of Pollution, was established on Feb. 1, 1926, to 
combine all pollution control activities of the com- 
mission. Because of insufficiency of funds it was 
consolidated temporarily with the Bureau of Pub- 
licity. It continued in existence less than a year, 
however, for in January, 1927, pollution control 
was transferred to the newly created Bureau of 
Hydraulics. In 1933 these duties were once more 
assumed by the Bureau of Fish Culture. 

3. BUREAU OP GAME CONSERVATION. 

1935 On July 6, 1935, the Fish and Game Commission 
created a Bureau of Game Conservation. It was to be 
composed of two units — one dealing with birds and one 
dealing with mammals. It was formed by combining 
two previously existing bureaus, the Bureau of Game 
Farms and the Bureau of Game Refuges. The history 
of these two subdivisions is given below. 

Bureau of Game Farms 

1925 A State Game Farm was established at Hayward in 
September, 1908. It was abandoned ten years later, 



164 DEPARTMENT OF NATITRAL RESOURCES 

in November, 1918. On Dee. 7, 1925, the first work 
of construction was started on a new game farm 
located near Yountville. The administration of the 
farm was placed in a Bureau of Game Farms, also 
known as Bureau of Game Propagation. 

1935 In 1935 the Bureau of Game Farms was amalgamated 
with the Bureau of Game Refuges to form the Bureau 
of Game Conservation. 

Bureau of Game Refuges 

1928 The first game refuge was set aside in 1915 by legis- 
lative act (ch. 388, p. 605), and additional areas have 
been designated from time to time. During the 
bienTiium 1928-1930 the Bureau of Game Refuges 
was created. 

1935 In 1935 the Bureau of Game Refuges was amalga- 
mated with the Bureau of Game Farms to form the 
Bureau of Game Conservation. 

4. BUREAU OF HYDRAULICS. 

li»26 The Bureau of Hydraulics (originally known as the 
Bureau of Screens and Ladders) was created by the 
Fish and Game Commission in June, 1926. At first it 
was concerned only with fishway and fish screen instal- 
lations, but in January, 1927, the activities of the 
Bureau of River and Harbor Pollution were transferred 
to it. The work of the bureau had previously been 
carried on by the Department of. Fish Culture. 

1933 In July, 1933, the activities of the Bureau of Hydraulics 
were returned to the Bureau of Fish Culture. 

1936 In 1936 this bureau was reestablished as a separate sub- 
division of the Division of Fish and Game. The engi- 
neering activities of the Bureau of Research and Engi- 
neering were transferred to it. 

5. LEGAL BUREAU. 
Legal Department 

1893 In ]May, 1893, the Board of Fish Commissioners 
engaged its first attorney. The first report which 
shows that the work of the board's attorney con- 
stituted a separate department, however, is that cov- 
ering the 1912-1914 biennium. 



I 



DEPARTMENT OP NATURAL RESOURCES 165 

Legal Bureau 

1928 The name was changed from Legal Department to 
Legal Bureau in the biennium 1928-1930. 

1933 An act of 1933 provided that no department, division, 

etc., of the state (with certain exceptions) should 

employ any legal advisor or attorney other than the 

Attorney General or one of his assistants. The Legal 

Bureau of the Division of Fish and Game was 

thereby abolished. 

8tats. ]<)S3, ch. 213, p. 110. Approved May 3, 1933; 
in effect Aug. 21, 1933. 

(?. BUREAU OF LICENSES. 

Bureau of Finance and Accounts 

1887 An act of 1887 provided for the issuance of licenses 
to any one engaged in fishing with a boat and 
net in tlie public waters of the state. The fees 
were to be collected by the Fish Commissioners. The 
act was amended in subsequent years, and many 
new laws were passed relating to fish, and later to 
game, licenses. 

FItnts. 1887. ch. 180, p. 233. Approved and in effect 
Mar. 21, 1887. 

1926 In January, 1926, the accounting and the licensing 
activities of the Fish and Game Commission, previ- 
ously administered as separate functional subdi- 
visions, were combined in a new Bureau of Finance 
and Accounts. 

Bureau of Licenses 

1933 In 1927, when the Department of Natural Kesources 
was formed, the accounting activities were removed 
from the Bureau of Finance and Accounts to a cen- 
tral accounting office which was set up at that time 
as part of the Departmental Administration. Licens- 
ing functions were still performed by the Bureau of 
Finance and Accounts. In July, 1933, the name of 
the bureau was changed to Bureau of Licenses. 

7. BUREAU OF PATROL. 
Department of Patrol 

1883 In the Fall of 1883 tlie first patrol system was estab- 
lished by the Board of Fish Commissioners. By 1890, 
in the biennial report of 1890-1892, the designation 



166 DEPARTMENT OP NATURAL RESOURCES 

Patrol Department was used. In later reports, how- 
ever, references were made to the "patrol force," 
and no mention of a separate and unified department 
occurred. 

1926 For .several years previoas to 1926 the state was 
divided into three districts, with an office and 
deputies in each district. Early in 1926 a reorganiza- 
tion took place, and the patrol force was placed under 
one head in a Department of Patrol. 

Bureau of Patrol 

1927 The name of the department was changed, when the 
Division of Fish and Game was organized, to Bureau 
of Patrol. 

8. BUREAU OF PUBLICITY. 

1926 This bureau was organized in February, 1926. Pub- 
licity activities had previously been carried on by the 
Bureau of Education, Publicity and Research. The 
Bureau of Publicitj^ was al.so known as the Bureau of 
Public Relations. 

1929 The director of the Bureau of Publicity resigned on 
December 31, 1929. The activities of this subdivision 
were then returned to the Bureau of Education and 
Research. 

9. BUREAU OF RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING. 
Bureau of Education, Publicity and Research 

1914 This bureau was established in September, 1914. 

Bureau of Education and Research 

1926 In the Spring of 1926 a separate Bureau of Publicity 
was established, removing publicity activities from 
the Bureau of Education, Publicity and Research. 
The name was accordingly changed to Bureau of 
Education and Research. After December 31, 1929, 
these activities were returned to the Bureau of Edu- 
cation and Research, but the name was not again 
altered. 

Bureau of Research and Engineering 

1935 On July 6, 1935, the name of the bureau was changed 
from Bureau of Education and Research to Bureau 
of Research and Engineering. 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 167 

1936 A few months later, in the early part of 1936, the 
bureau was abolished. Engineering activities were 
transferred to the Bureau of Hydraulics, and research 
to the State Fisheries Laboratory in the Bureau of 
Commercial Fisheries. 

Division of Forestry 

This division was organized with the creation of the Department 
of Natural Resources in 1927. The act which established it also created 
a State Board of Forestry of seven members, appointed by and holding 
office at tlie pleasure of the Governor, to determine general policies for 
the guidance of the division. The chief of the division is known as th( 
State Forester. For the earlier history of forestry activities in Califor 
Ilia, see State Board of Forestry in Section I — Historical (p. 154). 

Division of Mines 

The act which created the Department of Natural Resources speci- 
fied that there should be a Division of Mines and Mining. The name 
was changed to Division of Mines in 1929 (ch. 307, p. 616; approved 
May 18, 1929, in effect Aug. 14, 1929). This act also provided for a 
State Mining Board of five members, to be appointed by the Governor 
and to hold office at his pleasure, which should determine general 
policies for the guidance of the division. The chief of the division is 
known as the State Mineralogist. For the history of the agencies which 
preceded the Division of Mines, see State Mining Bureau in Section I — 
Historical (p. 152). 

Division of Oil and Ga^ 

When the State Mining Bureau became the Division of Mines and 
Mining of the Department of Natural Resources in 1927, it carried 
along with it, as a subdivision, the Department of Petroleum and Gas. 
Two years later, however, an act was passed (Stats. 1929, ch. 535, p. 
923; approved and in effect May 28, 1929) which stated: "The division 
of the department of natural resources now or hereafter created for 
the supervision of petroleum and gas shall be in charge of a chief to 
be knovni as 'state oil and gas .supervisor.' " Accordingly, by an execu- 
tive order signed May 29, 1929, the Director of Natural Resources 
transferred the Department of Petroleum and Gas from the Division of 
Mines and Mining to the status of a separate division with the name 
Division of Oil and Gas. For the early history of the Department of 
Petroleum and Gas, see that entry under State Mining Bureau in Sec- 
tion I — Historical (p. 152). 

12—35681 



168 DEPARTMENT OP NATURAL RESOURCES 

Also, for the related bodies, the Board of Review, Correction and 
Equalization, and the Boards of District Oil and Gas Commissioners, 
see those entries under State Mining Bureau in Section I — Historical 
(p. 153). 

Division of Parks 

The Division of Parks was specified in the act which created the 
Department of Natural Resources. It combined certain duties pre- 
viously assigned to the State Board of Forestry and the functions of 
divers independent agencies like tlie California Redwood Park Com- 
mission. This point is discussed more fully below under the entry 
State Park System. In 1933 the management of the State Burial 
Grounds was also placed in this division. (See that entry in Section I — 
Historical (p. 1G5).) The act of 1927 also created a State Park Com- 
mission of five members, appointed by the Governor and holding office 
at liis pleasure, which should determine general policies for the admin- 
istration of the state park system. 

In this same year the State Park Finance Board was created bj- 
constitutional amendment. This board is entirely separate in admin- 
istration from the Department of Natural Resources (except that the 
chairman of the State Park Connnission is a member of it) but its rela- 
lionsliip to the state park system, from tlie financial point of view, is 
important and justifies its inclusion here. A more complete description 
is given below. 

STATE PARK SYSTEM 

State Board of Forestry 

1921 The State Board of Forestry was authorized to accept 

deeds and conveyances of lands for park purposes in 

1921. The boai-d was to have control of said parks, and 

to make rules and regulations for their maintenance 

and improvement. This was expanded in 1923 by an 

act (ch. 249, p. 495) which directed the board to make a 

survey of forest lands, and provided for the acquisition 

of lands suitable for park purposes. 

Slats. 1921, ch. 705, p. 1197. Approved June 2, 1921; 
in effect Aup. 1, 1921. 

1927 The act of 1923, delegating control of most of the state 
parks to the State Board of Forestry, was repealed in 
1927. The Department of Natural Resources, through 
the State Park Connnission, was authorized to make the 
survey. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 7GJ,. p. 1J,79. Approved May 2.7, 1927; 
in effect July 29, 1927. 



DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL BESOUKCES 169 

State Park Commission 

1927 An act of 1927 provided that "the department of 
natural resources, through the state park commission, 
shall liave control of the state park system of Califor- 
nia." 

"All parks, public camp grounds, monument sites, 
and landmark sites, and sites of historical interest, out- 
side the limits of incorporated cities, heretofore or here- 
after created or acquired by the state or which are 
under its control shall constitute the state park system." 

This act had the eiifect of transferring from the 
Department of Finance to the Department of Natural 
Resources the administration of Marshall's Monument, 
the San Pasqual Battlefield, the Donner State Monu- 
ment, and the Tahoe Camping Grounds. 

^"^lals. 1927, eh. 7G3. p. 1J,11. Approved May 25, 1927; 
■ill cffeci July 29, 1927. 

1931 In 1931 an amendment to the act of 1927 omitted the 
Avords "outside the limits of incorporated cities"; 
thereby placing under the jurisdiction of the Division 
of Parks the Monterey Custom House, the Monterey 
Theater, Junipero Serra Landing Place, Colton Hall, 
Pio Pico Mansion, Fort Ross, and Mission San Fran- 
cisco de Solano. The only exemptions from the pro- 
visions of this chapter were Sutter's Fort property, 
the State Fair Grounds, and Balboa Park. 

All the various historical sites, the California Red- 
wood Park and Mount Diablo Park (both specified in the 
Department of Natiiral Resources Act of 1927), and 
certain park areas and forest stands taken over from 
the State Board of Forestry or purchased since 1927, 
therefore, compose the state park system. 

For the earlier history of each of these monuments, 
see entries under ParJi-s and Historic Monuments in Sec- 
tion I — Historical (pp. 154:-159). 

Stats. 1931, ch. .595, p. 1284. Approved June 1,, 1931; 
in effect Aug. IJ,, 1931. 

State Park Finance Board 

1927 The State Park Finance Board was created by the "Cali- 
fornia state park bonds act of ]927." The board, composed 
of the Governor, Controller, Treasurer, chairman of the 
State Board of Control, and chairman of the State Park 



170 DEPARTMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES 

Commission, was to determine when the park bonds were 
to he sold, and the interest rate to be placed on them. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 705, p. JJ,80. Approved May 25, 1927; in effect 
upon the adoption hy the people of a constitutional amendment 
approving it. (This occurred A'or. 6, 1928.) 



PENOLOGY 



>- 
o 







DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OF CEIMINAL IDENTIFICATION AND INVESTIGA- 
TION (BUREAU OF CRIMINAL IDENTIFICATION AND 
INVESTIGATION) 

1. Correspondence and Auditing Section 

2. Fingerprint Section 

3. Handwriting Section 

4. Investigation Section 

5. Laboratory and Research Section 

6. Lost, Stolen and Pawned Property Section 

7. Modus Operandi Section 

8. Statistical Section 

9. Subversive Activities Section 
10. Teletype System 

DIVISION OP CRIMINOLOGY (CALIFORNIA CRIME COM- 
MISSION) 

DIVISION OP NARCOTIC ENFORCEMENT 

DIVISION OF PARDONS AND COMMUTATIONS (ADVISORY 
PARDON BOARD) 

DIVISION OF PRISON TERMS AND PAROLES (BOARD OF 
PRISON TERMS AND PAROLES) 

DIVISION OF PRISONS AND PAROLES (STATE BOARD OP 
PRISON DIRECTORS) 

1. Detective License Department 

2. Parole Department 

3. Southern California Prison 

4. State Prison at Folsom 

5. State Prison at San Quentin 

Female Department at California Institution for Women 

DIVISION OF WOMEN'S INSTITUTIONS (CALIFORNIA INSTL 
TUTION FOR WOMEN) 

( 173 ) 



DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 



The Department of Penology, in one sense, is not a department 
at all. It has been called a "paper department," for it resembles 
the other governmental units in outward appearance, with its divi- 
sions, director, and representation on the Governor's Council; but in 
actual fact no powers and duties have been assigned to it, and its 
subdivisions have remained autonomous units. The only, functions 
prescribed for it in the law are the holding of monthly meetings to 
consider "any and all problems invohing possible duplication of 
service, overlapping of function, or conflict of jurisdiction upon the 
part of any two or more divisions of the department . . ."; and 
tlie passing of rules and regulations to prevent duplication of activities. 

The act creating the Department of Penology was passed in 1929 
(ch. 191, p. 350; approved Apr. 30, 1929, in effect Aug. 14, 1929). 
The Director of Penology was to be chosen from the chiefs of the 
various divisions, of which five were specified: the Division of Prisons 
and Paroles, administered by the State Board of Prison Directors; the 
Division of Criminal Identification and Investigation, administered by 
the Superintendent of the Bureau of Criminal Identification and Inves- 
tigation ; the Division of Pardons and Commutations, admini.stered by 
the chairman of the Advisory Pardon Board; the Division of Nar- 
cotic Enforcement, administered by the chief of the Division of 
Narcotic Enforcement ; and the Division of Criminology, administered 
by the chairman of the California Crime Comihission. In the same 
year, by another act, it was specified that the Board of Trustees of the 
California Institution for Women was to constitute the Division of 
"Women's Institutions of the Department of Penologj'. In 1931 the 
Board of Prison Terms and Paroles was created, and another divi- 
sion, the Division of Prison Terms and Paroles, was added to the 
department. 

In tracing the development of this department the material has 
not been segregated into a historical section before 1929, and a 
present organization section after that date. Since the agencies which 
constitute the department retained their own duties and powers and 
even their names, and since their development has been continuous, 
unbroken by the act which arranged them in proximity but did not 
amalgamate them, it would be artificial to suggest that any one date 
marks the separation of their past growth from their present status. 

(1T4 ) 



F 



DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 175 

The historical background of each division has, therefore, been pre- 
sented with that division in the following pages. 

Division of Criminal Identification and Investigation (Bureau of 
Criminal Identification and Investigation) 

This division was specified in the act of 1929 creating the Depart- 
ment of Penology. The bureau goes back to 1917 for its present 
set-up, but to 1905 for its earliest development. Although there are 
ten recognized subdivisions in the organization of the division, they are 
essentially functional, rather than strictly administrative, in charac- 
ter. They were designated originally as separate units, in fact, in order 
to simplify the division's report, rather tlian to administer its opera- 
tions. Their development is more briefly sketched, in consequence, 
than that of bureaus and sections which have been created in other 
divisions of the government specifically for purposes of administration. 

Bureau of Criminal Identification 

1905 An agency to be known as "The Bureau of Criminal Identi- 
fication of the State of California" was created in 1905. 
The director of the bureaii was to be appointed by and to 
hold office at the pleasure of the State Board of Prison 
Directors. 

Stats. 1905, ch. 399, p. 520. Approved Mar. 20, 1905. 

Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation * 

1917 The Bureau of Criminal Identification and Investigation 
was created in 1917. The bureau was to be under the 
control of a board of managers of three members. One 
member was to be a chief of police, one a sheriff, and one a 
district attorney; they were to be appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four years. All furniture, equipment, 
and records of the Bureau of Criminal Identification were 
to be turned over to the new bureau, and the act of 1905 
creating the earlier body was repealed. A superintendent 
of the bureau was to be appointed by the board of man- 
agers. The powers and duties of the new bureau were 
much greater than those of the old one, and it now became 
an important division of the state government. 

Stats. 1917, ch. 723, p. 1391. Approved May SI, 1917; in effect 
July SO, 1917. 

1929 The act creating the Department of Penology specified a 
Division of Criminal Identification and Investigation, to 
be administered by the Superintendent of the Bureau of 
Criminal Identification and Investigation. 



176 DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 

1. CORRESPONDENCE AND AUDITING SECTION. 

1922 This section was organized in the bureau during the 
biennium 1020-1922. For the first few years it was 
called simply Auditing Section, but during the bien- 
nium 1924-1926 the name was changed to Correspon- 
dence and Auditing Section. 

2. FINGERPRINT SECTION. 

1926 During the biennium 1920-1922 a Criminal Record 
Divi!;ion was set up in the bureau. Its functions 
included activities relating to fingerprinting. In the 
biennium 1924-1926 the fingerprint activities were 
placed in a separate section designated Fingerprint 
Section. 

3. HANDWRITING SECTION. 

1930 During the Inennium 1920-1922 a Handwriting, Photo- 
graphic and Microscopic Division was set up in the 
bureau. Its name was changed, in the biennium 1924- 
1926, to Laboratory and Research Section. In Febru- 
ary, 1930, the activities relating to document examina- 
tion and handwriting identification were placed in a 
separate Handwriting Section. 

4. INVESTIGATION SECTION. 

1929 Six special criminal investigators were added to tlie 
staff of the bureau by legislative act in 1929. As a 
result, the Investigation Section was created in Feb- 
ruary, 1930. In it were placed also .some of the photo- 
graphic activities that had been previously as.signed 
to the Laboratory and Research Section. 

Stats. 1929, ch 788. p. 1581. Approved June IS, 1929; 
in effect Aug. l.>,, 1929. 

5. LABORATORY AND RESEARCH SECTION. 

1931 During the biennium 1920-1922 a Handwriting. Photo- 
graphic and Microscopic Division was set up in the 
bureau. The name was changed to Laboratory and 
Research Section in the 1924-1926 biennium. In Feb- 
ruary, 1930, the handwriting activities were placed in a 
separate section ; and the following month the other 
activities of the section were transferred to the newly 
created Investigation Section. In September, 1931. 
however, a Laboratory Technician was added to the 
staff, and statistics for the Laboratory and Researcli 
Section appear thereafter in the division's Monthly 
Report to the Governor's Council. 



DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 177 

6. LOST, STOLEN AND PAWNED PROPERTY SECTION. 

1922 This section w;is organized during the biennium 1920- 
1922 as the Stolen and Pawned Property Division. 
The name was changed during the next l)iennium to 
Lost, Stolen and Pawned Property Division. 

7. MODUS OPERANDI SECTION. 

1926 In the biennium 1924-1926 the work of the Criminal 
llceord Division, organized in the biennium 1920-1922, 
was divided into more specialized sections, of which 
one was the Modus Operandi Section. 

8. STATISTICAL SECTION. 

1930 This section was created in February, 1930. 

9. SUBVERSIVE ACTIVITIES SECTION. 

1934 In August, 1934, the Subversive Activities Section was 
set up in the Division of Criminal Identification and 
Investigation. 

10. TELETYPE SYSTEM. 

1931 A sum necessary to lease a teletype system to be oper- 
ated under the direction and control of the Bureau of 
Criminal Identification and Investigation was appro- 
priated in 1931. The system was installed Aug. 14, 
1931. 

^tats. 19S1, ch. 625, p. 1350. Approved and in effect 
June 5. 1931. 

Division of Criminology (California Crime Commission) 

This body was created as a temporary research commission in 
1927, upon the recommendation of an earlier commission to study 
criminal procedure, created in 1925. It was established permanently, 
and became a part of the Department of Penology, in 1929. It has 
not been able to function since 1933, as no appropriation was made for 
it in that year or in 1935. 

1925 An act of 1925 created the Commission for the Reform of 
Criminal Procedure, a temporary commission which Avas 
to report its findings to the next Legislature. The commission 
was composed of three members appointed by the Governor. 
One of the recommendations made to the 1927 Legislature 
led to the creation, in that year, of the California Crime 
Commission. 

Stats. 1925, ch. 3^6, p. 622. Approved May 23, 1925. 

1927 In 1927 the Legislature created the California Crime Com- 



178 DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 

mission to study the entire subject of crime with particular 

reference to California. The commission was to consist of a 

chairman and six other members appointed by and holding 

office at the pleasure of the Governor. It -was to report its 

findings and recommendations to the 1929 Legislature and the 

Governor. 

Stats. 1927, ch. .',07, p. 608. Approved May 10, 1927; in effect 
July S9. 1927. 

Ifl2!t A permanent California Crime Commission, consisting of a 
chairman and four other members, appointed by and holdin<r 
office at the pleasure of the Governor, was created in 1929, to 
continue the studies of crime. The act provided that when a 
Department of Penology should be created, all the powers and 
duties of the commission should be transferred to it. The 
act which created the Department of Penology provided tliat 
there should be a Division of Criminology, to be administered 
by the chairman of the California Crime Commission. 

Stats. 1929. rh. J}'/, p. 9^9. Approved May 28, 1929; in effect 
Au>}. I'l. 19 >9. 

Division of Narcotic Enforcement 

Upon its creation in 1927, this division was placed under the 
supervision of the State Board of Pharmacy. In 1929, however, it 
became an independent agcncj-. In the same year it was placed in 
the Department of Penology. 

State Board of Pharmacy. Division of Narcotic Enforcement. 

1927 A Division of Narcotic Enforcement under the supervision 

and control of the State Board of Pharmacy was created 

in 1927. 

stats. 1927, ch. 597, p. 1031. Approved Mai, 17, 1927; in 
effect July 29. 1H27. 

Division of Narcotic Enforcement 

1929 In 1929 the act of 1927 was repealed, and the office of chief 
of the Division of Narcotic Enforcement was created. This 
officer was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleas- 
ure of the Governor. As a result of the act, the division 
became an independent agency. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 188, p. 3U- Approved Apr. 30, 1919; in effect 
Aug. li, 1929. 

1929 The act creating the Department of Penology stated that 
there should be a Division of Narcotic Enforcement in the 
depai-tmcnt. to be administered by the chief of the Division 
of Narcotic Enforcement. 



DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 179 

Division of Pardons and Commutations (Advisory Pardon Board) 

This division was set up in the Department of Penology in 1929. 
The Advisory Pardon Board, however, was created in 1915. Previous 
to that time recommendation for pardon had been made by the State 
Board of Prison Directors. It was a duty that was assigned to them 
as early as 1867. 

1915 An Advisory Pardon Board to investigate applications for 
reprieves, pardons, and commutations of sentence, and to make 
recommendations concerning them to the Governor was 
created in 1915. The board was to consist of the Lieutenant 
Governor, Attorney General, Director of the Department of 
Penology (added 1929), and the wardens of the two state 
prisons. In 1935 the Superintendent of the Bureau of Crimi- 
nal Identification and Investigation was made a member of 
the board in lieu of the Director of Penology. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 260, p. J,G5. Approved May 17, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

Division of Prison Terms and Paroles (Board of Prison Terms and 
Paroles) 

This division was not created until 1931, but its roots go back to 
a much earlier date. 

1893 An act of 1893 made the State Board of Prison Directors also 
a Board of Parole Commissioners, giving them the power to 
parole state prisoners. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 153, p. 183. Approved and in effect Mar. 23, 1893. 

1913 The act of 1893 was repealed in 1913, but "An act to estab- 
lish a board of parole commissioners . . ." again gave the 
State Board of Prison Directors the power to parole prisoners. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 591, p. 10^8. Approved June 16, 1913; in effect 
Auff. 10, 1913. 

1931 A Board of Prison Terms and Paroles, to which were trans- 
ferred the powers and duties of the State Board of Prison 
Directors relating to prison sentences and paroles, was 
created in 1931. The act also created, under the control of 
this board, a Division of Prison Terms and Paroles in the 
Department of Penology. The board was to consist of a chair- 
man and two other members, each of whom was to be appointed 
by the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1931, ch. /,87, p. 1061. Approved May 28, 1931; in effect 
Aug. 14, 1931. 



180 DEPARTMENT OF PEXOI.OGY 

Division of Prisons and Paroles (State Board of Prison Directors) 

'I'he State Board of Prison Directors is tlie oldest of the agencies 
wliicli comprise the Department of Penology. It has existed in its 
present form since 1879. It has had to adapt itself to a great variety 
of duties and situations, and from it have sprung several of the divisions 
(if tlic department which now function independently. In the cases 
where new boards have been created to carry on activities which were 
originally allocated to the State Board of Prison Directors, as, for 
example, the Advisory Pardon Board, the historical development of 
those activities has been .shown under the later board. 

State Prison Inspectors 

IS.")! An act of 1851 provided for the appointment of a Super- 
intendent of the State Prison bj- the lessees of the prison 
and the convicts, and for the appointment by the Governor 
of three Inspectors of the State Prison. 

Stats. JSSl, ch. llJf, p. 427. Passed Apr. 25, 18S1. 

1852 The State Prison Inspectors were made a salaried board in 
1852. This board was abolished by the act of 1855. 

fHats. 18.52. ch. JO. p. .'3. Approved May .1. /S.T?. 

Board of Directors of the State Prison 

lf?55 In 1855 the Legislature provided for the government of the 
State Prison by a salaried board of three directors. The 
Governor, Controller, and Secretary of State were to con- 
stitute a Board of Inspectors of the State Prison. Earlier 
acts in conflict with this one were repealed. 

stats. 1S.55, ch. 22). p. 292. Approved . and in effect May 
7, 18.55. 

1857 The Board of Directors of the State Prison was abolished 
in 1857. 

Stats. 18,57, ch. 70, p. 7',. Approved Mar. 10, 18,57. 

Board of State Prison Commissioners 

1856 Provision was made in 1856 for the leasing of the State 
Prison grounds and the convict labor, under the jurisdiction 
of a board of commissioners composed of the Lieutenant 
Governor, Controller, and Treasurer. This board was to 
make all the rules and regulations for the government of 
the prison, visiting the in.stitution frequently. To the les- 
sees were assigned the actual management and provision for 
the prisoners. The paid directors were therefore unneces- 
sary, and their office was abolished the following year. 
Stats. 18,56, ch. 39, p. iS. Approved Mar. 21, 1856. 



DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 181 

Board of Directors of the State Prison 

1858 The Governor, Lieutenant Governor, and Secretary of State 
were constituted a board of directors to manage the State 
Prison. At the same time a Board of Examiners of State 
Prison Accounts, consisting of the Treasurer, Attorney 
General, and Controller, was created. 

Stats. 1858, ch. 291, p. 259. Approved Apr. 2.'i, 1858. 

State Board of Prison Directors 

1879 A constitutional amendment in 1879 provided for an uns.-il 
aried State Board of Prison Directors of five persons to be 
appointed by the Governor. 

Const. 1879, Article X. 

1880 "An act to define, regulate and govern the State Prisons of 
California" defined the powers and duties of the board in 
1880. The term of office of the prison directors was set at 
ten years. 

fStats. 1880, ch. 71, p. 67. Approved and in effect Apr. 15, 1880. 

1 DETECTIVE LICENSE DEPARTMENT. 

1915 In 1915 the duties of the State Board of Prison Direc- 
tors were enlarged to include the licensing and regulat- 
ing of the business of private detectives and detective 
agencies. The functions of License Clerk were imme- 
diately added to tliose already carried on by the Parole 
Officer, and he conducted the Detective Licen.se Depart- 
ment. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 635, p. 1253. Approved June 7, 1915; in 
effect Aug. 8, 1915. 

1927 A new act on this subject, again delegating the licensing 
and regulating power to the State Board of Prison 
Directors, was passed. The Detective License Depart- 
ment was set up as a separate department on Feb. 1, 
1927. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 885, p. 1938. Approved June 3, 1927; in 
effect Aug. 2, 1927. 

2. PAROLE DEPARTMENT. 

1908 In 1908 the first Parole Officer was appointed by the 
State Board of Prison Directors. 

1913 The 1913 Legislature made an appropriation specifi- 
eally for defraying the expense of the parole system, 
and it became possible to set up a department with 
separate financial accounts thereafter. 



182 DEPARTMENT OP PENOLOGY 

3. SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA PRISON. 

1935 An act to establish the Southern California Prison 

under the management and control of the State Board 

of Prison Directors was passed in 1935. A commission 

consisting of the Governor, or representative designated 

by him, the Lieutenant Governor, the Speaker of the 

Assembly, president of the State Board of Prison 

Directors, and one other person to be appointed by the 

Governor, was created to select and acquire a suitable 

farm site for the prison. 

Stats. JOS'), ch. iV,, p. l.',65. Approved July 9, 1935; in 
effect Sept. 15, 1935. 

4. STATE PRISON AT FOLSOM. 

1858 An act of 1858 provided for the selection of a site and 
the purchase of land for a branch prison. The board 
of directors did nothing about this, however, and the 
matter dropped for ten years. 

Stats. 1858, ch. 291, p. 259. Approved Apr. 2',, 1858. 

1868 The State Board of Prison Directors were ordered to 

choose between Rocklin and Folsom for the location of 

the Branch State Prison in 1868. They chose Folsom. 

No appropriation was made by the Legislature until 

1874. Work was started in this year, but was abandoned 

until 1878, when another appropriation was made. 

The prison was opened for occupancy in July, 1880. 

Stats. 1867-1868, ch. /i68, p. 627. Approved and in effect 
Mar. SO, 1868. 

1889 The law stated in 1889 that the prisons of the state 
should be known as the State Prison at San Quentin 
and the State Prison at Folsom. 

Stats. 1889, ch. 2GJ,, p. ^0.). Approved and in effect Mar. 
19, 1889. 

5. STATE PRISON AT SAN QUENTIN. 

1852 In 1852 the Legislature created a board of commission- 
ers, consisting of the State Prison Inspectors and the 
Superintendent of Public Buildings, to select a site and 
to contract for the erection of a state prison. The 
board of commissioners chose Point San Quentin as 
the location of the prison. 

Stats. 1852, ch. 59, p. 132. Approved May 1, 1852. 

1889 The name of the prison was officially recognized as the 
State Prison at San Quentin in 1889. For a discussion 



DEPARTMENT OF PENOLOGY 183 

■ of the creation of the Female Department of tliis prison, 
see Division of Women's Institutions, below. 

Fitats. 1880, ch. 2C,.',, p. J,OJi. Approved and in cffrct Mar. 
19, 1889. 

Division of Women's Institutions (California Institution for Women) 

1929 In 1929 the Legislature established the California Institution for 

Women and created a board of trustees of five members to 

manage it. The trustees were to be appointed by the Governor 

for a term of five years, and three of them were to be women. 

The board of trustees was to constitute the Division of Women 's 

Institutions of the Department of Penology. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 2/f8, p. /,90. Approved May 9, 1929; in effect Aug. 
U, 1929. 

1933 In 1933 a part of the California Institution for Women was con- 
stituted the Female Department of the State Prison at San 
Quentin, under the jurisdiction of the State Board of Prison 
Directors. 

Stats. 1933, ch. 102, p. 557. Approved and in effect Apr. 18, 1933. 



13—35681 



PROFESSIONAL AND VOCA- 
TIONAL STANDARDS 



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DEPARTMENT OP PROPESSIONAL AND 
VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

ADMINISTRATION 

DIVISION I 

Board of Dental Examiners of California 
Board of Medical Examiners 
State Board of Pharmacy 

DIVISION II 

State Board of Barber Examiners 

State Board of Cosmetology 

State Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmcrs 

State Board of Optometry 

Board of Examiners in Veterinary Medicine 

DIVISION III 

State Board of Accountancy 

California State Board of Ai-chitectural Examiners 

(Northern District and Southern District Boards) 
Contractors' State License Board 

Contractors' License Bureau 
Board of Registration for Civil Engineers 

DIVISION IV 

Bureau of Furniture and Bedding Inspection 
Structural Pest Control Board 
Yacht and Ship Brokers Commission 



(187) 



DEPARTMENT OP PROPESSIONAL AND 
VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 



The Department and the office of Director of Professional and 
Vocational Standards were created in 1929 (Stats. 1929, ch. 290, p. 
592; approved May 14, 1929, in effect Aug. 14, 1929). The director 
was to be appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Gov- 
ernor. The purpose in establishing the department was to coordinate 
the administrative and financial affairs of several boards whose com- 
mon objectives were the health and safety of the people of the state. 
In accomplishing this purpose the Legislature did not set up entirely 
new administrative machinery, as in the case, for example, of the 
Department of Finance. Each board continued to exist as a separate 
unit, retaining its name and functions and carrying on its duties as 
before. 

The law provided that the boards should be classified into at least 
two divisions as follows: Division I — Board of Medical Examiners, 
Board of Dental Examiners, and Board of Pharmacy; Division II— 
Board of Accountancy, Board of Architecture, Board of Embalmers, 
Board of Barber Examiners, Board of Cosmetology, Board of Optom- 
etry, and Board of Veterinary Medical Examiners. As the director 
was permitted to create more divisions if he desired, however, the 
boards were cla.ssified into three groups as soon as the department 
was organized. Division III comprises the State Board of Account- 
ancy, the California State Board of Architectural Examiners (both 
removed from Division TI), and two newer agencies, the Board of 
Registration for Civil Engineers and the Contractors' License Bureau. 
In 1935 three new agencies were created in the department, and these 
Avere placed, provisionally, in a new Division TV. These agencies 
were the Bureau of Furniture and Bedding Inspection, the Structural 
Pest Control Board, and the Yacht and Ship Brokers Commission. 
A Contractors' State License Board was also created in tliis same year. 

As each board has retained its own identity and structure, the 
whole story of its development is given under one entry only. It would 
be artificial to divide tlie material into a historical section before 
1929. and a present organization section after that date. 



(188) 



DEPARTMENT OP PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 189 



DIVISION I. 

Board of Dental Examiners of California 

1885 A Board of Examiners to give examinations and issue licenses 
to qualified dentists was created in 1885. The board con- 
sisted of seven members, appointed by the Governor for a 
term of four years. 

Slafs. 1885, ch. 127, p. 110. Approved and in effect Mar. 12, 
1885. 

1901 In 1901 the early act was repealed, but provision was made 
for another Board of Dental Examiners with the same mem- 
bership and term of office. This statute was repealed in 
1921 (ch. 271, p. 371), although it had already been abro- 
gated by the dental law of 1915. 

Stats. 1001, ch. 175, p. 56/,. Aiiproved Mar. 2S, 1901; in effect 
Sept. 1, 1901. 

1915 The Board of Dental Examiners of California was created 
in 1915. It consisted of seven members, practicing dentists, 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats 1915, ch. J,26, p. OOS. Approved May 21, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

Board of Medical Examiners 

The medical profession was the first to be regulated by law in 
California, a statute to that effect being passed in 1876. In the begin- 
ning, the members of the profession appointed their own representa- 
tives on boards of examiners. This practice was modified by various 
statutory revisions, and finally, in 1913, the Board of Medical Exam- 
iners of the State of California was created on the same basis as the 
other professional and vocational regulatory boards. 

1876 A law passed in 1876 provided that "Each State Medical 
Society incorporated and in active existence on the tenth 
day of March, eighteen hundred and seventy -six, whose 
members are required to possess diplomas or licenses from 
some legally chartered medical institution in good standing, 
shall appoint, annually, a Board of Examiners, consist- 
ing of seven members, who shall hold their office for one 
year . . ." 

Stats. 187.5-1870, ch. 518, p. 792. Ap/jroved and in effect .Apr. 
3, 1876. 

1878 In 1878 it was provided that the Medical Society of the 
State of California, the Eclectic Medical Society of the 



190 DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 

State of California, and the California State Homeopathic 

Medical Society, and no others, should each appoint 

annually a Board of Examiners of seven members. 

Stats. 1877-1878, ch. 57G. p. .O/S. Became a law and in effect 
Apr. 1, 1878. 

1901 The Board of Medical E.\;iniiiiers of the State of California 
was created in 1901. It was to consist of nine members, to 
be elected annually by specified medical societies of Cali- 
fornia. The earlier acts were repealed. 

Stats. 1901, ch. 51. p. 56. Became a law Feb. 27, 1901; in 
effect Aug. 1, 1901. 

1907 In 1907 provision was made for a Board of Medical Exam- 
iners of the State of California, of eleven members to be 
appointed by the Governor from lists prepared by speci- 
fied medical societies. The term of office was two years. 
An amendment in 1911 required that the appointment 
should be made from certain schools or systems of medicine, 
rather than from medical societies. 

Stats. 1907, ch. 212, p. 252. Approved Mar. IJ,, 1907; in 
effect May 1, 1907. 

1913 Tlie act of 1907 was repealed and a new Board of Medical 

Examiners of the State of California established in 1913. 

The board consisted of ten members appointed by the 

Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 191S, ch. 35.',, p. 722. Approved June 2, 1913; in effect 
Avff. 10, 1913. 

State Board of Pharmacy 

1891 A Board of Pharmacy of seven members appointed by the 
Governor for a terra of four years was created in 1891. This 
law was repealed by another Pharmacy Act in 1901 (ch. 141, 
p. 299) which, however, created a new board with the same 
membership and term of office. 

stats. 1891, ch. 85, p. 86. Approved Mar. 11, 1891. 

1907 In the law, as it was amended in 1907, the name of the board 

was g-iven as the California State Board of Pharmacy. 

Stats. 1907, ch. ^23, p. 766. Approved Mar. 21, 1907; in effect 
60 days after passage. 



DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 191 



DIVISION II. 

State Board of Barber Examiners 

The present State Board of Barber Examiners is of recent 
origin. An early board had been created in 1901, but two years later 
it -was abolished, and no other such agency existed until the act 
of 1927 was passed. 

1901 A Board of Examiners who should give examinations and 
issue certificates to those competent to practice the occupa- 
tion of barbering was created in 1901. It consisted of three 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of three 
years. 

SHats. ]00l, ch. 2Ji, p. 7.5. Approved and in effect Feb. 20, 
1901. 

1903 The act of 1901 was repealed in 1903. 

Stafs. 1903, ch. 151. p. 166. Approved and in effect Mar 16. 
1903. 

1927 The State Board of Barber Examiners, consisting of three 
members appointed by the Governor for a term of three 
years, was created in 1927. The term of office was changed 
to four years in 1931 (ch. 1116, p. 2367). 

Stats. 1927, ch. 853, p. 17/f8. Approved May 31, 1927; in 
effect July 30, 1927. 

State Board of Cosmetology 

1927 The State Board of Cosmetology of five persons appointed by 
the Governor for a term of four years was created in 1927. 

Sfats. 1927, ch. 8^5, p. 1711. Approved May 31, 1927; in effect 
July SO, 1927. 

State Board of Funeral Directors and Embalmers 

1915 An act of 1915 created the State Board of Embalmers of 

the State of California, consisting of five members appointed 

by the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 71, p. 80. Approved Apr. 16, 1915; in effect Aug. 
8, 1915. 

1929 The act of 1915 was repealed and the Embalmers Law rewritten 
in 1929. The State Board of Embalmers and Funeral Direc- 
tors, of five mein})ers appointed by the Governor for a term 
of four years, was created. The name was changed to State 



192 DEPARTMENT OF I'KOFESSIOXAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 

Board of Funeral Dii-eetors and Embalmers in 1931 (ch. 845, 

p. 1736). 

Sitats. 1029. ch. 11,0. j,. 258. Approved Apr. 20, 1929; in effect 
Auff. 1/j, 1929. 

State Board of Optometry 

1903 The California State Board of Examiners in Optometry, con- 
sisting of three persons appointed by the Governor for a term 
of four years, was created in 1903. The term of office was 
increased in 1907 to six years. 

stats. 1903. ch. 2S.i, p. 285. Approved and in effect Mar. 20, 1903. 

1913 A law passed in 1913 repealed the act of 1903, but again pro- 
vided for the regulation of the practice of optometry. A State 
Board of Optometry, consisting of three members appointed 
by the Governor for a term of six years, was created. The term 
of office wa.s changed to four years in 1931. 

Stats. 1913. ch. 598. p. 1097. Approved June 16, 1913; in effect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

Board of Examiners in Veterinary Medicine 

1893 A State Veterinary Medical Board of five members appointed 

by the Governor for a term of four years was created in 1893. 

Stats. 1893. ch. 203, p. 280. Approved Mar. 23, 1893; in effect 
GO days after passage. 

1907 An act of 1907 repealed the law of 1893, and created a Boai'd 
of Examiners in Veterinary Medicine. The board consisted of 
five members appointed by the Governor for a term of four 
years. An amendment in 1927 (ch. 323, p. 532) provided 
that the chief of the Division of Animal Industry of the 
Department of Agriculture should be one of the members of 
the board. 

Stats. 1907, ch. .501. p. 919. Apt roved and in effect Mar. 23, 1907. 



DIVISION III. 

State Board of Accountancy 

1901 A State Board of Accountancy was created in 1901. It was 

to consist of five me)iil)ers appointed by the Governor for a 

term of four years. 

Stuln. 1901. ill. 213, p. (!f,5. Approved and in effect Mar. 2S, 
1901. 



DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 193 

California State Board of Architectural Examiners 
1901 The State Board of Architecture, consisting of ten persons 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, was 
created in 1901. It was provided that five members of the 
board should be residents of the northern district of California ^ 
and should "constitute the northern district for the examina- 
tion of applicants for certificates to practice architecture in 
this state. ' ' Five members, similarly, were to be residents of 
the southern district of California. 

f^tatit. 1901, ch. 212, p. 6^/1. Approved and in effect Mar. 23, 
1901. 

1929 In 1929 the name of the board was changed to the California 
State Board of Architectural Examiners. The amended act 
provided that five members should be selected from the mem- 
bership of the northern California chapter or chapters of the 
American Institute of Architects or other similar association 
of architects. They constituted the Northern District Board. 
A similar provision was made for the five members from the 
southern part of the state. 

Stats. 1929, ch. CS, p. 138. Approved Apr. 6, 1929; in effect 
Aufj. 1!,, 1929. 

Contractors' State License Board 

1929 In 1929 the Director of the Department of Professional and 
Vocational Standards was constituted a registrar to issue 
licenses to contractors and to maintain an indexed record 
of applications and licenses. 

Stats. 1929. ch. 791, p. 1591. Approved June 13, 1929: in effect 
.A.v(/. 1/,. 1929. 

1931 In 1931 an amendment to the act of 1929 left the administra- 
tion of the law under the jurisdiction of the Director of 
Professional and Vocational Standards, but created as a new 
position a Registrar of Contractors. This officer and his 
assistants were to be appointed by the director of the depart- 
ment, and were to function under his control. 

Statu. 1931. ch. 578. //. 1255. Approved June 3, 193 1: in effect 
A up. 1/,, 1931. 

1933 The Contractors' License Bureau in the Department of Pro- 
fessional and Vocational Standaixls, in which the Registrar of 
Contractors and his assistants should function, was created 
in 1933. 

Sfat.f. J93S, ch. .573, p. 1J,83. Approved and in effect May 26, 
1933. 



194 DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 

1935 In 1935 the Contractors' State License Board was created. 
It was to be composed of seven members, contractors actively 
engaged in the contracting business, appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four years. The board Avas to succeed to 
the functions and duties of the Director of the Department 
of Professional and Vocational Standards as they related 
to the administration of the Contractors' Registration Act. 
The Contractor.s' License Bureau was to be continued in 
force. The Registrar of Contractors was to be appointed by 
the board, with the approval of the Director of Professional 
and Vocational Standards. 

Stats. 1935. ch. 816, p. 2215. Approved July 20, 1935; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1935. 

Board of Registration for Civil En^neers 

The existence of this board has been of short duration, as it was 
created in 1929. One of the functions recently assigned to it, that 
of licensing land surveyors, dates back, however, to 1891. 

1891 A Board of Examining Surveyors, consisting of five mem 
bers appointed by the Governor for a term of one year, was 
created in 1891. Licenses were to be issued to surveyors by 
the State Surveyor-General upon presentation of a cer- 
tificate granted by the board. 

Statg. Jmu ch. 2.55. p. J,78. .i^pproved Mar. 31. 1891; in 
effect July 1, 1891. 

1907 The Board of Examining Surveyors was abolished in 1907, 
by a repeal of the act of 1891. Licenses were still to be 
issued by the State Surveyor-General.. 

stats. 1907. ch. 2.}7. p. 310. .Approved and in effect Mar. 16. 
1907. 

1929 A State Board of Registration for Civil Engineers, con- 
sisting of three members appointed by the Governor for a 
term of four years, was created in 1929. The board was 
placed in the Department of Profes.sional and Vocational 
Standards. 

Stats. 1929. ch. SOI. p. 10 ',5. Approved June 1/,, 1929; in 
effect .iufj. I'l, 1929. 

1933 An act of 1933 added to (lie duties of the Board of Registra- 
tion for Civil Engineers those of examining and licensing 
land surveyors, repealing tlic act of 1907 relating to this 
subject. 

stats. 1933. ch. 506. p. 1281. Approved May 2i, 1933; in 
effect .\ug. 21, 1933. 



DEPARTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 195 



DIVISION IV. 

Bureau of Furniture and Bedding Inspection 

Department of Agriculture. Division of Weights and Measures. 

1927 The first Mattress Act was passed in 1915 (ch. 641, p. 
1267). In 1921 the enforcement of the act was dele- 
gated to the State Superintendent of Weights and 
Measures J but it was not until this act was amended in 
1927, and the Upholstered Furniture Act was passed 
(Stats. 1927, ch. 405, p. 665) that a special subdivision 
was organized in the Division of Weights and Measures 
of the Department of Agriculture. This subdivision 
was called for a time the Bedding Enforcement Division. 
The name was soon changed to Mattress and Upholstered 
Furniture Inspection Service. 

Bureau of Furniture and Bedding Inspection 

1935 In 1935 a new bureau was created in the Department 
of Professional and Vocational Standards. Amendments 
to the Mattress Act (eh. 662, p. 1825) and to the Uphol- 
stered Furniture Act (ch. 663, p. 1828) provided that 
enforcement activities should thereafter be carried on 
by this new bureau, rather than by the Division of 
Weights and Measures. The bureau was entitled Bureau 
of Furniture and Bedding Inspection. 

Stats. 1935, ch. 663, p. 182S. Approved July 16, 1935; in 
effect Sept. 15, 1935. 

Structural Pest Control Board 

1935 The Structural Pest Control Board was created in the Depart- 
ment of Professional and Vocational Standards in 1935. It 
M^as to be composed of five members, who fulfilled certain 
qualifications, who were to be appointed by the Governor for 
a term of four years. The board was authorized, subject to 
the approval of the Director of the Department of Profes- 
sional and Vocational Standards, to appoint a Registrar of 
Structural Pest Control Operators. The board was to give 
examinations, issue licenses, and make rules and regulations 
relating to the practice of structural pest control. 

Stats. 1935, ch. 823, p. 2233. Artprove.d Juhj 20, 1935; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1935. 



196 DEPARTMENT OF PBOFESSIONAL AND VOCATIONAL STANDARDS 

Yacht and Ship Brokers Commission 

1935 The Yacht and Ship Brokers Act created, in 1935, a Yacht 
and Ship Brokei's Commission in the Department of Profes- 
sional and Vocational Standards. With the approval of the 
Governor, the director of the department was to appoint a 
Yacht and Ship Brokers Commissioner. This oflScer was to 
give examinations, issue licenses, publish reports and direc- 
tories of licensed brokers and salesmen, and make rules and 
regulations. 

Stats. 1935, ch. S2i, p. 2238. Approved July 20, 1935; in effect 
Sept. 15, 1935. 



PUBLIC HEALTH 



STATE BOARD OF HEALTH 

An early law coBcerning California's public health was passed in 
1870 (Stats. 1869-1870, ch. 228, p. 329 ; approved and in effect Mar. 18, 
1870). This act created the State Board of Health and Vital Statistics, 
consisting of seven physicians (two from Sacramento, and the other 
five from different sections of the state) appointed by the Governor for 
a term of four years. In 1872 the same provision was made section 
2978 of the Political Code. The name was given then, and thereafter, 
simply as State Board of Health. This first board was merely an 
advisory and informational body. Its powers were exceedingly limited. 

In 1905 section 2978 of the Political Code was completely rewritten 
(Stats. 1905, ch. 340, p. 397; approved Mar. 20, 1905). The locality 
specification for the board members was omitted, and, what was more 
important, their powers were greatly expanded. The State Board of 
Health was now able to become an important unit in the state govern- 
ment. It attained, in fact, the status of a department of public health, 
although it was not so titled until 1927. Various divisions were organ- 
ized under its jurisdiction, and from time to time additional bureaus 
and divisions were created under its control. 

The Department of Public Health was created in 1927. It suc- 
ceeded to all the powers and duties of the old State Board of Health. 
The early body was abolished, but a new State Board of Health, con- 
sisting of the Director of Public Health and six other members 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, was created. All 
members were to be licensed and practicing physicians of the state. 
It was specified that this board should be the controlling body of the 
department, with the Director of Public Health serving as the executive 
officer. The structure organized to administer public health activities 
now is not, therefore, fundamentally very different from that developed 
during the preceding decades. 



14—35681 ( 199 ) 



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DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 
As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATION 

DIVISION OF COMMUNICABLE DISEASES 

1. Bureau of Epidemiology 

2. Bureau of Tuberculosis 

DIVISION OF LABORATORIES 

1. Bacteriological Division 

2. Chemical Division 

3. Water and Sewage Division 

DIVISION OF PUBLIC HEALTH EDUCATION 

1. Bureau of Child Hygiene 

2. Bureau of Registration of Nurses 

DIVISION OF SANITATION 

1. Bureau of Cannery Inspection 

2. Bureau of Food and Drug Inspections 

3. Bureau of Sanitary Engineering 

4. Bureau of Sanitary Inspections 

DIVISION OF VITAL STATISTICS 



(201) 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 



The Department of Public Health was created in 1927 (Stats. 
1927, ch. 276, p. 494; approved Apr. 29, 1927, in effect July 29, 1927). 
It succeeded to the powers and duties of the State Board of Health ; 
a body which had existed since 1870, and which had developed such a 
high degree of organization that it really enjoyed departmental status. 
The old board was abolished by this act, but the department was placed 
under the control of a new State Board of Health, created at this time. 
For a more complete discussion of this body, see State Board of Health 
p. 199). The position of Director of Public Health was also created. 
This officer was to be appointed by and to hold ofliee at the pleasure of 
the Governor. He was to be the executive officer of the State Board of 
Health to enforce its orders and regulations. 

No particular organization for the department was .specified by the 
act of 1927. Since the department succeeded to the powers and duties 
of the State Board of Health and of all its subdivisions, these sub- 
divisions were, in general, continued in force in the same form in which 
they had previously existed. This being so, the whole story of the 
development of each unit has been discussed under the name of that unit 
in the following pages, without dividing the material into a historical 
section before 1927, and a present-organization section after that date. 
The departmental structure now consists of six divisions, with several 
bureau subdivisions. The adoption of the term "division" generally, 
and the grouping of several bureaus together to form each division, took 
place in the latter part of 1929. 

Division of Administration 

Bureau of Administration 

1910 In the bieunium 1910-1912 a Bureau of Administration was 
established under the State Board of Health. The duties 
assigned to it included financial and administrative work, 
legal activities, sewage dispo.sal investigations (later taken 
over by the Bureau of Sanitary Engineering), and mor- 
bidity statistics collection (transferred in 1920 or 1921 to 
the Division of Epidemiology). At the same time that the 
Bureau of Administration was established, a separate 
Bureau of Publications and Health Information was set up. 
This did not function very long, however, for in the 1912- 

(202) 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 203 

1914 biennium publicity activities were turned over to the 
Bureau of Administration. 

Division of Administration 

1929 When the Department of Public Health was reorganized in 
1929, the name of this subdivision was changed from Bureau 
of Administration to Division of Administration. To it have 
been assigned activities relating to organization, finance, care 
of crippled children, publicity, and other functions which 
are of an administrative character. 

CRIPPLED CHILDREN 

1927 A law passed in 1927 required the State Board of Health 
to seek out needy physically defective or handicapped 
persons under the age of eighteen years, and to provide 
the proper diagnostic and surgical, medical, hospital, 
etc., treatment. In order to carry out these duties, the 
Division of Crippled Children was established in Octo- 
ber, 1927. The designation Bureau of Crippled 
Children is now often used in referring to this work. 
The care of crippled children, however, is an adminis- 
trative unit within the Division of Administration. It 
is not a separate bureau. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 590, p. 1021. Approved May 17, 1927; 
in effect Jul;/ 29, 1927. 

SOCIAL HYGIENE 

1917 A Bureau of Social Hygiene was established as a war 
measure on Aug. 13, 1917. It continued to function 
until 1924, when it went out of existence as a separate 
bureau. A small sum of money which remained under 
a federal grant during the war has been used since in 
purchasing drugs for the treatment of venereal diseases. 
These are supplied to certain institutions, which are 
unable to buy such drugs, for worthy indigent indi- 
viduals. The work is carried on by the Division of 
Administration. 

Division of Communicable Diseases 

This division was established in 1929, when the Department of 
Public Health was reorganized. It was preceded by a Bureau of Coni- 
niunicable Diseases, created some fifteen years earlier under the control 
of the State Board of Health. The history of this agency is discussed 
below under the entry Bureau of Epidemiology, and more fully under 
Division of Laboratories — Bacteriological Division (p. 205). 



204 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 

1. BUREAU OF EPIDEMIOLOGY. 

Bureau of Epidemiology 

1906 A Bureau of Epidemiology was started experimentally 
by the secretary of the State Board of Health duriu<r 
the biennium 1906-1908. The work was considered so 
valuable that it was continued as part of the duties of 
the State Hyprionic Laboratory. 

Bureau of the Hygienic Laboratory. Division of Epidemiological 
Investigations. 

1912 "When the State Board of Health was reorpjanized in 
January, 1912, a Division of Epidemiolon:ical Investi- 
gations was established in the Bureau of the Hygienic 
Laboratory. 

Bureau of Communicable Diseases. Division of Epidemiology. 

1915 In 101.") the Bureau of the Hytrienie Laljoratnry became 
the Bureau of Communicable Diseases with the Divi- 
sion of Epidemiology as a subdivision. 

Division of Epidemiology 

1921 In 1921 the Division of Epidemiology was separated 
from the State Hygienic Laboratory, and became an 
independent unit. 

1927 In the biennium 1926-1928 the designation Division of 
Preventable Diseases was adopted. The name Division 
of Epidemiology still appeared in some reports, however. 

Division of Communicable Diseases. Bureau 'of Epidemiology. 

1929 When the Department of Public Health was reorgan- 
ized in 1929 this division became the Bureau of Epide- 
miology in the Division of Communicable Diseases. 

2. BUREAU OF TUBERCULOSIS. 

California Tuberculosis Commission 

1911 In 1911 the State Board of Health was required to 
make a special investigation of the prevalence of tuber- 
culosis in California, and to determine the best means 
for its eradication. The California Tuberculosis Com- 
mission was appointed by the board to do this work. 
The establishment of the Bureau of Tuberculosis 
resulted from one of the i-eeommendations of the com- 
mission. 

SHaU. mil, ch. G92. //. IS50. Approved and in effect 
May 1, 1911. 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 205 

Bureau of Tuberculosis 

1913 A law was passed in 1913 providing for the establish- 
ment and maintenance of a Department of Tuberculosis 
under the direction of the State Board of Health. There 
was to be an Advisory Board to this department, of 
four members appointed by the Governor for a term 
of four years. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 385, p. 813. Approved June 13, 1913; 
in effect Aug. 10, 1913. 

1915 The act of 1913 was repealed two years later. In place 
of the Department of Tuberculosis and its Advisory 
Board, a Bureau of Tuberculosis under the control of 
the State Board of Health was created. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 766. p. 1530. Approved June 12. 1915; 
in effect Aug. 11, 1915. 

1929 When the Department of Public Health was reorgan- 
ized in 1929, the Biireau of Tuberculosis was placed in 
a Division of Communicable Diseases. 

Division of Dental Hygiene 

A Division of Dental Hygiene, to be maintained by the State Board 
of Health, was created in 1921. Its purpose Avas "to investigate con- 
ditions of dental hygiene affecting the health of the children of this 
state and to disseminate educational information relating thereto ..." 

The law creating this division has never been repealed. Through 
lack of legislative appropriation, however, the division was able to 
function for two years only, and then went out of existence. 

Stats. 1921, ch. .',12, p. 005. Approved May 25, 1921; in effect July 29, 1921. 

Division of Laboratories 

The Division of Laboratories, also termed Bureau of Laboratories, 
was created in 1931, when the Foods and Drugs Laboratory and the 
water and sewage laboratory of the Bureau of Sanitary Engineering 
v/ere merged with the Bacteriological (formerly Hygienic) Laboratory. 
These three laboratories retained their identities, however, and became 
the Chemical Division, Bacteriological Division, and Water and Sewage 
Division of the Bureau of Laboratories. 

1. BACTERIOLOGICAL DIVISION. 

State Hygienic Laboratory 

1905 A law passed in 1905 provided for the establishment and 
maintenance of a State Hygienic Laboratory at the 
University of California at Berkeley under the man- 
agement and for the use of the State Board of Health. 



206 DEPARTMENfT OF PUBUC HEALTH 

The Regents of the University of California were to 
appoint a director of the laboratory and assistants. 
Sfafs. 1905, ch. 223, p. 209. Approved Mar. 18, 1905. 

1911 The act of 1905 was amended in 1911. The laboratory 
was placed entirely under the management and control 
of the State Board of Health, and the board was 
given authority to establish branch laboratories at other 
places in the state. The director of the laboratory wa« 
to be appointed henceforth by the State Board of Health 
instead of by the Regents of the University of Cali- 
fornia. 

Sfats. 1911, ch. 15.'i, p. 320. .\i proved Mar. 9, 1911: in 
effect Jvh/ 1. 1911. 

Bureau of the Hygienic Laboratory 

1912 The State Board of Health reorganized its administra 
tive machinery in January, 1912. The State Hygienic 
Laboratory became Bureau of the Hygienic Laboratory, 
with three subdivisions: Division of Biological Exami- 
nations, Division of Preventive Therapeutics, and Divi 
sion of Epidemiological Investigations. 

Bureau of Communicable Diseases. Division of tl^e Hygienic 
Laboratory. 

1915 As medical knowledge concerning communicable 
diseases increased, the laboratory activities in this field 
expanded. In 1915 the name was changed from Bureau 
of the Hygienic Laboratory to Bureau of Communicable 
Di.seases. The bureau was organized into a Division of 
Epidemiology and a Laboratory Division. The office of 
Consulting Parasitologist was also establislied. 

1917 In 1917 the bureau was again reorganized. Four divi- 
sions were set up : Division of the Hygienic Laboratory ; 
Division of Epidemiology; Division of Entomology (th':> 
name of the office of Consulting Parasitologist being 
changed to Consulting Entomologist) ; and a new Divi- 
sion of Parasitology (first called, for a very short time. 
Division of Biology). 

State Hygienic Laboratory 

1921 In 1921 the Bureau of Coiiniuuiicable Diseases was dis- 
solved; the Division of Epidemiology and the State 
Hygienic Laboratory being separated, the Division of 
Entomology going out of existence, and the Division of 



DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC HEALTH 207 

Parasitology becoming, in effect, a subdivision of the 
State Hygienic Laboratory. 

Bacteriological Division 

1931 The designation Bacteriological Laboratory was first 
substituted for State Hygienic Laboratory in the 1926- 
1928 biennial report. In 1931 this laboratory became 
the Bacteriological Division of the Bureau of Labora- 
tories. 

2. CHEMICAL DIVISION. 

1907 A law passed in 1907 established a state laboratory for the 
analysis and examination of food and drugs. This was 
administered for many years by the Bureau of Foods and 
Drugs of the State Board of Health. 

1931 In 1931 all the laboratories of the various subdivisions of the 
Department of Public Health were merged to form the 
Bureau of Laboratories. The chemical laboratory of the 
Bureau of Poods and Drugs was therefore removed from 
that subdivision and placed in the new Division of Labora- 
tories. For a more complete discussion of the history and 
for statutory references, see Division of Sanitation — Bureau 
of Food and Drug Inspections (p. 209). 

3. WATER AND SEWAGE DIVISION. 

1915 A laboratory for the analysis of water and sewage specimens 
was established in the Bureau of Sanitary Engineering when 
it was created in 1915. 

1931 In 1931 this laboratory was merged with the Foods and 
Drugs and tjie Bacteriological Laboratories to form the 
Bureau of Laboratories. It became the "Water and Sewage 
Division of the new bureau. For the history of the Bureau 
of Sanitary Engineering, see Division of Sanitation — Bureau 
of Sanitary Engineering (p. 210). 

Division of Public Health Education 

This division was set np in 1929 when the department was reor- . 
ganized. It comprises two bureaus that were previously independent 
units. 

1. BUREAU OF CHILD HY(JIENE. 

1919 The State Board oL' Health was authorized in 1919 to main- 
tain a Bureau of Child Hygiene, which should investigate 



208 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 

conditions affecting the health of the children of the state 
and disseminate educational information. 

Stats. 1919. ch. 583, p. 123.',. Approved May 27. 7.97.9; in effect 
July 27, 1919. 

1923 A law of 1923 accepted the provisions of the federal "Shep- 
pard-Towner" Act ("an act for the promotion of the wel- 
fare and hygiene of maternity and infancy . . ."), and 
empowered the Bureau of Child Hygiene to cooperate with 
the U. S. Children's Bureau in administering it. 

Stats. 1923. ch. C.7. p. 132. Approved Apr. SO. 1923. 

1929 When the Department of Public Health was reorganized in 
1929, the Bureau of Child Hygiene was placed in the Divi- 
sion of Public Health Education. 

2. BUREAU OF PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING. 

1930 From September. 1930, until July, 1932, an Advisory Public 
Health Nurse functioned in the Department of Public 
Health. Shortage of funds necessitated the discontinuance 
of the position after that biennium. 

3. BUREAU OF REGISTRATION OF NURSES. 

1913 In 1913 provision was made for the establishment and main- 
tenance by the State Board of Health of a Department of 
Examination and Registration of Graduate Nur.ses. The 
subdivision was called, from the beginning, the Bureau of 
Registration of Nurses. A director was appointed in Octo 
ber, 1913, and work was started at once. The law repealed 
in effect an act of 1905 (ch. 405, p. 533) which had required 
the Board of Regents of the University of California to give 
examinations and issue certificates to qualified nurses. The 
act of 1905 was actually repealed in 1921 (ch. 634, p. 1070). 

Stats. 1913. ch. 319, n. GIS. Approved June 12, 1913; in 
effect Aug. 10, 1913. 

1929 In 1929 the Division of Public Health Education was estab- 
lished, and the Bureau of Registration of Nurses was placed 
in it. 

Division of Sanitation 

The present Division of Sanitation was created in 1929 when tBl" 
Department of Public Health was reorganized. The designation had 
previously belonged to a subdivision carrying on tho.se activities now 
assigned to the Bureau of Sanitary Tn.spections. Tiiis division has four 
'oureaus under it. 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 209 

1. BUREAU OF CANNERY INSPECTIONS. 

Distinction should be drawn between the Bureau of Cannery- 
Inspections and the Cannery Inspection Board. The latter agency 
is an independent board created in 1933. As it is closely allied in 
interest and function with the bureau, discussion concerning it 
follows the description of the Bureau of Cannery Inspections. 

Division of Cannery Inspection 

1925 An act to regulate the conduct of canneries, and to 
create a Division of Cannery Inspection was passed in 
1925. The State Board of Health was authorized to 
appoint a Chief Cannery Inspector and such other offi- 
cers as were necessary to enforce the act. 

Stats. 1925, ch. 1,28, p. 931. Approved May 23, 1925. 

Bureau of Cannery Inspections 

1929 Wlien the Department of Public Health was reorganized 
in 1929, the Division of Cannery Inspection became 
the Bureau of Cannery Inspections in the Division of 
Sanitation. 

Cannery Inspection Board 

1933 The Cannery Inspection Act was amended in 1933. 
Section 4 of the amended act created the Cannery- 
Inspection Board of five members, consisting of the 
secretary of the State Board of Health, the Director 
of the Hooper Foundation for Medical Research, Uni- 
versity of California, "and three men experienced in, 
and with substantial investments in, and actively 
engaged in the canning industry at the time of their 
appointment, to be appointed by the State Board of 
Health." The term of office of the three appointive 
members was to be one year. This board was to esti- 
mate the cost of the inspections and examinations to be 
made, and the number of cases of certain products 
that would be packed during the canning season. 

Stats. 1933, ch. 884, P- 2292. Approved June 12, 1933; 
in effect Aug. 21, 1933. 

2. bureIu of food and drug inspections. 

Department of Pure Foods and Drugs 

1907 A state laboratory for the analysis and examination 
of food and drugs, under the supervision of the State 
Board of Health, was established in 1907. A statute 
forbidding the sale of adulterated food and liquors 



210 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEALTH 

had been passed as early as 1850. Many similar laws 

were adopted in subsequent years, but no special 

machinery for their enforcement was provided, so that 

little was accomplished in this field until the law of 

1907 was passed. The subdivision in which the State 

Food and Drug Laboratory functioned was called 

at first the Department of Pure Foods and Drugs. 

Stats. 1907, ch. ISl, p. 20S. Approved Mar. 11, 1907; in 
effect Jan. 1, 1908. 

Bureau of Foods and Drugs 

1910 In the biennium 1910-1912 the name was changed to 
Bureau of Foods and Drugs. 

Bureau of Food and Drug Inspections 

1931 The laboratories of the Bureau of Foods and Drugs 
and the Bureau of Sanitary Engineering were merged 
with the Bacteriological Laboratory to form the 
Bureau of Laboratories in 1931. On Apr. 12, 1932, the 
field activities of the Bureau of Foods and Drugs (in 
the interim continued by the laboratory staff) were 
assigned to a separate subdivision designated Bureau 
of Food and Drug inspections. This bureaii was placed 
in the Division of Sanitation. 

:5. BUREAU OF SANITARY ENGINEERING. 

1915 A law passed in 1915 provided for the establishment and 
maintenance of a Department of Sanitary Engineering 
under the direction of the State Board of Health. The sub- 
division was called from the beginning Bureau of Sanitary 
Engineering. 

Stats. 1915. ch. .',7S, p. 800. Approved May 2J,, 1915; in effect 
Aug. 8, 1915. 

1929 When the Department of Public Health was reorganized in 
1929, this bureau was placed in the new Division of Sani- 
tation. 

Malaria Control 

1923 The Division of Malaria Control was created Jan. 1, 
1923, in the Bureau of Administration of the State 
Board of Health. Its activities were made possible by 
a .special appropriation for iiuilaria control allowed bj' 
the 1921 Legislature (Stats. 1921, ch. 417, p. 608). 
"Work was started and comprehensive surveys were made 
in 1922. before the division was organized. 



DEPARTMENT OF PURLIC HEALTH 211 

1932 On May 1, 1932, tlic dutios of the Division of Malaria 
Control A\('rc transforrod to the Bureau of Sanitary 
Engineering'. They were carried on as part of the 
regular activities of the bureau, and not in a separate 
subdivision thereafter. 

4. BUREAU OF SANITARY INSPECTIONS. 

Bureau of Administration. Sanitary Inspector. 

1914 On Jan. 22, 191-1, a Sanitary Inspector was added to the 
staff of the State Board of Health. He functioned in 
the Bureau of Administration, making surveys and 
investigations of sanitary conditions in selected places. 

Division of Sanitation 

1921 In 1921 two more inspectors were added to the staff. 
The Division of Sanitation was established as a separate 
subdivision of the department. 

Bureau of Sanitary Inspections 

1929 When the Division of Sanitation was set up in 1929 to 
include four subdivisions, the earlier Division of Sani- 
tation became the Bureau of Sanitary Inspections in the 
new division. 

Division of Vital Statistics 

State Registrar 

1858 The position of State Registrar was created in 1858. This 
officer was to be appointed by the Governor, with the advice 
and consent of the Senate, for a term of two years. The act 
provided for the registration of all marriages, births, 
divorces, and deaths in California. 

Stnts. 1S58, ch. S-JC. p. 3.',2. Approved Apr. 26, 185S. 

1860 The act of 1858 was I'epealed in 1860. 

Sfatn. 1860, ch. 300, />. 280. Approved Apr. 21, 1860. 

Bureau of Vital Statistics 

1905 A Bureau of Vital Statistics, to be maintained by the State 
Board of Health at Sacramento, was created in 1905. The 
bureau was placed under the supervision of the secretary to 
the State Board of Health, and he was made ex officio State 
Registrar of Vital Statistics. The collection of vital statis- 
tics had been assigned, since 1872, to the secretary of the 
State Board of Health, by section 3080 of the Political Code. 
This section stated that each county recorder should transmit 



212 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC HEAI/TH 

every three months a record of birtlis, marriages, and deaths, 
to the secretary of the State Board of Health. It had been 
impossible, however, to enforce the law, and statistical rec- 
ords were verj' incomplete before 1905. 

Stafs. J90o, ch. 110, p. lOS. Approved Mar. 18, 1905. 

1915 The act relating to vital statistics was completely rewritten 
in 1915, but it still provided for the Bureau of Vital Statis- 
tics and the State Registrar of Vital Statistics. An amend- 
ment in 1917 (ch. 548, p. 717) made the position of state 
registrar separate from that of the secretary to the board. 

Stats. 1915, ch. 378, p. 575. Approved May 19, 1915; in effect 

Aug. 8, 1915. 

Division of Vital Statistics 

1929 In 1929, when the Department of Public Health was reor- 
ganized with divisions as the major units and bureaus as 
subdivisions under them, the Bureau of Vital Statistics 
became also the Division of Vital Statistics. 



PUBLIC WORKS 



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DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OF ARCHITECTURE 

1. Architectural Section 

2. Clerical Section 

3. Construction Section 

4. Contracts, Specifications and Estimating Section 

5. Engineering Section 

6. Structui-al Engineering Section 

DIVISION OF CONTRACTS AND RIGHTS OF WAY 
DIVISION OF HIGHWAYS 

1. Accounting Department 

2. Bridge Department 

3. City and Cooperative Projects Department 

4. Construction Department 

5. Equipment Department 

6. Maintenance Department 

7. Materials and Research Department 

8. Department of Surveys and Plans 
Central Office 

Districts I to XI 

DIVISION OF PORTS 

DIVISION OF WATER RESOURCES 

SAN FRANCISCO-OAKLAND BAY BRIDGE DIVISION 



15—35681 ( 215 ) 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 



Tlie Department of Public Works and the office of Director of 
Public Works were created in 1921 (cli. 607, p. 1039 ; approved Maj^ 31, 
1921, in effect July 30, 1921). Two very important reorganizations 
occurred in 1923 (ch. 286. p. 595), and 1927 (ch. 252, p. 459), each of 
which virtuallj' remade the department. The Director of Public Works 
is appointed by and holds office at the pleasure of the Governor. He 
was required to act, from 1921 to 1928. as chief of the Division of 
Highways, witli the title State Highway Engineer; and from 1923 to 
1927 as chief of the Division of Engineering and Irrigation, with the 
designation State Engineer. 

The act which created the department specified that it should suc- 
ceed to the powers and duties of the State Carey Act Commission, the 
State Engineer, the State Land Settlement Board (although this was 
continued as an advisory board), the State Water Commission, the 
State Highway Engineer, and the Department of Engineering. The 
major lines of its development lead, however, from the Department of 
Engineering, created in 1907, and the State Water Commission, created 
in 1911. The former body merits such detailed consideration that it is 
treated as a separate department in Section I — Historical. It, again, 
was preceded by various agencies, so that it may be said that the roots 
of the Department of Public Works go back to 1878, when the position 
of State Engineer was created. 

In 1921 five divi.sions were specified by the act: the Division of 
Highways, Division of Engineering and Irrigation, Division of AVater 
Rights, Division of Land Settlement, and Division of Architecture. In 
the reorganization of 1923 the Land Settlement and Highways Divisions 
were omitted, but the latter was returned to the department in 1927. 
In 1929 two of the divisions were amalgamated, so that the law (ch. 
373, p. 695), specified only three divisions: the Division of Highways, 
Division of AVater Resources, and Division of Architecture. To these 
have been added the Division of Motor Vehicles (from 1929 to 1931 
only). Division of Contracts and Rights of Way, Division of Ports, 
and San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Division, The last three were 
created by administrative order and are not, therefore, listed in the law. 

The act of 1921 also created a Board of Public Works, consisting of 
the Director of Public Works and the three members of the California 
Highway Commission, with certain duties relating to the subject of 
liighway bonds. In 1927, however, this body was abolished. For the 

( 'J 10 ) 



DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 217 

relationship of the California Highway Commission to the department, 
see Division of Highways (p. 225). 



Historical: before 1921 

PORTS 

Board of Harbor Commissioners of the Port of Eureka 

1870 The Boai'd of Harbor Commissioners of the Port of Eureka 

was created in 1870. It Avas to be composed of the chairman 

of the Board of Supervisors of tlie county of Humboldt, the 

president of the Board of Trustees of the town of Eureka, 

both ex officio members, and one member appointed by the 

Governor for a term of two years. 

Stats. 1S69-1S70. ch. 506, p. 7////. Approved and in effect Apr. 
J,, 1870. 

1927 The Department of Public Works succeeded to the powers 
and duties of this board in 1927. See Division of Ports 
(p. 229). 

Board of State Harbor Commissioners for the Bay of San Diego 

1889 Certain sections were added to the Political Code in 1889, 
creating the Board of State Harbor Commissioners for the 
Bay of San Diego. The board was to consist of three persons 
appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. 
Stats. 1889, ch. 21 h p. ■'^05. Approved Mar. 18, 1889. 

1927 The Department of Public Works succeeded to the powers 
and duties of this board in 1927. See Division of Ports 
(p. 229). 

Board of Harbor Commissioners for the Port of San Jose 

1913 The Board of Harbor Commissioners for the Port of San 

Jose on the southerly arm of the bay of San Francisco was 

created in 1913. The board was to consist of three persons 

appointed by the Governor for a term of four years. 

Stats. 191S, ch. eOlf, p. 1128. Approved June H, 1913; in effect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

1927 In 1927 the Department of Public Works succeeded to the 
powers and duties of this board. See Division of Ports 
(p. 229). 



218 DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 

State Water Commission 

mil A Board of Control (Water Power) was created in 1911. The 
Itoard was to be composed of the Governor and the State Engineer 
as ex officio members, and tlirec members appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four years. 

Statg. 1911, ch. J,06, p. 81S. Approved and in effect Apr. S, 1911. 

1912 In 1912 the State Water Commission was created in place of 
the Board of Control (Water Power), by an act identical with 
that of 1911, except for an extension of the term of license. 
The act of 1911 was repealed. 

Sfatx. Ex. Sesx. 1911. ch. J,l, /.. 175. Approved Jan. 2, 1912; in 
effect 90 days after adjinirnment of the Ttegislature. 

1913 The earlier law was expanded by an act known as the "Water 
Commission Act" in 1913. Among other changes, the sections 
relating to the State Water Commission were reworded and 
enlarged. The member-ship and term of office remained the same 
as that of the Board of Control (Water Power), however. 

The commission has been defined as ". . . an admin- 
istrative and qnasi-judicial bod.v having supervision over the 
acquisition and defining of water rights and the use of water 
from the natural stream channels and lakes of California." 
(State Water Commission. Biennial report no. 3. 1918-1920, 
p. 9.) 

Stats. 1913, ch. 5S6, p. 1012. Approved June 16, 1913; in effect 
Aug. 10, 1913. Subjected to referendum and parsed Nov. 3, 1914. 

1921 The Department of Public Works succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the State Water Commission in 1921. See Division of 
Water Resources (p. 230). 

Carey Act Commission 

191o A law passed in 1915 established the Carey Act Commission for 
the investigation, selection, reclamation, control and disposal of 
all lands granted the state under the provisions of the act passed 
by the United States Congress known as the Carey Act. The 
Commission was to consist of the secretary of the Department of 
Natural Resources, or, until such an officer should be appointed, 
of a member of the State Water Commission, the State Engineer, 
and the Surveyor General. 

Stats. 191.',. ch. 013, p. ll.',0. Approved June 4- 1915; in effect Aug. 
8. 1915. 

1921 The Department of Public Works succeeded to the powers and 
duties of tlie Carev Act Commission in 1921. 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 219 

State Land Settlement Board 

1917 The State Land Settlement Board was created in 1917, and was 
a part of the Department of Public Works from 1921 to 1923. 
For the complete historj* of this board, see State Land Settle- 
ment Board in Section I — Plistorical of the Department of 
Finance (p. 75). 

Department of Engineering 

This was one of the first major departments of the state govern- 
ment. It was so important and so complex that it is treated here as a 
separate department, although it is no longer in existence, having 
become a part of the Department of Public Works in 1921. 

In 1907 (ch. 183, p. 215; approved Mar. 11, 1907) a Department 
of Engineering was created, to consist of an Advisory Board composed 
of the Governor, the State Engineer, the General Superintendent of 
State Hospitals, and the chairman of the State Board of Harbor Com- 
missioners of San Francisco. The State Engineer, who was to be a 
civil engineer appointed by the Governor for a term of four years, 
was to be the head or executive officer of the department. He was 
authorized to appoint various assistants, including the State Architect. 
All architectural work of the state was to be under the charge of the 
latter officer. In the amended act of 1911 the State Highway Engineer 
was added to the list of officers. 

The new department was to take over full control of all pnblie 
works, highways, reclamation and drainage of land, and activities of 
similar nature. One assistant state engineer Avas to be assigned to 
the State Board of Harbor Commissionei*s. The State Engineer 
was also to consult with the California Debris Commission. 

The property, reports, etc. of the Auditing Board to the Com- 
missioner of Public Works, the Commission of Public Works, the 
State Highway Commissioner, the Debris Commissioner, and the Lake 
Tahoe Wagon Road Commissioner, were to be transferred to the 
Department of Engineering, and the A'arious aets relating to them wer'j 
i-epealed. 



A. Engineering: before 1907 

State Engineer 

1878 In 1878 tiie office of State Engineer was created. This 
officer was to investigate the problems of the irrigation oi" tlie 
plains, the condition of the drainage lines of the state, and Hie 



220 DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 

improvement of the navigation of rivers. He was to be 

appointed by the Governor for a term of two years. 

Stats. 1S77-187S, ch. 429, p. 6Si. Approved and in effect Mar. 
29. 1878. 

1889 In 1889 section one of the act of 1878 was amended to the effect 
that the office of State Engineer was to remain in existence for 
a period of two years only from the time the act took effect. The 
State Mineralogist was to be ex officio State Engineer. The 
position of State Engineer was thus abolished until it was created 
once more in 1907. The designation of State Engineer is now 
given to the chief of tlie Division of Water Resources. 

S/o/s. 18S9. ch. 218, p. 328. Approred Mar. 19, 1889. 

PUBLIC WORKS 

Commissioner of Public Works 

1893 A Commissioner of Public "Works was created in 1893 to 
study the problem of flood control, and to supervise and 
manage such public works as the law might require. The 
commissioner was to bo appointed by the Governor for a term 
of four years. 

Stats. 1893, ch. 232. p. S/,5. Approved and in effect Mar. 2.',, 
189S. 

1907 The position of Commissioner of Public Works was abol- 
ished by the act wliicii created the Department of Engi- 
neering in 1907. 

Auditing Board to the Commissioner of Public Works 

1897 An act of 1897 required tlie Governor to appoint five per- 
sons to be known as the Auditing Board to the Commis- 
sioner of Public Works. The term of office was to be 
four years. 

Stntx. 1897. rh. 1 IJ,. i>. 171. Approved and in effect Mar. 17, 
1897. 

1907 The law of 1897 was repealed in 1907 by the act which 
created the Department of Engineering. 

Debris Commissioner 

1893 In 1893 the Governor was authorized to appoint by Jan. 1, 
1894, for a period of four years, an engineer to be called the 
Debris Commissioner. The purpose of this act was to provide 
for cooperation by the state with the California Debris Com- 
mission creatf'd by the United States Congress. By subseq\ient 



DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 221 

amendments, the time of appointment of the Debris Commis- 
sioner was extended to 1910. 

.Sf/o/s. J89S, ch. 228. p. 3.3n. Approved Mar. 2/,, 1893. 

1!)07 Tile functions of the Debris Commissioner were assigned to 
the State Engineer, and the acts relating to the office were 
repealed, in 1907. 

HIGHWAYS 

Bureau of Highways 

1895 A Bureau of Highways, composed of three commissioners 
appointed by the Governor, was created in 1895. This 
bureau was to study the laws, physical features, and eco- 
nomic and legal status of highways in the state. It was 
to exist for two years only, and in fact did go out of 
existence in 1897 when the Department of Highways was 
created. It may be mentioned, as one of the oddities that 
may be found among the statutes, that this act of 1895 was 
repealed by the statutes of 1921 (eh. 635, p. 1070). 

Stats. 1895, ch. 203, p. 263. Approved and in effect Mar. 27, 
1895. 

Department of Hig'hways 

1897 A Department of Highways, to which were to be trans- 
ferred the property and reports of the Bureau of Highways, 
was created in 1897. The department was to consist of 
three executive officers, known as Highway Commissioners, 
but after a period of two years the number was to be 
decreased to one Highway Commissioner only. This officer 
was to be appointed by the Governor for a term of four 
years. 

S!tats. J 897, ch. 272. p. US. Approved and in effect Apr. 1, 
1897. 

1907 The activities of the Highway Commissioner were taken 
over by the Department of Engineering in 1907, and the 
law of 1897 was repealed. 

Lake Tahoe Wagon Road Commissioner 

1895 An act of 1895 provided for the appointment by the Governor 
of the Lake Tahoe Wagon Road Commissioner. The term of 
office was to be two years. 

Stats. 1895. ch. 128, p. 119. Approved and in effect Mnr. 26, 1895. 

1907 This act was repealed by the law which created the Department 
of Engineering in 1907. 



222 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 



B. Engineering: 1907-1921 
Bureau of Architecture 

Division of Architecture 

1907 Upon the organization of the Department of Engineerinj; 
in 1907, the architectural work was segregated in an Archi- 
tectural Department. The designation Division of Archi- 
tecture was adopted within the next year or two. 

Bureau of Architecture 

1915 In 1915, or the early part of 1916, a certain degree of 
reorganization took place in the Department of Engineer- 
ing. The term "bureau" instead of "division" was 
adopted, and each bureau was further subdivided. 

1. DIVISION OF ARCHITECTURE. 

1915 At the time of reorganization, all architectural work 
was placed in the Division of Architecture of the 
Bureau of Architecture. In 1920, shortly before the 
Department of Engineering became a part of the 
Department of Public Works, the organization of this 
division consisted of the following sections: Archi- 
tectural Designing ; Landscape Architecture ; Architec- 
tural Drafting; Specification Writing, Material 
Cataloging and Testing. Change Orders; Quantity 
Surveying, Estimating, Constraction, Contract and 
Days Labor, Inspection; Blue Printing. 

2. DIVISION OF ENGINEERING. 

1915 The engineering work at state institutions was placed 
in the Division of Engineering of the Bureau of Archi- 
tecture. In 1920 the division was composed of five sec- 
tions: Mechanical. Structural. Hydraulic, Civil, and 
Electrical Engineering. 

Bureau of Highways 

California Highway Commission 

1911 Three members were added to the Advisory Board of the 
Department of Engineering in 1911. They were to be 
appointed by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Gov- 
ernor, being designated as "the appointed members of 
said advisory board." On Aug. 8, 1911, the Advisory Board 



DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 223 

adopted a resolution naming these members the "California 
Highway Commission," and delegating to them powers 
necessary to the work of constructing the state highways 
under the State Highways Act. When the Department of 
Engineering was organized in 1907, the highway work had 
been placed in a Highway Department as a subdivision of 
the engineering activities of the department. 
S!t<i1s. 1911. rh. 'i09. p. 823. Approved Apr. 8. 1911. 

Bureau of Highways 

1915 When the Department of Engineering was reorganized in 
1915 or 1916, the designation Bureau of Highways was the 
one ofBcially employed, but the California Highway Com- 
mission continued to act as an executive body and to make 
reports. The organization of this body was so complex as to 
be practically a separate department in itself. When this 
bureau became the Division of Highways of the Department 
of Public AVorks in 1921, there were nine subdivisions in it. 
Of these the Accounting, Disbursing, Legal, and Purchas- 
ing Departments seem to have been separate administra- 
tive units; whereas the Bridge, Construction, Equipment, 
Maintenance, and Testing Departments appear to have been 
merely functional groupings of the activities of the com- 
mission. Most of these were created as specific departments 
when highway work was reorganized in 1923. See Divi- 
sion of Highways (p. 225). 

Bureau of Economics 

1915 When the Department of Engineering was reorganized in 1915, 
or the early part of 1916, a Bureau of Economics was created. 
In previous biennial reports the activities placed in this bureau 
had been grouped under the general heading Hydroeconomics. 
There was probably a separate division in the department. 

The Bureau of Economics had charge of all matters pertain- 
ing to irrigation, flood control, bridges and dams, etc. The Office 
of State Roads was also included in it. The bureau was organ- 
ized as follows : 

1. Flood Control and Reclamation Division. 

2. Navigation Division. 

3. Irrigation Division. 

4. State Roads Division. 

1917 The Office of State Roads remained in the Bureau 
of Economics only until 1917, when it was transferred 
to the Bureau of Highways. 



224 DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 

Motor Vehicle Division 

1913 A Motor Vehicle Division functioned in the Department of 
Engineering from 1913 to 1915. In the latter j^ear a separate 
Motor Vehicle Department of California was created. For the 
complete history of this division of the state government, both 
earlier and later, see Department of Motor Vehicles (p. 140). 



II 

Present organization: after 1921 

Division of Architecture 

This division continued, without a break, the activities of the 
Bureau of Architecture of the Department of Engineering. Its organi- 
zation, in 1921, was essentially the same as that of the earlier subdivi- 
sion. At present there are six sections in this division. The chief of 
the division is known as the State Architect, as provided in the amended 
act of 1927. 

1. ARCHITECTURAL SECTION. 

1921 This section carried on the work previously included in the 
Division of Architecture of the Bureau of Architecture of 
the Department of Engineering. The designation first used 
was Architectural Bureau. The substitution of the word 
"section" for "bureau" was made in 1925. 

2. CLERICAL SECTION. 

1925 This section was organized as a separate unit in 1925. Its 
activities had previously been assigned to the Architectural 
Section. 

3. CONSTRUCTION SECTION. 

1921 When the Division of Architecture was created in 1921, a 
Construction Bureau was organized in it. The word "sec- 
tion" was later used in place of "bureau." 

4. CONTRACTS, SPECIFICATIONS AND ESTIMATING SECTION. 
1931 Some reorganization of the division took place in 1931. 

Contracts, Material, Investigation and Specifications had 
been a subsection under the Architectural Section ; and tlic 
Estimating Section had been a separate section since 1925. 
They were combined at the time of reorganization to form 
the Contracts, Specifications and Estimating Section. 



DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 225 

5. ENGINEERING SECTION. 

1921 This section continued the activities of the Division of 
Engineering of the Bureau of Architecture of the Depart- 
ment of Engineering. As in the case of the Architectural 
Section, the designation first employed was Engineering 
Bureau. 

C. ESTIMATING SECTION. 

1925 This was made a separate section in 1925. The work pre- 
viously had been included in the activities of the Archi- 
tectural Section. In 1931 the Estimating Section was 
placed in a new section, designated Contracts, Specifications 
and Estimating Section. 

7. STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING SECTION. 

1931 In 1931 this section became a separate unit. Before that 

time it had been a part of the Architectural Section of the 

division. 

Division of Contracts and Rights of Way 

This division was created in the latter part of 1927, as the legal 
activities of the department had by that time grown to s^^ch an extent 
that a separate division was considered necessary. It was preceded by 
the Legal Department of the Division of Highways. 

Division of Highways 

The Division of Highways has had a checkered development, mainly 
because of its indivisibility with the California Highway Commission. 
The latter agency was continued in existence, with all its earlier powers 
and duties, by the act of 1921 which created the Department of Public 
Works. (For a discussion of the early history of this body, see Califor- 
nia Highway Commission under the Department of Engineering in 
Section I — Historical, p. 222). The act of 1921 also specified that 
there should be a Division. of Highways. The director of the department 
was to be the chief of the division, and the executive officer of the Cali- 
fornia Highway Commission. He was given the title State Highway 
Engineer. 

In 1923, however, highway activities were removed from the 
Department of Public "Works. All mention of the Division of Highways 
was omitted from tlie Public Works Act (ch. 286, p. 595) ; and new 
sections were added to the Political Code relating to the California 
Highway Commission fell. 289, p. 614). This agency remained for four 
years an independent body, administering all the highway work of the 
state. Its executive officer was known as the State Highway Engineer. 



226 DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 

The statutes of 1927 (ch. 252, p. 459) again amended the Political 
("ode sections relating to the Department of Public Works. This time 
the department succeeded to the powers and duties of the California 
Highway Commission, although the commission was recreated with 
more restricted functions. A Division of Highways was again created. 
The chief of the division is the State Highway Engineer. The division, 
as at present organized, consists of a Headquarters Office, and variou.-, 
subdivisions which are discussed below. There are, in addition, district 
offices as the state has been divided for purposes of administration into 
eleven districts. 

The California Highway Commission consists of five members 
appointed by and holding office at the pleasure of the Governor. Its 
powers are now almost entirely limited to the routing of highways and 
the allocation of funds. It has the power to change tlie route of a 
state highway or to abandon a portion of it, and to select the routes for 
new state highways. It can designate the funds for the construction 
of highways into which federal money shall be placed; and it has the 
power to allocate moneys for the construction or repair of the various 
roads and highways under the jurisdiction of the Department of Public 
Works, and to determine the maximum sum that shall be made available. 
It can also make surveys to determine whether or not a road should bt- 
included in the state highway sy.stem. Moreover, the Department of 
Public Works can not take property by eminent domain without authori 
zation from the California Highway Commission. 

Eeferences to the original laws creating or affecting the administra 
lion of this division have been included in the discussion. For the cur 
rent legal provisions imder which the division and the California High- 
way Commission operate, however, the latest Streets and Highway^ 
Code should be consulted. 

In 1920 there was created (Const., article XVI. sec. 3. Sub- 
mitted by initiative and approved by electors Nov. 2, 1920. In effect 
Dec. 9, 1920) an independent agency which was closely related to the 
Division of Highways but was entirely independent in administration. 
This was the State HighM-ay Pinance Board. The board was composinl 
of the Governor, State Controller, State Treasurer, chairman of the 
State Board of Control, and chairman of the California Highway Com- 
mission. Its function was to determine when certain highway bonds 
were to be sold, their dates and interest rates. As the bonds have all 
been sold, the purpose for which the board was created has been con- 
summated. It has, therefore, gone out of existence. 

1. ACCOUNTING DEPARTMENT. 

1911 This department goes back to 1911, when the California 
Highway Commission was first organized. From 1921 to 



DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 227 

1923 it handled tlie accounting work for tlie whole Depart- 
ment of Pnblic Works, but a separation took place in tlie 
latter year. A 7iew system of aeeouiitin^ was adopted on 
July 1, 192fi. 

2. BRIDGE DEPARTMENT. 

1923 This deparlment was organized in 1923. Its duties were 
more expanded than those of its earlier corresponding func- 
tional subdivision, in that the supervision of all bridge con- 
struction was added to the preparation of plans and specifi- 
cations for bridges. 

3. CITY AND COOPERATIVE PROJECTS DEPARTMENT. 

1933 An act of 1933 allocated one-quarter cent of the gasoline tax 
to the cities, placing expenditures under the jurisdiction of 
the Department of Public Works. To handle this business 
the City and Cooperative Projects Department was created 
on Sept. 18, 1933. 

Stats. 1033. ch. 707, p. 2029. Approved June S. 1933; in effect 
Auf/. 21, J9S3. 

4. CONSTRUCTION DEPARTMENT. 

1923 The Construction Department Avas organized in September, 
1923. Among the operations assigned to it were those car- 
ried on by tlie Testing and Research Laboratory. 

1928 On Sept. 12, 1928, the Testing and Research Laboratory 
was removed from the Construction Department to form the 
new Materials and Research Department. 

In 1928 the supervision of prison camp work was added 
to the duties of this department. For earlier history, see 
Division of Highways — Department of Prison Road Camps 
(p. 228). 

5. MAINTENANCE DEPARTMENT. 

1923 This department was established early in 1923, when the 
work of the California Highway Commission was reorgan- 
ized into definite departments. 

1933 In 1933 there was added to the duties of the Maintenance 
Department that of enforcing the provisions of the act to 
regulate and license persons engaged in the business of out- 
door advertising, passed in that year. 

Stats. 1933. ah. 3/il, p. 038. Approved May 15, 1933; in effect 
Aug. 21. 1933. 

6. MATERIALS AND RESEARCH DEPARTMENT. 

1928 On Sept. 12, 1928, the Testing and Research Laboratory 
was separated from the Construction Department in whieli 



228 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 

it had been placed in 1923. It formed the Materials and 
Research Department. 

7. EQUIPMKNT DKl'AKTMKNT. 

1923 The Equipment Department was set up with the reorgan- 
ization of highway work in 1923. It was given more direct 
control of the care and handling of the equipment in the 
several divisions than the earlier Equipment Department 
of the California Highway Commission had enjoyed. 

8. LEGAL DEPARTMENT. 

1911 An attorney was appointed by the California Highway 
Commission in November, 1911, to take care of its legisla- 
tive, claim, and legal activities. This was the foundation 
of the Legal Department, which continued to function until 
1927, when the Division of Contracts and Rights of Way 
was created in the Department of Public Works. The 
new division succeeded to most of the activities of the 
Legal Department. 

9. DEPARTMENT OF PRISON ROAD CAMPS. 

1923 This department was organized in August, 1923. A law- 
providing for the use of convict labor in highway con- 
struction and maintenance had been passed in 1915 (ch. 124, 
p. 218) and the Department of Engineering had organized 
road camps in that year. The work was under the super- 
vision of the division engineers. The Convict Pay Law, 
however, was passed in 1923 (ch. 316, p. 667), and the 
California Highway Commission established tlie Depart- 
ment of Prison Road Camps as a result. 

1928 On Sept. 12. 1928, this work was transferred to the Con- 
struction Department of the Division of Highways. 

10. PURCHASING DEPAUTMENT. 

1911 The California Highway Commission organized the Pur- 
chasing Department in 1911, as the act which piovided for 
the first issue of highway bonds (Stats. 1909, ch. 383, p. 
647) gave to the Department of Engineering full power 
to purchase all supplies, matei'ials, etc., for the construc- 
tion and maintenance of the state highway. In 1916 the 
State Purchasing Department took over all the other pur- 
chasing of the Department of Engineering, but highway 
purchasing remained in the hands of the California High- 
way Commission until 1926. when it was merged with the 
purchasing for the other .state agencies. See Department 



DEPARTMENT OP PUBLIC WORKS 229 

of Fvruince — Division of Service and Supply — Bureau of 
Purchases (p. 83). 

11. DEPARTMENT OF SURVEYS AND PLANS. 

]923 TJie Department of Surveys and Plans was created at tlie 

time of the reorganization of the state highway work in 

1923. 

Division of Lajid Settlement 

In the act of 1921 which created the Department of Public Works 
a Division of Land Settlement was specified. Land settlement activities 
remained in this department only two years, however, for in 1923 
they were again placed under the jurisdiction of the State Land 
Settlement Board, and the Division of Land Settlement was abolished. 
For the complete history of land settlement agencies, see State Land 
Settlement Board in Sectio?i I — Historical of the Depaiiment of 
Finance (p. 75). 

Division of Motor Vehicles 

The Division of Motor Vehicles of the Department of Public Works 
was created in 1929. Two years later it was removed from this 
department, and an independent agencj', the Department of Motor 
Vehicles, was organized. For the complete history of motor vehicle 
activities from 1905 to the present time, see Department of Motor 
Vehicles (p. 140). 

Division of Ports 

1927 The Division of Ports was created in 1927. An act of that year 
invested the Department of Public Works with the powers and 
duties previously vested in the Board of Harbor Commissioners 
for the Port of Eureka, the Board of Harbor Commissioners 
for the Port of San Diego, and the Board of Harbor Commis- 
sioners for the Port of San Jose. For the laws creating these 
bodies, see the entries under Ports in Section I — Historical 
(p. 217). 

Stats. 1927. ah. r,ir,. p. SCO. .Approved May 10. 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

1933 In 1933 the Board of State Harbor Commissioners for the Baj- 
of San Diego was reestablished and created. All powers, duties, 
and jurisdiction of the Department of Public Works with 
respect to the administration of the bay and port of San Diego 
were transferred to the new board. The Division of Ports, 
therefore, retained administration of the Ports of Eureka and 



230 DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC WORKS 

San Jose only. In the law as it was amended in li):35, however, 
all reference to the latter port was omitted. 

Stats. 193S, ch. 992, p. 2555. Approved June JO, JUJ.',; in effect 
Aug. 21, 1933. 

Division of Water Resources 

1929 The Division ol' Water Itesources was created in 1929 by aji 
act which amended the law relating to the Department of 
Public Works. It was the combination of two divisions whicli 
had been created with the organization of the department in 
1921. The chief of the division bears the title of State Engineer. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 3T3. p. COr,. A, proved May 21. 1929; in effect 
Aug. H, 1929. 

Division of Engineering and Irrigation 

1921 The Division of Engineering and Irrigation was speeitied 
in the act whicli created the Department of Public Works. 
It was really a continuation of the Department of Engi- 
neering. The chief of tlie division was designated the 
State Engineer. Between 1923 and 1927 the State Engi- 
neer was also tlie Director of the Department of Public 
Works. 

1929 In 1929 this division was combined with the Division of 
Water Rights to form the Division of Water Resources. 

Division of Water Rights 

1921 This division was created by the act which created the 

Department of Public Works, in 1921. It continued the 

activities of the State Water Commission. 

1929 In 1929 this division was combined with the Division of 
Engineering and Irrigation to form the Division of Water 
Resources. 

San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge Division 

In 1929 the California Toll Bridge Authority and the Department 
of Public Works were authorized to lay out, acquire and construct a 
highway crossing from the city of San Francisco across the bay of 
San Francisco to the county of Alameda. This was done by Stats. 
1929, ch. 762, p. 1489 (approved June 10, 1929, in etfect Aug. 14, 1929). 
In 1931 another act was passed (ch. 400, p. 916; approved May 25, 
1931, in effect Aug. 14, 1931) which appropriated $650,000 for the 
survey, plans, estimates, preliminary engineering, and other prelim- 
inary expenses for the construction of the bridge. As a direct con- 
sequence of this second act, the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge 
Division was organized. 



SOCIAL WELFARE 



16—35681 



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DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 

As Organized March 1, 1936 

DIVISION OF ACCOUNTS 

DIVISION OF ADOPTIONS 

DIVISION FOR THE BLIND 

DIVISION OF BOARDING HOMES AND INSTITUTIONS FOR 
CHILDREN AND AGED 

DIVISION OF CHILDREN'S AID 

DIVISION OF COUNTY AID TO THE INDIGENT SICK 

DIVISION OF OLD AGE SECURITY 

DIVISION OF PROBATION 



( 233 . 



DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 



The Department of Social AVelfare was created in 1927 (ch. 49, 
p. 86; approved Apr. 4, 1927, in effect July 29, 1927) as the direct 
evolution of an early attempt, in 1903, to place supervision of charitable 
activities in the hands of the state. The State Board of Charities and 
Corrections, created in that year, grew into the State Department of 
Public "Welfare, and the State Department of Public Welfare was the 
immediate predecessor of the Department of Social Welfare. The 
field of activities of the department was made more nearly complete 
by bringing the children's work, which liad followed a separate line 
of administrative development, under its jurisdiction in 1927, when 
it succeeded to the powers and duties of the Children's Agents of the 
State Board of Control. New duties were added by statute in succeed- 
ing years. 

The law of 1927 also created a Social Welfare Board, to act as the 
head or governing body of the department. It was to consist of the 
Director of Social Welfare, and six persons, each appointed by the 
Governor for a term of four years. The director was to be appointed 
by and to hold office at the pleasure of the Governor. 

The organization of the work of the department was left to the 
discretion of the governing body. The board was allowed to create 
divisions or subdivisions, and to change or abolish them, subject to the 
approval of the Governor. Only two, the Division of Old Age Security 
and the Division for the Blind, have been created specifically by statute. 
At present there are eight major divisions. 



Historical: before 1927 

State Board of Charities and Corrections 

1903 A State Board of Charities and Corrections, consisting of six 
members appointed by the Governor for a tenn of twelve years, 
was created in 1903. The functions of the board were to inves- 
tigate, examine, and make reports upon the charitable, correc- 
tional, and penal institutions of the state. 

Stats. 1903, ch. SCi, p. J,S2. Approved and in effect Mar. 25, 1903. 
(234) 



DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 235 

State Department of Public Welfare 

1925 A law passed in 1925 created a State Department of Public 
Welfare, which succeeded to all the powers and duties of the 
State Board of Charities and Corrections. The legal provisions 
regulating the activities of the board, which had heretofore been 
widely separated, were assembled into adjoining code sections. 
The new department was to be administered by an executive 
board of six members, who were to be appointed by the Gov- 
ernor for a term of four j'ears. The Governor was to be ex 
officio a member of the board. 

Stais. 1925. ch. 18, p. 1!). Approved Mar. 27, 7925. 

Bureau of Children's Aid 

state Board of Control. Children's Department. 

1913 An act of 1913 amended section 2286 of the Political Code, 
empowering the State Board of Control to appoint three 
Children's Agents to visit homes and institutions in which 
were children to whom state aid was being given or for 
whom it was being asked. This permitted the development 
of the Children's Department. 

There had been earlier laws making appropriations for 
the support of orphans, for example those of 1869-1870 
(ch. 326, p. 424) and 1880 (ch. 19, p. 13) ; and the State 
Board of Charities and Corrections had made some inspec- 
tions relating to children in institutions; but this was the 
first agency set up specifically to regulate the care of chil- 
dren. 

Stats. 1913, ch. 323, p. 629. Approved May 26, 1913; in efect 
Aug. 10, 1913. 

Department of Finance. Bureau of Children's Aid. 

1921 The Depar^^ment of Finance succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Children's Agents of the State Board of Con- 
trol in 1921. For the first year the division was still called 
the Children 's Department, but after that it was the Bureau 
of Children's Aid. 

Stats. 1921, ch. 603, p. 1027. Approved May 31, 1921; in 
effect July SO, 1921. 

1924 The activities of the State Board of Charities and Correc- 
tions and those of the Bureau of Children 's Aid were coordi- 
nated in March, 1924, when the former appointed as its 
executive officer the chief of the Bureau of Children's Aid. 

1927 When the Department of Social Welfare was created in 
1927, it succeeded to the powers and duties of the Children 's 



236 DEPAETMENT OP SOCIAL WELFARE 

Agents. The Bureau of Children's Aid of the Department 
of Finance was, accordingly, abolished, and a Division of 
Children 's Aid was organized in the new department. 



II 

Present organization: after 1927 

Division of Accounts 

This division keeps account of the financial transactions of the 
department, and audits the claims for aid of the counties. It has been 
an essential subdivision of the Department of Social "Welfare since the 
letter's organization in 1927. It was a development from the accountant 
who functioned in the State Department of Public Welfare and the 
State Board of Charities and Corrections. 

Division of Adoptions 

This division has had a varied history. After a brief period of 
independence, it became a subdivision of another division. Since 1935, 
however, it has been a separate section. 

1927 The Department of Social "Welfare was given in 1927 the 

duty of investigating and reporting upon all petitions for 

adoptions. This work was assigned at first to the Children's 

Division. An earlier law (Stats. 1917. ch. 558. p. 770) had 

required mei'ely the filing of relinquishments for adoption 

with the State Board of Charities and Cori-ections. 

Stats. 1927, ch. 691, p. 1196. Approved May 21, 1927; in 
effect July 29, 1927. 

1930 A Division of Adoptions Avas created in 1930 to handle this 
work. In 1932 it was placed in the newly created Division 
of Permits, becoming a subdivision of that division, with its 
name unchanged. 

1935 In April, 1935, the Division of Permits was abolished. Tlie 
Division of Adoptions became once more an independent 
division. 

Division for the Blind 

This division was created by the Legislature in 1929. 



DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 237 

Division of Surveys and Studies 

1927 A committee of three was appointed by Governor Young to. 
study the situation and problems of the blind. The Depart- 
ment of Social Welfare immediately undertook a survey of 
the blind population of the state. Out of the results of the 
survey, and the proposals of the committee, grew the law of 
1929. 

Division of State Aid to the Needy Blind 

1929 In 1929 provision was made for state aid to the needy blind, 

tlie act to be enforced by the Department of Social Welfare. 

A new division was created in the department for this 

purpose. A previous law had been passed in 1919 (ch. 144, 

p. 188) relating to county aid for the blind. 

Stnis. 1929. ch. 520, /,. 910. Approved May 28, 1929; in effect 
Avg. Hi, 1929. 

Division for the Blind 

1931 The name of the division has been since 1931 Division for the 
Blind. 

Division of Boarding Homes and Institutions for Children and Aged 
In January, 1932, a Division of Boarding Homes was created in the 
Department of Social Welfare. It combined certain activities of pre- 
viously existing divisions. In February of the same year it was placed 
in the new Division of Permits, becoming one of the subdivisions of that 
division. Three years later, in April, 1935, the Division of Permits was 
abolished by action of the Social Welfare Board, and the Division of 
Boarding Homes and Institutions for Children and Aged was estab- 
lished as an independent division. The duties of this division fall nat- 
urally into two classifications, which indicate the lines of development 
along which it evolved. 

1. CHILDREN. 

The law which created the State Department of Public Welfare 
in 1925 assigned to it the duty of licensing institutions and board- 
ing homes for children. The laws of 1911 and 1913 on this subject 
were repealed. Stats. 1911 (ch. 569, p. 1087) had provided for the 
licensing by the State Board of Charities and Corrections of agen- 
cies which placed children in homes. Stats. 1913 (ch. 69, p. 73) had 
provided for the licensing of institutions by the board. 

When the Department of Social Welfare was created in 1927 
these duties were placed in the Division of Children's Work. By 



238 DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 

1930, however, they were carried on by a separate Division of 
Foster Home Care. In January, 1932, the Division of Boarding 
Homes was created, the Division of Foster Home Care being 
absorbed into it. The later history of the assignment of this work 
to a Division of Permits in February, 1932, and to a Division of 
Boarding Homes and Institutions for Children and Aged in 193.5, 
is given above. 

2. AGED. 

The licensing of institutions and boarding houses for the aged 
by the State Department of Public Welfare was provided for by 
the law which created that department in 1925. Upon the estab- 
lishment of the Department of Social "Welfare in 1927, this work 
was placed in the Division of County Relations. When the Divi- 
sion of Boarding Homes was created in January, 1932, the investi- 
gation, licen.sing, and supervision of boarding homes for the aged 
were removed from the Division of County Relations and assigned 
to it. The later history of the assignment of this work to a Division 
of Permits, and then to a Division of Boarding Homes and Institu- 
tions for Children and Aged, is given above. 

Division of Children's Aid 

The Dei)artment of Social Welfare succeeded to the powers and 
duties of the Children's Agents of the State Board of Control in 1927. 
A new division was immediately organized to carry on these duties. 
The designation of the division has changed slightly, starting as Division 
of Children's Work in 1927, but since 1930 it has been the Division of 
Children's Aid. For early history, see Btireau of Children's Aid 
in Section I — Historical (p. 235). 

Division of County Aid to the Indigent Sick 

The Division of County Aid to the Indigent Sick was established 
on Oct. 11, 1935. For an early division concerned with the supervision 
of county hospitals, see Division of Hospital Supervision (p. 239). 

Division of County Relations 

This division was created with the organization of the department 
in 1927 to administer those activities which developed from the 
state's relations with the counties in the care of dependents, delin- 
quents, and the sick poor. It succeeded, therefore, to the major portion 
of the duties assigned to the State Board of Charities and Corrections 
in 1903. The institutions which came under the supervision of this 
division were county hospitals, county farms and homes for the aged, 
county detention homes, county jails, and county relief and welfare 



DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 239 

offices. The designation Division of County Welfare has also been 
employed in referring to it. 

Some time in 1931, or early in 1932, the supervision of county 
hospitals was taken out of the Division of County Relations, and placed 
in a Division of Hospital Supervision. In January, 1932, the investi- 
gation, licensing, and supervision of boarding homes for the aged were 
also removed from this division. These activities were placed in the 
new Division of Boarding Homes. The Division of Probation there- 
upon took over the remaining functions of the Division of County 
Relations. 

Division of Hospital Supervision 

This division was created in 1931, and, because of reduction in 
the department budget, was abolished in 1932. The supervision of 
county hospitals had previously been carried on by the Division of 
County Relations. For the division which handles the work at the 
present time, see Division of Count]/ Aid to the Indigent Sick (p. 238). 

Division of Old Age Security 

This division was created hy the Legislature in 1929. 

Division of Surveys and Studies 

1927 State support of aged persons in indigent circumstances 
had been started in 1883 (ch. 96, p. 380). The claims for 
aid under this act were to be presented to, audited, and 
allowed by the State Board of Examiners. This law was 
repealed in 1895 (ch. 12, p. 23). In 1901 (ch. 210, p. 636), 
provision was made for the support of indigents by cities 
and counties. 

A law passed in 1927 empowered the Department 
of Social Welfare to itudy old age pension laws of other 
states and countries; to investigate conditions in Cali- 
fornia and the system of old age pensions best adapted to 
such conditions; and to make a report and recommendations 
to the next Legislature. This was carried on by the 
Division of Surveys and Studies. As a result of the report, 
the Old Age Security Act was passed in 1929. 

Stats. 1927, ch. f,52, p. 77.}. Approved May 12, 1927; in effect 
July 29, 1927. 

Division of State Aid to the Needy Aged 

1929 The Old Age Security Act provided for j?tate aid for the 
aged, and created the Division of State Aid to the Aged in 
the Department of Social Welfare. The department called 



240 DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL WELFARE 

this division, howevei-, the Division of State Aid to the 
Needy Aged. 

Slafs. J92!), ch. 030, p. illf,. Approved May 28, 1929; in effect 
Aug. U, 1929. 

Division of Old Age Security 

1931 Since 1931 the designation for the division has been Divi- 
sion of Old Age Security. 

Division of Permits 

The Division of Permits was created on Feb. 1, 1932, in order to 
place together such activities as needed investigation, supervision, 
and licensing. In it were combined the activities of the previously 
existing Division of Adoptions and Division of Boarding Homes. These 
two divisions retained their names unchanged, but were hereafter 
regarded as subdivisions of the Division of Permits. 

By action of the Social Welfare Board in April, 1935, the Divi- 
sion of Permits was abolished as a single unit. For the present organ- 
ization, see Division of Adoptions (p. 236), and Division of Boarding 
Homes and Institutions for Children and Aged (p. 237). 

Division of Probation 

1929 A law passed in 1929 "gave to the Department of Social Wel- 
fare the power to investigate and make reports \ipon the 
probation work in the various counties and to require monthly 
reports from the county probation officers." (Department of 
Social Welfare. Biennial report, 1930-1932, p. 80.) 

Before this time probation work had been carried on by 
the counties witliont state supervision, the first laws relating to 
probation having l)oen enacted in 1903. It should be noted, 
however, that probation committees and adult and juvenile 
probation officers had been required to file copies of their annual 
reports with tlie State Board of Charities and Corrections. 

Stats. 1929, ch. 512, i>- SSG. Approved May 27, 1929; in effect 
Aug. li, 1929. 

Division of Statistics 

This division was created in tiie year following the organization 
of the department, altliough its roots go back to the State Board of 
Charities and Corrections. Because of a shortage in funds at times, 
however, it was not able to function continuously, and on June 26, 
1933, it was abolished beeause of the drastic reduction in the depart- 
ment budget. A new Division of Statistics is in the process of forma- 
tion at the present time. 



INDEX 



AofiDENT Commission, 



Page 

Industrial 

91, 96, 09 

Accidents and Safety, Division of 

Industrial yg 

AccouMANCY, State Board of__Z__ 102 
AcdouNTiNG, Department of Public, 80 
Accounting, Division of {Depart- 
ment of Motor Vehicles) 142 

Accor.NTixc Departmrxt (Depart- 
ment of Industrial Relations) 97 
Accounting Department (Division 

of Eighivays) 226 

Accounting Department (Indus- 
trial Accident Commission) 02 
Accounts, Bureau of Fiiiiinee and 

(Division of Fish and Game) KJ'. 
Accounts, Division of (Department 

of Social Welfare) 236 

Accounts, Division of Budgets and 81 
Accounts and Disbursements (De- 

liartment of Agriculture) IC, 

Adjustments, Bureau of (Depart- 
ment of Motor Vehicles) 143 

Adjutant General 131 

Administratiox (nepartmcnT of 

Ar/riculture) I5 

Admtnistration (Department^ of 

Motor Vehicles) 142 

Administration, Bureau of (State 

Hoard of Health) __202. 210, 211 
Administoation, Departmental (De- 
partment of Natural Re- 
sources) 150 

Administration, Division of (De- 
partment of Public Health). _ 201' 

Adoptions, Division of 236 

Adult and Continuation Educa- 
tion. Division of 49 

Adi'i.t Education, Department of__ 49 

Advisory Pardon Board 170 

A(;ed. Division of Boarding Homes 
and Institutions for Children 

and 

Aged, Division of State Aid to the 

Needy 

Agnevvs State Hospital 
Agricultural Assw^iations, Dis- 

Iriet 7j; 



62 



17 

4(1 

SI 

8 

76 



2.37 

230 
106 



Agricultural Commissioners, 

Deputies, and Inspectors, 
Qualifioation of County 10 

Agricultural Education, Bureau 
of 

Agricultural Information and 
Badio Broadcast StrPERvi- 

SION 

Agricultural Instruction, Super- 
visor of 

Agricultur.u- Society, State___77, 

Agriculture, Department of .' 

Agriculture, Director of 8, 

AtaacuLTURE, State Board of 5,' 78 

Aid, Bureau of Children's 235 

Aid, Division of Children's 238 

Aid to the Indigent Sick, Division 

of County 238 

Aid to tub Needy Aged, Division 

of State 239 

Aid to the Needy Bund, Division 

of State 237 

Americanization. Assistant Suppr- 
intendent of Public Instruf- 

tiou in Charge of 49 

Anijial Industry, Division of__17, 192 

Architect. State 210, 224 

Architectural Examiners, Califor- 
nia State Board of 19.3 

Architectural Section 224 

Architecture, Bureau of 222 

Architecture, Division of 222, 224 

Architecture, State Board of _' 103 

Athletic Commission, State 131 

Athletics, Division of i;^i 

Attendance, State Supervisor of__ 59 
Attendance and Migratory Edu- 
cation, Bureau of 

Auditing Board to the Commis- 
sioner OF PuiiLic Works 

AiDiTiNG Section, Conespondence 
and (Division of Criminal 
Identification and Investiga- 
tion) 

Auto Thefts and Investigations, 

Bureau of 144 

A\-ocational AcrnviTiEs, Bureau of r>(\ 



50 



220 



176 



B 



I'.ACTERIOLOGICAL DIVISION 205 

Bacteriological LAB0R.iTORY 207 

Balboa P.;Vek Igg 



Bank Commissioners, Board of___ 121 

Banking, Division of 120 

Banking Department, State 121 



(241) 



242 



INDEX 



Page 

Banks, Superintendent of 121 

Babber Examinkks, State Board of 191 
Bedding Kxfokcemkxt Division -- 105 
Bedding Inspbx;tion, Bureau of 

Furniture and 195 

Biological Examinations, Division 

of 2«<; 

BioixxJY, Division of 206 

Blind, Bureau of Education for the. 5S 
Bund, California School for the_45, (>5 
Blind, California School for the 

Deaf and the 4,'$ 

Blind, Division for the 236 

Blind, Division of State Aid to the 

Needy 2:J7 

Blind, Industrial Home for the 

Adult 114 

Blind, Industrial Work Shop for the 114 

Blind Sexjtion, B(x>Us for the 52 

Boarding Homes and Instiiittioxs 
FOR Children and Agbj), Di- 
vision of 237 

Books fob the Blind Section 52 



Page 

Bovine Tubekcuixjsis Control IS 

Brakes and Commercial Veiiici-es, 

Bureau of Vehicle Lights 145 

Bridge Department 227 

Bridge Division, S a n Francisco- 
Oakland Bay 2;i(» 

Brokers Commission, Yacht and 

Ship I'.k; 

Budgeh-s and Aooounts, Division 

of .SI 

Building and Loan Associations, 

Board of Commissioners of 122 

Building and Loan Commissioner 122 

Building and Ix)an Supervision, 

Bureau of 122 

Building and Loan Supervision, 

Division of 121 

Buildings and Grounds, Bureau of 

85, 151 

Buildings and Grounds, Superin- 
tendent of Capitol 79 

Burial Grounds, State 15() 

Business Education, Bureau of 63 



California . See name nf 

agency (e.ff. Crime Commis- 
sion, California) 

California Section 52 

Oamarillo State Hospital 107 

Camp Department 95 

Canneky Inspection, Division of-- 20!) 

Cannery Inspection Board 209 

Cannery Inspections, Bureau of 209 

Capital Planning Commission. 

State 79 

Capitol BuiLDiNCis and Groindk. 

Superintendent of 79 

Capitol Commissioners, Board of- 7S 

Carey Act Commission 2is 

Catalog Section 53 

Cattle Pbotexttion Board 15 

Cattle Protection Service 17 

Certification, Division of Teacher 

Training and 60 

Charities and Corrections, State 

Board of 234 

Chemical Division 2<I7 

Chehjistby, Division of 19 

Chico, State Normal School at 46 

Child Hygiene, Bureau of 207 

Child Study and I'arent Educa- 
tion, Bureau of 50 

Children, Bureau of Education of 

Crippled j>S 

Children, California Home for the 
Care and Training of Feeble- 
minded 110 

Children, Division of Crippled 2(« 

Children and Aged, Division of 
Boarding Homes and Institu- 
tions for 237 

Children's Agents 2^^^ 



Ciin.DREN's Aid, Bureau of 235 

Oiiildben's Aid, Division of 238 

Children's Department 235 

Citrus Fruit Shipments, Board of 13 
CiTTC AND Cooperative Projects 

Detabtment 227 

City Secondary Schools, Division 

of 57 

Civil Engineers. Board of Regis- 
tration for 194 

Civil Service Commission. State — 82 

t^LEatlCAL SecIION {DirlsioH of 

Architecture) 224 

COLLEX3E8, State 45, 65 

(\)LTON Hall 156, 169 

("ommebce. Bureau of 84 

Commercial Feed Stuffs 23 

C0MME3CIAL FiSHESiES, Burcau of 161 
(,'OMMERCIAL Vehicles, Bureau of 

Vehicle Lights, Brakes and__ 145 

Commission Market, State 14 

Communicable Diselases, Bureau of 204 
Communicable Diseases, Division 

of 203 

Communications, Correspondence 
AND Records, B u r e a u of 
{Department of Motor Ve- 
hicles) 144 

Commutations, Division of Pardons 

and 179 

Compensation Department 92, 99 

Compensation Insurance and 

Safety, Division of Workmen's 9<i 
Compensation Insurance Fund, 

State 94, 99 

(I'oMPLAiNT De3»^\jitment {Immigra- 
tion and Uousiny Commix- 
sion) 95, 9S 



INDEX 



243 



Page 

CoNSEaiVATlON, Bureau of Fish Ki'J 

Conservation, P.nrenu of 0:im<- k;:! 

CONSTBUCTION DEPAinMENT 227 

CONSTEUCTION SECTION (Dirision of 

Architecture) 22-4 

Continuation Education, Division 

of Adult and 4!) 

Conteactors, Registrar of 1!)3 

Contractors' License Bureau 103 

Contractors' State License 

Board l!lo 

Contracts and Rights of Way, 

Division of 225 

Contracts, Specitications and Es- 
timating Section 224 

Control, State Board of (><) 

Control (Water Power), Board of 218 
Cooperative Projects De:partment, 

City and 227 

Corporation Department. State-- 123 

Corporations, Commissioner of 123 

Corporations, Division of 122 

Correctional Schools 111 

Corrections, State Board of Cliari- 

ties and 234 

Correspondence and Auditing Sec- 
tion (Dirisian of Criminal 



Page 
Identification <nid Inrentii/ii- 

tion) 17(i 

Correspondence and Records, Bu- 
reau of CommunicatiiHis (De- 
partment of Motor ^'rlli.l^l<^.'i) ^ 144 

Cosmetology, State Board of 191 

County Aid to the Indigent Sick, 

Division of 238 

County Library Oroanizb^i 55 

County Relations. Division of 238 

Credentlvls, Commission of 4S, 60 

Crime Commission, California — 177 

Criminal Identification, Bureau 

of 175 

Criminal iDENTn'iCATioN and In- 

vesttgatton. Division of 175 

Criminal Procedure. Commission 

for the Reform of 177 

Criminal Record Division 176 

Criminology, Division of 177 

Crippled Children, Bureau of Edu- 
cation of 58 

CteiPPLED Children, Division of 203 

Crop Reporting Service. Federal- 
State Cooperative 16 

Crops, Bureau of Field 22 

Curriculum Commission, State 61 

Custom House, iVIonterey 155, 160 



Dairy Bureau, State 12 

Dairy Control, Bureau of 17 

Dairy Service 17. 20 

Deaf, Bureau of Education for the_ 58 

Deaf, California School for the 45, 65 

Deaf and the Blind, California 

School for the 43 

Deaf, Dumb and Blind Asylum, 

Board of Directors 44, 114 

Debris Commissioner 220 

Dental Examiners of California, 

Board of 180 

Dental Hygiene, Division of 205 

Dental Surgeon, State 106 

Detective License Department 181 

Disability Rating Dep^vrtment, 

Permanent 03, 00 

DiSElASES, Bureau of Communirable 204 



Diseases, Division of Communicable 203 
Displays, Division of {Bureau of 

Commerce) 84 

Documents, Bureau of Publications 

and {Department of Finance) 84 

Documents, Supervisor of 84 

Documents Dna'ARTMENT 54 

Domestic Trade Division 84 

Donnee Monument 158, 169 

DRivEais' Licenses, Bureau of 143 

Drivers' Licenses, Division of — 143 
Drivers' Licenses and Adjust- 
ments, Division of 143 

Drug Inspections, Bureau of Food 

and 200 

Drugs, Department of Pure Foods 

and 209 



Economics, Bureau of {Department 

of Engineering) 223 

Education, Board for Vocational-- 40 
Education, Bureau of Agricultural 02 
Education. Bureau of Attendance 

and Migratoi-y 50 

Education, Bureau of Business 63 

Education, Bureau of Child Study 

and Parent 50 

Education, Bureau of IIomemal<- 

ing 63 



Education, Bureau of Immigrant-- 50 
Education, Bureau of Trade and 

Industrial . 63 

Education, Commission for Voca- 
tional 61 

Education, Department of 36 

Education, Department of Adult 49 

Education, Department o f Immi- 
grant 96 

Education, Director of 36 

Education, Division of Adult and 

Continuation 49 



244 



INDEX 



Page 
Education, L) iv i s i o n of I'liWie 

Health 207 

Education, I^ivisiou of Rural 00 

Education, Division of Secondary- 57 

EouCATroN, Division of Special 57 

Education, State Board of 31, 38 

Education and Res&^rcii, lUireau 
of {Dilution of Fith and 

Game) -■- 166 

Education and Statistics, Bureau 

of Safety 145 

Education for the Blind, Bureau 

of 58 

Education for thk Deaf, Bureau 

of 58 

Education of Cru-pled Children, 

Bureau of 5S 

Education, P u b r. i c j t y and Ke- 
SEAKCir, Bureau of (DimxioH 

of Fish and (lame) 101! 

Educational Act Division. Veter- 
ans' Dependents' 134 

Educationai, Planninc and Co- 
ordination, State Council of 37 
Elexie^^tary Education and Rural 

SouooLS. Division of 50 

Elementary Schools, Commission- 
er of 40 

Embalmeks, State Board of 191 

Embalmers, State Board of Funeral 

Directors and 1'.>1 

E^fPI.0YMENT, Department of 100 

Eju'Loyment Aoencies, Division of 

St.-ite 100 

Employ'ment Bureaus, State Free !>1 
EMpmYMENT Service. California— 100 
Enforcement. Division of (Deparl- 

ment of Motor ^'ehi<■Ies) 144 



Farm, Napa State ^'^ 

Farm and Home Purchases, Divi- 
sion of 134 

Fabm for Women, California In- 
dustrial 111 

Federal and State AiDEa> Classes, 

Commission for 61 

Fedek^vl-State C00PER.VTIVE Crop 

Reporting Sihivice 10 

Feeble-minded. Homes for the 109 

Feeble-minded Children, Califor- 
nia Home for the Care and 

Training of 110 

Feed Stuffs, Commercial 23 

Female Dei'artment of the State 

Prison at San Quentin 183 

Field Crops, Bureau of 22 

Field Ofe'icebs' Activities and 

Equipment, Bureau of 145 

Finance, Department of 73 

Finance, Director of 73, 76, 82, 86 

Finance and Accounts. Bureau of 

(jDit'Mtoii of Fish and Game) 165 



Page 

Engineer, State 76, 216, 219. 23(( 

Engineer, State High\vay_216, 219, 225 
Engineering. Bureau of Research 
and (Divisi^in of Fish and 

(Iniiir) IOC) 

Engineeiking. Bureau of Sanitary 210 

Engineering. Department of 219 

Engineering, Division of 222 

Engineerin(; and Irrigation. Di- 
vision of 230 

Engineering Section 225 

Engineeri.no Section. Structural 225 

Engineers, Board of Registration 

for Civil 194 

Entomological Service 21 

Entomologist. Consulting 20<) 

Entomology, Division of 2(m; 

Entomoi.oc.y and Pest Coni-roi., 

Division of 22 

Epidemiological 1 nvestioations. 

Division of 204. 206 

Epidemiology, Bureau of 204 

Equ-^I-ization, Board of Review, 

Correction and 153 

Eqcipment Departme.vt {Diinsion 

of Highways) 228 

Estimating Section (Division of 

Architect II i() 225 

Eureka. Board of Harbor Commis- 
sioners of the Port of 217 

ExAMiNAiioN, State Board of 43 

Examiners, State Board of 69, 105 

Examiners of State Prison Ac- 
counts, Board of 181 

Exhibits. Division of (Department 

of Finance) 81 

Exhibits and Illlstr.vtions (De- 

partment of Agriculture) 16 

Extension Dei-artment 5."; 

Finance Board, State Highway — 226 

Finance Bo.vrd, State Park 169 

Finance Committee, Veterans' \Vel- 

fare 134 

Fingerprint SExrriON 176 

Fire Marshal, State 97 

Fire Safety', Division of , 97 

Fish and Game, Division of 160 

Fish and Game Commission- 157, 160 
Fish Commissioners, State Board 

of 160 

Fish Conservation, Bureau of 162 

Fish Culture, Department of 162 

Fish Exchange, State 159 

Fish Exchange Unit 101 

Fish Rescue and Reclamation, 

Bureau of 163 

Fisheries, Bureau of Commercial — 161 

Fisheries Lahoratory', State 162 

Flood Control and Recl<vmation 

Division 223 

Folsom, State Prison at 182 



INDEX 



245 



Page 
Food and Drug iNspEXj'noNK, Ru- 

i-eau of 'Mr.) 

Foods and Drugs, Department of 

Pure 209 

Forester, State -^154, 1(17 

Forestry, Division of Ki" 

Forestry, State Board of 

154, 155, 1G7, KhS 

Fort Ross 150. IfiO 

Foster Home Care, Division of 28,S 

Fresno State NonxtAL Scnooi 47 



Page 

FkUIT AND VeGETAJJUC SlANDiAItDl/ A- 

TION, Knreati of 28, 27 

Fruit Pests, Inspector of 11 

Fruit Shipments, Board of Oitrus i:{ 
Funeral Directors and Embat.m- 

ERS, St.ifc Board of 191 

Furniture and Bedding Inspec- 
tion, Binoaii of 195 

Furniture Inspection Service, 

Mattress and Upholstered 195 



Game, Division of Fish and iCO 

Oame Commission. Fisli and__157, IftO 
Game Conservation, Bureau of._ Ki;^ 

Game Farms, Bureau of 103 

Game Propagation, Bureau of 104 

Game Refuges, Bureau of 104 

Gas, Department of Petroleum and_ 152 

Gas, Division of Oil and 1G7 

Gas Commissioners, Boards of Dis- 
trict Oil and 1.53 

Gas Supervisor. State Oil and-1.52, 1(17 



Gasoline, Distillate and Oil In- 
spection Service 27 

Girls, California School for 112 

Girls, Ventura School for 112 

Government Documents Section- 54 

Grain Inspection Service 23 

Grain, Se^d and Warehouse Stand- 
ardization, Bureau of 22 

Guard, National 131 

Guardian of Marsh.\ll's Monu- 
ment 154. 169 



H 



Handwriting. PnoTociRApiiic a n d 

Microscopic Division 176 

Handwriting Section 17() 

Harbor Commissioners for the 

Bay of San Diego, Board of 

State 217 

Harbor Commissioners for the 

Port of San Jose, Board of_ 217 
Harbor Commissioners of the 

Port of Eureka, Board of 217 

Harbor Pollution, Bureau of River 

and 163 

Hatcheries, Superintendent of 162 

Hay Inspection Service 23 

Health, Department of Public 202 

Health, Director of Public 202 

Health, State Board of 10,'>. 199 

Health and Physic^vl Education, 

Division of 51 

Health and Vital Statistics, 

State Board of 199 

Health Education, Division of 

Pulilic 207 

Health Information, Bureau of 

Publications and 202 

High School Textbook Listing, 

Bureau of 60 

Highway Commission, California- 

222, 225 

Highway Commissioned 221 

Highway Engineer, State 

216, 219, 225 

Highway Finance Board, State-- 226 

Highway Patrol, California 142, 144 

Highways, Bureau of 221, 222 

Highways, Department of 221 

Highways, Division of 225 



Historic Monuments. Parks and-- 1"! 

Historical Association, Califoi-nia 

State 32 

Historical Survey Commission, 

California 48 

Home Economics. Supervisor of 

Teacher Training in 41 

Home>making Education, Bureau 

of 63 

Home Purchases, Division of Farm 

and 134 

Homes, Division of Veterans' 132 

Homes and Institutions for Chil- 
dren and Aged, Division of 
Boarding 237 

Homes for the Feeble-minded 100 

iioettcultural commissioners. 

State Board of 9 

Horticultural Examinejis, State 

Board of 13 

Horticulture, State Board of 9 

Horticulture, State Commission of 10 

Horticulture, State Commissioner 

of 10 

Hospital Supervision, Division of 
(Department of Socinl Wel- 
fare) 239 

Hospitals, General Superintendent 

of State 10.5, 219 

Hospitals for the Insane 106 

Housing, Commission of Immigra- 
tion and 49. 9.5, 90, 98 

Housing, Division of Immigration 

and 96, 98 

Housing and Sanitation, Division 

of 98 

Housing Dei'artme:wt 90, 98 



246 



INDEX 



Page 
Humboldt State Normal School- 47 

Hydraulics. Huroau of lt)4 

HYorENE, Bureau of Child 207 

Hygiene^ Bureau of Mental 5!) 



Page 

Hygiene, Bureau of Social 203 

Hygiene, Division of Dental 205 

Hygienic Lahoratouy, State 200 



I 



Identification, Bureau of Criminal 175 

Identification and Investigation, 

Division of Criminal 17.5 

Immigrant Education, Bureau of_ 50 

Immigrant Education, Deiiartment 

of 06 

Immigration and Housing. Com- 
mission of 49, 95, 96, 98 

ImmigRjVtion and Hou.sing, Divi- 
sion of 96, 98 

Indigent Sick, Division of County 

Aid to 238 

Industrial Accident Board 91 

Industrial Accident Commission 

91, 9(j, 9<.) 

Industrial Accidents and Safeh-y, 

Division of 99 

Industrial and \'ocational Edu- 

CAnoN, Commissioner of 40 

Industrial Education, Bureau of 

Trade and m 

INDU.STRIAL Farm FOR WoMEN, Cal- 
ifornia 111 

Industrial Fire Safety, Division 

of 97 

Industrial Home foe the Adult 

Blind 114 

Industrial Instruction, Super- 
visor of Trade and 41 

Industrial Relations, Department 

of 90 

Industrial Rbh-ations, Department 

of Labor and 96 

Industrial Relations, Director of 90 

Industrial School of San Fran- 
cisco 113 

Industrial Welfare, Division of_ 

96, 99 

JuNii'ERO Serka Landing Place at 

MoNTEMnr 156, 109 

Juvenile Offenders, Reform 

School for 112 

Labor, Division of 96 

Labor and Industri.vl Relations, 

Department of 90 

Labor Camp Department 98 

Labor Statistics, Bureau of 91, 96 

Labor Statistics and I^aw En- 
forcement, Division of 99 

Laboratories, Division of 205 

Laboratory, Bacteriological 207 



Industrial Weuare Commission- 

95, 96, 99 

Industriai. Woeksuop for the 

Blind 114 

Industry, Preston School of 112 

Insane, California Hospital for the 

Chronic 106 

Insane, Hospitals for the 106 

Insane Asylum of California 109 

Insectary Division 11 

Institution for AVomen, California 183 

Institutions, Department of 104 

Institutions, Director of 104 

Institutions. Division of Women's- 18;j 

1N8TITUTION.S FOR CHILDREN AND 

Aged, Division of Boarding 

Homes and 237 

Instruction, Sui>erintendeut of 

Public 36, 38 

Insurance, Department of Self- 94 

Insurance, Division of 123 

Insurance and Safety, Division 

of Workmen's Compensation. 96 

Insurance Commissioner 123 

Insurance Department 123 

Insurance Fund, State Compen- 

saUou 94, 99 

International Trade Division 84 

Investigation, Division of Criminal 

Identification and '. 175 

Investigation Section 176 

Investment, Department of 120 

In\'estment, Director of 120 

Irrigation, Division of Engineering 

and 230 

Irrigation Division 223 

.Tuvenile Research, California Bu- 
reau of 114 



Laboratory, State Fisheries 162 

Laboratory, State Hygienic 205 

Laboratory and Research Section 
(Divisinn of Criminal Identifi- 
cation and Investir/ation) 170 

Lake Tahoe Wagon Road Commis- 
sioner 221 

Land Office, StJite 75 



INDEX 



247 



Page 
La.M) StTTl-KMKNT. Division of ilh- 

partmenl of Ayriciitfiire) 70 

Land Settlk\[ent, Division of (De- 

jiartiiieitf of I'lihlic W'urks) -^ 7G 

Land ShrrriEMKXT ISoard, State 75 

Lands. Division of Stiitc 85 

ijAW AND LEX!ISI^TIVB REFERENCE 

SEcniON 54 

h\w DfTAKTMENT (I)irigion of lA- 

braries) 54 

Law Em-okcement. Division of L.i- 

boi' Statistics and 99 

I-E<;ai. IU'REAU { Dirision of Fish 

mid damp) 1(54 

Le(;ai. Department ( Diii.iion of 

Ui(lhuujix) 21!S 

Lw;ai. Dei'Artmext \ Iiidustriul Av- 

riilcnt ('oiiiiiiisKion) 98. f)9 

Le«ai. Divisro.x [Department of Mo- 
tor ychiclfx) 146 

I-E(;i.slativb Rm'brence Depart- 
ment .54 

LtBicARiAN, State 42, 48 

lilBRARlES. Division of {Department 

of Ediiiatioii ) 48. 51 



Page 
Lll-jRAIUE.s. Division of i Deparlmcnt 

of Finance) 4-_; 

LiuRARY, State 42, 51 

Library and Publications (Depart- 
ment of Afjririiltnre) Ki 

Library Lxaminers. Hoard of 52 

Library Or(:anizi.\(, .55 

License Board, ("ontiactors" State- 198 

LicEN.SE BrREAC, Ccn tractors' 198 

License Department, Detective 181 

Licenses. I'.urean of {Dirinion of 

Fi.Hli and (lame) 1(>5 

Lice.xses, Bureau of Drivers' 148 

LicEN.SES. Division of Drivers' 148 

Lights. Brakes and ('ommi:rcial 

Veiucies. Bureau of \'ehicle- 145 
Livestock Identification Shjvice 17 

Livestock Sanitary SinnicE 18 

Loan Sttpervision. Division of 

Building and 121 

I^os Angeles State Normal School 40 
Lost. Stolen and Pawned Prop- 

ktsty Section 177 

Linacy. State Commission in 105 



M 



Maintenance Department 

Malaria Control, Division of 

Market. State Commission 

Market Commission. State 
-ALvRKET Enkorcement. Bureau of.. 
Market Enforcement, Division of- 

Market Lnformation Service 

Market Xews Service 

Market Reportincj Bukeac 

MARKHrrs, Division of 

Marshall's Monument. Guardian 

of 1.54. 

JLmekials and Research Depart- 
ment (Dirixion of Ifii/li- 

ivai/s) 

.Mattress .vnd T'pholstered Pur- 

.mture Inspect-ion Service- 

Measi;res, Department of Weights 

and 

Measures, Division of Weights and- 

Mea.scres. State Superintendent of 

^'eights and 

.Me.m Lnspec'iton Service 

.Medical Board, State \'eterinar.v- 
.Mi;dic.\.l Dep.uit.ment [Indimtrial 

Ari-ideiil ('oniniissio)i ) 'A'.i, 

-Medicai. Ex.\mineus. P.oard of 

-Medicine. Board of lOxaminers in 

Veterinar.v 

-Mendocino St.vie Hospital 

Mental Hygiene, Bureau of 

.Microscopic Division, nandvvriling, 

Pliotograpliic and 



210 
14 

14 
20 
20 
^ 
24 
24 
20 

109 



227 

195 

14 

195 

14 

18 

192 

99 
189 

192 

107 

59 

170 



Mi(.KAToi!Y Education, Bureau of 

Attend.ince and 59 

Military Affairs, Division of 181 

Military and A'ct-erans' .\ffairs, 

Dei)artment of 180 

Military and Vcterans' Affairs, 

Dire<-tor of 18() 

Militia, .N'aval 181 

Mineralogi.st, State 152, 167, 220 

MiNfs, Division of 107 

Mines and Mining. Division of 107 

Mining Board. State 107 

Mining Bureau, State .__ 152 

Mission San Francisco de Solano 

1.5(). 109 

MoDi:s Operandi Section 177 

Monterey, Junipero Serra Landing 

Place at 1.50. Kii) 

.Monterey Citstom House 1.55, 109 

Monterey TnEArcR 1.50, 109 

Monuments. Parks and Historic—. 154 
Motor Vkiiici.e Department i Sec- 

relari/ of ^tatr) 140 

Motor \'eiiici.e Depart.vient of 

California 141 

.Motor Vehicle Division i Depart- 
ment of Knyineerinn) 141 

Motor Vehicles. Department of 140 

JIotor Vehicles. Dii-ector of 140 

Motor N'ehki.es. Division of ( De- 

partmeiil of Finance) 14) 

-MoioR Vehicles, Division of (De- 
partment of J'lihlir Works)-- 141 
-Mo I NT DiAPi.o Park Commission- 15s 



IT — .S5681 



248 



INDEX 



N 



Page 

Napa State Farm 82 

Napa State Hospitai. 107 

Narcotic Enforcement, Division of 178 

Narcotic IIospitai, State 110 

National Guard 131 

Natural Resources, Department of 150 

Natural Kesources, Director of 

86, 150 

Nautical School, California 48, 49 

Naval Mii.itia 131 



Page 

Navigation Division 223 

Newspaper Department 52 

Normal and Spexjial Schools, Divi- 
sion of 36 

Normal Schools, State 45 

NoRWALK State Hospital 108 

Nursery Service, Bureau of 24 

Nurses, Hureau of Registration of_ 208 
Nurses, Department of Examination 

and Registration of Graduate 208 
Nursing, Bureau of Public Health- 208 



Oakland Bay Bridge Division, San 

Francisco 230 

Oil and Gas. Division of 167 

Oil and Gas Commissioners, 

Boards of District 153 

Oil and Gas Supervisor, State-152, 167 

Pacific Colony 110 

Parasitologist. Consulting 206 

Parasitology, Division of 20() 

Pardon Board, Advi.sory 17!) 

Pardons and Commutations, Divi- 
sion of 170 

Parent Eiucation, Bureau of Child 

Study and 50 

Park Commission, California Red- 
wood 155 

Park Commission. Mount Diablo 15.s 

Park Commission. State 16s 

Park Finance Board, State 16!) 

Park System. State 16 

Parks, Division of 16'^ 

Parks and Historic Monuments- 154 

Paroie Commissioners, Board of 17!) 

Paroie Department 181 

Paroles. Division of Prison Terms 

and 179 

Paroijts, Division of Prisons and IMti 

Patholo<;y, Bureau of Plant 25 

Patrol, Bureau of 165 

Patrol, California Highway 142, 144 

Patix)N State Hospital 10"^ 

Pawned Property Section, Lost, 

Stolen and 177 

Penology, Department of 174 

Penology, Director of 174 

Peuiodicai.s Section 55 

Permanent Disability Rating De- 
partment 93, 99 

Phkmits, Division of 240 

Personnel. Bureau of {Department 

of Motor Vehicles) 142 

Personnei. and Organization, Di- 
vision of 82 

Personnel Board, State 82 

Pest Conihol, Bureau of 

22, 24, 25, 26 



Oil Inspection Service, Gasoline, 

Distillate and 27 

Old Age Security, Division of 239 

Optometry. State Board of 192 

Order Section -- 55 



Pest Control, Division of Ento- 
mology and 22 

Pest Control Board, Structural 195 

I'EST Co.NTROL OPERATORS, Registrar 

of Structural 195 

Pests, Inspector of Fruit 11 

Petroleum and Gas, Department of 152 

Pharmacy, State Board of 178, 190 

Photographic and Microscopic 

Division, Handwriting 176 

Photostating Section, Shipping, 

Printing and 56 

Physical Education, Division of 

Health and - 51 

Physical Education, Supervisor of 41 
Physical Education for Girls, 

Bureau of 51 

Pio Pico Mansion 157, 169 

Plague and Weed Control Ser- 
vice, Rodent 26 

Planning, Division of Schoolhouse- 57 

Planning Board. Slate 86 

Pi,ANNiNG Commission, State Capi- 
tal 79 

PixANS, Department of Surveys and- 229 

I'u\NT Industry, Division of 21 

Plant Patiioloc;y, Bureau of 25 

Plant Pest Control Service 21 

Pi^VNT QuaRj\ntine, Bureau of 25 

Pi.^\NT Quarantine and Pe^st Con- 

TTioi^ Bureau of 22, 26 

Pollution, Bureau of River and 

Harbor 163 

PoLYTHXJHNio SCHOOL, California_47, 65 
Port of Eureka, Board of Harbor 

Commissioners of the 217 

Port of San Jose, Board of Har- 
bor Commissioners for the 217 

Ports 217 

Ports, Division of 229 



INDEX 



249 



Page 

Preston School of Industky 111! 

Preventive Therapeutics, Division 

of '2m 

Printer, State 77 

Printing, Bureau of 83 

Printing, Division of 83 

Printing. Superintendent of State 77 

Prints Section 55 

Prison. Soutliorn California 18l! 

Prison Accounts, Board of Exam- 
iners of State 181 

Prison at Folsom, State 182 

Prison at San Quentin, State 182 

Prison Directors, State Board of_ 

112, 175, 179, 180 

Prison Inspectors, State 180 

Prison Road Camps, Department of 228 
Prison Te3!ms and Paroles, Divi- 
sion of 17!J 

Prisons and Paroles, Division of_ 180 

Probation, Division of 240 

Professional and Vocational 

Standards, Department of 188 

Professional and Vocational 

Standards, Director of 18s 

Property Auditor 82 

Public Accounting, Department of 80 

Public Health, Department of 202 

Public Health, Director of 202 

Public Health Education, Divi- 
sion of 207 

Public Health Nursing, Bureau 

of 208 

Public Instruction, Superintend- 
ent of 36, 38 



Page 

Public School Teachers' Rettirei- 

ment Salary Fund Board — 40 

Public Wei.fare, State Department 

of 235 

Public Works, Auditing Board to 

tlie Commissioner of 220 

Public Works, Board of 216 

Public AVorks, Commissioner of 220 

Public Works, Department of 216 

Public AVorks. Director of 80, 216 

Publications. Division of Textbooks 

and 60 

Publications, Lilirary and {De- 
partment of Agriculture) 16 

Publications and Documents, Bu- 
reau of (Department of Fi- 
nance) 84 

Publications and Health Infor- 
mation, Bureau of 202 

PuBi^lCiTY, Bureau of (Dirnsion of 

Fish and O'lme) 166 

Publicity and Resbiarch, Bureau 
of Education, (Division of 
Fish and Game) 166 

Publishing and Quarantine Bu- 
reau .^ 11 

Purchases. Bureau of (Depart- 
ment of Finance) 83 

Purchases and Custody, Division 

of S3. 85, 151 

Purchasing Department (Califor- 
nia Highway Commission) 

83, 228 

Purchasing Department, State — 80 

Pure Foods and Drugs, Department 

of 209 



Qualification of County Agri- 
cultural Commissioners, 

Deputies, and Inspectors 10 

Quarantine, Bureau of Plant 25 

Quarantine Administration, Di- 
vision of 26 

Real Estate, Division of 124 

Real Estate Board 124 

Real Estate Commissionbhi 124 

Real Estate Department. State- 124 
Reclamation, Bureau of Fish Res- 
cue and 163 

Reclamation Board 82 

Reclamation Division, Flood Con- 
trol and 223 

Reclamation Finance, Division of 82 
REa>wooD Park Commission, Cali- 
fornia 155 

Reference Section 56 

Reference Section, Law and Leg- 
islative 54 

Reform School, State 113 



Quarantine and Pest Control, 

Bureau of Plant 22, 26 

Quarantine Bureau, Publishing 

and 11 

Quarantine Division 10 

Quarantine Guardians 11 



IlEaroRM School for Juvenh.e Of- 

fende:rs 112 

REFORMATOiiY, California State 83 

Registrar, State 211 

Registrar of Contractors 193 

Regis'toar of Structural Pest 

Control Operators 195 

Registrar of Vital Statistics, 

State 211 

Registration, Division of (Depart- 
ment of Motor Vehicles) 145 

Registration for Civil Engineers, 

Board of 194 

Registration of Nurses, Bureau of 208 
Rehabilitation, Bureau of Voca- 
tional 64 



250 



IXDE-X 



Page 
UEnABli.iTATlo.N. Supervisor of Vo- 

cntioDiil 41 

UKiiAUii.rrATio.N Dki'artment (/n- 

linnlridl A'cifleiil Coiiimix- 

«io„) '.K'. 

Ke8E.\iuh. IJun-au of Kiliicntion and 

{IHiixioii of Fixli anil (lame) 166 
Uekeaiiuh. ("iilifiiriiia Bureau of .Iii- 

veuile 114 

Research ax» Exgineerinc. Hu- 

rcau of {Diiision of Fixh anil 

<iame) 166 

KeseaBC-H and SiATIsilcs, Division 

of [Hrpartmeiit o: Kiluvation ) •')6 
Kesearcii Dei'aki me.nt. Materials 

and { Diriyiuii of Hiiihuaiix) - -'-~ 
KESEAKfil Section, l.-ilmralory and 

(J)iri.ii(in of Criminal lilenti- 

litotioii mill I iirrslifintion \ 1 Tti 



I'age 
Uetii«;mext Sai.akv Fi'xd Board, 

Public Scliool Teachers' 46 

Rf.TIKW. ("OKRtCTIOX AXI) Em'AI.I- 

ZATKix, Hoard of loJ-S 

lilGnr.s OF Way. Division of Con- 
tracts and -2') 

KiVEK axd Haruok rou.fTiox, Bu- 
reau of 163 

UOAD Camps, Department of Prison 228 

UoADS Drvisiox, State 223 

Rodext CoNTKor, Division 12 

RODEXl. I'l.AlilE AND WEED CONTROL 

Sfxvicf: iJ6 

Ross, Fort 156, 1(JSI 

RfRAl, Kdccation. Division of &0 

Rural Schools, Division of Ele- 
mentary Education and 56 



Safety, Divi.sion of Eire !•" 

Safety. Division of Industrial Acci- 
dents and 00 

S.vFLTY I>epartment ( fndiistrial 

Accident Vommixxion ) !>3, 00 

Safety^ ICditation a n d Statis- 

Tfcs. Bureau of 145 

San Dikco. Board of State Harbor 

Coiiiinissioiiers for the Bav of 217 
Sax Difxio. State Normal School of 47 
Sax Francisco, Iixlustrial Schoul 

of 113 

San FuANCisro de Solano. Mission 

156, 169 

San Francisc<)-(> a k l a X d Bay 

Brid<;e Division 2.'i6 

Sax Francisco State Normal 

Sciiihh, 47 

Sax Jose. 14oard of Harbor Com- 
missioners for the Port of- 217 

S.\x .TosE, Slate Normal ScIkm)! at 45 
San PAsiji'Ar, Battlefield Com- 
mission 157. 160 

San Qi'EXTiN. State Prison at 1S2 

San QtTENriN State Prison. Fe- 
male Department If^"^ 

Sanitary ExcixKEltiNCr. Bureau of 210 
Sanitary Inspections, Burea\i of^ 211 

Sanii ation. I>ivision of 20K, 211 

Sanitation. Division of Housing 

and !>^ 

Santa Barbara State Ni>r.mal 

School 47 

School for (Jiri.s, California 112 

School Library Orcjaxizer 55 

School Tf:aciiers' Rkiikkment 

Sai A'lY FCNI) Bo.vRD. Public 4(1 
SoHOOLHoirBE Plannini!. Division 

of 57 

Schools. Cori'('<tionnl 111 

Scilooi H. Stale Normal 45 

Screens and Ladders. Bureau of — 1(>4 
Secondary Edccation. Division of 57 



Secondary Schools. Commissioner 

of 41 

Secondary Schooi-s. Division of 

Cit.v 57 

SECfRlTY", Division of Old Age 230 

Seed and AVarehoisk Standardi- 
zation, Bureau of (Jrain 22 

Seed Inspection Se'{Vice 23 

SELF-lNSfRANCE. Department of 
{ huliixtrial Accident Commix- 

* 10)1 I 04 

Sek\ ice .\xd Sri'iM.Y. Division of__ 82 

Settlement Board. St.-ite I.jind 75 

Sewace Division. Water and 207 

Siiii' Brokers Commission,- Yacht 

and : io<; 

Shii'MEXTS. Board of Citrus Fruit- IX 
Shii'pixc. Point Inspection, Bu- 
reau of 27 

SiiippiNc Pkixtini; and Photo- 

sTATiNC. Section 56 

Sick, Division of County Aid to the 

Indigent -'^ 

Signal Devices, Bureau of Vehicle 

Lights and 145 

Social IlYiiiiCNi'., Bureau of 'HKi 

Social Welfare, Department of 234 

Social Welfare. Director of 234 

Social Welfare Board ii34 

SocioL«KiiCAL Dei-art.mext 54 

Sonoma State Home 116 

SocTiiE'tN California Prison 182 

SoiTIIF«N CaIIFOHNIV StATE HOS- 
PITAL FOR THE Insane 108 

Special Edccation. Division of — .57 

Specl\l Schools. Division of Nor- 
mal and 3(> 

Specifications and E.sti.matinc 

Section, Contnicts, 224 

Speech Corrkvtion. Department of 58 

Speech DEFEi"rs, Bureau of Correc- 
tion of i>8 

Stallion REoisiitATlox Br)Aiin — 13 



INDEX 



251 



Page 
Stau.ion ItaasTKATioN Service — 19 

STANnARDiZATioN, Buieau of 

22, 23, 27 

Standardization', Biirenu of Fruit 

and Vegetable 2;^, 27 

Standardization, Bureau of Grain, 

Seed and Wareiionse 22 

Standardization, Office of 23 

Stai'E . See name of agency 

(e.g. I'laniiinn Board. Sfutc) 

Statistical Department (Indux- 
frkil Arcident Comiiii.tsion) -^ 
il5. 99 

Statistic^vl Section (Division vf 
Vrimiruil Identification mid 
Invvatiijution) 177 

Statistics, Bureau of ( Depart nirnt 

of Motor Vehiclex) 142 

Statistics, Bureau of Labor 91, 90 

Stati.stics, Bureau of Safet.y Edu- 
cation and (Department of 
Motor Vehicle.i) 145 

Statistics, Division of (Depurt- 

inenl of Social Welfare) _- 240 

S'l'A riN'i'lcs. Division of Research 

75- 



Sun/«Mor 6« 



on of n 



Tahoe Campini; <Jrounds 157, 

Teacher Trainino and Certifica- 
tion, Division of 

Teacher Trainino in Homp: Eco- 
nomics, Supervisor (rf 

Teachers College Adviser 

Teachers Colleges, State 

Teachers' Retirement Salary 
Fund Board, Public School-- 

Tei-etype System 

Texthook Listing, Bureau of High 

School 

Tbxibooks, Bureau of State Printed 
Textisooks and Publications, Di- 
vision of 

Textbooks, Certification a n d 

Trust Funds. Division of — 

I'hefts and Investigations, Bu- 

rea\i of Auto 



109 

60 

41 
65 
45 

40 
177 

60 
61 

60 

36 

144 



Page 

and (Department of Ediuia- 

tion) 56 

Statistics, Division of Vital 211 

Statistics, State Board of Health 

and Vital 199 

Statistics, State Registrar of Mtal 211 
Statistics and Law Enforcement, 

Division of Labor 9!1 

Stockton State IIositial 109 

Stolen and Pawned Property Sec- 
tion, Lost, 177 

Structural Engineering Section 225 
Structural Pest ('ontool Board- 195 
Structural Pest Control Opera- 
tors. Registrar of 195 

Study Club Division 53 

Subversive Activities Section 177 

Surveyor General 75 

Survey'ors, Board of Examining 194 

Survey's and Plans, Department of 229 
St'rveys and Studies, Division of 
(Department oj Social Wel- 
fare) 237. 239 

SuTRO Branch 50 

Sutter's Fort SO, 150, l(i9 



Therapeutics, Division of Preventive 20() 

Toll Bridge Authority, California 230 
Trade and Industrial Education, 

Bureau of 63 

Trade and Industrial Instruc- 

noN, Supervisor of 4] 

Tr-vde Division, Domestic 84 

Trade Division, International <S4 

Trades and Training School, Cali- 
fornia State 113 

TrAVI'XING I/IIiRARIES DIVISION 53 

Tuberculosis, Bureau of 204 

Tuberculosis. Department of 205 

Tuberculosis Commission, Califor- 
nia 204 

Tuberculosis Control, Bure„u of 

{Department of .\(iri"iiltnrr) IS 



Cnemploy.mknt Reserves Commis- 
sion 



100 



•HOLSTEKED FURNITURE 1NS1'E(- 

liox Service. Mattress iind__ 



195 



\'kgeiable Standardization. Bu- 
reau Iff Fruit and 23, 27 

Nehu'lb Lights, Brakes and Com- 
mercial Vehicles, Bureau of 145 

\'ehi('i Es, Department of Motor 140 

Veiiici ES. Director of Jlotor 140 

\'entura School for Girls 112 

\'eikra\s' Affairs, Deiiartment of 

Mililarv and 130 



\"etekans' Afeairs. Director of Mili- 

tar.v and 130 

Ve'ieran' Dependents' Education- 
al Act Division 131 

Veterans' IIo.me Association -- 132 
Veterans' Home ok California — 132 

Veterans' Homes. Division of 132 

VEnERANs' Welfare, Division of 134 

X'eterans' Weifauk P>oai;i) 134 



252 



INDEX 



Page 
Vbterv^ns' Welfare Finance C!om- 

MITTEE 134 

Veterinarian. State , — 12 

Veterinary Medical Board, State 192 
Veterinary Medicine, Board of 

Examiners in 11)2 

Vital Statistics, Division of 211 

Vital Statistics, State Board of 

Health and 199 

Vital Statistics, State Registrar 

of 211 

VitICULTUR-AL COMMISSIONEatS, 

Board of State 9 

Vocational Education, Board for. -10 



Page 

Vocational Education, Commis- 
sion for Gl 

Vocational Education, Commis- 
sioner of Industrial and 40 

Vocational Rehabilitation, Bu- 
reau of 64 

Vocational Rehabilitation, Su- 
pervisor of 41 

Vocational Standards, Department 

of Professional and 188 

Vocational Standaiujs, Director of 

Professional and 188 

Vocational War Work, Director 

of 41 



W 



W'ab Work, Director of Vocational- 
Warehouse Inspection Service __ 
Warehouse Stand.vjidization, Bu- 
reau of Grain, Seed and 

Watiui and Sewage Division 

Water Commission, State 

Water Resources, Division of 

Water Rights, Division of 

Weed Control Service, Rodent, 

Plague and - 

Weights and Measures, Depart- 
ment of 

Wmohts and Measures, Division 



of 



:T, 



Weights and Measures, State Su- 
perintendent of 

Welfare, Department of Social 

Welfarf, Director of Social 

W^elfare, Division of lndustrial-96, 
Welfare, Division of \'eterans' 



41 

23 

22 
207 
218 
230 
230 

2(5 

14 

195 

14 
234 
2:i4 

99 
I'M 



Welfare, Stjite Department of Pub- 
lic 235 

Welfare Board, Social 234 

Welfare Board, Veterans' 134 

Welfare Commission, Industrial 

95, 9G, 99 

Welfare Finance Commitiee, Vet- 
erans' 134 

Whittier State School 112, 115 

Woman's Relief Corps Home of 

California 133 

Women, California Industrial Farm 

for 111 

Women, California Institution for. 1&5 
Women's Institutions, Division of 183 
Work Shop fob the Blind, Indus- 
trial 114 

Workmen's Compensation Insur- 
ance AND Safety, Division of 96 



Yacht and Ship Brokers Commis- 
sion 190 



85681 1-37 2M 



^ 



* 



\